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    The EU Clinical Trials Register currently displays   41189   clinical trials with a EudraCT protocol, of which   6743   are clinical trials conducted with subjects less than 18 years old.
    The register also displays information on   18700   older paediatric trials (in scope of Article 45 of the Paediatric Regulation (EC) No 1901/2006).


    Phase 1 trials conducted solely in adults and that are not part of an agreed PIP are not public in the EU CTR (refer to European Guidance 2008/C 168/02   Art. 3 par. 2 and   Commission Guideline 2012/C 302/03,   Art. 5) .
     
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    Summary
    EudraCT Number:2007-000886-40
    Sponsor's Protocol Code Number:LEFLU_R_01143
    National Competent Authority:Portugal - INFARMED
    Clinical Trial Type:EEA CTA
    Trial Status:Completed
    Date on which this record was first entered in the EudraCT database:2007-08-07
    Trial results View results
    Index
    A. PROTOCOL INFORMATION
    B. SPONSOR INFORMATION
    C. APPLICANT IDENTIFICATION
    D. IMP IDENTIFICATION
    D.8 INFORMATION ON PLACEBO
    E. GENERAL INFORMATION ON THE TRIAL
    F. POPULATION OF TRIAL SUBJECTS
    G. INVESTIGATOR NETWORKS TO BE INVOLVED IN THE TRIAL
    N. REVIEW BY THE COMPETENT AUTHORITY OR ETHICS COMMITTEE IN THE COUNTRY CONCERNED
    P. END OF TRIAL
    Expand All   Collapse All
    A. Protocol Information
    A.1Member State ConcernedPortugal - INFARMED
    A.2EudraCT number2007-000886-40
    A.3Full title of the trial
    Assessment of the early efficacy response rate of leflunomide according to the initial dosing regimen in the treatment of naïve-DMARD early RA-patients.
    A.3.2Name or abbreviated title of the trial where available
    LEADER
    A.4.1Sponsor's protocol code numberLEFLU_R_01143
    A.7Trial is part of a Paediatric Investigation Plan Information not present in EudraCT
    A.8EMA Decision number of Paediatric Investigation Plan
    B. Sponsor Information
    B.Sponsor: 1
    B.1.1Name of Sponsorsanofi-aventis groupe
    B.1.3.4CountryFrance
    B.3.1 and B.3.2Status of the sponsorCommercial
    B.4 Source(s) of Monetary or Material Support for the clinical trial:
    B.4.1Name of organisation providing support
    B.4.2Country
    B.5 Contact point designated by the sponsor for further information on the trial
    B.5.1Name of organisation
    B.5.2Functional name of contact point
    D. IMP Identification
    D.IMP: 1
    D.1.2 and D.1.3IMP RoleTest
    D.2 Status of the IMP to be used in the clinical trial
    D.2.1IMP to be used in the trial has a marketing authorisation Yes
    D.2.1.1.1Trade name ARAVA®
    D.2.1.1.2Name of the Marketing Authorisation holdersanofi-aventis Deutschland GmbH
    D.2.1.2Country which granted the Marketing AuthorisationGermany
    D.2.5The IMP has been designated in this indication as an orphan drug in the Community No
    D.2.5.1Orphan drug designation number
    D.3 Description of the IMP
    D.3.4Pharmaceutical form Coated tablet
    D.3.4.1Specific paediatric formulation Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.7Routes of administration for this IMPOral use
    D.3.8 to D.3.10 IMP Identification Details (Active Substances)
    D.3.8INN - Proposed INNLEFLUNOMIDE
    D.3.9.1CAS number 75706126
    D.3.10 Strength
    D.3.10.1Concentration unit mg milligram(s)
    D.3.10.2Concentration typeequal
    D.3.10.3Concentration number20
    D.3.11 The IMP contains an:
    D.3.11.1Active substance of chemical origin Yes
    D.3.11.2Active substance of biological/ biotechnological origin (other than Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    The IMP is a:
    D.3.11.3Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.3.1Somatic cell therapy medicinal product No
    D.3.11.3.2Gene therapy medical product No
    D.3.11.3.3Tissue Engineered Product Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.3.4Combination ATIMP (i.e. one involving a medical device) Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.3.5Committee on Advanced therapies (CAT) has issued a classification for this product Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.4Combination product that includes a device, but does not involve an Advanced Therapy Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.5Radiopharmaceutical medicinal product No
    D.3.11.6Immunological medicinal product (such as vaccine, allergen, immune serum) No
    D.3.11.7Plasma derived medicinal product No
    D.3.11.8Extractive medicinal product No
    D.3.11.9Recombinant medicinal product Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.10Medicinal product containing genetically modified organisms No
    D.3.11.11Herbal medicinal product No
    D.3.11.12Homeopathic medicinal product No
    D.3.11.13Another type of medicinal product No
    D.IMP: 2
    D.1.2 and D.1.3IMP RoleTest
    D.2 Status of the IMP to be used in the clinical trial
    D.2.1IMP to be used in the trial has a marketing authorisation Yes
    D.2.1.1.1Trade name ARAVA®
    D.2.1.1.2Name of the Marketing Authorisation holdersanofi-aventis Deutschland GmbH
    D.2.1.2Country which granted the Marketing AuthorisationGermany
    D.2.5The IMP has been designated in this indication as an orphan drug in the Community No
    D.2.5.1Orphan drug designation number
    D.3 Description of the IMP
    D.3.4Pharmaceutical form Coated tablet
