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    The EU Clinical Trials Register currently displays   39467   clinical trials with a EudraCT protocol, of which   6475   are clinical trials conducted with subjects less than 18 years old.
    The register also displays information on   18700   older paediatric trials (in scope of Article 45 of the Paediatric Regulation (EC) No 1901/2006).
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    EudraCT Number:2010-018980-41
    Sponsor's Protocol Code Number:Pediatric_Relapsed_AML2010/01
    National Competent Authority:Ireland - HPRA
    Clinical Trial Type:EEA CTA
    Trial Status:Completed
    Date on which this record was first entered in the EudraCT database:2014-02-06
    Trial results
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    A. Protocol Information
    A.1Member State ConcernedIreland - HPRA
    A.2EudraCT number2010-018980-41
    A.3Full title of the trial
    International randomized phase III study on the treatment of children and adolescents with refractory or relapsed acute myeloid leukemia
    A.3.1Title of the trial for lay people, in easily understood, i.e. non-technical, language
    International study to confirm a benefit of a combination of anti-cancer drugs in the treatment of children and young patients under age of 21 years with refractory or recurrent acute blood cancer
    A.4.1Sponsor's protocol code numberPediatric_Relapsed_AML2010/01
    A.7Trial is part of a Paediatric Investigation Plan No
    A.8EMA Decision number of Paediatric Investigation Plan
    B. Sponsor Information
    B.Sponsor: 1
    B.1.1Name of SponsorHannover Medical School
    B.3.1 and B.3.2Status of the sponsorNon-Commercial
    B.4 Source(s) of Monetary or Material Support for the clinical trial:
    B.4.1Name of organisation providing supportPfizer Pharma GmbH
    B.4.1Name of organisation providing support Deutsche José Carreras Leukämie-Stiftung e.V
    B.5 Contact point designated by the sponsor for further information on the trial
    B.5.1Name of organisationHannover Medical School
    B.5.2Functional name of contact pointProf. Dr. Dirk Reinhardt
    B.5.3 Address:
    B.5.3.1Street AddressCarl-Neuberg-Str.1
    B.5.3.2Town/ cityHannover
    B.5.3.3Post code30625
    B.5.4Telephone number+495115326720
    B.5.5Fax number+495115329029
    D. IMP Identification
    D.IMP: 1
    D.1.2 and D.1.3IMP RoleTest
    D.2 Status of the IMP to be used in the clinical trial
    D.2.1IMP to be used in the trial has a marketing authorisation No
    D.2.5The IMP has been designated in this indication as an orphan drug in the Community No
    D.2.5.1Orphan drug designation number
    D.3 Description of the IMP
    D.3.1Product namegemtuzumab ozogamicin (GO)
    D.3.4Pharmaceutical form Lyophilisate for solution for infusion
    D.3.4.1Specific paediatric formulation No
    D.3.7Routes of administration for this IMPIntravenous use
    D.3.8 to D.3.10 IMP Identification Details (Active Substances)
    D.3.9.1CAS number 220578-59-6
    D.3.9.3Other descriptive nameMylotarg
    D.3.10 Strength
    D.3.10.1Concentration unit mg milligram(s)
    D.3.10.2Concentration typeequal
    D.3.10.3Concentration number5
    D.3.11 The IMP contains an:
    D.3.11.1Active substance of chemical origin No
    D.3.11.2Active substance of biological/ biotechnological origin (other than Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) Yes
    The IMP is a:
    D.3.11.3Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    D. cell therapy medicinal product No
    D. therapy medical product No
    D. Engineered Product No
    D. ATIMP (i.e. one involving a medical device) No
    D. on Advanced therapies (CAT) has issued a classification for this product No
    D.3.11.4Combination product that includes a device, but does not involve an Advanced Therapy No
    D.3.11.5Radiopharmaceutical medicinal product No
    D.3.11.6Immunological medicinal product (such as vaccine, allergen, immune serum) No
    D.3.11.7Plasma derived medicinal product No
    D.3.11.8Extractive medicinal product No
    D.3.11.9Recombinant medicinal product Yes
    D.3.11.10Medicinal product containing genetically modified organisms No
    D.3.11.11Herbal medicinal product No
    D.3.11.12Homeopathic medicinal product No
    D.3.11.13Another type of medicinal product Yes
    D. medicinal product typeGemtuzumab ozogamicin is a chemotherapy agent composed of a recombinant humanized IgG4, kappa antibody conjugated with a cytotoxic antitumor antibiotic, calicheamicin
    D.8 Information on Placebo
    E. General Information on the Trial
    E.1 Medical condition or disease under investigation
    E.1.1Medical condition(s) being investigated
    Pediatric relapsed or refractory AML
    E.1.1.1Medical condition in easily understood language
    Recurrent or refractory acute blood cancer
    E.1.1.2Therapeutic area Diseases [C] - Cancer [C04]
    MedDRA Classification
    E.1.2 Medical condition or disease under investigation
    E.1.2Version 16.1
    E.1.2Level PT
    E.1.2Classification code 10000880
    E.1.2Term Acute myeloid leukaemia
    E.1.2System Organ Class 10029104 - Neoplasms benign, malignant and unspecified (incl cysts and polyps)
    E.1.3Condition being studied is a rare disease Yes
    E.2 Objective of the trial
    E.2.1Main objective of the trial
    Determination of the initial efficacy of GO when added to DX-FLA in the first course of reinduction chemotherapy in children with relapsed or refractory AML compared to DX-FLA only. Activity will be measured by the percentage of patients having not more than 20% blasts in the bone marrow (BM) before the second induction course.
