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    The EU Clinical Trials Register currently displays   43925   clinical trials with a EudraCT protocol, of which   7306   are clinical trials conducted with subjects less than 18 years old.   The register also displays information on   18700   older paediatric trials (in scope of Article 45 of the Paediatric Regulation (EC) No 1901/2006).

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    Summary
    EudraCT Number:2005-001633-14
    Sponsor's Protocol Code Number:HUM 05-001
    National Competent Authority:Denmark - DHMA
    Clinical Trial Type:EEA CTA
    Trial Status:Prematurely Ended
    Date on which this record was first entered in the EudraCT database:2005-06-30
    Trial results View results
    Index
    A. PROTOCOL INFORMATION
    B. SPONSOR INFORMATION
    C. APPLICANT IDENTIFICATION
    D. IMP IDENTIFICATION
    D.8 INFORMATION ON PLACEBO
    E. GENERAL INFORMATION ON THE TRIAL
    F. POPULATION OF TRIAL SUBJECTS
    G. INVESTIGATOR NETWORKS TO BE INVOLVED IN THE TRIAL
    N. REVIEW BY THE COMPETENT AUTHORITY OR ETHICS COMMITTEE IN THE COUNTRY CONCERNED
    P. END OF TRIAL
    Expand All   Collapse All
    A. Protocol Information
    A.1Member State ConcernedDenmark - DHMA
    A.2EudraCT number2005-001633-14
    A.3Full title of the trial
    Randomised, multi-center, open-label, parallel-group study comparing adalimumab (Humira) 40 mg s.c. eow versus infliximab (Remicade) 3 mg/kg i.v. every 6. week in RA patients with unsustainable clinical response to infliximab 3 mg/kg every 8. week
    A.3.2Name or abbreviated title of the trial where available
    The SWITCH Study
    A.4.1Sponsor's protocol code numberHUM 05-001
    A.7Trial is part of a Paediatric Investigation Plan Information not present in EudraCT
    A.8EMA Decision number of Paediatric Investigation Plan
    B. Sponsor Information
    B.Sponsor: 1
    B.1.1Name of SponsorHvidovre Hospital, Dept. Rheumatology
    B.1.3.4CountryDenmark
    B.3.1 and B.3.2Status of the sponsorNon-Commercial
    B.4 Source(s) of Monetary or Material Support for the clinical trial:
    B.4.1Name of organisation providing support
    B.4.2Country
    B.5 Contact point designated by the sponsor for further information on the trial
    B.5.1Name of organisation
    B.5.2Functional name of contact point
    D. IMP Identification
    D.IMP: 1
    D.1.2 and D.1.3IMP RoleTest
    D.2 Status of the IMP to be used in the clinical trial
    D.2.1IMP to be used in the trial has a marketing authorisation Information not present in EudraCT
    D.2.1.1.1Trade name Humira
    D.2.1.1.2Name of the Marketing Authorisation holderAbbott Laboratories Ltd
    D.2.1.2Country which granted the Marketing AuthorisationDenmark
    D.2.5The IMP has been designated in this indication as an orphan drug in the Community No
    D.2.5.1Orphan drug designation number
    D.3 Description of the IMP
    D.3.1Product nameHumira
    D.3.4Pharmaceutical form Injection*
    D.3.4.1Specific paediatric formulation Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.7Routes of administration for this IMPSubcutaneous use
    D.3.11 The IMP contains an:
    D.3.11.1Active substance of chemical origin No
    D.3.11.2Active substance of biological/ biotechnological origin (other than Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) Yes
    The IMP is a:
    D.3.11.3Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.3.1Somatic cell therapy medicinal product No
    D.3.11.3.2Gene therapy medical product No
    D.3.11.3.3Tissue Engineered Product Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.3.4Combination ATIMP (i.e. one involving a medical device) Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.3.5Committee on Advanced therapies (CAT) has issued a classification for this product Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.4Combination product that includes a device, but does not involve an Advanced Therapy Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.5Radiopharmaceutical medicinal product No
    D.3.11.6Immunological medicinal product (such as vaccine, allergen, immune serum) Yes
    D.3.11.7Plasma derived medicinal product Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.8Extractive medicinal product Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.9Recombinant medicinal product Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.10Medicinal product containing genetically modified organisms No
