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    The EU Clinical Trials Register currently displays   36827   clinical trials with a EudraCT protocol, of which   6080   are clinical trials conducted with subjects less than 18 years old.
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    Summary
    EudraCT Number:2009-011231-12
    Sponsor's Protocol Code Number:EFC11202
    Clinical Trial Type:Outside EU/EEA
    Date on which this record was first entered in the EudraCT database:2012-03-01
    Trial results View results
    Index
    A. PROTOCOL INFORMATION
    B. SPONSOR INFORMATION
    C. APPLICANT IDENTIFICATION
    D. IMP IDENTIFICATION
    D.8 INFORMATION ON PLACEBO
    E. GENERAL INFORMATION ON THE TRIAL
    F. POPULATION OF TRIAL SUBJECTS
    G. INVESTIGATOR NETWORKS TO BE INVOLVED IN THE TRIAL
    H.4 THIRD COUNTRY IN WHICH THE TRIAL WAS FIRST AUTHORISED
    Expand All   Collapse All
    A. Protocol Information
    A.2EudraCT number2009-011231-12
    A.3Full title of the trial
    A 24-week, randomized, open-label, parallel group multinational comparison of Lantus® (insulin glargine) given in the morning as once-a-day basal insulin versus Neutral Protamine Hagedorn (NPH) insulin, in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus aged at least 1 year to less than 6 years
    A.3.1Title of the trial for lay people, in easily understood, i.e. non-technical, language
    6-month comparison of morning Lantus versus Neutral Protamine Hagedorn insulin in young children with type 1 diabetes
    A.3.2Name or abbreviated title of the trial where available
    PRESCHOOL (PRESchool CHildren with type 1 diabetes On mOrning Lantus)
    A.4.1Sponsor's protocol code numberEFC11202
    A.5.2US NCT (ClinicalTrials.gov registry) numberNCT00993473
    A.7Trial is part of a Paediatric Investigation Plan Yes
    A.8EMA Decision number of Paediatric Investigation PlanP/133/2009
    B. Sponsor Information
    B.Sponsor: 1
    B.1.1Name of Sponsorsanofi-aventis recherche & développement
    B.1.3.4CountryFrance
    B.3.1 and B.3.2Status of the sponsorCommercial
    B.4 Source(s) of Monetary or Material Support for the clinical trial:
    B.4.1Name of organisation providing supportsanofi-aventis recherche & développement
    B.4.2CountryFrance
    B.5 Contact point designated by the sponsor for further information on the trial
    B.5.1Name of organisationsanofi-aventis recherche & développement
    B.5.2Functional name of contact point
    B.5.3.4CountryFrance
    B.5.6E-mailContact-Us@sanofi-aventis.com
    D. IMP Identification
    D.IMP: 1
    D.1.2 and D.1.3IMP RoleTest
    D.2 Status of the IMP to be used in the clinical trial
    D.2.1IMP to be used in the trial has a marketing authorisation Yes
    D.2.1.1.1Trade name Lantus®
    D.2.1.1.2Name of the Marketing Authorisation holderSanofi-Aventis Deutschland GmbH
    D.2.1.2Country which granted the Marketing AuthorisationEuropean Union
    D.2.5The IMP has been designated in this indication as an orphan drug in the Community No
    D.2.5.1Orphan drug designation number
    D.3 Description of the IMP
    D.3.1Product nameLantus®
    D.3.2Product code HOE901
    D.3.4Pharmaceutical form Solution for injection
    D.3.4.1Specific paediatric formulation No
    D.3.7Routes of administration for this IMPSubcutaneous use
    D.3.8 to D.3.10 IMP Identification Details (Active Substances)
    D.3.8INN - Proposed INNInsulin glargine
    D.3.9.1CAS number 160337-95-1
    D.3.9.2Current sponsor codeHOE901
    D.3.10 Strength
    D.3.10.1Concentration unit U/ml unit(s)/millilitre
    D.3.10.2Concentration typeequal
    D.3.10.3Concentration number100
    D.3.11 The IMP contains an:
    D.3.11.1Active substance of chemical origin No
    D.3.11.2Active substance of biological/ biotechnological origin (other than Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) Yes
    The IMP is a:
    D.3.11.3Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    D.3.11.3.1Somatic cell therapy medicinal product No
    D.3.11.3.2Gene therapy medical product No
    D.3.11.3.3Tissue Engineered Product No
