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    The EU Clinical Trials Register currently displays   42585   clinical trials with a EudraCT protocol, of which   7011   are clinical trials conducted with subjects less than 18 years old.
    The register also displays information on   18700   older paediatric trials (in scope of Article 45 of the Paediatric Regulation (EC) No 1901/2006).


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    Summary
    EudraCT Number:2010-020913-10
    Sponsor's Protocol Code Number:ANS/4.3
    National Competent Authority:UK - MHRA
    Clinical Trial Type:EEA CTA
    Trial Status:Completed
    Date on which this record was first entered in the EudraCT database:2010-07-23
    Trial results
    Index
    A. PROTOCOL INFORMATION
    B. SPONSOR INFORMATION
    C. APPLICANT IDENTIFICATION
    D. IMP IDENTIFICATION
    D.8 INFORMATION ON PLACEBO
    E. GENERAL INFORMATION ON THE TRIAL
    F. POPULATION OF TRIAL SUBJECTS
    G. INVESTIGATOR NETWORKS TO BE INVOLVED IN THE TRIAL
    N. REVIEW BY THE COMPETENT AUTHORITY OR ETHICS COMMITTEE IN THE COUNTRY CONCERNED
    P. END OF TRIAL
    Expand All   Collapse All
    A. Protocol Information
    A.1Member State ConcernedUK - MHRA
    A.2EudraCT number2010-020913-10
    A.3Full title of the trial
    An open label, pilot, multi-centre, step-down, randomised controlled trial to examine whether Etanercept 25mg once weekly is effective in maintaining a clinical response in patients with Ankylosing Spondylitis who have responded to 50mg once weekly
    A.3.2Name or abbreviated title of the trial where available
    ANSWERS
    A.4.1Sponsor's protocol code numberANS/4.3
    A.7Trial is part of a Paediatric Investigation Plan Information not present in EudraCT
    A.8EMA Decision number of Paediatric Investigation Plan
    B. Sponsor Information
    B.Sponsor: 1
    B.1.1Name of SponsorNorfolk & Norwich University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust
    B.1.3.4CountryUnited Kingdom
    B.3.1 and B.3.2Status of the sponsorNon-Commercial
    B.4 Source(s) of Monetary or Material Support for the clinical trial:
    B.4.1Name of organisation providing support
    B.4.2Country
    B.5 Contact point designated by the sponsor for further information on the trial
    B.5.1Name of organisation
    B.5.2Functional name of contact point
    D. IMP Identification
    D.IMP: 1
    D.1.2 and D.1.3IMP RoleTest
    D.2 Status of the IMP to be used in the clinical trial
    D.2.1IMP to be used in the trial has a marketing authorisation Yes
    D.2.1.1.1Trade name Enbrel®
    D.2.1.1.2Name of the Marketing Authorisation holderWyeth Europa Ltd
    D.2.1.2Country which granted the Marketing AuthorisationEuropean Union
    D.2.5The IMP has been designated in this indication as an orphan drug in the Community No
    D.2.5.1Orphan drug designation number
    D.3 Description of the IMP
    D.3.1Product nameEnbrel
    D.3.4Pharmaceutical form Solution for injection
    D.3.4.1Specific paediatric formulation Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.7Routes of administration for this IMPSubcutaneous use
    D.3.8 to D.3.10 IMP Identification Details (Active Substances)
    D.3.8INN - Proposed INNEtanercept
    D.3.9.1CAS number 185243-69-0
    D.3.10 Strength
    D.3.10.1Concentration unit mg milligram(s)
    D.3.10.2Concentration typeequal
    D.3.10.3Concentration number25
    D.3.11 The IMP contains an:
    D.3.11.1Active substance of chemical origin No
    D.3.11.2Active substance of biological/ biotechnological origin (other than Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) Yes
    The IMP is a:
    D.3.11.3Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.3.1Somatic cell therapy medicinal product No
    D.3.11.3.2Gene therapy medical product No
    D.3.11.3.3Tissue Engineered Product Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.3.4Combination ATIMP (i.e. one involving a medical device) Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.3.5Committee on Advanced therapies (CAT) has issued a classification for this product Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.4Combination product that includes a device, but does not involve an Advanced Therapy Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.5Radiopharmaceutical medicinal product No
    D.3.11.6Immunological medicinal product (such as vaccine, allergen, immune serum) No
    D.3.11.7Plasma derived medicinal product No
    D.3.11.8Extractive medicinal product No
    D.3.11.9Recombinant medicinal product Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.10Medicinal product containing genetically modified organisms No
    D.3.11.11Herbal medicinal product No
    D.3.11.12Homeopathic medicinal product No
    D.3.11.13Another type of medicinal product No
    D.IMP: 2
    D.1.2 and D.1.3IMP RoleComparator
    D.2 Status of the IMP to be used in the clinical trial
    D.2.1IMP to be used in the trial has a marketing authorisation Yes
    D.2.1.1.1Trade name Enbrel
    D.2.1.1.2Name of the Marketing Authorisation holderWyeth Europa Ltd.