    D.3.11.11Herbal medicinal product No
    D.3.11.12Homeopathic medicinal product No
    D.3.11.13Another type of medicinal product Information not present in EudraCT
    D.IMP: 2
    D.1.2 and D.1.3IMP RoleComparator
    D.2 Status of the IMP to be used in the clinical trial
    D.2.1IMP to be used in the trial has a marketing authorisation Information not present in EudraCT
    D.2.1.1.1Trade name Remicade
    D.2.1.1.2Name of the Marketing Authorisation holderSchering-Plough A/S
    D.2.1.2Country which granted the Marketing AuthorisationDenmark
    D.2.5The IMP has been designated in this indication as an orphan drug in the Community No
    D.2.5.1Orphan drug designation number
    D.3 Description of the IMP
    D.3.1Product nameRemicade
    D.3.4Pharmaceutical form Injection*
    D.3.4.1Specific paediatric formulation Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.7Routes of administration for this IMPIntravenous use
    D.3.11 The IMP contains an:
    D.3.11.1Active substance of chemical origin No
    D.3.11.2Active substance of biological/ biotechnological origin (other than Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) Yes
    The IMP is a:
    D.3.11.3Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.3.1Somatic cell therapy medicinal product No
    D.3.11.3.2Gene therapy medical product No
    D.3.11.3.3Tissue Engineered Product Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.3.4Combination ATIMP (i.e. one involving a medical device) Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.3.5Committee on Advanced therapies (CAT) has issued a classification for this product Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.4Combination product that includes a device, but does not involve an Advanced Therapy Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.5Radiopharmaceutical medicinal product No
    D.3.11.6Immunological medicinal product (such as vaccine, allergen, immune serum) Yes
    D.3.11.7Plasma derived medicinal product Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.8Extractive medicinal product Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.9Recombinant medicinal product Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.10Medicinal product containing genetically modified organisms No
    D.3.11.11Herbal medicinal product No
    D.3.11.12Homeopathic medicinal product No
    D.3.11.13Another type of medicinal product Information not present in EudraCT
    D.8 Information on Placebo
    E. General Information on the Trial
    E.1 Medical condition or disease under investigation
    E.1.1Medical condition(s) being investigated
    Rheumatoid arthritis
    MedDRA Classification
    E.1.3Condition being studied is a rare disease No
    E.2 Objective of the trial
    E.2.1Main objective of the trial
    To establish whether RA patients with moderate to severe disease activity with an unsustainable clinical response to infliximab 3 mg/kg every 8. week are provided better long-term treatment efficacy with adalimumab 40 mg s.c. eow as compared to infliximab 3 mg/kg i.v. every 6. week. Moreover, the study should establish whether switching infliximab patients with fading clinical response to adalimumab is more cost-efficacious than continuing infliximab Rx at shorter treatment intervals.
    Primary objective:
    • Proportion of patients achieving combined good or moderate EULAR responses at week 24
    E.2.2Secondary objectives of the trial
    Proportion of patients at week 2, 6, 12, 18 and week 24 with good and moderate EULAR response. Proportion of patients with ACR20/50/70 response at week 2, 6, 12, 18 and week 24. Changes in HAQ assessment from baseline at week 2, 6, 12, 18 and week 24. Proportion of patients at week 24 with HAQ score of 0 (zero). Changes in QoL (SF-36) assessment from baseline at week 12 and week 24. Proportion of patients with ANAs, dsDNA, and Human Anti-Chimeric Antibodies (HACA) at baseline and week 24. Proportion of patients with elevated plasma VEGF, serum YKL-40 and plasma IL-6 at baseline and week 2, 6, 12, 18 and week 24. Changes in number and/or dosage of concomitant medication of DMARDs, NSAIDs, and corticosteroids. Changes in all of the above mentioned endpoints when stratified for presence of HACAs at baseline.