    D.3.11.3.4Combination ATIMP (i.e. one involving a medical device) No
    D.3.11.3.5Committee on Advanced therapies (CAT) has issued a classification for this product No
    D.3.11.4Combination product that includes a device, but does not involve an Advanced Therapy No
    D.3.11.5Radiopharmaceutical medicinal product No
    D.3.11.6Immunological medicinal product (such as vaccine, allergen, immune serum) No
    D.3.11.7Plasma derived medicinal product No
    D.3.11.8Extractive medicinal product No
    D.3.11.9Recombinant medicinal product Yes
    D.3.11.10Medicinal product containing genetically modified organisms No
    D.3.11.11Herbal medicinal product No
    D.3.11.12Homeopathic medicinal product No
    D.3.11.13Another type of medicinal product No
    D.IMP: 2
    D.1.2 and D.1.3IMP RoleComparator
    D.2 Status of the IMP to be used in the clinical trial
    D.2.1IMP to be used in the trial has a marketing authorisation Yes
    D.2.1.1.1Trade name Huminsulin® Basal
    D.2.1.1.2Name of the Marketing Authorisation holderLilly Deutschland GmbH
    D.2.1.2Country which granted the Marketing AuthorisationGermany
    D.2.5The IMP has been designated in this indication as an orphan drug in the Community No
    D.2.5.1Orphan drug designation number
    D.3 Description of the IMP
    D.3.1Product nameHuminsulin® Basal (NPH)
    D.3.4Pharmaceutical form Suspension for injection
    D.3.4.1Specific paediatric formulation No
    D.3.7Routes of administration for this IMPSubcutaneous use
    D.3.8 to D.3.10 IMP Identification Details (Active Substances)
    D.3.8INN - Proposed INNInsulin human isophane
    D.3.9.3Other descriptive nameNPH insulin
    D.3.10 Strength
    D.3.10.1Concentration unit IU/ml international unit(s)/millilitre
    D.3.10.2Concentration typeequal
    D.3.10.3Concentration number100
    D.3.11 The IMP contains an:
    D.3.11.1Active substance of chemical origin No
    D.3.11.2Active substance of biological/ biotechnological origin (other than Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) Yes
    The IMP is a:
    D.3.11.3Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.3.1Somatic cell therapy medicinal product No
    D.3.11.3.2Gene therapy medical product No
    D.3.11.3.3Tissue Engineered Product Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.3.4Combination ATIMP (i.e. one involving a medical device) Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.3.5Committee on Advanced therapies (CAT) has issued a classification for this product Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.4Combination product that includes a device, but does not involve an Advanced Therapy No
    D.3.11.5Radiopharmaceutical medicinal product No
    D.3.11.6Immunological medicinal product (such as vaccine, allergen, immune serum) No
    D.3.11.7Plasma derived medicinal product No
    D.3.11.8Extractive medicinal product No
    D.3.11.9Recombinant medicinal product Yes
    D.3.11.10Medicinal product containing genetically modified organisms No
    D.3.11.11Herbal medicinal product No
    D.3.11.12Homeopathic medicinal product No
    D.3.11.13Another type of medicinal product No
    D.8 Information on Placebo
    E. General Information on the Trial
    E.1 Medical condition or disease under investigation
    E.1.1Medical condition(s) being investigated
    Type 1 diabetes mellitus
    E.1.1.1Medical condition in easily understood language
    Type 1 diabetes mellitus
    E.1.1.2Therapeutic area Diseases [C] - Nutritional and Metabolic Diseases [C18]
    MedDRA Classification
    E.1.2 Medical condition or disease under investigation
    E.1.2Version 14.1
    E.1.2Level LLT
    E.1.2Classification code 10012609
    E.1.2Term Diabetes mellitus juvenile onset
    E.1.2System Organ Class 10027433 - Metabolism and nutrition disorders
    E.1.3Condition being studied is a rare disease No
    E.2 Objective of the trial
    E.2.1Main objective of the trial
    The primary study objective is to compare the rate of "all hypoglycemia" between children treated with insulin glargine and NPH insulin.