    E.2.2Secondary objectives of the trial
    1.Determine clinical outcome in both treatment arms, defined as refractory disease, complete remission rate after 2 reinduction courses, cumulative incidence of relapse, EFS and OS.
    2.Incidence of treatment related mortality and toxicity of GO according to the CTCAEv4 when added to DX-FLA, in terms of mucosal toxicity, BM aplasia, liver toxicity with special respect to the development of VOD, also called SOS), short- and long-term cardiotoxicity and other adverse reactions, as compared to patients treated with DX-FLA only.
    3.Identification of additional prognostic factors in pediatric relapsed AML, other than early treatment response, cytogenetics and duration of CR1.
    4.Establish a diagnostic and logistic network to obtain an individual characterization of AML based on morphology, immunophenotype, type I and II mutations, signal pathway activation, and monitoring of MRD / treatment response for individualized stratification to targeted therapy within a short timeframe.
    E.2.3Trial contains a sub-study No
    E.3Principal inclusion criteria
    1. Children and adolescents < 18 years of age at start of initial chemotherapy and < 21 years of age at start of this relapsed AML treatment
    2. Patients with first relapsed (including relapse after SCT) or primary refractory AML
    3. Signed written informed consent from patients and/or from parents or legal guardians for minor patients, according to local law and regulations
    4. In female patients of childbearing potential pregnancy must be excluded.
    5. Sexually active patients must be using two reliable contraception methods from the time of screening/baseline and during the study for a minimum of 3 months after the last administration of study medication. This includes every combination of a hormonal contraceptive (such as injection, transdermal patch, implant, cervical ring) or of an intrauterine device (IUD) with a barrier method (e.g. diaphragm, cervical cap, or condom) or with a spermicide.
    E.4Principal exclusion criteria
    1. Acute promyeloblastic leukemia (AML FAB type M3; please refer to your local group for the appropriate treatment protocol)
    2. Myeloid Leukemia of Down syndrome (please refer to your local group for treatment alternatives)
    3. Symptomatic cardiac dysfunction (CTCAEv4 grade 3 or 4) and/or a Fractional Shortening at echocardiography below 29%
    4. A Karnofsky performance status < 40% (children ≥ 16 years) or an Lansky performance status of < 40% (children < 16 years) before start of chemotherapy
    5. Any other organ dysfunction (CTCAEv4 grade 4) that will interfere with the administration of the therapy according to this protocol
    6. Impaired liver function defined as > 3.0 x UNL for transaminases and for bilirubin
    7. History of VOD
    8. History hepatitis C positivity
    9. Renal impairment with creatinine < 30 ml/min
    10. Decompensated hemolytic anemia
    11. Hypersensitivity to GO and/or other chemotherapeutic drugs
    12. Inability to potentially complete the treatment protocol for any other reason
    13. Pregnant or breastfeeding patients
    14. Current participation in another clinical trial for the time of first course of reinduction chemotherapy
    E.5 End points
    E.5.1Primary end point(s)
    The percentage of bone marrow blasts after the first course of reinduction chemotherapy on “day 28” (in practice anytime between day 28 and 42 after start of first reinduction chemotherapy and before the start of the second reinduction course) given as ≤ 20% or > 20%.
    E.5.1.1Timepoint(s) of evaluation of this end point
    “day 28” (before the start of the second reinduction course)
    E.5.2Secondary end point(s)
    1. Determine incidence of refractory disease, CR/CRi rates after 2 courses and efficacy (cumulative incidence of relapse, event-free survival, and overall survival) in the different study arms
    2. Determine the toxicity of GO (Mylotarg®) when added to DX-FLA in terms of BM aplasia, liver toxicity including VOD, cardiotoxicity, mucosal toxicity and other adverse reactions according to CTCAEv4 which are considered to be relevant in relapsed AML and the proposed therapy when compared to treatment with DX-FLA only.
    3. Identify additional prognostic factors in pediatric relapsed AML, other than early treatment response, cytogenetics and duration of CR1.
    4. Provide individual biological characterization of leukemia (morphology, immunophenotype, cytogenetics, molecular genetics and activated signalling pathways), for future individualized stratification to targeted therapy.
