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The European Union Clinical Trials Register allows you to search for protocol and results information on:
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    The EU Clinical Trials Register currently displays   36403   clinical trials with a EudraCT protocol, of which   5997   are clinical trials conducted with subjects less than 18 years old.
    The register also displays information on   18700   older paediatric trials (in scope of Article 45 of the Paediatric Regulation (EC) No 1901/2006).
     
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    Summary
    EudraCT Number:2006-001489-17
    Sponsor's Protocol Code Number:RG_09-206
    National Competent Authority:UK - MHRA
    Clinical Trial Type:EEA CTA
    Trial Status:Restarted
    Date on which this record was first entered in the EudraCT database:2008-11-20
    Trial results
    Index
    A. PROTOCOL INFORMATION
    B. SPONSOR INFORMATION
    C. APPLICANT IDENTIFICATION
    D. IMP IDENTIFICATION
    D.8 INFORMATION ON PLACEBO
    E. GENERAL INFORMATION ON THE TRIAL
    F. POPULATION OF TRIAL SUBJECTS
    G. INVESTIGATOR NETWORKS TO BE INVOLVED IN THE TRIAL
    N. REVIEW BY THE COMPETENT AUTHORITY OR ETHICS COMMITTEE IN THE COUNTRY CONCERNED
    P. END OF TRIAL
    Expand All   Collapse All
    A. Protocol Information
    A.1Member State ConcernedUK - MHRA
    A.2EudraCT number2006-001489-17
    A.3Full title of the trial
    High Risk Neuroblastoma Study 1 of SIOP Europe (SIOPEN)
    A.3.1Title of the trial for lay people, in easily understood, i.e. non-technical, language
    Study to optimise the treatment for high risk neuroblastoma patients
    A.3.2Name or abbreviated title of the trial where available
    HR-NBL-1 / SIOPEN
    A.4.1Sponsor's protocol code numberRG_09-206
    A.7Trial is part of a Paediatric Investigation Plan No
    A.8EMA Decision number of Paediatric Investigation Plan
    B. Sponsor Information
    B.Sponsor: 1
    B.1.1Name of SponsorUniversity of Birmingham
    B.1.3.4CountryUnited Kingdom
    B.3.1 and B.3.2Status of the sponsorNon-Commercial
    B.4 Source(s) of Monetary or Material Support for the clinical trial:
    B.4.1Name of organisation providing supportCancer Research UK
    B.4.2CountryUnited Kingdom
    B.5 Contact point designated by the sponsor for further information on the trial
    B.5.1Name of organisationUniversity of Birmingham
    B.5.2Functional name of contact pointTrial Coordinator
    B.5.3 Address:
    B.5.3.1Street AddressCancer Research UK Clinical Trials Unit, Vincent Drive
    B.5.3.2Town/ cityEdgbaston, Birmingham
    B.5.3.3Post codeB15 2TT
    B.5.3.4CountryUnited Kingdom
    D. IMP Identification
    D.IMP: 1
    D.1.2 and D.1.3IMP RoleTest
    D.2 Status of the IMP to be used in the clinical trial
    D.2.1IMP to be used in the trial has a marketing authorisation Yes
    D.2.5The IMP has been designated in this indication as an orphan drug in the Community No
    D.2.5.1Orphan drug designation number
    D.3 Description of the IMP
    D.3.1Product namebusulfan
    D.3.4Pharmaceutical form Concentrate for solution for infusion
    D.3.4.1Specific paediatric formulation Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.7Routes of administration for this IMPIntravenous use
    D.3.8 to D.3.10 IMP Identification Details (Active Substances)
    D.3.8INN - Proposed INNBUSULFAN
    D.3.9.1CAS number 55981
    D.3.10 Strength
    D.3.10.1Concentration unit mg/ml milligram(s)/millilitre
    D.3.10.2Concentration typeequal
    D.3.10.3Concentration number to 6
    D.3.11 The IMP contains an:
    D.3.11.1Active substance of chemical origin Yes
    D.3.11.2Active substance of biological/ biotechnological origin (other than Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    The IMP is a:
    D.3.11.3Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.3.1Somatic cell therapy medicinal product No
    D.3.11.3.2Gene therapy medical product No
    D.3.11.3.3Tissue Engineered Product Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.3.4Combination ATIMP (i.e. one involving a medical device) Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.3.5Committee on Advanced therapies (CAT) has issued a classification for this product Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.4Combination product that includes a device, but does not involve an Advanced Therapy Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.5Radiopharmaceutical medicinal product No
    D.3.11.6Immunological medicinal product (such as vaccine, allergen, immune serum) No
    D.3.11.7Plasma derived medicinal product No
    D.3.11.8Extractive medicinal product No