    D.3.4.1Specific paediatric formulation Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.7Routes of administration for this IMPOral use
    D.3.8 to D.3.10 IMP Identification Details (Active Substances)
    D.3.8INN - Proposed INNLEFLUNOMIDE
    D.3.9.1CAS number 75706126
    D.3.10 Strength
    D.3.10.1Concentration unit mg milligram(s)
    D.3.10.2Concentration typeequal
    D.3.10.3Concentration number100
    D.3.11 The IMP contains an:
    D.3.11.1Active substance of chemical origin Yes
    D.3.11.2Active substance of biological/ biotechnological origin (other than Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    The IMP is a:
    D.3.11.3Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.3.1Somatic cell therapy medicinal product No
    D.3.11.3.2Gene therapy medical product No
    D.3.11.3.3Tissue Engineered Product Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.3.4Combination ATIMP (i.e. one involving a medical device) Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.3.5Committee on Advanced therapies (CAT) has issued a classification for this product Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.4Combination product that includes a device, but does not involve an Advanced Therapy Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.5Radiopharmaceutical medicinal product No
    D.3.11.6Immunological medicinal product (such as vaccine, allergen, immune serum) No
    D.3.11.7Plasma derived medicinal product No
    D.3.11.8Extractive medicinal product No
    D.3.11.9Recombinant medicinal product Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.10Medicinal product containing genetically modified organisms No
    D.3.11.11Herbal medicinal product No
    D.3.11.12Homeopathic medicinal product No
    D.3.11.13Another type of medicinal product No
    D.IMP: 3
    D.1.2 and D.1.3IMP RoleTest
    D.2 Status of the IMP to be used in the clinical trial
    D.2.1IMP to be used in the trial has a marketing authorisation Yes
    D.2.1.1.1Trade name ARAVA®
    D.2.1.1.2Name of the Marketing Authorisation holdersanofi-aventis Deutschland GmbH
    D.2.1.2Country which granted the Marketing AuthorisationGermany
    D.2.5The IMP has been designated in this indication as an orphan drug in the Community No
    D.2.5.1Orphan drug designation number
    D.3 Description of the IMP
    D.3.4Pharmaceutical form Coated tablet
    D.3.4.1Specific paediatric formulation Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.7Routes of administration for this IMPOral use
    D.3.8 to D.3.10 IMP Identification Details (Active Substances)
    D.3.8INN - Proposed INNLEFLUNOMIDE
    D.3.9.1CAS number 75706126
    D.3.10 Strength
    D.3.10.1Concentration unit mg milligram(s)
    D.3.10.2Concentration typeequal
    D.3.10.3Concentration number20
    D.3.11 The IMP contains an:
    D.3.11.1Active substance of chemical origin Yes
    D.3.11.2Active substance of biological/ biotechnological origin (other than Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    The IMP is a:
    D.3.11.3Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.3.1Somatic cell therapy medicinal product No
    D.3.11.3.2Gene therapy medical product No
    D.3.11.3.3Tissue Engineered Product Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.3.4Combination ATIMP (i.e. one involving a medical device) Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.3.5Committee on Advanced therapies (CAT) has issued a classification for this product Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.4Combination product that includes a device, but does not involve an Advanced Therapy Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.5Radiopharmaceutical medicinal product No
    D.3.11.6Immunological medicinal product (such as vaccine, allergen, immune serum) No
    D.3.11.7Plasma derived medicinal product No
    D.3.11.8Extractive medicinal product No
    D.3.11.9Recombinant medicinal product Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.10Medicinal product containing genetically modified organisms No
    D.3.11.11Herbal medicinal product No
    D.3.11.12Homeopathic medicinal product No
    D.3.11.13Another type of medicinal product No
    D.8 Information on Placebo
    D.8 Placebo: 1
    D.8.1Is a Placebo used in this Trial?Yes
    D.8.3Pharmaceutical form of the placeboCoated tablet
    D.8.4Route of administration of the placeboOral use
    D.8 Placebo: 2
    D.8.1Is a Placebo used in this Trial?Yes
    D.8.3Pharmaceutical form of the placeboCoated tablet
    D.8.4Route of administration of the placeboOral use
    E. General Information on the Trial
    E.1 Medical condition or disease under investigation
    E.1.1Medical condition(s) being investigated
    patients with a diagnosis of early active rheumatoid arthritis in the previous 6 months, naïves of previous treatment by a DMARD and who need to be treated by a DMARD
    MedDRA Classification
    E.1.2 Medical condition or disease under investigation
    E.1.2Version 9.1
    E.1.2Level LLT
    E.1.2Classification code 10039073
    E.1.2Term Rheumatoid arthritis
    E.1.3Condition being studied is a rare disease No
    E.2 Objective of the trial
    E.2.1Main objective of the trial
    The primary objective of this study is to assess the clinical efficacy response rate using ACR20 criteria as primary endpoint at 3-month in each initial dosing regimen group of treatment.
    E.2.2Secondary objectives of the trial
    The secondary objectives are:

    - To assess the clinical efficacy at 1-month and 3-month using complementary efficacy criteria (ACR 50, ACR 70, DAS 28, patient and physician RA activity level assessment) in each group of treatment.

    - To assess the clinical and biological safety using standard blood monitoring, TEAED and SAE in each group of treatment.

    - To evaluate treatment modifications; particularly leflunomide and concomitant use of AINS, corticoids and analgesics.
    E.2.3Trial contains a sub-study No
    E.3Principal inclusion criteria
    1. Male or female* patients, aged over 18 years .
    *The inclusion of women of childbearing must strictly respect the following recommendations:
    - To demonstrate they are not pregnant at the time of study entry, they agree to undergo urine pregnancy testing at inclusion visit. They also agree to undergo urine pregnancy testing at safety follow-up visit.
    - They are demonstrated not to be breast feeding at the time of study entry.
    - They agree to maintain adequate means of contraception throughout the study and for 24 months after the discontinuation of treatment or they undergo a washout procedure.
    - They agree not to get pregnant for 24 months after discontinuation of treatment with study medication or they undergo a washout procedure. In either case (waiting period of 24 months or washout procedure), the A77 1726 plasma concentration has then to be determined two times at an interval of at least 14 days after treatment discontinuation.
    Male patients must consent to practice contraception during the study and as long as they are taking leflunomide and to follow the washout procedure if they wish to father a child after treatment discontinuation (according to the SmPC).

    2. Diagnosis of active rheumatoid arthritis in the previous 6 months according to ACR guidelines (in Appendix A).

    3. Active disease demonstrated by: clinical (tender and swollen joint count, morning stiffness and pain) and biological (CRP > 2.0mg/dl or ESR>28mm/Hg) criteria, to be initiated by DMARD.

    4. Unchanged doses, for at least 4 weeks before entering the study, of:
    - NSAIDs
    - oral corticosteroids (with a maximum dose of 10 mg prednisolone daily, or the corticosteroid equivalent administered orally).

