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    The EU Clinical Trials Register currently displays   37201   clinical trials with a EudraCT protocol, of which   6122   are clinical trials conducted with subjects less than 18 years old.
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    Summary
    EudraCT Number:2004-000816-24
    Sponsor's Protocol Code Number:FRAN-03-001
    National Competent Authority:Spain - AEMPS
    Clinical Trial Type:EEA CTA
    Trial Status:Completed
    Date on which this record was first entered in the EudraCT database:2004-10-13
    Trial results View results
    Index
    A. PROTOCOL INFORMATION
    B. SPONSOR INFORMATION
    C. APPLICANT IDENTIFICATION
    D. IMP IDENTIFICATION
    D.8 INFORMATION ON PLACEBO
    E. GENERAL INFORMATION ON THE TRIAL
    F. POPULATION OF TRIAL SUBJECTS
    G. INVESTIGATOR NETWORKS TO BE INVOLVED IN THE TRIAL
    N. REVIEW BY THE COMPETENT AUTHORITY OR ETHICS COMMITTEE IN THE COUNTRY CONCERNED
    P. END OF TRIAL
    Expand All   Collapse All
    A. Protocol Information
    A.1Member State ConcernedSpain - AEMPS
    A.2EudraCT number2004-000816-24
    A.3Full title of the trial
    A Pilot, Open-Label, Randomized, Comparative Study of the Antiviral Efficacy of Lopinavir/Ritonavir Single-Drug Regimen versus Lopinavir/Ritonavir in Combination with Lamivudine/Zidovudine in Antiretroviral Naive Patients
    A.3.2Name or abbreviated title of the trial where available
    MONARK
    A.4.1Sponsor's protocol code numberFRAN-03-001
    A.5.1ISRCTN (International Standard Randomised Controlled Trial) NumberN/A
    A.7Trial is part of a Paediatric Investigation Plan Information not present in EudraCT
    A.8EMA Decision number of Paediatric Investigation Plan
    B. Sponsor Information
    B.Sponsor: 1
    B.1.1Name of SponsorAbbott France
    B.1.3.4CountryFrance
    B.3.1 and B.3.2Status of the sponsorCommercial
    B.4 Source(s) of Monetary or Material Support for the clinical trial:
    B.4.1Name of organisation providing support
    B.4.2Country
    B.5 Contact point designated by the sponsor for further information on the trial
    B.5.1Name of organisation
    B.5.2Functional name of contact point
    D. IMP Identification
    D.IMP: 1
    D.1.2 and D.1.3IMP RoleTest
    D.2 Status of the IMP to be used in the clinical trial
    D.2.1IMP to be used in the trial has a marketing authorisation Information not present in EudraCT
    D.2.1.1.1Trade name Kaletra
    D.2.1.1.2Name of the Marketing Authorisation holderAbbott Laboratories Ltd
    D.2.1.2Country which granted the Marketing AuthorisationSpain
    D.2.5The IMP has been designated in this indication as an orphan drug in the Community No
    D.2.5.1Orphan drug designation number
    D.3 Description of the IMP
    D.3.1Product nameKaletra Soft Capsules
    D.3.2Product code LPV/r
    D.3.4Pharmaceutical form Capsule, soft
    D.3.4.1Specific paediatric formulation Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.7Routes of administration for this IMPOral use
    D.3.8 to D.3.10 IMP Identification Details (Active Substances)
    D.3.8INN - Proposed INNlopinavir
    D.3.9.1CAS number 192725-17-0
    D.3.9.2Current sponsor codeABT-378
    D.3.10 Strength
    D.3.10.1Concentration unit mg milligram(s)
    D.3.10.2Concentration typeequal
    D.3.10.3Concentration number133.3
    D.3.8 to D.3.10 IMP Identification Details (Active Substances)
    D.3.8INN - Proposed INNritonavir
    D.3.9.1CAS number 155213-67-5
    D.3.9.2Current sponsor codeABT-538
    D.3.10 Strength
    D.3.10.1Concentration unit mg milligram(s)
    D.3.10.2Concentration typeequal
    D.3.10.3Concentration number33.3
    D.3.11 The IMP contains an:
    D.3.11.1Active substance of chemical origin Yes
    D.3.11.2Active substance of biological/ biotechnological origin (other than Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    The IMP is a:
    D.3.11.3Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.3.1Somatic cell therapy medicinal product No
    D.3.11.3.2Gene therapy medical product No
    D.3.11.3.3Tissue Engineered Product Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.3.4Combination ATIMP (i.e. one involving a medical device) Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.3.5Committee on Advanced therapies (CAT) has issued a classification for this product Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.4Combination product that includes a device, but does not involve an Advanced Therapy Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.5Radiopharmaceutical medicinal product No