    D.3.11.9Recombinant medicinal product Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.10Medicinal product containing genetically modified organisms No
    D.3.11.11Herbal medicinal product No
    D.3.11.12Homeopathic medicinal product No
    D.3.11.13Another type of medicinal product Yes
    D.3.11.13.1Other medicinal product typesynthetic chemical
    D.IMP: 2
    D.1.2 and D.1.3IMP RoleTest
    D.2 Status of the IMP to be used in the clinical trial
    D.2.1IMP to be used in the trial has a marketing authorisation Yes
    D.2.5The IMP has been designated in this indication as an orphan drug in the Community No
    D.2.5.1Orphan drug designation number
    D.3 Description of the IMP
    D.3.1Product namemelphalan
    D.3.4Pharmaceutical form Powder for injection
    D.3.4.1Specific paediatric formulation Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.7Routes of administration for this IMPIntravenous use
    D.3.8 to D.3.10 IMP Identification Details (Active Substances)
    D.3.8INN - Proposed INNMELPHALAN
    D.3.9.1CAS number 148823
    D.3.10 Strength
    D.3.10.1Concentration unit mg milligram(s)
    D.3.10.2Concentration typeequal
    D.3.10.3Concentration number50
    D.3.11 The IMP contains an:
    D.3.11.1Active substance of chemical origin Yes
    D.3.11.2Active substance of biological/ biotechnological origin (other than Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    The IMP is a:
    D.3.11.3Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.3.1Somatic cell therapy medicinal product No
    D.3.11.3.2Gene therapy medical product No
    D.3.11.3.3Tissue Engineered Product Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.3.4Combination ATIMP (i.e. one involving a medical device) Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.3.5Committee on Advanced therapies (CAT) has issued a classification for this product Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.4Combination product that includes a device, but does not involve an Advanced Therapy Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.5Radiopharmaceutical medicinal product No
    D.3.11.6Immunological medicinal product (such as vaccine, allergen, immune serum) No
    D.3.11.7Plasma derived medicinal product No
    D.3.11.8Extractive medicinal product No
    D.3.11.9Recombinant medicinal product Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.10Medicinal product containing genetically modified organisms No
    D.3.11.11Herbal medicinal product No
    D.3.11.12Homeopathic medicinal product No
    D.3.11.13Another type of medicinal product Yes
    D.3.11.13.1Other medicinal product typesynthetic chemical
    D.IMP: 3
    D.1.2 and D.1.3IMP RoleTest
    D.2 Status of the IMP to be used in the clinical trial
    D.2.1IMP to be used in the trial has a marketing authorisation Yes
    D.2.1.1.1Trade name Proleukin
    D.2.1.1.2Name of the Marketing Authorisation holderNovartis Pharmaceuticals UK Ltd
    D.2.5The IMP has been designated in this indication as an orphan drug in the Community No
    D.2.5.1Orphan drug designation number
    D.3 Description of the IMP
    D.3.1Product nameAldesleukin
    D.3.4Pharmaceutical form Powder for solution for injection
    D.3.4.1Specific paediatric formulation No
    D.3.7Routes of administration for this IMPSubcutaneous use
    D.3.8 to D.3.10 IMP Identification Details (Active Substances)
    D.3.8INN - Proposed INNALDESLEUKIN
    D.3.9.1CAS number 110942-02-4
    D.3.10 Strength
    D.3.10.1Concentration unit million IU million international units
    D.3.10.2Concentration typeequal
    D.3.10.3Concentration number18
    D.3.11 The IMP contains an:
    D.3.11.1Active substance of chemical origin No
    D.3.11.2Active substance of biological/ biotechnological origin (other than Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) Yes
    The IMP is a:
    D.3.11.3Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    D.3.11.3.1Somatic cell therapy medicinal product No
    D.3.11.3.2Gene therapy medical product No
    D.3.11.3.3Tissue Engineered Product No
    D.3.11.3.4Combination ATIMP (i.e. one involving a medical device) No
    D.3.11.3.5Committee on Advanced therapies (CAT) has issued a classification for this product No
    D.3.11.4Combination product that includes a device, but does not involve an Advanced Therapy No
    D.3.11.5Radiopharmaceutical medicinal product No
    D.3.11.6Immunological medicinal product (such as vaccine, allergen, immune serum) Yes
    D.3.11.7Plasma derived medicinal product No
    D.3.11.8Extractive medicinal product No
    D.3.11.9Recombinant medicinal product Yes
    D.3.11.10Medicinal product containing genetically modified organisms No
    D.3.11.11Herbal medicinal product No