    E.5.2.1Timepoint(s) of evaluation of this end point
    1.: After second reinduction course
    2.: Begin of treatment - Day 34 (or before the start of the second reinduction course)
    3-4: Begin of treatment - after second reinduction course
    E.6 and E.7 Scope of the trial
    E.6Scope of the trial
    E.6.1Diagnosis No
    E.6.2Prophylaxis No
    E.6.3Therapy Yes
    E.6.4Safety Yes
    E.6.5Efficacy Yes
    E.6.6Pharmacokinetic No
    E.6.7Pharmacodynamic No
    E.6.8Bioequivalence No
    E.6.9Dose response No
    E.6.10Pharmacogenetic No
    E.6.11Pharmacogenomic No
    E.6.12Pharmacoeconomic No
    E.6.13Others No
    E.7Trial type and phase
    E.7.1Human pharmacology (Phase I) No
    E.7.1.1First administration to humans No
    E.7.1.2Bioequivalence study No
    E.7.1.3Other No
    E. trial type description
    E.7.2Therapeutic exploratory (Phase II) No
    E.7.3Therapeutic confirmatory (Phase III) Yes
    E.7.4Therapeutic use (Phase IV) No
    E.8 Design of the trial
    E.8.1Controlled Yes
    E.8.1.1Randomised Yes
    E.8.1.2Open Yes
    E.8.1.3Single blind No
    E.8.1.4Double blind No
    E.8.1.5Parallel group Yes
    E.8.1.6Cross over No
    E.8.1.7Other No
    E.8.2 Comparator of controlled trial
    E.8.2.1Other medicinal product(s) No
    E.8.2.2Placebo No
    E.8.2.3Other Yes
    E. description
    Standard chemotherapy treatment without IMP
    E.8.2.4Number of treatment arms in the trial2
    E.8.3 The trial involves single site in the Member State concerned Yes
    E.8.4 The trial involves multiple sites in the Member State concerned No
    E.8.5The trial involves multiple Member States Yes
    E.8.5.1Number of sites anticipated in the EEA70
    E.8.6 Trial involving sites outside the EEA
    E.8.6.1Trial being conducted both within and outside the EEA Yes
    E.8.6.2Trial being conducted completely outside of the EEA No
    E.8.6.3If E.8.6.1 or E.8.6.2 are Yes, specify the regions in which trial sites are planned
    European Union
    E.8.7Trial has a data monitoring committee Yes
    E.8.8 Definition of the end of the trial and justification where it is not the last visit of the last subject undergoing the trial
    E.8.9 Initial estimate of the duration of the trial
    E.8.9.1In the Member State concerned years5
    E.8.9.1In the Member State concerned months3
    E.8.9.1In the Member State concerned days0
    E.8.9.2In all countries concerned by the trial years5
    E.8.9.2In all countries concerned by the trial months3
    E.8.9.2In all countries concerned by the trial days0
    F. Population of Trial Subjects
    F.1 Age Range
    F.1.1Trial has subjects under 18 Yes
    F.1.1Number of subjects for this age range: 315
    F.1.1.1In Utero No
    F.1.1.2Preterm newborn infants (up to gestational age < 37 weeks) No
    F.1.1.3Newborns (0-27 days) No
    F.1.1.4Infants and toddlers (28 days-23 months) Yes
    F. of subjects for this age range: 40
    F.1.1.5Children (2-11years) Yes
    F. of subjects for this age range: 154
    F.1.1.6Adolescents (12-17 years) Yes
    F. of subjects for this age range: 113
    F.1.2Adults (18-64 years) Yes
    F.1.2.1Number of subjects for this age range: 8
    F.1.3Elderly (>=65 years) No
    F.2 Gender
    F.2.1Female Yes
    F.2.2Male Yes
    F.3 Group of trial subjects
    F.3.1Healthy volunteers No
    F.3.2Patients Yes
    F.3.3Specific vulnerable populations Yes
    F.3.3.1Women of childbearing potential not using contraception No
    F.3.3.2Women of child-bearing potential using contraception Yes
    F.3.3.3Pregnant women No
    F.3.3.4Nursing women No
    F.3.3.5Emergency situation No
    F.3.3.6Subjects incapable of giving consent personally Yes
    F. of subjects incapable of giving consent
    infants, toddlers, children, adolescents
    F.3.3.7Others No
    F.4 Planned number of subjects to be included
    F.4.1In the member state15
    F.4.2 For a multinational trial
    F.4.2.1In the EEA 245
    F.4.2.2In the whole clinical trial 252
    F.5 Plans for treatment or care after the subject has ended the participation in the trial (if it is different from the expected normal treatment of that condition)
    See protocol
    G. Investigator Networks to be involved in the Trial
    N. Review by the Competent Authority or Ethics Committee in the country concerned
    N.Competent Authority Decision Authorised
    N.Date of Competent Authority Decision2014-04-04
    N.Ethics Committee Opinion of the trial applicationFavourable
    N.Ethics Committee Opinion: Reason(s) for unfavourable opinion
    N.Date of Ethics Committee Opinion2014-07-30
    P. End of Trial
    P.End of Trial StatusCompleted
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