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    Summary
    EudraCT Number:2008-002336-15
    Sponsor's Protocol Code Number:578
    National Competent Authority:UK - MHRA
    Clinical Trial Type:EEA CTA
    Trial Status:Prematurely Ended
    Date on which this record was first entered in the EudraCT database:2011-05-25
    Trial results View results
    Index
    A. PROTOCOL INFORMATION
    B. SPONSOR INFORMATION
    C. APPLICANT IDENTIFICATION
    D. IMP IDENTIFICATION
    D.8 INFORMATION ON PLACEBO
    E. GENERAL INFORMATION ON THE TRIAL
    F. POPULATION OF TRIAL SUBJECTS
    G. INVESTIGATOR NETWORKS TO BE INVOLVED IN THE TRIAL
    N. REVIEW BY THE COMPETENT AUTHORITY OR ETHICS COMMITTEE IN THE COUNTRY CONCERNED
    P. END OF TRIAL
    Expand All   Collapse All
    A. Protocol Information
    A.1Member State ConcernedUK - MHRA
    A.2EudraCT number2008-002336-15
    A.3Full title of the trial
    The effect of prednisolone versus hydrocortisone as glucocorticoid replacement therapy on hypoglycaemia frequency in people with Type 1 diabetes and adrenal insufficiency: a pilot study.
    A.3.1Title of the trial for lay people, in easily understood, i.e. non-technical, language
    The effect of prednisolone versus hydrocortisone as glucocorticoid replacement therapy on hypoglycaemia frequency in people with Type 1 diabetes and adrenal insufficiency.
    A.3.2Name or abbreviated title of the trial where available
    Hypoglycaemia frequency in people with Type 1 diabetes and adrenal insufficiency.
    A.4.1Sponsor's protocol code number578
    A.7Trial is part of a Paediatric Investigation Plan No
    A.8EMA Decision number of Paediatric Investigation Plan
    B. Sponsor Information
    B.Sponsor: 1
    B.1.1Name of SponsorKing's College London
    B.1.3.4CountryUnited Kingdom
    B.3.1 and B.3.2Status of the sponsorNon-Commercial
    B.4 Source(s) of Monetary or Material Support for the clinical trial:
    B.4.1Name of organisation providing supportKing's College London (Diabetes Research Dept)
    B.4.2CountryUnited Kingdom
    B.5 Contact point designated by the sponsor for further information on the trial
    B.5.1Name of organisationKing's College London
    B.5.2Functional name of contact pointProf Stephanie Amiel
    B.5.3 Address:
    B.5.3.1Street AddressDiabetes Research Group, Weston Education Centre, Denmark Hill Campus
    B.5.3.2Town/ cityLondon
    B.5.3.3Post codeSE5 9RJ
    B.5.3.4CountryUnited Kingdom
    B.5.4Telephone number+440207848 5639
    B.5.5Fax number+440207848 5668
    B.5.6E-mailstephanie.amiel@kcl.ac.uk
    B.Sponsor: 2
    B.1.1Name of SponsorKing's College Hospital NHS Foundation Trust
    B.1.3.4CountryUnited Kingdom
    B.3.1 and B.3.2Status of the sponsorNon-Commercial
    B.4 Source(s) of Monetary or Material Support for the clinical trial:
    B.4.1Name of organisation providing supportDiabetes Researh Group, King's College London
    B.4.2CountryUnited Kingdom
    B.5 Contact point designated by the sponsor for further information on the trial
    B.5.1Name of organisationKing's College London
    B.5.2Functional name of contact pointProf Stephanie Amiel
    B.5.3 Address:
    B.5.3.1Street AddressDiabetes Research Group, Weston Education Centre, Denmark Hill Campus
    B.5.3.2Town/ cityLondon
    B.5.3.3Post codeSE5 9RJ
    B.5.3.4CountryUnited Kingdom
    B.5.4Telephone number+440207848 5639
    B.5.5Fax number+440207848 5668
    B.5.6E-mailjackie.pullen@kcl.ac.uk
    D. IMP Identification
    D.IMP: 1
    D.1.2 and D.1.3IMP RoleTest
    D.2 Status of the IMP to be used in the clinical trial
    D.2.1IMP to be used in the trial has a marketing authorisation Yes