    D.3.11.12Homeopathic medicinal product No
    D.3.11.13Another type of medicinal product No
    D.IMP: 4
    D.1.2 and D.1.3IMP RoleTest
    D.2 Status of the IMP to be used in the clinical trial
    D.2.1IMP to be used in the trial has a marketing authorisation No
    D.2.5The IMP has been designated in this indication as an orphan drug in the Community No
    D.2.5.1Orphan drug designation number
    D.3 Description of the IMP
    D.3.1Product namechimeric antibody ch14.18/CHO
    D.3.2Product code chimeric antibody ch14.18/CHO
    D.3.4Pharmaceutical form Concentrate and solvent for solution for infusion
    D.3.4.1Specific paediatric formulation No
    D.3.7Routes of administration for this IMPIntravenous use
    D.3.8 to D.3.10 IMP Identification Details (Active Substances)
    D.3.8INN - Proposed INNch14.18/CHO
    D.3.9.3Other descriptive namechimeric antibody 14.18/CHO
    D.3.10 Strength
    D.3.10.1Concentration unit mg/ml milligram(s)/millilitre
    D.3.10.2Concentration typerange
    D.3.10.3Concentration number4 to 5
    D.3.11 The IMP contains an:
    D.3.11.1Active substance of chemical origin No
    D.3.11.2Active substance of biological/ biotechnological origin (other than Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) Yes
    The IMP is a:
    D.3.11.3Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    D.3.11.3.1Somatic cell therapy medicinal product No
    D.3.11.3.2Gene therapy medical product No
    D.3.11.3.3Tissue Engineered Product No
    D.3.11.3.4Combination ATIMP (i.e. one involving a medical device) No
    D.3.11.3.5Committee on Advanced therapies (CAT) has issued a classification for this product No
    D.3.11.4Combination product that includes a device, but does not involve an Advanced Therapy No
    D.3.11.5Radiopharmaceutical medicinal product No
    D.3.11.6Immunological medicinal product (such as vaccine, allergen, immune serum) Yes
    D.3.11.7Plasma derived medicinal product No
    D.3.11.8Extractive medicinal product No
    D.3.11.9Recombinant medicinal product Yes
    D.3.11.10Medicinal product containing genetically modified organisms No
    D.3.11.11Herbal medicinal product No
    D.3.11.12Homeopathic medicinal product No
    D.3.11.13Another type of medicinal product No
    D.IMP: 5
    D.1.2 and D.1.3IMP RoleTest
    D.2 Status of the IMP to be used in the clinical trial
    D.2.1IMP to be used in the trial has a marketing authorisation Yes
    D.2.1.2Country which granted the Marketing AuthorisationEuropean Union
    D.2.5The IMP has been designated in this indication as an orphan drug in the Community No
    D.2.5.1Orphan drug designation number
    D.3 Description of the IMP
    D.3.1Product nameCisplatin
    D.3.4Pharmaceutical form Concentrate for solution for infusion
    D.3.4.1Specific paediatric formulation No
    D.3.7Routes of administration for this IMPIntravenous use
    D.3.8 to D.3.10 IMP Identification Details (Active Substances)
    D.3.8INN - Proposed INNCisplatin
    D.3.9.1CAS number 15663-27-1
    D.3.9.3Other descriptive nameCISPLATIN
    D.3.9.4EV Substance CodeSUB07483MIG
    D.3.10 Strength
    D.3.10.1Concentration unit mg/ml milligram(s)/millilitre
    D.3.10.2Concentration typeequal
    D.3.10.3Concentration number1
    D.3.11 The IMP contains an:
    D.3.11.1Active substance of chemical origin Yes
    D.3.11.2Active substance of biological/ biotechnological origin (other than Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    The IMP is a:
    D.3.11.3Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    D.3.11.3.1Somatic cell therapy medicinal product No
    D.3.11.3.2Gene therapy medical product No
    D.3.11.3.3Tissue Engineered Product No
    D.3.11.3.4Combination ATIMP (i.e. one involving a medical device) No
    D.3.11.3.5Committee on Advanced therapies (CAT) has issued a classification for this product No
    D.3.11.4Combination product that includes a device, but does not involve an Advanced Therapy No
    D.3.11.5Radiopharmaceutical medicinal product No
    D.3.11.6Immunological medicinal product (such as vaccine, allergen, immune serum) No
    D.3.11.7Plasma derived medicinal product No
    D.3.11.8Extractive medicinal product No
    D.3.11.9Recombinant medicinal product No
    D.3.11.10Medicinal product containing genetically modified organisms No
    D.3.11.11Herbal medicinal product No
    D.3.11.12Homeopathic medicinal product No
    D.3.11.13Another type of medicinal product No
    D.IMP: 6
    D.1.2 and D.1.3IMP RoleTest
    D.2 Status of the IMP to be used in the clinical trial
    D.2.1IMP to be used in the trial has a marketing authorisation Yes
    D.2.1.2Country which granted the Marketing AuthorisationEuropean Union