    E.2.2Secondary objectives of the trial
    Secondary objectives are to compare insulin glargine and NPH in terms of:
    - rates of specific types of hypoglycemia: symptomatic, severe, nocturnal, nocturnal symptomatic, and severe nocturnal symptomatic hypoglycemia
    - HbA1c change from baseline to end-of-treatment, and HbA1c at end-of-treatment
    - percentage of patients reaching HbA1 less than 7.5% (target value) at end-of-treatment
    - average blood glucose over whole trial and at end of trial, as estimated by CGMS
    E.2.3Trial contains a sub-study No
    E.3Principal inclusion criteria
    Pediatric patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus aged at least one year to less than 6 years at screening, for whom signed written informed consent has been obtained from parent or legal guardian to participate in the study.
    Consent for a child's participation must be obtained from one or both parents, according to local regulations
    E.4Principal exclusion criteria
    - Diagnosis of type 1 diabetes for less than one year
    - HbA1c at screening >12% or <6%
    - Diabetes other than type 1 diabetes.
    - Parents and patients not willing to undergo all study assessments and treatments, including home blood glucose monitoring, Continuous Glucose Monitoring System (CGMS) sensor placement and maintenance both at the site and at home, multiple daily insulin injections, and visits, as dictated by the protocol (if a telephone is not available patients may undergo all visits in person)
    - Patients and families for whom 6 days in total (not necessarily continuous) of useable CGMS data cannot be obtained (either by home sensor replacement, or by sensor replacement at the site at additional screening visits if needed) during the screening CGMS evaluations between Visit 2 and the randomization visit
    - Patients treated with insulin pump therapy during the two months prior to screening
    - History of primary seizure disorder
    - History of severe hypoglycemic episode accompanied by seizure and/or coma, or diabetic ketoacidosis leading to hospitalization or to care in the emergency ward, in the 2 months prior to the screening visit
    - Need for chronic treatment with acetaminophen (paracetamol)-containing medications
    - Serum creatinine > 2.0mg/dL at screening
    - Serum ALT or AST greater than 3x upper limit of normal for the patient's age and gender, at screening
    - Hemoglobin < 10g/dL, or platelet count less than 100,000/cu mm, at screening
    - Treatment with any pharmacologic anti-hyperglycemic oral agent for more than 3 months at any time
    - Treatment with any non-insulin antihyperglycemic medication (eg, Symlin®) for the 3 months prior to screening
    - Treatment with systemic glucocorticoids within the month prior to screening

    E.5 End points
    E.5.1Primary end point(s)
    Event rate of "all hypoglycemia" during treatment with study drugs, which consists of: CGMS glucose <70 mg/dL (3.9mM) , Self-Monitored Blood Glucose values <70 mg/dL (3.9mM), symptomatic hypoglycemia episodes
    E.5.1.1Timepoint(s) of evaluation of this end point
    6 months
    E.5.2Secondary end point(s)
    - Rates of symptomatic, severe, nocturnal, nocturnal symptomatic, and severe nocturnal symptomatic hypoglycemia
    - HbA1c change from baseline to end-of-treatment
    - HbA1c at end of treatment
    - Percentage of patients reaching HbA1c target of less than 7.5% at the end-of-treatment visit
    - Average daily blood glucose (BG) based on CGMS (both the end-of-treatment value and the change from baseline to end of treatment
    E.5.2.1Timepoint(s) of evaluation of this end point
    6 months
    E.6 and E.7 Scope of the trial
    E.6Scope of the trial
    E.6.1Diagnosis No
    E.6.2Prophylaxis No
    E.6.3Therapy Yes
