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    The EU Clinical Trials Register currently displays   35512   clinical trials with a EudraCT protocol, of which   5839   are clinical trials conducted with subjects less than 18 years old.
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    Summary
    EudraCT Number:2006-005889-40
    Sponsor's Protocol Code Number:ABR-15108
    National Competent Authority:Netherlands - Competent Authority
    Clinical Trial Type:EEA CTA
    Trial Status:Ongoing
    Date on which this record was first entered in the EudraCT database:2006-11-02
    Trial results
    Index
    A. PROTOCOL INFORMATION
    B. SPONSOR INFORMATION
    C. APPLICANT IDENTIFICATION
    D. IMP IDENTIFICATION
    D.8 INFORMATION ON PLACEBO
    E. GENERAL INFORMATION ON THE TRIAL
    F. POPULATION OF TRIAL SUBJECTS
    G. INVESTIGATOR NETWORKS TO BE INVOLVED IN THE TRIAL
    N. REVIEW BY THE COMPETENT AUTHORITY OR ETHICS COMMITTEE IN THE COUNTRY CONCERNED
    P. END OF TRIAL
    Expand All   Collapse All
    A. Protocol Information
    A.1Member State ConcernedNetherlands - Competent Authority
    A.2EudraCT number2006-005889-40
    A.3Full title of the trial
    N-Acetylcysteine for Treatment of Sickle Cell Disease
    A.3.2Name or abbreviated title of the trial where available
    N-acetylcystein for Sickle Cell Disease
    A.4.1Sponsor's protocol code numberABR-15108
    A.7Trial is part of a Paediatric Investigation Plan Information not present in EudraCT
    A.8EMA Decision number of Paediatric Investigation Plan
    B. Sponsor Information
    B.Sponsor: 1
    B.1.1Name of SponsorAcademic Medical Centre
    B.1.3.4CountryNetherlands
    B.3.1 and B.3.2Status of the sponsorNon-Commercial
    B.4 Source(s) of Monetary or Material Support for the clinical trial:
    B.4.1Name of organisation providing support
    B.4.2Country
    B.5 Contact point designated by the sponsor for further information on the trial
    B.5.1Name of organisation
    B.5.2Functional name of contact point
    D. IMP Identification
    D.IMP: 1
    D.1.2 and D.1.3IMP RoleTest
    D.2 Status of the IMP to be used in the clinical trial
    D.2.1IMP to be used in the trial has a marketing authorisation Yes
    D.2.1.1.1Trade name fluimicil
    D.2.1.1.2Name of the Marketing Authorisation holderzambon
    D.2.1.2Country which granted the Marketing AuthorisationNetherlands
    D.2.5The IMP has been designated in this indication as an orphan drug in the Community No
    D.2.5.1Orphan drug designation number
    D.3 Description of the IMP
    D.3.4Pharmaceutical form Tablet
    D.3.4.1Specific paediatric formulation Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.7Routes of administration for this IMPOral use
    D.3.8 to D.3.10 IMP Identification Details (Active Substances)
    D.3.8INN - Proposed INNACETYLCYSTEINE
    D.3.9.1CAS number 616911
    D.3.9.2Current sponsor codeACETYLCYSTEINE
    D.3.9.3Other descriptive nameACETYLCYSTEINE
    D.3.10 Strength
    D.3.10.1Concentration unit mg milligram(s)
    D.3.10.2Concentration typeequal
    D.3.10.3Concentration number600
    D.3.11 The IMP contains an:
    D.3.11.1Active substance of chemical origin Yes
    D.3.11.2Active substance of biological/ biotechnological origin (other than Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    The IMP is a:
    D.3.11.3Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.3.1Somatic cell therapy medicinal product No
    D.3.11.3.2Gene therapy medical product No