    D.3.11.6Immunological medicinal product (such as vaccine, allergen, immune serum) No
    D.3.11.7Plasma derived medicinal product Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.8Extractive medicinal product Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.9Recombinant medicinal product Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.10Medicinal product containing genetically modified organisms No
    D.3.11.11Herbal medicinal product No
    D.3.11.12Homeopathic medicinal product No
    D.3.11.13Another type of medicinal product Information not present in EudraCT
    D.IMP: 2
    D.1.2 and D.1.3IMP RoleComparator
    D.2 Status of the IMP to be used in the clinical trial
    D.2.1IMP to be used in the trial has a marketing authorisation Information not present in EudraCT
    D.2.1.1.1Trade name Combivir
    D.2.1.1.2Name of the Marketing Authorisation holderGlaxo Group Limited
    D.2.1.2Country which granted the Marketing AuthorisationSpain
    D.2.5The IMP has been designated in this indication as an orphan drug in the Community No
    D.2.5.1Orphan drug designation number
    D.3 Description of the IMP
    D.3.1Product nameCombivir film-coated tablets
    D.3.4Pharmaceutical form Film-coated tablet
    D.3.4.1Specific paediatric formulation Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.7Routes of administration for this IMPOral use
    D.3.8 to D.3.10 IMP Identification Details (Active Substances)
    D.3.8INN - Proposed INNlamivudine
    D.3.9.3Other descriptive name3TC
    D.3.10 Strength
    D.3.10.1Concentration unit mg milligram(s)
    D.3.10.2Concentration typeequal
    D.3.10.3Concentration number150
    D.3.8 to D.3.10 IMP Identification Details (Active Substances)
    D.3.8INN - Proposed INNzidovudine
    D.3.9.3Other descriptive nameAZT
    D.3.10 Strength
    D.3.10.1Concentration unit mg milligram(s)
    D.3.10.2Concentration typeequal
    D.3.10.3Concentration number300
    D.3.11 The IMP contains an:
    D.3.11.1Active substance of chemical origin Yes
    D.3.11.2Active substance of biological/ biotechnological origin (other than Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    The IMP is a:
    D.3.11.3Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.3.1Somatic cell therapy medicinal product No
    D.3.11.3.2Gene therapy medical product No
    D.3.11.3.3Tissue Engineered Product Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.3.4Combination ATIMP (i.e. one involving a medical device) Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.3.5Committee on Advanced therapies (CAT) has issued a classification for this product Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.4Combination product that includes a device, but does not involve an Advanced Therapy Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.5Radiopharmaceutical medicinal product No
    D.3.11.6Immunological medicinal product (such as vaccine, allergen, immune serum) No
    D.3.11.7Plasma derived medicinal product Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.8Extractive medicinal product Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.9Recombinant medicinal product Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.10Medicinal product containing genetically modified organisms No
    D.3.11.11Herbal medicinal product No
    D.3.11.12Homeopathic medicinal product No
    D.3.11.13Another type of medicinal product Information not present in EudraCT
    D.8 Information on Placebo
    E. General Information on the Trial
    E.1 Medical condition or disease under investigation
    E.1.1Medical condition(s) being investigated
    HIV-1 Infection
    MedDRA Classification
    E.1.2 Medical condition or disease under investigation
    E.1.2Version 7.0
    E.1.2Level LLT
    E.1.2Classification code 10020192
    E.1.3Condition being studied is a rare disease No
    E.2 Objective of the trial
    E.2.1Main objective of the trial
    Primary objective is to compare:
    In antiretroviral-naïve patients the antiviral activity of a lopinavir/ritonavir (LPV/r)-single drug regimen versus a HAART standard triple regimen of lopinavir/ritonavir in combination with zidovudine (AZT) and lamivudine (3TC).