    D.2.1.2Country which granted the Marketing AuthorisationUnited Kingdom
    D.2.5The IMP has been designated in this indication as an orphan drug in the Community No
    D.2.5.1Orphan drug designation number
    D.3 Description of the IMP
    D.3.1Product namePrednisolone
    D.3.4Pharmaceutical form Tablet
    D.3.4.1Specific paediatric formulation No
    D.3.7Routes of administration for this IMPOral use
    D.3.8 to D.3.10 IMP Identification Details (Active Substances)
    D.3.8INN - Proposed INNPREDNISOLONE
    D.3.9.1CAS number 50-24-8
    D.3.9.4EV Substance CodeSUB10018MIG
    D.3.10 Strength
    D.3.10.1Concentration unit mg milligram(s)
    D.3.10.2Concentration typeequal
    D.3.10.3Concentration number1
    D.3.11 The IMP contains an:
    D.3.11.1Active substance of chemical origin Yes
    D.3.11.2Active substance of biological/ biotechnological origin (other than Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    The IMP is a:
    D.3.11.3Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    D.3.11.3.1Somatic cell therapy medicinal product No
    D.3.11.3.2Gene therapy medical product No
    D.3.11.3.3Tissue Engineered Product No
    D.3.11.3.4Combination ATIMP (i.e. one involving a medical device) No
    D.3.11.3.5Committee on Advanced therapies (CAT) has issued a classification for this product No
    D.3.11.4Combination product that includes a device, but does not involve an Advanced Therapy No
    D.3.11.5Radiopharmaceutical medicinal product No
    D.3.11.6Immunological medicinal product (such as vaccine, allergen, immune serum) No
    D.3.11.7Plasma derived medicinal product No
    D.3.11.8Extractive medicinal product No
    D.3.11.9Recombinant medicinal product No
    D.3.11.10Medicinal product containing genetically modified organisms No
    D.3.11.11Herbal medicinal product No
    D.3.11.12Homeopathic medicinal product No
    D.3.11.13Another type of medicinal product No
    D.IMP: 2
    D.1.2 and D.1.3IMP RoleComparator
    D.2 Status of the IMP to be used in the clinical trial
    D.2.1IMP to be used in the trial has a marketing authorisation Yes
    D.2.1.2Country which granted the Marketing AuthorisationUnited Kingdom
    D.2.5The IMP has been designated in this indication as an orphan drug in the Community No
    D.2.5.1Orphan drug designation number
    D.3 Description of the IMP
    D.3.1Product nameHydrocortisone
    D.3.4Pharmaceutical form Tablet
    D.3.4.1Specific paediatric formulation No
    D.3.7Routes of administration for this IMPOral use
    D.3.8 to D.3.10 IMP Identification Details (Active Substances)
    D.3.9.1CAS number 50-23-7
    D.3.9.3Other descriptive nameHYDROCORTISONE
    D.3.9.4EV Substance CodeSUB08065MIG
    D.3.10 Strength
    D.3.10.1Concentration unit mg milligram(s)
    D.3.10.2Concentration typeequal
    D.3.10.3Concentration number10
    D.3.11 The IMP contains an:
    D.3.11.1Active substance of chemical origin Yes
    D.3.11.2Active substance of biological/ biotechnological origin (other than Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    The IMP is a:
    D.3.11.3Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    D.3.11.3.1Somatic cell therapy medicinal product No
    D.3.11.3.2Gene therapy medical product No
    D.3.11.3.3Tissue Engineered Product No
    D.3.11.3.4Combination ATIMP (i.e. one involving a medical device) No
    D.3.11.3.5Committee on Advanced therapies (CAT) has issued a classification for this product No
    D.3.11.4Combination product that includes a device, but does not involve an Advanced Therapy No
    D.3.11.5Radiopharmaceutical medicinal product No
