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    Summary
    EudraCT Number:2008-006188-35
    Sponsor's Protocol Code Number:IMMUNEF
    National Competent Authority:Italy - Italian Medicines Agency
    Clinical Trial Type:EEA CTA
    Trial Status:Completed
    Date on which this record was first entered in the EudraCT database:2008-11-12
    Trial results
    Index
    A. PROTOCOL INFORMATION
    B. SPONSOR INFORMATION
    C. APPLICANT IDENTIFICATION
    D. IMP IDENTIFICATION
    D.8 INFORMATION ON PLACEBO
    E. GENERAL INFORMATION ON THE TRIAL
    F. POPULATION OF TRIAL SUBJECTS
    G. INVESTIGATOR NETWORKS TO BE INVOLVED IN THE TRIAL
    N. REVIEW BY THE COMPETENT AUTHORITY OR ETHICS COMMITTEE IN THE COUNTRY CONCERNED
    P. END OF TRIAL
    Expand All   Collapse All
    A. Protocol Information
    A.1Member State ConcernedItaly - Italian Medicines Agency
    A.2EudraCT number2008-006188-35
    A.3Full title of the trial
    Immunological efficacy of efavirenz based treatment in HIV-positive naive patients (a pylot study)
    A.3.2Name or abbreviated title of the trial where available
    IMMUNEF
    A.4.1Sponsor's protocol code numberIMMUNEF
    A.5.1ISRCTN (International Standard Randomised Controlled Trial) NumberND
    A.7Trial is part of a Paediatric Investigation Plan Information not present in EudraCT
    A.8EMA Decision number of Paediatric Investigation Plan
    B. Sponsor Information
    B.Sponsor: 1
    B.1.1Name of SponsorAZIENDA OSPEDALIERA SAN GERARDO DI MONZA
    B.1.3.4CountryItaly
    B.3.1 and B.3.2Status of the sponsorNon-Commercial
    B.4 Source(s) of Monetary or Material Support for the clinical trial:
    B.4.1Name of organisation providing support
    B.4.2Country
    B.5 Contact point designated by the sponsor for further information on the trial
    B.5.1Name of organisation
    B.5.2Functional name of contact point
    D. IMP Identification
    D.IMP: 1
    D.1.2 and D.1.3IMP RoleTest
    D.2 Status of the IMP to be used in the clinical trial
    D.2.1IMP to be used in the trial has a marketing authorisation Information not present in EudraCT
    D.2.5The IMP has been designated in this indication as an orphan drug in the Community No
    D.2.5.1Orphan drug designation number
    D.3 Description of the IMP
    D.3.4Pharmaceutical form Tablet
    D.3.4.1Specific paediatric formulation Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.7Routes of administration for this IMPOral use
    D.3.8 to D.3.10 IMP Identification Details (Active Substances)
    D.3.8INN - Proposed INNEfavirenz
    D.3.10 Strength
    D.3.10.1Concentration unit mg milligram(s)
    D.3.10.2Concentration typeequal
    D.3.10.3Concentration number600
    D.3.11 The IMP contains an:
    D.3.11.1Active substance of chemical origin Yes
    D.3.11.2Active substance of biological/ biotechnological origin (other than Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    The IMP is a:
    D.3.11.3Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.3.1Somatic cell therapy medicinal product No
    D.3.11.3.2Gene therapy medical product No
    D.3.11.3.3Tissue Engineered Product Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.3.4Combination ATIMP (i.e. one involving a medical device) Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.3.5Committee on Advanced therapies (CAT) has issued a classification for this product Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.4Combination product that includes a device, but does not involve an Advanced Therapy Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.5Radiopharmaceutical medicinal product No
    D.3.11.6Immunological medicinal product (such as vaccine, allergen, immune serum) No
    D.3.11.7Plasma derived medicinal product No
    D.3.11.8Extractive medicinal product No
    D.3.11.9Recombinant medicinal product Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.10Medicinal product containing genetically modified organisms No
    D.3.11.11Herbal medicinal product No
    D.3.11.12Homeopathic medicinal product No
    D.3.11.13Another type of medicinal product No
    D.IMP: 2
    D.1.2 and D.1.3IMP RoleTest
    D.2 Status of the IMP to be used in the clinical trial
    D.2.1IMP to be used in the trial has a marketing authorisation Information not present in EudraCT
    D.2.5The IMP has been designated in this indication as an orphan drug in the Community No
    D.2.5.1Orphan drug designation number
    D.3 Description of the IMP
    D.3.4Pharmaceutical form Tablet
    D.3.4.1Specific paediatric formulation Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.7Routes of administration for this IMPOral use
    D.3.8 to D.3.10 IMP Identification Details (Active Substances)
    D.3.8INN - Proposed INNEfavirenz
    D.3.10 Strength
    D.3.10.1Concentration unit mg milligram(s)
    D.3.10.2Concentration typeequal
    D.3.10.3Concentration number600
    D.3.11 The IMP contains an:
    D.3.11.1Active substance of chemical origin Yes
    D.3.11.2Active substance of biological/ biotechnological origin (other than Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    The IMP is a:
    D.3.11.3Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.3.1Somatic cell therapy medicinal product No
    D.3.11.3.2Gene therapy medical product No
    D.3.11.3.3Tissue Engineered Product Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.3.4Combination ATIMP (i.e. one involving a medical device) Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.3.5Committee on Advanced therapies (CAT) has issued a classification for this product Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.4Combination product that includes a device, but does not involve an Advanced Therapy Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.5Radiopharmaceutical medicinal product No
    D.3.11.6Immunological medicinal product (such as vaccine, allergen, immune serum) No
    D.3.11.7Plasma derived medicinal product No
    D.3.11.8Extractive medicinal product No
    D.3.11.9Recombinant medicinal product Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.10Medicinal product containing genetically modified organisms No
    D.3.11.11Herbal medicinal product No
    D.3.11.12Homeopathic medicinal product No
    D.3.11.13Another type of medicinal product No
    D.8 Information on Placebo
    E. General Information on the Trial
    E.1 Medical condition or disease under investigation
    E.1.1Medical condition(s) being investigated
    HIV infection
    MedDRA Classification
    E.1.2 Medical condition or disease under investigation
    E.1.2Version 9.1
    E.1.2Level HLT
    E.1.2Classification code 10052740
    E.1.2Term Acquired immunodeficiency syndromes
    E.1.3Condition being studied is a rare disease No
    E.2 Objective of the trial
    E.2.1Main objective of the trial
    1. To describe and compare the kinetics of immune recovery degree and quality in advanced naive HIV-infected individuals (CD4+ 50-150 cells/&amp;#61549;l) starting as first regimen an EFV-based HAART regimen compared to “less advanced” patients (CD4+>250 cells/&amp;#61549;l) 2. To thoroughly characterise the role and kinetics of specific immune parameters in immune reconstitution following EFV-based HAART
    E.2.2Secondary objectives of the trial
    1. To describe the kinetics of HIV-RNA decay in plasma of patients of the two groups 2. To describe the kinetics of intracellular HIV DNA in total peripheral blood CD4
    E.2.3Trial contains a sub-study No
    E.3Principal inclusion criteria
    - male or female subject 18 to 50 years of age inclusive; - the subject should be able to understand and comply with protocol requirements, instruction and protocol-stated restrictions; - signed and dated written informed consent form prior to admission to the study; - HIV positive status tested with ELISA and confirmed by Western Blot; - documented CD4+ T cell count between 50 and 150/&amp;#61549;l (advanced) - documented CD4+ T cell count > 250/&amp;#61549;l (less advanced); - genotypic test allows study drugs; - no prior or current use of antiretroviral therapy; - no current opportunistic infection (at least 2 weeks must have passed from the end of the therapy for OI); - no current use of systemic or inhaled steroids within the prior two months; - no current use of immune modulating agents, HIV immunotherapeutic agents or vaccines; - if female, be neither pregnant nor breastfeeding, and willing to use two methods of contraception (physical and hormonal double barrier method) throughout the duration of the study or be menopausal or of non-child bearing potential. All subjects should have been advised on practice of safe sex.
    E.4Principal exclusion criteria
    - in the investigator’s opinion subject who is unlikely to comply with the protocol and complete the study; - primary HIV-1 infection; - current opportunistic infection; - genotypic test not allowing the study drugs; - subject with current abuse of alcohol (>21 units/week or >3 units/day for males; >14 units/week or >2 units/day for females [1 unit is equivalent to half-pint (220 ml) of beer or 1 (25 ml) measure of spirits or 1 glass (125 ml) of wine] or illicit drug use; - current use of immune modulating agents or HIV immunotherapeutic vaccines; - current use of natural or herbal therapies; - current use of systemic or inhaled steroids and/or use of these therapies within the two months prior to enrolment; - pregnant or lactating female; - subject with any of the following laboratory results within 14 days prior to the first dose of the antiretroviral treatment: - haemoglobin concentration < 10 mg/dl for men and < 9.0 mg/dl for women; - neutrophil count < 1000 cells/mm3; - platelet count < 75,000 cells/mm3; - AST and ALT > 2.5 times upper to the normal value; - serum creatinin > 2 times upper to the normal value; - Karnofsky index < 50.