    D.3.11.3.3Tissue Engineered Product Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.3.4Combination ATIMP (i.e. one involving a medical device) Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.3.5Committee on Advanced therapies (CAT) has issued a classification for this product Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.4Combination product that includes a device, but does not involve an Advanced Therapy Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.5Radiopharmaceutical medicinal product No
    D.3.11.6Immunological medicinal product (such as vaccine, allergen, immune serum) No
    D.3.11.7Plasma derived medicinal product No
    D.3.11.8Extractive medicinal product No
    D.3.11.9Recombinant medicinal product Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.10Medicinal product containing genetically modified organisms No
    D.3.11.11Herbal medicinal product No
    D.3.11.12Homeopathic medicinal product No
    D.3.11.13Another type of medicinal product No
    D.8 Information on Placebo
    E. General Information on the Trial
    E.1 Medical condition or disease under investigation
    E.1.1Medical condition(s) being investigated
    Patients homozygous for sickle cell disease
    MedDRA Classification
    E.1.2 Medical condition or disease under investigation
    E.1.2Version 8.1
    E.1.2Level LLT
    E.1.2Classification code 10040644
    E.1.2Term Sickle cell disease
    E.1.3Condition being studied is a rare disease No
    E.2 Objective of the trial
    E.2.1Main objective of the trial
    To determine whether NAC therapy results in decreased red cell phosphatidylserine exposure, endothelial activation, inflammation, and reduction clotting activation in the steady state.
    We hypothesize that treatment of sickle cell patients with NAC results in reduced red cell phosphatidylserine exposure, reduced endothelial activation, increased NO availability, reduced coagulation activation and reduced inflammation detectable with specific laboratory testing, as well as a reduction of irreversibly sickled cells and Heinz Body formation




    E.2.2Secondary objectives of the trial
    Secondary outcome measures are tolerability of study medication at every visit by history taking and by scoring of a NAC for SCD check-list (see appendix B).
    E.2.3Trial contains a sub-study No
    E.3Principal inclusion criteria
    Ten patients with SCD (HbSS HbSC or HbSb) will be included.
    Inclusion criteria
    1. High performance liquid chromatography confirmed diagnosis of HbSS HbSC or HbSb genotype
    2. Aged 18-65 years
    3. Written informed consent
    E.4Principal exclusion criteria
    Exclusion criteria
    1. Bloodtransfusion in the preceding four months
    2. Pregnancy or the desire to get pregnant in the following 7 months
    3. Concommitant use of hydroxyurea, vitamin K antagonists or other oral anticoagulants, or contraindications for NAC.
    4. Impaired renal function of more than 60% (as assessed by the Kockroft-Gauld equation)
    5. Known gatsric or duodenal ulcer
    6. Concomittant use of anti-hypertensives, sildefanil or nitrates.
    E.5 End points
    E.5.1Primary end point(s)
    Primary outcome measures are the effects of NAC on the laboratory markers described below.
    • hemoglobin levels, red blood cell counts, reticulocyte counts, leukocyte counts and differentiation, platelet counts, erythrocyte sedimentation rate will be determined with a automated cell counter.