    D.3.11.6Immunological medicinal product (such as vaccine, allergen, immune serum) No
    D.3.11.7Plasma derived medicinal product No
    D.3.11.8Extractive medicinal product No
    D.3.11.9Recombinant medicinal product No
    D.3.11.10Medicinal product containing genetically modified organisms No
    D.3.11.11Herbal medicinal product No
    D.3.11.12Homeopathic medicinal product No
    D.3.11.13Another type of medicinal product No
    D.IMP: 3
    D.1.2 and D.1.3IMP RoleComparator
    D.2 Status of the IMP to be used in the clinical trial
    D.2.1IMP to be used in the trial has a marketing authorisation Yes
    D.2.1.2Country which granted the Marketing AuthorisationUnited Kingdom
    D.2.5The IMP has been designated in this indication as an orphan drug in the Community No
    D.2.5.1Orphan drug designation number
    D.3 Description of the IMP
    D.3.1Product nameHydrocortisone
    D.3.4Pharmaceutical form Tablet
    D.3.4.1Specific paediatric formulation No
    D.3.7Routes of administration for this IMPOral use
    D.3.8 to D.3.10 IMP Identification Details (Active Substances)
    D.3.9.1CAS number 50-23-7
    D.3.9.3Other descriptive nameHYDROCORTISONE
    D.3.9.4EV Substance CodeSUB08065MIG
    D.3.10 Strength
    D.3.10.1Concentration unit mg milligram(s)
    D.3.10.2Concentration typeequal
    D.3.10.3Concentration number20
    D.3.11 The IMP contains an:
    D.3.11.1Active substance of chemical origin Yes
    D.3.11.2Active substance of biological/ biotechnological origin (other than Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    The IMP is a:
    D.3.11.3Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    D.3.11.3.1Somatic cell therapy medicinal product No
    D.3.11.3.2Gene therapy medical product No
    D.3.11.3.3Tissue Engineered Product No
    D.3.11.3.4Combination ATIMP (i.e. one involving a medical device) No
    D.3.11.3.5Committee on Advanced therapies (CAT) has issued a classification for this product No
    D.3.11.4Combination product that includes a device, but does not involve an Advanced Therapy No
    D.3.11.5Radiopharmaceutical medicinal product No
    D.3.11.6Immunological medicinal product (such as vaccine, allergen, immune serum) No
    D.3.11.7Plasma derived medicinal product No
    D.3.11.8Extractive medicinal product No
    D.3.11.9Recombinant medicinal product No
    D.3.11.10Medicinal product containing genetically modified organisms No
    D.3.11.11Herbal medicinal product No
    D.3.11.12Homeopathic medicinal product No
    D.3.11.13Another type of medicinal product No
    D.IMP: 4
    D.1.2 and D.1.3IMP RoleTest
    D.2 Status of the IMP to be used in the clinical trial
    D.2.1IMP to be used in the trial has a marketing authorisation Yes
    D.2.1.2Country which granted the Marketing AuthorisationUnited Kingdom
    D.2.5The IMP has been designated in this indication as an orphan drug in the Community No
    D.2.5.1Orphan drug designation number
    D.3 Description of the IMP
    D.3.1Product namePrednisolone
    D.3.4Pharmaceutical form Tablet
    D.3.4.1Specific paediatric formulation No
    D.3.7Routes of administration for this IMPOral use
    D.3.8 to D.3.10 IMP Identification Details (Active Substances)
    D.3.8INN - Proposed INNPREDNISOLONE
    D.3.9.1CAS number 50-24-8
    D.3.9.4EV Substance CodeSUB10018MIG
    D.3.10 Strength
    D.3.10.1Concentration unit mg milligram(s)
    D.3.10.2Concentration typeequal
    D.3.10.3Concentration number5
    D.3.11 The IMP contains an:
    D.3.11.1Active substance of chemical origin Yes
    D.3.11.2Active substance of biological/ biotechnological origin (other than Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    The IMP is a:
    D.3.11.3Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    D.3.11.3.1Somatic cell therapy medicinal product No
    D.3.11.3.2Gene therapy medical product No
    D.3.11.3.3Tissue Engineered Product No
    D.3.11.3.4Combination ATIMP (i.e. one involving a medical device) No
    D.3.11.3.5Committee on Advanced therapies (CAT) has issued a classification for this product No
    D.3.11.4Combination product that includes a device, but does not involve an Advanced Therapy No
    D.3.11.5Radiopharmaceutical medicinal product No
    D.3.11.6Immunological medicinal product (such as vaccine, allergen, immune serum) No
    D.3.11.7Plasma derived medicinal product No
    D.3.11.8Extractive medicinal product No
    D.3.11.9Recombinant medicinal product No
    D.3.11.10Medicinal product containing genetically modified organisms No
    D.3.11.11Herbal medicinal product No
    D.3.11.12Homeopathic medicinal product No
    D.3.11.13Another type of medicinal product No
    D.8 Information on Placebo
    E. General Information on the Trial
    E.1 Medical condition or disease under investigation
    E.1.1Medical condition(s) being investigated
    Type 1 diabetes and adrenal insufficiency.
    E.1.1.1Medical condition in easily understood language
    Type 1 diabetes and adrenal insufficiency
    E.1.1.2Therapeutic area Diseases [C] - Nutritional and Metabolic Diseases [C18]
    MedDRA Classification
    E.1.2 Medical condition or disease under investigation
    E.1.2Version 13.1
    E.1.2Level PT
    E.1.2Classification code 10001367
    E.1.2Term Adrenal insufficiency
    E.1.2System Organ Class 10014698 - Endocrine disorders
    E.1.2 Medical condition or disease under investigation
    E.1.2Version 13.1
    E.1.2Level PT
    E.1.2Classification code 10067584
    E.1.2Term Type 1 diabetes mellitus
    E.1.2System Organ Class 10027433 - Metabolism and nutrition disorders
    E.1.3Condition being studied is a rare disease No
    E.2 Objective of the trial
    E.2.1Main objective of the trial
    In people with type 1 diabetes and adrenal insufficiency, who are established on hydrocortisone as glucocorticoid replacement, frequency of nocturnal hypoglycaemia will be reduced by changing the glucocorticoid replacement from hydrocortisone to prednisolone
    E.2.2Secondary objectives of the trial
    The secondary objectives of this study are to investigate the hypotheses that in people with type 1 diabetes and adrenal insufficiency, who are established on hydrocortisone as glucocorticoid replacement, changing the glucocorticoid replacement from hydrocortisone to prednisolone will:
    1. Reduce overall frequency of moderate biochemical hypoglycaemia.
    2. Reduce total moderate biochemical hypoglycaemia exposure.
    3. Reduce the proportion of participants experiencing at least one episode of moderate biochemical hypoglycaemia during Continuous Glucose Monitoring (CGM).
    4. Reduce hypoglycaemia burden score based on self-reporting of hypoglycaemia episodes over a four-week period (modified from Ryan et al (Ryan et al., 2004)).
    5. Improve hypoglycaemia awareness, as assessed by Clarke score and Gold score (Gold et al., 1994, Clarke et al., 1995).
    6. Improve Hypoglycaemia Fear Survey score (Cox et al., 1987).
    E.2.3Trial contains a sub-study No
    E.3Principal inclusion criteria
    1. Able to provide informed consent to participate in the study
    2. Age 18 or over
    3. Type 1 diabetes.
    4. On current insulin regimen for at least 4 weeks.
    5. Understanding of the principles of self-adjustment of insulin regimen on the basis of self blood glucose monitoring results.