    D.2.5The IMP has been designated in this indication as an orphan drug in the Community No
    D.2.5.1Orphan drug designation number
    D.3 Description of the IMP
    D.3.1Product nameCyclophosphamide
    D.3.4Pharmaceutical form Powder for solution for injection
    D.3.4.1Specific paediatric formulation No
    D.3.7Routes of administration for this IMPIntravenous use
    D.3.8 to D.3.10 IMP Identification Details (Active Substances)
    D.3.8INN - Proposed INNCYCLOPHOSPHAMIDE
    D.3.9.1CAS number 50-18-0
    D.3.9.4EV Substance CodeSUB06859MIG
    D.3.10 Strength
    D.3.10.1Concentration unit mg milligram(s)
    D.3.10.2Concentration typerange
    D.3.10.3Concentration number200 to 1000
    D.3.11 The IMP contains an:
    D.3.11.1Active substance of chemical origin Yes
    D.3.11.2Active substance of biological/ biotechnological origin (other than Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    The IMP is a:
    D.3.11.3Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    D.3.11.3.1Somatic cell therapy medicinal product No
    D.3.11.3.2Gene therapy medical product No
    D.3.11.3.3Tissue Engineered Product No
    D.3.11.3.4Combination ATIMP (i.e. one involving a medical device) No
    D.3.11.3.5Committee on Advanced therapies (CAT) has issued a classification for this product No
    D.3.11.4Combination product that includes a device, but does not involve an Advanced Therapy No
    D.3.11.5Radiopharmaceutical medicinal product No
    D.3.11.6Immunological medicinal product (such as vaccine, allergen, immune serum) No
    D.3.11.7Plasma derived medicinal product No
    D.3.11.8Extractive medicinal product No
    D.3.11.9Recombinant medicinal product No
    D.3.11.10Medicinal product containing genetically modified organisms No
    D.3.11.11Herbal medicinal product No
    D.3.11.12Homeopathic medicinal product No
    D.3.11.13Another type of medicinal product No
    D.IMP: 7
    D.1.2 and D.1.3IMP RoleTest
    D.2 Status of the IMP to be used in the clinical trial
    D.2.1IMP to be used in the trial has a marketing authorisation Yes
    D.2.1.2Country which granted the Marketing AuthorisationEuropean Union
    D.2.5The IMP has been designated in this indication as an orphan drug in the Community No
    D.2.5.1Orphan drug designation number
    D.3 Description of the IMP
    D.3.1Product nameDoxorubicin
    D.3.4Pharmaceutical form Concentrate for solution for infusion
    D.3.4.1Specific paediatric formulation No
    D.3.7Routes of administration for this IMPIntravenous use
    D.3.8 to D.3.10 IMP Identification Details (Active Substances)
    D.3.8INN - Proposed INNDOXORUBICIN
    D.3.9.1CAS number 23214-92-8
    D.3.9.4EV Substance CodeSUB06391MIG
    D.3.10 Strength
    D.3.10.1Concentration unit mg/ml milligram(s)/millilitre
    D.3.10.2Concentration typeequal
    D.3.10.3Concentration number2
    D.3.11 The IMP contains an:
    D.3.11.1Active substance of chemical origin Yes
    D.3.11.2Active substance of biological/ biotechnological origin (other than Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    The IMP is a:
    D.3.11.3Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    D.3.11.3.1Somatic cell therapy medicinal product No
    D.3.11.3.2Gene therapy medical product No
    D.3.11.3.3Tissue Engineered Product No
    D.3.11.3.4Combination ATIMP (i.e. one involving a medical device) No
    D.3.11.3.5Committee on Advanced therapies (CAT) has issued a classification for this product No
    D.3.11.4Combination product that includes a device, but does not involve an Advanced Therapy No
    D.3.11.5Radiopharmaceutical medicinal product No
    D.3.11.6Immunological medicinal product (such as vaccine, allergen, immune serum) No
    D.3.11.7Plasma derived medicinal product No
    D.3.11.8Extractive medicinal product No
    D.3.11.9Recombinant medicinal product No
    D.3.11.10Medicinal product containing genetically modified organisms No
    D.3.11.11Herbal medicinal product No
    D.3.11.12Homeopathic medicinal product No
    D.3.11.13Another type of medicinal product No
    D.IMP: 8
    D.1.2 and D.1.3IMP RoleTest
    D.2 Status of the IMP to be used in the clinical trial
    D.2.1IMP to be used in the trial has a marketing authorisation Yes
    D.2.1.2Country which granted the Marketing AuthorisationEuropean Union
    D.2.5The IMP has been designated in this indication as an orphan drug in the Community No
    D.2.5.1Orphan drug designation number
    D.3 Description of the IMP
    D.3.1Product nameEtoposide
    D.3.4Pharmaceutical form Concentrate for solution for infusion
    D.3.4.1Specific paediatric formulation No
    D.3.7Routes of administration for this IMPIntravenous use