    E.6.4Safety Yes
    E.6.5Efficacy Yes
    E.6.6Pharmacokinetic Yes
    E.6.7Pharmacodynamic No
    E.6.8Bioequivalence No
    E.6.9Dose response No
    E.6.10Pharmacogenetic No
    E.6.11Pharmacogenomic No
    E.6.12Pharmacoeconomic No
    E.6.13Others No
    E.7Trial type and phase
    E.7.1Human pharmacology (Phase I) No
    E.7.1.1First administration to humans No
    E.7.1.2Bioequivalence study No
    E.7.1.3Other No
    E.7.1.3.1Other trial type description
    E.7.2Therapeutic exploratory (Phase II) No
    E.7.3Therapeutic confirmatory (Phase III) Yes
    E.7.4Therapeutic use (Phase IV) No
    E.8 Design of the trial
    E.8.1Controlled Yes
    E.8.1.1Randomised Yes
    E.8.1.2Open Yes
    E.8.1.3Single blind No
    E.8.1.4Double blind No
    E.8.1.5Parallel group Yes
    E.8.1.6Cross over No
    E.8.1.7Other No
    E.8.2 Comparator of controlled trial
    E.8.2.1Other medicinal product(s) Yes
    E.8.2.2Placebo No
    E.8.2.3Other No
    E.8.2.4Number of treatment arms in the trial2
    E.8.3 Will this trial be conducted at a single site globally? No
    E.8.4 Will this trial be conducted at multiple sites globally? Yes
    E.8.6 Trial involving sites outside the EEA
    E.8.6.2Trial being conducted completely outside of the EEA No
    E.8.6.3Specify the countries outside of the EEA in which trial sites are planned
    Brazil
    Chile
    India
    Mexico
    Peru
    Russian Federation
    South Africa
    Turkey
    United States
    E.8.7Trial has a data monitoring committee No
    E.8.8 Definition of the end of the trial and justification where it is not the last visit of the last subject undergoing the trial
    Last visit of the last subject
    E.8.9 Initial estimate of the duration of the trial
    E.8.9.2In all countries concerned by the trial months15
    F. Population of Trial Subjects
    F.1 Age Range
    F.1.1Trial has subjects under 18 Yes
    F.1.1.1In Utero No
    F.1.1.2Preterm newborn infants (up to gestational age < 37 weeks) No
    F.1.1.3Newborns (0-27 days) No
    F.1.1.4Infants and toddlers (28 days-23 months) Yes
    F.1.1.4.1Number of subjects for this age range: 1
    F.1.1.5Children (2-11years) Yes
    F.1.1.5.1Number of subjects for this age range: 124
    F.1.1.6Adolescents (12-17 years) No
    F.1.2Adults (18-64 years) No
    F.1.3Elderly (>=65 years) No
    F.2 Gender
    F.2.1Female Yes
    F.2.2Male Yes
    F.3 Group of trial subjects
    F.3.1Healthy volunteers No
    F.3.2Patients Yes
    F.3.3Specific vulnerable populations Yes
    F.3.3.1Women of childbearing potential not using contraception No
    F.3.3.2Women of child-bearing potential using contraception No
    F.3.3.3Pregnant women No
    F.3.3.4Nursing women No
    F.3.3.5Emergency situation No
    F.3.3.6Subjects incapable of giving consent personally Yes
    F.3.3.6.1Details of subjects incapable of giving consent
    Young children (1 to less than 6 year-old)
    F.3.3.7Others No
    F.4 Planned number of subjects to be included
    F.4.2 For a multinational trial
    F.4.2.2In the whole clinical trial 120
    F.5 Plans for treatment or care after the subject has ended the participation in the trial (if it is different from the expected normal treatment of that condition)
    When the trial concludes, patients taking insulin glargine must resume treatment with an alternate form of basal insulin, since insulin glargine is not currently approved for treatment in this age range.
    G. Investigator Networks to be involved in the Trial
    H.4 Third Country in which the Trial was first authorised
    H.4.1Third Country in which the trial was first authorised: United States
    As of 1.2.2020, the UK is no longer an EU Member State. However, EU law still applies to the UK during the transition period
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