    D.2.1.2Country which granted the Marketing AuthorisationEuropean Union
    D.2.5The IMP has been designated in this indication as an orphan drug in the Community No
    D.2.5.1Orphan drug designation number
    D.3 Description of the IMP
    D.3.1Product nameEnbrel
    D.3.4Pharmaceutical form Solution for injection
    D.3.4.1Specific paediatric formulation Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.7Routes of administration for this IMPSubcutaneous use
    D.3.11 The IMP contains an:
    D.3.11.1Active substance of chemical origin No
    D.3.11.2Active substance of biological/ biotechnological origin (other than Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) Yes
    The IMP is a:
    D.3.11.3Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.3.1Somatic cell therapy medicinal product No
    D.3.11.3.2Gene therapy medical product No
    D.3.11.3.3Tissue Engineered Product Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.3.4Combination ATIMP (i.e. one involving a medical device) Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.3.5Committee on Advanced therapies (CAT) has issued a classification for this product Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.4Combination product that includes a device, but does not involve an Advanced Therapy Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.5Radiopharmaceutical medicinal product No
    D.3.11.6Immunological medicinal product (such as vaccine, allergen, immune serum) No
    D.3.11.7Plasma derived medicinal product No
    D.3.11.8Extractive medicinal product No
    D.3.11.9Recombinant medicinal product Information not present in EudraCT
    D.3.11.10Medicinal product containing genetically modified organisms No
    D.3.11.11Herbal medicinal product No
    D.3.11.12Homeopathic medicinal product No
    D.3.11.13Another type of medicinal product No
    D.8 Information on Placebo
    D.8 Placebo: 1
    D.8.1Is a Placebo used in this Trial?Yes
    E. General Information on the Trial
    E.1 Medical condition or disease under investigation
    E.1.1Medical condition(s) being investigated
    Ankylosing spondylitis
    MedDRA Classification
    E.1.3Condition being studied is a rare disease No
    E.2 Objective of the trial
    E.2.1Main objective of the trial
    To investigate whether Etanercept 25mg once weekly is effective in maintaining a clinical response in patients with ankylosing spondylitis who have responded to 50mg once weekly.
    E.2.2Secondary objectives of the trial
    To assess additional measurements of efficacy and adverse effects in low and high dose groups.
    E.2.3Trial contains a sub-study No
    E.3Principal inclusion criteria
    At screening / baseline
    The participant will be placed on Etanercept 50mg once weekly providing:
    a) Diagnosis of AS according to the modified New York criteria (Study Protocol, Appendix 1).
    b) Confirmation of sustained active spinal disease, demonstrated by:
    i. BASDAI score of at least 4 units (Study Protocol, Section 5.6)
    ii. At least 4 cm on a 0-10cm spinal pain visual analogue scale (VAS)
    iii. Both severity measures demonstrated on two occasions at least 12 weeks apart without any change of treatment
    c) Conventional treatment with two or more NSAIDs taken sequentially at maximum tolerated or recommended dosage for 4 weeks have failed to control symptoms.
    d) Participant has clinically acceptable results from laboratory screening test.
    e) Male or Female, aged 18 – 80 years
    f) Participant is willing and able to give informed consent to participate in the study.
    g) Able (in the Investigators opinion) and willing to comply with all study requirements.