    D.3.8 to D.3.10 IMP Identification Details (Active Substances)
    D.3.8INN - Proposed INNEtoposide
    D.3.9.1CAS number 33419-42-0
    D.3.9.3Other descriptive nameETOPOSIDE
    D.3.9.4EV Substance CodeSUB07337MIG
    D.3.10 Strength
    D.3.10.1Concentration unit mg/ml milligram(s)/millilitre
    D.3.10.2Concentration typeequal
    D.3.10.3Concentration number20
    D.3.11 The IMP contains an:
    D.3.11.1Active substance of chemical origin Yes
    D.3.11.2Active substance of biological/ biotechnological origin (other than Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    The IMP is a:
    D.3.11.3Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    D.3.11.3.1Somatic cell therapy medicinal product No
    D.3.11.3.2Gene therapy medical product No
    D.3.11.3.3Tissue Engineered Product No
    D.3.11.3.4Combination ATIMP (i.e. one involving a medical device) No
    D.3.11.3.5Committee on Advanced therapies (CAT) has issued a classification for this product No
    D.3.11.4Combination product that includes a device, but does not involve an Advanced Therapy No
    D.3.11.5Radiopharmaceutical medicinal product No
    D.3.11.6Immunological medicinal product (such as vaccine, allergen, immune serum) No
    D.3.11.7Plasma derived medicinal product No
    D.3.11.8Extractive medicinal product No
    D.3.11.9Recombinant medicinal product No
    D.3.11.10Medicinal product containing genetically modified organisms No
    D.3.11.11Herbal medicinal product No
    D.3.11.12Homeopathic medicinal product No
    D.3.11.13Another type of medicinal product No
    D.IMP: 9
    D.1.2 and D.1.3IMP RoleTest
    D.2 Status of the IMP to be used in the clinical trial
    D.2.1IMP to be used in the trial has a marketing authorisation Yes
    D.2.1.2Country which granted the Marketing AuthorisationEuropean Union
    D.2.5The IMP has been designated in this indication as an orphan drug in the Community No
    D.2.5.1Orphan drug designation number
    D.3 Description of the IMP
    D.3.1Product nameVincristine
    D.3.4Pharmaceutical form Solution for injection
    D.3.4.1Specific paediatric formulation No
    D.3.7Routes of administration for this IMPIntravenous use
    D.3.8 to D.3.10 IMP Identification Details (Active Substances)
    D.3.8INN - Proposed INNVINCRISTINE
    D.3.9.1CAS number 57-22-7
    D.3.9.4EV Substance CodeSUB00059MIG
    D.3.10 Strength
    D.3.10.1Concentration unit mg/ml milligram(s)/millilitre
    D.3.10.2Concentration typeequal
    D.3.10.3Concentration number1
    D.3.11 The IMP contains an:
    D.3.11.1Active substance of chemical origin Yes
    D.3.11.2Active substance of biological/ biotechnological origin (other than Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    The IMP is a:
    D.3.11.3Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    D.3.11.3.1Somatic cell therapy medicinal product No
    D.3.11.3.2Gene therapy medical product No
    D.3.11.3.3Tissue Engineered Product No
    D.3.11.3.4Combination ATIMP (i.e. one involving a medical device) No
    D.3.11.3.5Committee on Advanced therapies (CAT) has issued a classification for this product No
    D.3.11.4Combination product that includes a device, but does not involve an Advanced Therapy No
    D.3.11.5Radiopharmaceutical medicinal product No
    D.3.11.6Immunological medicinal product (such as vaccine, allergen, immune serum) No
    D.3.11.7Plasma derived medicinal product No
    D.3.11.8Extractive medicinal product No
    D.3.11.9Recombinant medicinal product No
    D.3.11.10Medicinal product containing genetically modified organisms No
    D.3.11.11Herbal medicinal product No
    D.3.11.12Homeopathic medicinal product No
    D.3.11.13Another type of medicinal product No
    D.8 Information on Placebo
    E. General Information on the Trial
    E.1 Medical condition or disease under investigation
    E.1.1Medical condition(s) being investigated
    High risk neuroblastoma
    E.1.1.1Medical condition in easily understood language
    High Risk Neuroblastoma
    E.1.1.2Therapeutic area Diseases [C] - Cancer [C04]
    MedDRA Classification
    E.1.2 Medical condition or disease under investigation
    E.1.2Version 14.1
    E.1.2Level PT
    E.1.2Classification code 10029260
    E.1.2Term Neuroblastoma
    E.1.2System Organ Class 10029104 - Neoplasms benign, malignant and unspecified (incl cysts and polyps)
    E.1.3Condition being studied is a rare disease No
    E.2 Objective of the trial
    E.2.1Main objective of the trial
    Primary Objectives
    • To test the hypothesis that the modified N7 induction regimen will
    improve the metastatic response or event free survival rate in a higher
    number of patients as compared to Rapid COJEC.