    5. Subjects must be well-orientated, cooperative and willing to comply with the terms of this protocol.

    6. Informed consent must be obtained for all subjects before enrollment in the study.


    E.4Principal exclusion criteria
    1. Patient presenting or having a history of other inflammatory joint disease, e.g. mixed connective tissue disease, seronegative spondylarthropathy, arthropathic psoriasis, Reiter’s syndrome, systemic lupus erythematosus, sarcoidosis, history of Felty’s syndrome, or any arthritis with onset prior to 16 years of age.

    2. Patients with ongoing or previous Stevens- Johnson syndrome, toxic epidermal necrolysis or erythema multiforme.

    3. Patients with significantly impaired bone marrow function or significant anaemia, leucopenia or thrombocytopenia due to causes other than active rheumatoid arthritis.

    4. Persistent infection or severe infection within 3 months before enrollment.

    5. Uncontrolled hypertension, uncontrolled diabetes, unstable ischemic heart disease, active inflammatory bowel disease, active peptic ulcer disease, terminal illness or other medical condition which, in the opinion of the investigator, would put the patient at risk to participate in the study.

    6. Clinically relevant cardiovascular, hepatic, neurological, endocrine, or other major systemic disease making implementation of the protocol or interpretation of the study results difficult.

    7. Severe hypoproteinemia (e.g. in case of severe liver disease or nephrotic syndrome) with serum albumin < 3.0 g/dl.

    8. Moderate or severe impairment of renal function, as shown by serum creatinine > 133 µmol/L (or 1.5 mg/dL).

    9. Patients with a history of recent and clinically significant drug or alcohol abuse.

    10. Impairment of liver function or persisting ALT (SGPT) elevations of more than 2-fold the upper limit of normal.

    11. Pregnancy.

    12. Breastfeeding.

    13. Women of childbearing potential, except if they fulfill all conditions described in
    section 8.2.

    14. Men wishing to father children during the course of the study or within the 24 months thereafter (or 3 months with the washout procedure).

    15. Patient with a congenital or acquired severe immunodeficiency, a history of cancer or lymphoproliferative disease, or any patient who has received total lymphoid irradiation.

    16. Known HIV positive status.

    17. Known positive serology for hepatitis B or C.

    18. Patients with hypersensitivity to any of the excipients in the tablets of leflunomide.

    19. Previous therapy at any time with:
    • any DMARD including leflunomide, methotrexate , oral or injectable gold salts, chloroquine, hydroxychloroquine, ciclosporin, azathioprine, methotrexate, sulfasalazine)
    • D penicillamine
    • alkylating agents, e.g. cyclophosphamide, chlorambucil, biological agents, e.g. interferon, monoclonal antibodies, growth factor, cytokines
    • any investigational drug
    • any anti metabolites
    • any opiate

    20. Therapy within the previous 4 weeks with :
    • oral corticosteroids exceeding a prednisolone equivalent of 10 mg/day
    • parenteral or intra-articular corticoid injection

    21. Any known condition or circumstance which would in the investigator’s opinion prevent compliance or completion of the study