    At randomisation
    The participant will be randomised to 50mg or 25mg Etanercept providing:
    a) An adequate response to treatment has been achieved, with response defined as:
    i. reduction of the BASDAI score to 50% of the pre-treatment value OR
    ii. reduction in BASDAI by 2 or more units AND
    iii. reduction of the spinal pain VAS by 2 cm or more.
    b) The participant finds Etanercept acceptable and wishes to continue treatment
    E.4Principal exclusion criteria
    At screening / baseline: the participant will not enter the study if ANY of the following apply:
    a) Previous treatment with any licensed or experimental anti TNF therapy.
    b) Chronic infection of the upper respiratory tract (e.g. sinusitis), chest (e.g. bronchiectatic lung disease), urinary tract or skin (e.g. paronychia, chronic ulcers, open wounds).
    c) Serious infections (such as pneumonia or pyelonephritis) in the previous 3 months.
    d) Any ongoing or active infection or any major episode of infection requiring hospitalisation or treatment with intravenous (IV) antibiotics within the preceding 30 days and/or orally administered antibiotics in the preceding 15 days.
    e) Received any live (attenuated) vaccines within four weeks of screening visit.
    f) Known immunosuppressive disease or treatment with immunosuppressive drugs.
    g) Active / latent tuberculosis as identified by local screening guidelines.
    h) Stable corticosteroid use ≥10mgs OD taken in the 4 weeks prior to screening.
    i) History of hepatitis B or C.
    j) Significant concurrent cardio-vascular disease including; uncompensated congestive heart failure, myocardial infarction within 12 months, unstable angina pectoris, uncontrolled hypertension.
    k) Cancer or a history of cancer (other than resected cutaneous basal cell carcinoma, and in situ cervical cancer) within five years of entering the screening period.
    l) Significant renal or hepatic impairment.
    m) Leukopaenia (wbc <3000 x 10^6/L) and/or neutropeania (wbc ≥1500 x 10^6/L).
    n) Thrombocytopaenia (platelets less than 150 x 10^9/L).
    o) Demyelinating disorders such as multiple sclerosis.
    p) Women who are pregnant, lactating or of childbearing potential not using contraception.
    q) Scheduled elective surgery/procedures requiring general anaesthesia during the study.
    r) Allergy to latex (the needle cover of the syringe contains latex).
    s) Presence of any other significant and uncontrolled medical condition, which in the investigator's opinion precludes the use of Etanercept
    t) Unable to give informed consent
    u) Unable/unwilling to comply with study procedures.
    v) Not available for follow-up assessments
    w) Received treatment with an investigational drug within 12 weeks prior to study screening.
    x) History of back injury or trauma which confounds the clinical scenario

    At randomisation: the participant will not be randomised if ANY of the following apply:
    a) An adequate response to Etanercept 50mg per week has not been achieved by the end of the 6 month lead in period.
    b) The participant wishes to discontinue treatment with Etanercept.
    c) On the basis of adverse reactions, the treating physician considers the participant should withdraw from treatment with Etanercept.
    E.5 End points
    E.5.1Primary end point(s)
    The primary efficacy outcome measure will be:
    • 50% reduction in the Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index (BASDAI)
    AND/OR
    • Fall in BASDAI by >/= 2 units.