    • To test the hypothesis that immunotherapy with chimeric 14.18 anti-GD2 monoclonal antibody produced in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells (ch14.18/CHO) and subcutaneous aldesleukin (IL-2, (Proleukin®)), following MAT and autologous SCR, in addition to differentiation therapy with isotretinoin (13-cis-RA), will improve 3-year EFS in patients with high-risk neuroblastoma (stage 4 disease or stages 2 and 3 with MYCN
    amplification all over the age of one, or infants with MYCN amplification).
    E.2.2Secondary objectives of the trial
    To evaluate BM response to Rapid COJEC and to modified N7.
    To evaluate response to Rapid COJEC and modified N7 induction
    therapies with mIBG for standardised scoring of skeletal response
    To determine the effect of response of metastatic disease to induction
    therapy, on EFS and OS
    To investigate the relationship between complete surgical resection of the primary tumour, and OS
    To collect data on selected, validated biological features and to
    determine the effect of these on EFS, the incidence of relapse/progression and OS
    To compare the toxicity, in particular episodes of febrile neutropenia and grade 3-4 infection associated with induction therapy with Rapid COJEC and modified N7
    To sample PK data to calculate the effect of AUC as achieved according
    to dosing guidelines
    To monitor drug levels of MAT and to relate them to patients' outcome
    and toxicity
    To collect data on selected, validated biological features and to
    determine the effect of these on EFS and OS
    E.2.3Trial contains a sub-study No
    E.3Principal inclusion criteria
    •Established diagnosis of neuroblastoma according to the International Neuroblastoma Diagnostic Criteria (INSS).
    •Age below 21 years.
    •High Risk Neuroblastoma, defined as either:
    a)INSS stages 2, 3, 4 or 4s with MYCN amplification, or
    b)INSS stage 4 without MYCN amplification aged ≥12 months at diagnosis
    •Patients who have received no previous chemotherapy except for 1 cycle of etoposide and carboplatin (VP/Carbo). In this situation the first COJEC cycle may be replaced by the first cycle of VP/Carbo. Infants awaiting MYCN analysis prior to registration may receive the first cycle of COJEC or etoposide / carboplatin. Any patient who has had rapid COJEC induction chemotherapy according to the protocol can enter the trial providing they are no more than 6 weeks from diagnosis. Any patient who has had one or more cycles of Rapid COJEC or VP/Carbo will receive Rapid COJEC induction and will not be eligible for the R3 randomisation.
    •Written informed consent, including agreement of parents or legal guardian for minors, to enter a randomised study if the criteria for randomisation are met.
    •Tumour cell material available.
    •Females of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test. Patients of childbearing potential must agree to use an effective birth control method. Female patients who are lactating must agree to stop breast-feeding.
    •Registration of all eligibility criteria with the data centre within 6 weeks from diagnosis.
    •Provisional follow up of 5 years.
    •National and local ethical committee approval.
    R3:
    •Diagnosis of neuroblastoma confirmed.
    •Stage 4; or Stage 4s with MYCN amplification.
    •No prior chemotherapy.
    •Written informed consent to participate in R3 randomisation, and for minors an agreement by parents or legal guardian.
    •Females of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test. Patients of childbearing potential must agree to use an effective birth control method. Female patients who are lactating must agree to stop breast-feeding.
    R2:
    •All patients must be enrolled on the study and have completed therapy including intensive induction (Rapid COJEC or modified N7) with or without two additional cycles of TVD.