    6. Adrenal insufficiency
    7. On current hydrocortisone regimen for at least 2 months.
    8. Normal thyroid function or on appropriate thyroxine replacement.
    9. With or without problematic hypoglycaemia.
    E.4Principal exclusion criteria
    1. Inability to give informed consent
    2. Age less than 18 years
    3. Pregnancy or breastfeeding
    4. Currently enrolled in other clinical study
    5. Islet transplant / pancreatic transplant
    6. Other steroid treatment (except inhalers and topical steroids)
    7. Unstable angina, myocardial infarction, uncontrolled congestive cardiac failure in the previous year
    8. Recent history of cancer (<5years)
    9. Chronic kidney disease ( stage 3-5)
    10. Liver function tests more than 3 times the upper limit of normal.
    11. Coagulopathy (INR>1.5 or platelets less than 50x109/L)
    12. Anaemia (Hb less than 10g/dL, except stable haemoglobinopathy)
    E.5 End points
    E.5.1Primary end point(s)
    A difference between the prednisolone and the hydrocortisone phase in the frequency of moderate nocturnal biochemical hypoglycaemia measured by continuous blood glucose monitoring (CGMS) which measures interstitial glucose concentrations and defined as episodes of low interstitial glucose (LIG) <3.0 mmol/l for ≥ 20 mins occurring between 00:00-08:00h and expressed as episodes per week.
    E.5.1.1Timepoint(s) of evaluation of this end point
    Throughout 10 weeks of study
    E.5.2Secondary end point(s)
    A difference between the prednisolone and the hydrocortisone phase in:
    1. Overall (daytime and nighttime) frequency of episodes (lasting ≥ 20 mins) of moderate (LIG<3.0mmol/l) biochemical hypoglycaemia (measured by CGMS).
    2. Total moderate biochemical hypoglycaemia exposure (area above the curve calculated from CGMS data).
    3. Proportion of participants experiencing at least one episode of moderate biochemical hypoglycaemia during CGM.
    4. Hypoglycaemia burden score based on self-reporting of hypoglycaemia episodes over a four-week period [modified from Ryan et al (Ryan et al., 2004).
    5. Hypoglycaemia awareness, as assessed by Clarke score and Gold score (Clarke et al., 1995, Gold et al., 1994).
    6. Hypoglycaemia Fear Survey score (Cox et al., 1987).
    E.5.2.1Timepoint(s) of evaluation of this end point
    Throughout 10 weeks of study
    E.6 and E.7 Scope of the trial
    E.6Scope of the trial
    E.6.1Diagnosis No
    E.6.2Prophylaxis No
    E.6.3Therapy Yes
    E.6.4Safety Yes
    E.6.5Efficacy Yes
    E.6.6Pharmacokinetic No
    E.6.7Pharmacodynamic No
    E.6.8Bioequivalence No
    E.6.9Dose response No
    E.6.10Pharmacogenetic No
    E.6.11Pharmacogenomic No
    E.6.12Pharmacoeconomic No
    E.6.13Others No
    E.7Trial type and phase
    E.7.1Human pharmacology (Phase I) No
    E.7.1.1First administration to humans No
    E.7.1.2Bioequivalence study No
    E.7.1.3Other No
    E.7.1.3.1Other trial type description
    E.7.2Therapeutic exploratory (Phase II) No
    E.7.3Therapeutic confirmatory (Phase III) No
    E.7.4Therapeutic use (Phase IV) Yes
    E.8 Design of the trial
    E.8.1Controlled Yes
    E.8.1.1Randomised Yes
    E.8.1.2Open Yes
    E.8.1.3Single blind No
    E.8.1.4Double blind No
    E.8.1.5Parallel group No
    E.8.1.6Cross over Yes
    E.8.1.7Other No
    E.8.2 Comparator of controlled trial
    E.8.2.1Other medicinal product(s) Yes
    E.8.2.2Placebo No
    E.8.2.3Other No
    E.8.2.4Number of treatment arms in the trial2