    E.2.3Trial contains a sub-study Information not present in EudraCT
    E.3Principal inclusion criteria
    A subject will be eligible for study participation if he/she meets the following criteria:
    •The diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis according to the American College of Rheumatology 1987 criteria (18)
    •Moderate or severely active RA, defined as a DAS28-3(CRP) > 3.2.
    •At least 6 months prior treatment with infliximab 3 mg/kg every 8. week with initial clinical response at the discretion of the investigator
    •Requiring incremental infliximab infusion frequency due to fading clinical response at the discretion of the investigator
    •A negative pregnancy test (serum HCG) for women of childbearing potential prior to start of study treatment. [Non-childbearing potential is defined as postmenopausal for at least 1 year or surgically sterile (bilateral tubal ligation, bilateral oophorectomy or hysterectomy)]
    •Use of reliable method of contraception e.g. intra-uterine devices or hormone (oral, implantable, or injectable) contraceptives by all female patients of childbearing potential.
    •Able and willing to self-administer s.c. injections or have available a suitable person to administer s.c. injections.
    •Able and willing to give written informed consent and to comply with the requirements of the study protocol.
    E.4Principal exclusion criteria
    A subject will be excluded from the study if he/she meets any of the following criteria:
    •Positive serology for hepatitis B or C indicating active infection
    •History of positive HIV status
    •History of tuberculosis, histoplasmosis or listeriosis
    •Subjects with latent TB (positive PPD skin test and/or chest X-ray indicative for TB) or having other risk factors for activation of latent TB must have TB prophylaxis starting four weeks prior to the first administration of study drug in accordance with local recommendations
    •Persistent or recurrent infections or severe infections requiring hospitalisation or treatment with iv antibiotics within 30 days, or oral antibiotics within 14 days prior to enrolment
    •History of cancer or lymphoproliferative disease other than a successfully and completely treated squamous cell or basal cell carcinoma or cervical dysplasia
    •Co morbidities: uncontrolled diabetes, unstable ischemic heart disease, congestive heart failure (NYHA III-IV), active inflammatory bowel disease, recent stroke (within three months), chronic leg ulcer and any other condition (e.g. indwelling urinary catheter) which, in the opinion of the investigator, would put the subject at risk by participation in the protocol
    •Female subjects who are pregnant or breast –feeding
    •History of clinically significant drug or alcohol abuse in the last year
    •History of or current acute inflammatory joint disease of origin other than RA, e.g. mixed connective tissue disease, systemic lupus erythematosus etc. Occurrence of positive ANA and/or anti-DNA antibodies without clinical symptoms is not considered a contra-indication.
    •Previous diagnosis or signs of central nervous system demyelinating diseases (e.g. optic neuritis, visual disturbance, gait disorder/ataxia, facial paresis, apraxia)
    E.5 End points
    E.5.1Primary end point(s)
    Proportion of patients achieving combined good or moderate EULAR responses at week 24.