    •BuMel MAT (minor modifications for toxicity concerns) are permitted to render a patient eligible for R2 randomisation, even after more than one line of induction treatment. However, patients must be no more than 9 months from the date of starting the first induction chemotherapy after diagnosis to the date of PBSCR.
    •Complete re-staging, which shows no evidence of progression, following recovery from major transplant related toxicities.
    •Stable WBC above 2 x 109/L (or stable neutrophil count greater than 0.5 x 109/L) in 2 counts taken 48h apart after cessation of G-CSF.
    •Written informed consent to participate in R2 randomisation and for minors an agreement by parents or legal guardian.
    •Females of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test. Patients of childbearing potential must agree to use an effective birth control method. Female patients who are lactating must agree to stop breast-feeding.
    •Radiotherapy must be scheduled to stop at least 7 days prior to the start of immunotherapy.
    •Immunotherapy (starting with week 1 isotretinoin (13-cis-RA)) must start no later than day 120 post PBSCR.
    E.4Principal exclusion criteria
    Any negative answer concerning the inclusion criteria of the study, R2 and R3 will render the patient ineligible for the corresponding therapy phase.
    E.5 End points
    E.5.1Primary end point(s)
    Randomisation 2: Immunotherapy-Question (Ch14.18/CHO ± aldesleukin (IL-2))
    The primary endpoint is 3-year event free survival calculated from the date of the second
    randomisation. The following will be considered as events:
    - disease progression or relapse
    - death from any cause
    - second neoplasm.
    Patients lost to follow-up without event will be censored at the date of their last follow-up evaluation.

    Randomisation 3: Induction-Question (Rapid COJEC vs modified N7)
    Two co-primary endpoints will be investigated:
    1) Complete Metastatic response after induction
    Complete Metastatic response is defined as
    - No skeletal uptake on mIBG
    - Negative bone marrow aspirates (by cytomorphology) and trephines
    - Absence of other metastatic sites
    2) Event Free Survival
    • disease progression or relapse
    • death from any cause
    • second neoplasm
    Patients lost to follow-up without event will be censored at the date of
    their last follow-up evaluation.
    E.5.1.1Timepoint(s) of evaluation of this end point
    The final analysis will be performed 18 months for R1 and R2 and 6
    months for R3 after the inclusion of the last patient.
    E.5.2Secondary end point(s)
    Secondary endpoints of the main trial
    • Overall survival
    Calculated from date of randomisation to death from any cause. Patients
    lost to follow-up without an event will be censored at the date of their
    last follow-up evaluation.
    • Cumulative incidence of relapse/progression and deaths without
    relapse/progression
    • The cumulative incidence of treatment related mortality and of
    disease related mortality
    • Response
    Overall response (incl. primary tumour after induction), skeletal
    response on MIBG, BM-response,
    • Toxicity
    in particular comparison of the frequency of episodes of febrile
    neutropenia and grade 3-4 infections during induction (modified N7 vs.
    Cojec)
    • Response rates, survival, EFS and the cumulative incidence of
    relapse/progressions will be related to potential prognostic factors
    including:
    - Biological factors (MYCN amplification, SCAs, expression signature) of
    neuroblastoma cells in the bone marrow and/or the primary tumour.
    - Serological factors (serum concentrations at diagnosis of LDH, ferritin,
    neuron specific enolase).
    - Urinary catecholamines at diagnosis (VMA, HVA, Dopamine)
    E.5.2.1Timepoint(s) of evaluation of this end point
    The final analysis will be performed 18 months for R1 and R2 and 6
    months for R3 after the inclusion of the last patient.