    E.2.2Secondary objectives of the trial
    Secondary objectives are to compare between the two arms:
    1) CD4 evolution
    2) In failing patients: occurrence of mutation in the HIV protease and RT
    3) Occurrence of AIDS clinical events
    4) Safety of NRTI-sparing versus a PI with 2 NRTIs regimen: clinical and biological tolerance i.e. mitochondrial toxicity, metabolic toxicity, fat redistribution with DEXA scan.
    5) Patient’s adherence and QOL
    E.2.3Trial contains a sub-study Information not present in EudraCT
    E.3Principal inclusion criteria
    1.Subject has voluntarily signed and dated an informed consent form, approved by an Institutional Review Board (IRB)/ Independent Ethic Committee (IEC)+, after the nature of the study has been explained and the subject has had the opportunity to ask questions. The informed consent must be signed before any study-specific procedures are performed.
    2.Subject is at least 18 years of age.
    3.If female, subject is not of childbearing potential, defined as postmenopausal for at least 1 year or surgically sterile (bilateral tubal ligation, bilateral oophorectomy or hysterectomy), or is of childbearing potential and practicing one barrier method of birth control.
    4.If female, the results of a urine pregnancy test performed at screening (urine specimen obtained no earlier than 28 days prior to study drug administration) is negative.
    5.Subject is not breast-feeding.
    6.Subject is naïve to antiretroviral treatment with reverse transcriptase inhibitor or protease inhibitor.
    7.Subject has a plasma HIV RNA level < 100 000 copies/mL at screening.
    8.Subject has a CD4 cell count > 100 cells/mm3 at screening.
    9.Vital signs, physical examination and laboratory results do not exhibit evidence of acute illness.
    10.Subject has a Karnofsky Score greater than or equal to 70.
    11.Subject has no significant history of cardiac, renal, neurologic, psychiatric, oncologic, endocrinologic, metabolic or hepatic disease that would adversely affect his/her participating in this study.
    12.Subject does not require and agrees not to take any of the following medications for the duration of the study: midazolam, triazolam, terfenadine, astemizole, cisapride, pimozide, propafenone, flecainide, certain ergot derivatives (ergotamine, dihydroergotamine, ergonovine, and metheylergonovine), rifampin, lovastatin, simvastatin, and St. John’s wort.
    13.Subject agrees not to take any medication during the study, including over the counter medicine, herbal medications, alcohol or recreational drugs without the knowledge and permission of the principal investigator.
    14.Subject has not been treated for an active AIDS-defining opportunistic infection within 30 days of screening. Subjects who are on stable maintenance therapy for an opportunistic infection may be enrolled after consultation with Abbott.

    E.4Principal exclusion criteria
    1.Subject with an HIV primo-infection status.
    2.Presence of the following mutation:
    In the protease: one among 32, 47, 48, 50, 82, 84, 90 OR more than 3 mutations from the LPV mutation score 10, 20, 24, 46, 53, 54, 63, 71
    In the reverse transcriptase: 215 or 184.
    3.Subject has a recent (within the past 6 months) history of drug and/or alcohol abuse.
    4.Subject has a history of psychiatric illness.
    5.Screening laboratory analyses show any of the following abnormal laboratory results: Hemoglobin ≤ 8.0 g/dL,
    Absolute neutrophil count ≤ 750 cells/µL,
    Platelet count ≤ 50,000 per mL,
    ALT or AST ≥ 3.0 x Upper Limit of Normal (ULN),
    Creatinine ≥ 1.5 x Upper Limit of Normal (ULN),
    6.Subject has received any investigational drug within 30 days prior to study drug administration.
    7.For any reason, subject is considered by the investigator to be an unsuitable candidate for the study.
    E.5 End points
    E.5.1Primary end point(s)
    Proportions of subjects with virologic response defined as having plasma HIV-1 RNA below 400 copies/mL at Week 24 AND below 50 copies/mL at Week 48 and Week 96.