    E.5 End points
    E.5.1Primary end point(s)
    The primary efficacy variables of the study are: - proportion of subjects who have a CD4+ T cell number increase > 20% after 24 weeks of EFV-based HAART; - changes from baseline of peripheral CD4+ and CD8+ T-cell activation and proliferation rates; - changes from baseline of peripheral CD4+ and CD8+ apoptosis rate; - changes from baseline of levels and function of interleukin-7 (IL-7) and interleukin-15 (IL-5), as T-cell homeostasis cytokine regulators; - frequency of circulating HIV-specific IFN-&amp;#61543; and IL-2 producing T-cells; - frequency of circulating HIV-specific CD8+ IFN-&amp;#61543; ELISPOT responses; - frequency of circulating T-regulatory CD4+ T cells (Treg); - changes from baseline of patterns of CD4 and CD8 T-cell maturation
    E.6 and E.7 Scope of the trial
    E.6Scope of the trial
    E.6.1Diagnosis No
    E.6.2Prophylaxis No
    E.6.3Therapy Yes
    E.6.4Safety No
    E.6.5Efficacy Yes
    E.6.6Pharmacokinetic No
    E.6.7Pharmacodynamic No
    E.6.8Bioequivalence No
    E.6.9Dose response No
    E.6.10Pharmacogenetic No
    E.6.11Pharmacogenomic No
    E.6.12Pharmacoeconomic No
    E.6.13Others No
    E.7Trial type and phase
    E.7.1Human pharmacology (Phase I) No
    E.7.1.1First administration to humans No
    E.7.1.2Bioequivalence study No
    E.7.1.3Other No
    E.7.1.3.1Other trial type description
    E.7.2Therapeutic exploratory (Phase II) No
    E.7.3Therapeutic confirmatory (Phase III) No
    E.7.4Therapeutic use (Phase IV) Yes
    E.8 Design of the trial
    E.8.1Controlled Yes
    E.8.1.1Randomised No
    E.8.1.2Open No
    E.8.1.3Single blind No
    E.8.1.4Double blind No
    E.8.1.5Parallel group Yes
    E.8.1.6Cross over No
    E.8.1.7Other No
    E.8.2 Comparator of controlled trial
    E.8.2.1Other medicinal product(s) No
    E.8.2.2Placebo No
    E.8.2.3Other Yes
    E.8.2.3.1Comparator description
    stesso farmaco in due popolazioni di pz HIV-pos
    E.8.3 The trial involves single site in the Member State concerned No
    E.8.4 The trial involves multiple sites in the Member State concerned Yes
    E.8.4.1Number of sites anticipated in Member State concerned4
    E.8.5The trial involves multiple Member States No
    E.8.6 Trial involving sites outside the EEA
    E.8.6.1Trial being conducted both within and outside the EEA No
    E.8.6.2Trial being conducted completely outside of the EEA Information not present in EudraCT
    E.8.7Trial has a data monitoring committee No
    E.8.8 Definition of the end of the trial and justification where it is not the last visit of the last subject undergoing the trial
    Ultima visita dell`ultimo soggetto inserito nella sperimentazione
    E.8.9 Initial estimate of the duration of the trial
    E.8.9.1In the Member State concerned years1
    E.8.9.1In the Member State concerned months0
    E.8.9.1In the Member State concerned days
    E.8.9.2In all countries concerned by the trial years1
    E.8.9.2In all countries concerned by the trial months0
    F. Population of Trial Subjects
    F.1 Age Range
    F.1.1Trial has subjects under 18 No
    F.1.1.1In Utero No
    F.1.1.2Preterm newborn infants (up to gestational age < 37 weeks) No
    F.1.1.3Newborns (0-27 days) No
    F.1.1.4Infants and toddlers (28 days-23 months) No
    F.1.1.5Children (2-11years) No
    F.1.1.6Adolescents (12-17 years) No
    F.1.2Adults (18-64 years) Yes
    F.1.3Elderly (>=65 years) No
    F.2 Gender
    F.2.1Female Yes
    F.2.2Male Yes
    F.3 Group of trial subjects
    F.3.1Healthy volunteers No
    F.3.2Patients Yes
    F.3.3Specific vulnerable populations Yes
    F.3.3.1Women of childbearing potential not using contraception No
    F.3.3.2Women of child-bearing potential using contraception Yes
    F.3.3.3Pregnant women No
    F.3.3.4Nursing women No
    F.3.3.5Emergency situation No
    F.3.3.6Subjects incapable of giving consent personally No
    F.3.3.7Others No
    F.4 Planned number of subjects to be included
    F.4.1In the member state30
    G. Investigator Networks to be involved in the Trial
    N. Review by the Competent Authority or Ethics Committee in the country concerned
    N.Competent Authority Decision Authorised
    N.Date of Competent Authority Decision2009-01-29
    N.Ethics Committee Opinion of the trial applicationFavourable
    N.Ethics Committee Opinion: Reason(s) for unfavourable opinion
    N.Date of Ethics Committee Opinion2008-10-17
    P. End of Trial
    P.End of Trial StatusCompleted
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