    E.6 and E.7 Scope of the trial
    E.6Scope of the trial
    E.6.1Diagnosis No
    E.6.2Prophylaxis No
    E.6.3Therapy Yes
    E.6.4Safety Yes
    E.6.5Efficacy Yes
    E.6.6Pharmacokinetic Yes
    E.6.7Pharmacodynamic No
    E.6.8Bioequivalence No
    E.6.9Dose response No
    E.6.10Pharmacogenetic No
    E.6.11Pharmacogenomic No
    E.6.12Pharmacoeconomic No
    E.6.13Others No
    E.7Trial type and phase
    E.7.1Human pharmacology (Phase I) No
    E.7.1.1First administration to humans No
    E.7.1.2Bioequivalence study No
    E.7.1.3Other No
    E.7.1.3.1Other trial type description
    E.7.2Therapeutic exploratory (Phase II) No
    E.7.3Therapeutic confirmatory (Phase III) Yes
    E.7.4Therapeutic use (Phase IV) No
    E.8 Design of the trial
    E.8.1Controlled Yes
    E.8.1.1Randomised Yes
    E.8.1.2Open Yes
    E.8.1.3Single blind No
    E.8.1.4Double blind No
    E.8.1.5Parallel group No
    E.8.1.6Cross over No
    E.8.1.7Other No
    E.8.2 Comparator of controlled trial
    E.8.2.1Other medicinal product(s) Yes
    E.8.2.2Placebo No
    E.8.2.3Other Yes
    E.8.2.3.1Comparator description
    Rapid COJEC induction scheme
    E.8.2.4Number of treatment arms in the trial4
    E.8.3 The trial involves single site in the Member State concerned No
    E.8.4 The trial involves multiple sites in the Member State concerned Yes
    E.8.4.1Number of sites anticipated in Member State concerned22
    E.8.5The trial involves multiple Member States Yes
    E.8.5.1Number of sites anticipated in the EEA120
    E.8.6 Trial involving sites outside the EEA
    E.8.6.1Trial being conducted both within and outside the EEA Yes
    E.8.6.2Trial being conducted completely outside of the EEA No
    E.8.6.3If E.8.6.1 or E.8.6.2 are Yes, specify the regions in which trial sites are planned
    E.8.7Trial has a data monitoring committee Yes
    E.8.8 Definition of the end of the trial and justification where it is not the last visit of the last subject undergoing the trial
    The final analysis will be performed 18 months after the inclusion of
    the last patient.
    To evaluate the difference of EFS between the randomised arms all
    randomised patients will be analysed and the comparison of treatment
    regimens will be performed according to intention to treat.
    The 3-year EFS will be estimated by the Kaplan-Meier method. The
    standard errors of these estimates will be calculated according to the
    method described by Peto et al.
    E.8.9 Initial estimate of the duration of the trial
    E.8.9.1In the Member State concerned years13
    E.8.9.1In the Member State concerned months0
    E.8.9.1In the Member State concerned days0
    E.8.9.2In all countries concerned by the trial years13
    E.8.9.2In all countries concerned by the trial months0
    E.8.9.2In all countries concerned by the trial days0
    F. Population of Trial Subjects
    F.1 Age Range
    F.1.1Trial has subjects under 18 Yes
    F.1.1Number of subjects for this age range: 2200
    F.1.1.1In Utero No
    F.1.1.2Preterm newborn infants (up to gestational age < 37 weeks) No
    F.1.1.3Newborns (0-27 days) No
    F.1.1.4Infants and toddlers (28 days-23 months) Yes
    F.1.1.4.1Number of subjects for this age range: 330
    F.1.1.5Children (2-11years) Yes
    F.1.1.5.1Number of subjects for this age range: 1810
    F.1.1.6Adolescents (12-17 years) Yes
    F.1.1.6.1Number of subjects for this age range: 50
    F.1.2Adults (18-64 years) Yes
    F.1.2.1Number of subjects for this age range: 10
    F.1.3Elderly (>=65 years) No
    F.2 Gender
    F.2.1Female Yes
    F.2.2Male Yes
    F.3 Group of trial subjects
    F.3.1Healthy volunteers No
    F.3.2Patients Yes
    F.3.3Specific vulnerable populations Yes
    F.3.3.1Women of childbearing potential not using contraception No
    F.3.3.2Women of child-bearing potential using contraception Yes
    F.3.3.3Pregnant women No
    F.3.3.4Nursing women No
    F.3.3.5Emergency situation No
    F.3.3.6Subjects incapable of giving consent personally Yes
    F.3.3.6.1Details of subjects incapable of giving consent
    Children > 1 year
    or children < 1 year with MYCN amplification
    F.3.3.7Others No
    F.4 Planned number of subjects to be included
    F.4.1In the member state600
    F.4.2 For a multinational trial
    F.4.2.1In the EEA 2230
    F.4.2.2In the whole clinical trial 2230
    F.5 Plans for treatment or care after the subject has ended the participation in the trial (if it is different from the expected normal treatment of that condition)
    Standard care
    G. Investigator Networks to be involved in the Trial
    N. Review by the Competent Authority or Ethics Committee in the country concerned
    N.Competent Authority Decision Authorised
    N.Date of Competent Authority Decision2008-04-16
    N.Ethics Committee Opinion of the trial applicationFavourable
    N.Ethics Committee Opinion: Reason(s) for unfavourable opinion
    N.Date of Ethics Committee Opinion2002-09-19
    P. End of Trial
    P.End of Trial StatusRestarted
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