    E.6 and E.7 Scope of the trial
    E.6Scope of the trial
    E.6.1Diagnosis No
    E.6.2Prophylaxis No
    E.6.3Therapy No
    E.6.4Safety No
    E.6.5Efficacy No
    E.6.6Pharmacokinetic No
    E.6.7Pharmacodynamic No
    E.6.8Bioequivalence No
    E.6.9Dose response Yes
    E.6.10Pharmacogenetic No
    E.6.11Pharmacogenomic No
    E.6.12Pharmacoeconomic No
    E.6.13Others No
    E.7Trial type and phase
    E.7.1Human pharmacology (Phase I) No
    E.7.1.1First administration to humans Information not present in EudraCT
    E.7.1.2Bioequivalence study Information not present in EudraCT
    E.7.1.3Other Information not present in EudraCT
    E.7.1.3.1Other trial type description
    E.7.2Therapeutic exploratory (Phase II) No
    E.7.3Therapeutic confirmatory (Phase III) No
    E.7.4Therapeutic use (Phase IV) Yes
    E.8 Design of the trial
    E.8.1Controlled Yes
    E.8.1.1Randomised Yes
    E.8.1.2Open Yes
    E.8.1.3Single blind No
    E.8.1.4Double blind No
    E.8.1.5Parallel group No
    E.8.1.6Cross over No
    E.8.1.7Other No
    E.8.2 Comparator of controlled trial
    E.8.2.1Other medicinal product(s) No
    E.8.2.2Placebo No
    E.8.2.3Other Yes
    E.8.2.3.1Comparator description
    Enbrel 50mg solution for injection in prefilled syringe (etanercept) - EU/1/99/126/015-18
    E.8.3 The trial involves single site in the Member State concerned No
    E.8.4 The trial involves multiple sites in the Member State concerned Yes
    E.8.4.1Number of sites anticipated in Member State concerned3
    E.8.5The trial involves multiple Member States No
    E.8.6 Trial involving sites outside the EEA
    E.8.6.1Trial being conducted both within and outside the EEA No
    E.8.6.2Trial being conducted completely outside of the EEA Information not present in EudraCT
    E.8.7Trial has a data monitoring committee Yes
    E.8.8 Definition of the end of the trial and justification where it is not the last visit of the last subject undergoing the trial
    The end of trial is defined in the study protocol as the date of the last follow up visit of the last subject undergoing the trial.
    E.8.9 Initial estimate of the duration of the trial
    E.8.9.1In the Member State concerned years1
    E.8.9.1In the Member State concerned months7
    E.8.9.1In the Member State concerned days0
    E.8.9.2In all countries concerned by the trial years1
    E.8.9.2In all countries concerned by the trial months7
    E.8.9.2In all countries concerned by the trial days0
    F. Population of Trial Subjects
    F.1 Age Range
    F.1.1Trial has subjects under 18 No
    F.1.1.1In Utero Information not present in EudraCT
    F.1.1.2Preterm newborn infants (up to gestational age < 37 weeks) Information not present in EudraCT
    F.1.1.3Newborns (0-27 days) Information not present in EudraCT
    F.1.1.4Infants and toddlers (28 days-23 months) Information not present in EudraCT
    F.1.1.5Children (2-11years) Information not present in EudraCT
    F.1.1.6Adolescents (12-17 years) Information not present in EudraCT
    F.1.2Adults (18-64 years) Yes
    F.1.3Elderly (>=65 years) Yes
    F.2 Gender
    F.2.1Female Yes
    F.2.2Male Yes
    F.3 Group of trial subjects
    F.3.1Healthy volunteers No
    F.3.2Patients Yes
    F.3.3Specific vulnerable populations No
    F.3.3.1Women of childbearing potential not using contraception Information not present in EudraCT
    F.3.3.2Women of child-bearing potential using contraception Information not present in EudraCT
    F.3.3.3Pregnant women Information not present in EudraCT
    F.3.3.4Nursing women Information not present in EudraCT
    F.3.3.5Emergency situation Information not present in EudraCT
    F.3.3.6Subjects incapable of giving consent personally Information not present in EudraCT
    F.3.3.7Others Information not present in EudraCT
    F.4 Planned number of subjects to be included
    F.4.1In the member state50
    F.5 Plans for treatment or care after the subject has ended the participation in the trial (if it is different from the expected normal treatment of that condition)
    Continuation on Etanercept post-trial will be based solely on individual clinical need (i.e. expected normal treatment).
    G. Investigator Networks to be involved in the Trial
    N. Review by the Competent Authority or Ethics Committee in the country concerned
    N.Competent Authority Decision Authorised
    N.Date of Competent Authority Decision2010-08-11
    N.Ethics Committee Opinion of the trial applicationFavourable
    N.Ethics Committee Opinion: Reason(s) for unfavourable opinion
    N.Date of Ethics Committee Opinion2010-08-06
    P. End of Trial
    P.End of Trial StatusCompleted
    P.Date of the global end of the trial2013-08-19
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