    E.6 and E.7 Scope of the trial
    E.6Scope of the trial
    E.6.1Diagnosis No
    E.6.2Prophylaxis No
    E.6.3Therapy No
    E.6.4Safety No
    E.6.5Efficacy Yes
    E.6.6Pharmacokinetic No
    E.6.7Pharmacodynamic No
    E.6.8Bioequivalence No
    E.6.9Dose response No
    E.6.10Pharmacogenetic Information not present in EudraCT
    E.6.11Pharmacogenomic No
    E.6.12Pharmacoeconomic No
    E.6.13Others Information not present in EudraCT
    E.7Trial type and phase
    E.7.1Human pharmacology (Phase I) No
    E.7.1.1First administration to humans No
    E.7.1.2Bioequivalence study No
    E.7.1.3Other No
    E.7.1.3.1Other trial type description
    E.7.2Therapeutic exploratory (Phase II) No
    E.7.3Therapeutic confirmatory (Phase III) Yes
    E.7.4Therapeutic use (Phase IV) No
    E.8 Design of the trial
    E.8.1Controlled Yes
    E.8.1.1Randomised Yes
    E.8.1.2Open Yes
    E.8.1.3Single blind No
    E.8.1.4Double blind No
    E.8.1.5Parallel group Yes
    E.8.1.6Cross over No
    E.8.1.7Other No
    E.8.2 Comparator of controlled trial
    E.8.2.1Other medicinal product(s) Yes
    E.8.2.2Placebo No
    E.8.2.3Other Yes
    E.8.2.3.1Comparator description
    Combivir
    E.8.3 The trial involves single site in the Member State concerned No
    E.8.4 The trial involves multiple sites in the Member State concerned Yes
    E.8.5The trial involves multiple Member States Yes
    E.8.6 Trial involving sites outside the EEA
    E.8.6.1Trial being conducted both within and outside the EEA No
    E.8.6.2Trial being conducted completely outside of the EEA Information not present in EudraCT
    E.8.7Trial has a data monitoring committee Information not present in EudraCT
    E.8.8 Definition of the end of the trial and justification where it is not the last visit of the last subject undergoing the trial
    Last visit of the last subject
    E.8.9 Initial estimate of the duration of the trial
    E.8.9.1In the Member State concerned years2
    E.8.9.1In the Member State concerned months6
    E.8.9.1In the Member State concerned days
    E.8.9.2In all countries concerned by the trial years3
    E.8.9.2In all countries concerned by the trial months6
    F. Population of Trial Subjects
    F.1 Age Range
    F.1.1Trial has subjects under 18 No
    F.1.1.1In Utero Information not present in EudraCT
    F.1.1.2Preterm newborn infants (up to gestational age < 37 weeks) Information not present in EudraCT
    F.1.1.3Newborns (0-27 days) Information not present in EudraCT
    F.1.1.4Infants and toddlers (28 days-23 months) Information not present in EudraCT
    F.1.1.5Children (2-11years) Information not present in EudraCT
    F.1.1.6Adolescents (12-17 years) Information not present in EudraCT
    F.1.2Adults (18-64 years) Yes
    F.1.3Elderly (>=65 years) Yes
    F.2 Gender
    F.2.1Female Yes
    F.2.2Male Yes
    F.3 Group of trial subjects
    F.3.1Healthy volunteers No
    F.3.2Patients Yes
    F.3.3Specific vulnerable populations Information not present in EudraCT
    F.3.3.1Women of childbearing potential not using contraception For clinical trials recorded in the database before the 10th March 2011 this question read: "Women of childbearing potential" and did not include the words "not using contraception". An answer of yes could have included women of child bearing potential whether or not they would be using contraception. The answer should therefore be understood in that context. This trial was recorded in the database on 2004-10-13. Yes
    F.3.3.2Women of child-bearing potential using contraception Information not present in EudraCT
    F.3.3.3Pregnant women No
    F.3.3.4Nursing women No
    F.3.3.5Emergency situation No
    F.3.3.6Subjects incapable of giving consent personally No
    F.3.3.7Others No
    F.4 Planned number of subjects to be included
    F.4.1In the member state20
    F.4.2 For a multinational trial
    F.4.2.1In the EEA 120
    F.4.2.2In the whole clinical trial 120
    G. Investigator Networks to be involved in the Trial
    N. Review by the Competent Authority or Ethics Committee in the country concerned
    N.Competent Authority Decision Authorised
    N.Date of Competent Authority Decision2004-10-28
    N.Ethics Committee Opinion of the trial applicationFavourable
    N.Ethics Committee Opinion: Reason(s) for unfavourable opinion
    N.Date of Ethics Committee Opinion2004-10-19
    P. End of Trial
    P.End of Trial StatusCompleted
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