    E.6 and E.7 Scope of the trial
    E.6Scope of the trial
    E.6.1Diagnosis No
    E.6.2Prophylaxis No
    E.6.3Therapy No
    E.6.4Safety No
    E.6.5Efficacy Yes
    E.6.6Pharmacokinetic No
    E.6.7Pharmacodynamic No
    E.6.8Bioequivalence No
    E.6.9Dose response No
    E.6.10Pharmacogenetic Information not present in EudraCT
    E.6.11Pharmacogenomic No
    E.6.12Pharmacoeconomic No
    E.6.13Others No
    E.7Trial type and phase
    E.7.1Human pharmacology (Phase I) No
    E.7.1.1First administration to humans No
    E.7.1.2Bioequivalence study No
    E.7.1.3Other No
    E.7.1.3.1Other trial type description
    E.7.2Therapeutic exploratory (Phase II) No
    E.7.3Therapeutic confirmatory (Phase III) No
    E.7.4Therapeutic use (Phase IV) Yes
    E.8 Design of the trial
    E.8.1Controlled Yes
    E.8.1.1Randomised Yes
    E.8.1.2Open Yes
    E.8.1.3Single blind Information not present in EudraCT
    E.8.1.4Double blind Information not present in EudraCT
    E.8.1.5Parallel group Yes
    E.8.1.6Cross over Information not present in EudraCT
    E.8.1.7Other Information not present in EudraCT
    E.8.2 Comparator of controlled trial
    E.8.2.1Other medicinal product(s) Yes
    E.8.2.2Placebo No
    E.8.2.3Other No
    E.8.3 The trial involves single site in the Member State concerned No
    E.8.4 The trial involves multiple sites in the Member State concerned Yes
    E.8.5The trial involves multiple Member States Yes
    E.8.6 Trial involving sites outside the EEA
    E.8.6.1Trial being conducted both within and outside the EEA No
    E.8.6.2Trial being conducted completely outside of the EEA Information not present in EudraCT
    E.8.7Trial has a data monitoring committee Information not present in EudraCT
    E.8.8 Definition of the end of the trial and justification where it is not the last visit of the last subject undergoing the trial
    E.8.9 Initial estimate of the duration of the trial
    E.8.9.1In the Member State concerned years1
    E.8.9.1In the Member State concerned months6
    E.8.9.1In the Member State concerned days
    E.8.9.2In all countries concerned by the trial years1
    E.8.9.2In all countries concerned by the trial months6
    F. Population of Trial Subjects
    F.1 Age Range
    F.1.1Trial has subjects under 18 No
    F.1.1.1In Utero No
    F.1.1.2Preterm newborn infants (up to gestational age < 37 weeks) No
    F.1.1.3Newborns (0-27 days) No
    F.1.1.4Infants and toddlers (28 days-23 months) No
    F.1.1.5Children (2-11years) No
    F.1.1.6Adolescents (12-17 years) No
    F.1.2Adults (18-64 years) Yes
    F.1.3Elderly (>=65 years) Yes
    F.2 Gender
    F.2.1Female Yes
    F.2.2Male Yes
    F.3 Group of trial subjects
    F.3.1Healthy volunteers No
    F.3.2Patients Yes
    F.3.3Specific vulnerable populations Information not present in EudraCT
    F.3.3.1Women of childbearing potential not using contraception For clinical trials recorded in the database before the 10th March 2011 this question read: "Women of childbearing potential" and did not include the words "not using contraception". An answer of yes could have included women of child bearing potential whether or not they would be using contraception. The answer should therefore be understood in that context. This trial was recorded in the database on 2005-06-30. Yes
    F.3.3.2Women of child-bearing potential using contraception Information not present in EudraCT
    F.3.3.3Pregnant women No
    F.3.3.4Nursing women No
    F.3.3.5Emergency situation No
    F.3.3.6Subjects incapable of giving consent personally No
    F.3.3.7Others No
    F.4 Planned number of subjects to be included
    F.4.1In the member state80
    F.4.2 For a multinational trial
    F.4.2.1In the EEA 112
    F.4.2.2In the whole clinical trial 112
    G. Investigator Networks to be involved in the Trial
    N. Review by the Competent Authority or Ethics Committee in the country concerned
    N.Competent Authority Decision Authorised
    N.Date of Competent Authority Decision2005-08-17
    N.Ethics Committee Opinion of the trial applicationFavourable
    N.Ethics Committee Opinion: Reason(s) for unfavourable opinion
    N.Date of Ethics Committee Opinion2005-07-26
    P. End of Trial
    P.End of Trial StatusPrematurely Ended
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