    Any concomitant disorder (such as diabetes mellitus, hypertension, heart disease, etc.) should be controlled before entry into the study by appropriate medication which should be, if possible, continued unchanged during the entire study period.
    E.5 End points
    E.5.1Primary end point(s)
    The primary end point is the efficacy response rate using ACR20 criteria at 3-month in each initial dosing regimen group of treatment
    E.6 and E.7 Scope of the trial
    E.6Scope of the trial
    E.6.1Diagnosis No
    E.6.2Prophylaxis No
    E.6.3Therapy Yes
    E.6.4Safety Yes
    E.6.5Efficacy Yes
    E.6.6Pharmacokinetic No
    E.6.7Pharmacodynamic No
    E.6.8Bioequivalence No
    E.6.9Dose response No
    E.6.10Pharmacogenetic No
    E.6.11Pharmacogenomic No
    E.6.12Pharmacoeconomic No
    E.6.13Others No
    E.7Trial type and phase
    E.7.1Human pharmacology (Phase I) No
    E.7.1.1First administration to humans Information not present in EudraCT
    E.7.1.2Bioequivalence study Information not present in EudraCT
    E.7.1.3Other Information not present in EudraCT
    E.7.1.3.1Other trial type description
    E.7.2Therapeutic exploratory (Phase II) No
    E.7.3Therapeutic confirmatory (Phase III) Yes
    E.7.4Therapeutic use (Phase IV) No
    E.8 Design of the trial
    E.8.1Controlled Yes
    E.8.1.1Randomised Yes
    E.8.1.2Open Yes
    E.8.1.3Single blind No
    E.8.1.4Double blind Yes
    E.8.1.5Parallel group Yes
    E.8.1.6Cross over No
    E.8.1.7Other No
    E.8.2 Comparator of controlled trial
    E.8.2.1Other medicinal product(s) No
    E.8.2.2Placebo No
    E.8.2.3Other No
    E.8.3 The trial involves single site in the Member State concerned Information not present in EudraCT
    E.8.4 The trial involves multiple sites in the Member State concerned Information not present in EudraCT
    E.8.5The trial involves multiple Member States Yes
    E.8.5.1Number of sites anticipated in the EEA15
    E.8.6 Trial involving sites outside the EEA
    E.8.6.1Trial being conducted both within and outside the EEA Yes
    E.8.6.2Trial being conducted completely outside of the EEA Information not present in EudraCT
    E.8.6.3If E.8.6.1 or E.8.6.2 are Yes, specify the regions in which trial sites are planned
    E.8.7Trial has a data monitoring committee No
    E.8.8 Definition of the end of the trial and justification where it is not the last visit of the last subject undergoing the trial
    E.8.9 Initial estimate of the duration of the trial
    E.8.9.1In the Member State concerned years
    E.8.9.1In the Member State concerned months
    E.8.9.1In the Member State concerned days
    E.8.9.2In all countries concerned by the trial years1
    F. Population of Trial Subjects
    F.1 Age Range
    F.1.1Trial has subjects under 18 No
    F.1.1.1In Utero Information not present in EudraCT
    F.1.1.2Preterm newborn infants (up to gestational age < 37 weeks) Information not present in EudraCT
    F.1.1.3Newborns (0-27 days) Information not present in EudraCT
    F.1.1.4Infants and toddlers (28 days-23 months) Information not present in EudraCT
    F.1.1.5Children (2-11years) Information not present in EudraCT
    F.1.1.6Adolescents (12-17 years) Information not present in EudraCT
    F.1.2Adults (18-64 years) Yes
    F.1.3Elderly (>=65 years) Yes
    F.2 Gender
    F.2.1Female Yes
    F.2.2Male Yes
    F.3 Group of trial subjects
    F.3.1Healthy volunteers No
    F.3.2Patients Yes
    F.3.3Specific vulnerable populations Yes
    F.3.3.1Women of childbearing potential not using contraception No
    F.3.3.2Women of child-bearing potential using contraception Yes
    F.3.3.3Pregnant women No
    F.3.3.4Nursing women No
    F.3.3.5Emergency situation No
    F.3.3.6Subjects incapable of giving consent personally No
    F.3.3.7Others No
    F.4 Planned number of subjects to be included
    F.4.1In the member state
    F.4.2 For a multinational trial
    F.4.2.1In the EEA 160
    F.4.2.2In the whole clinical trial 200
    F.5 Plans for treatment or care after the subject has ended the participation in the trial (if it is different from the expected normal treatment of that condition)
    provided in the protocol
    G. Investigator Networks to be involved in the Trial
    N. Review by the Competent Authority or Ethics Committee in the country concerned
    N.Competent Authority Decision Authorised
    N.Date of Competent Authority Decision2007-10-04
    N.Ethics Committee Opinion of the trial applicationFavourable
    N.Ethics Committee Opinion: Reason(s) for unfavourable opinion
    N.Date of Ethics Committee Opinion2007-11-09
    P. End of Trial
    P.End of Trial StatusCompleted
    P.Date of the global end of the trial2009-10-16
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