    E.8.3 The trial involves single site in the Member State concerned Yes
    E.8.4 The trial involves multiple sites in the Member State concerned No
    E.8.4.1Number of sites anticipated in Member State concerned1
    E.8.5The trial involves multiple Member States No
    E.8.5.1Number of sites anticipated in the EEA1
    E.8.6 Trial involving sites outside the EEA
    E.8.6.1Trial being conducted both within and outside the EEA No
    E.8.6.2Trial being conducted completely outside of the EEA No
    E.8.7Trial has a data monitoring committee No
    E.8.8 Definition of the end of the trial and justification where it is not the last visit of the last subject undergoing the trial
    Last Patient Last Visit
    E.8.9 Initial estimate of the duration of the trial
    E.8.9.1In the Member State concerned years3
    E.8.9.1In the Member State concerned months0
    E.8.9.1In the Member State concerned days0
    E.8.9.2In all countries concerned by the trial years3
    E.8.9.2In all countries concerned by the trial months0
    E.8.9.2In all countries concerned by the trial days0
    F. Population of Trial Subjects
    F.1 Age Range
    F.1.1Trial has subjects under 18 No
    F.1.1Number of subjects for this age range: 0
    F.1.1.1In Utero No
    F.1.1.1.1Number of subjects for this age range: 0
    F.1.1.2Preterm newborn infants (up to gestational age < 37 weeks) No
    F.1.1.2.1Number of subjects for this age range: 0
    F.1.1.3Newborns (0-27 days) No
    F.1.1.3.1Number of subjects for this age range: 0
    F.1.1.4Infants and toddlers (28 days-23 months) No
    F.1.1.4.1Number of subjects for this age range: 0
    F.1.1.5Children (2-11years) No
    F.1.1.5.1Number of subjects for this age range: 0
    F.1.1.6Adolescents (12-17 years) No
    F.1.1.6.1Number of subjects for this age range: 0
    F.1.2Adults (18-64 years) Yes
    F.1.2.1Number of subjects for this age range: 16
    F.1.3Elderly (>=65 years) Yes
    F.1.3.1Number of subjects for this age range: 16
    F.2 Gender
    F.2.1Female Yes
    F.2.2Male Yes
    F.3 Group of trial subjects
    F.3.1Healthy volunteers No
    F.3.2Patients Yes
    F.3.3Specific vulnerable populations Yes
    F.3.3.1Women of childbearing potential not using contraception No
    F.3.3.2Women of child-bearing potential using contraception Yes
    F.3.3.3Pregnant women No
    F.3.3.4Nursing women No
    F.3.3.5Emergency situation No
    F.3.3.6Subjects incapable of giving consent personally No
    F.3.3.7Others No
    F.4 Planned number of subjects to be included
    F.4.1In the member state16
    F.4.2 For a multinational trial
    F.4.2.1In the EEA 16
    F.4.2.2In the whole clinical trial 16
    F.5 Plans for treatment or care after the subject has ended the participation in the trial (if it is different from the expected normal treatment of that condition)
    Normal Clinical Care Applies
    G. Investigator Networks to be involved in the Trial
    N. Review by the Competent Authority or Ethics Committee in the country concerned
    N.Competent Authority Decision Authorised
    N.Date of Competent Authority Decision2011-06-06
    N.Ethics Committee Opinion of the trial applicationFavourable
    N.Ethics Committee Opinion: Reason(s) for unfavourable opinion
    N.Date of Ethics Committee Opinion2011-08-31
    P. End of Trial
    P.End of Trial StatusPrematurely Ended
    P.Date of the global end of the trial2017-09-20
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