    • A blood smear will be analyzed microscopically for the number of ISC per field, as well as the number of Heinz bodies
    • Intra-erythrocytic GSH and GSSG levels
    • NO availability (ratios of aminoacids involved in arginine metabolism)
    • SRBC PS exposure will be determined with flow cytometric quantification
    • Inflammation and endothelial activation (Serum levels of high sensitive CRP, sVCAM-1, ET-1, and IL-8)
    • Coagulation activation (pro-thrombin fragments (F1.2), D-dimer levels, protein S (free and total) and C activity, vWF-Ag activity)
    E.6 and E.7 Scope of the trial
    E.6Scope of the trial
    E.6.1Diagnosis No
    E.6.2Prophylaxis No
    E.6.3Therapy Yes
    E.6.4Safety No
    E.6.5Efficacy Yes
    E.6.6Pharmacokinetic Yes
    E.6.7Pharmacodynamic No
    E.6.8Bioequivalence No
    E.6.9Dose response No
    E.6.10Pharmacogenetic No
    E.6.11Pharmacogenomic No
    E.6.12Pharmacoeconomic No
    E.6.13Others No
    E.7Trial type and phase
    E.7.1Human pharmacology (Phase I) No
    E.7.1.1First administration to humans No
    E.7.1.2Bioequivalence study No
    E.7.1.3Other No
    E.7.1.3.1Other trial type description
    E.7.2Therapeutic exploratory (Phase II) Yes
    E.7.3Therapeutic confirmatory (Phase III) No
    E.7.4Therapeutic use (Phase IV) No
    E.8 Design of the trial
    E.8.1Controlled Yes
    E.8.1.1Randomised Yes
    E.8.1.2Open Yes
    E.8.1.3Single blind No
    E.8.1.4Double blind No
    E.8.1.5Parallel group Yes
    E.8.1.6Cross over No
    E.8.1.7Other No
    E.8.2 Comparator of controlled trial
    E.8.2.1Other medicinal product(s) No
    E.8.2.2Placebo No
    E.8.2.3Other Yes
    E.8.2.3.1Comparator description
    before and after treatment baseline measurements
    E.8.3 The trial involves single site in the Member State concerned Yes
    E.8.4 The trial involves multiple sites in the Member State concerned No
    E.8.5The trial involves multiple Member States No
    E.8.6 Trial involving sites outside the EEA
    E.8.6.1Trial being conducted both within and outside the EEA No
    E.8.6.2Trial being conducted completely outside of the EEA Information not present in EudraCT
    E.8.7Trial has a data monitoring committee Yes
    E.8.8 Definition of the end of the trial and justification where it is not the last visit of the last subject undergoing the trial
    the last visit of the last subject undergoing the trial
    E.8.9 Initial estimate of the duration of the trial
    E.8.9.1In the Member State concerned years0
    E.8.9.1In the Member State concerned months3
    E.8.9.1In the Member State concerned days0
    F. Population of Trial Subjects
    F.1 Age Range
    F.1.1Trial has subjects under 18 No
    F.1.1.1In Utero Information not present in EudraCT
    F.1.1.2Preterm newborn infants (up to gestational age < 37 weeks) Information not present in EudraCT
    F.1.1.3Newborns (0-27 days) Information not present in EudraCT
    F.1.1.4Infants and toddlers (28 days-23 months) Information not present in EudraCT
    F.1.1.5Children (2-11years) Information not present in EudraCT
    F.1.1.6Adolescents (12-17 years) Information not present in EudraCT
    F.1.2Adults (18-64 years) Yes
    F.1.3Elderly (>=65 years) No
    F.2 Gender
    F.2.1Female Yes
    F.2.2Male Yes
    F.3 Group of trial subjects
    F.3.1Healthy volunteers No
    F.3.2Patients Yes
    F.3.3Specific vulnerable populations No
    F.3.3.1Women of childbearing potential not using contraception No
    F.3.3.2Women of child-bearing potential using contraception No
    F.3.3.3Pregnant women No
    F.3.3.4Nursing women No
    F.3.3.5Emergency situation No
    F.3.3.6Subjects incapable of giving consent personally No
    F.3.3.7Others No
    F.4 Planned number of subjects to be included
    F.4.1In the member state10
    F.4.2 For a multinational trial
    F.4.2.1In the EEA 10
    F.4.2.2In the whole clinical trial 10
    G. Investigator Networks to be involved in the Trial
    N. Review by the Competent Authority or Ethics Committee in the country concerned
    N.Competent Authority Decision Authorised
    N.Date of Competent Authority Decision2006-11-10
    N.Ethics Committee Opinion of the trial applicationFavourable
    N.Ethics Committee Opinion: Reason(s) for unfavourable opinion
    N.Date of Ethics Committee Opinion2007-08-14
    P. End of Trial
    P.End of Trial StatusOngoing
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