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The European Union Clinical Trials Register allows you to search for protocol and results information on:
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    The EU Clinical Trials Register currently displays   41231   clinical trials with a EudraCT protocol, of which   6758   are clinical trials conducted with subjects less than 18 years old.
    The register also displays information on   18700   older paediatric trials (in scope of Article 45 of the Paediatric Regulation (EC) No 1901/2006).


    Phase 1 trials conducted solely in adults and that are not part of an agreed PIP are not public in the EU CTR (refer to European Guidance 2008/C 168/02   Art. 3 par. 2 and   Commission Guideline 2012/C 302/03,   Art. 5) .
     
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    Summary
    EudraCT Number:2010-023744-33
    Sponsor's Protocol Code Number:2
    National Competent Authority:UK - MHRA
    Clinical Trial Type:EEA CTA
    Trial Status:GB - no longer in EU/EEA
    Date on which this record was first entered in the EudraCT database:2012-09-20
    Trial results
    Index
    A. PROTOCOL INFORMATION
    B. SPONSOR INFORMATION
    C. APPLICANT IDENTIFICATION
    D. IMP IDENTIFICATION
    D.8 INFORMATION ON PLACEBO
    E. GENERAL INFORMATION ON THE TRIAL
    F. POPULATION OF TRIAL SUBJECTS
    G. INVESTIGATOR NETWORKS TO BE INVOLVED IN THE TRIAL
    N. REVIEW BY THE COMPETENT AUTHORITY OR ETHICS COMMITTEE IN THE COUNTRY CONCERNED
    P. END OF TRIAL
    Expand All   Collapse All
    A. Protocol Information
    A.1Member State ConcernedUK - MHRA
    A.2EudraCT number2010-023744-33
    A.3Full title of the trial
    Duchenne muscular dystrophy: double-blind randomized trial to find optimum steroid regimen
    A.3.1Title of the trial for lay people, in easily understood, i.e. non-technical, language
    Trial to find best steroid treatment for Duchenne muscular dystrophy
    A.3.2Name or abbreviated title of the trial where available
    FOR-DMD
    A.4.1Sponsor's protocol code number2
    A.5.1ISRCTN (International Standard Randomised Controlled Trial) NumberISRCTN46102316
    A.5.2US NCT (ClinicalTrials.gov registry) numberNCT01603407
    A.7Trial is part of a Paediatric Investigation Plan No
    A.8EMA Decision number of Paediatric Investigation Plan
    B. Sponsor Information
    B.Sponsor: 1
    B.1.1Name of SponsorUniversity of Rochester
    B.1.3.4CountryUnited States
    B.3.1 and B.3.2Status of the sponsorNon-Commercial
    B.4 Source(s) of Monetary or Material Support for the clinical trial:
    B.4.1Name of organisation providing support
    B.4.2Country
    B.5 Contact point designated by the sponsor for further information on the trial
    B.5.1Name of organisation
    B.5.2Functional name of contact point
    D. IMP Identification
    D.IMP: 1
    D.1.2 and D.1.3IMP RoleTest
    D.2 Status of the IMP to be used in the clinical trial
    D.2.1IMP to be used in the trial has a marketing authorisation Yes
    D.2.1.1.1Trade name Deflazacort
    D.2.1.1.2Name of the Marketing Authorisation holderCatalent CVS (Edinburgh) Ltd
    D.2.1.2Country which granted the Marketing AuthorisationUnited Kingdom
    D.2.5The IMP has been designated in this indication as an orphan drug in the Community No
    D.2.5.1Orphan drug designation number
    D.3 Description of the IMP
    D.3.1Product nameDeflazacort 6 mg Tablets
    D.3.4Pharmaceutical form Tablet
    D.3.4.1Specific paediatric formulation No
    D.3.7Routes of administration for this IMPOral use
    D.3.8 to D.3.10 IMP Identification Details (Active Substances)
    D.3.8INN - Proposed INNDeflazacort
    D.3.9.1CAS number 14484-47-0
    D.3.9.4EV Substance CodeAS1
    D.3.10 Strength
    D.3.10.1Concentration unit mg milligram(s)
    D.3.10.2Concentration typeequal
    D.3.10.3Concentration number6
    D.3.11 The IMP contains an:
    D.3.11.1Active substance of chemical origin Yes
    D.3.11.2Active substance of biological/ biotechnological origin (other than Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    The IMP is a:
    D.3.11.3Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    D.3.11.3.1Somatic cell therapy medicinal product No
    D.3.11.3.2Gene therapy medical product No
    D.3.11.3.3Tissue Engineered Product No
    D.3.11.3.4Combination ATIMP (i.e. one involving a medical device) No
    D.3.11.3.5Committee on Advanced therapies (CAT) has issued a classification for this product No
    D.3.11.4Combination product that includes a device, but does not involve an Advanced Therapy No
    D.3.11.5Radiopharmaceutical medicinal product No
    D.3.11.6Immunological medicinal product (such as vaccine, allergen, immune serum) No
    D.3.11.7Plasma derived medicinal product No
    D.3.11.8Extractive medicinal product No
    D.3.11.9Recombinant medicinal product No
    D.3.11.10Medicinal product containing genetically modified organisms No
    D.3.11.11Herbal medicinal product No
    D.3.11.12Homeopathic medicinal product No
    D.3.11.13Another type of medicinal product No
    D.IMP: 2
    D.1.2 and D.1.3IMP RoleTest
    D.2 Status of the IMP to be used in the clinical trial
    D.2.1IMP to be used in the trial has a marketing authorisation No
    D.2.1.1.1Trade name Prednisone
    D.2.1.1.2Name of the Marketing Authorisation holderNapp Pharmaceuticals Ltd
    D.2.1.2Country which granted the Marketing AuthorisationUnited Kingdom
    D.2.5The IMP has been designated in this indication as an orphan drug in the Community No
    D.2.5.1Orphan drug designation number
    D.3 Description of the IMP
    D.3.1Product namePrednisone 5 mg tablets
    D.3.4Pharmaceutical form Tablet
    D.3.4.1Specific paediatric formulation No
    D.3.7Routes of administration for this IMPOral use
    D.3.8 to D.3.10 IMP Identification Details (Active Substances)
    D.3.8INN - Proposed INNPrednisone
    D.3.9.1CAS number 50-24-8
    D.3.9.2Current sponsor codeNot available
    D.3.9.4EV Substance CodeAS2
    D.3.10 Strength
    D.3.10.1Concentration unit mg milligram(s)
    D.3.10.2Concentration typeequal
    D.3.10.3Concentration number5
    D.3.11 The IMP contains an:
    D.3.11.1Active substance of chemical origin Yes
    D.3.11.2Active substance of biological/ biotechnological origin (other than Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    The IMP is a:
    D.3.11.3Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    D.3.11.3.1Somatic cell therapy medicinal product No
    D.3.11.3.2Gene therapy medical product No
    D.3.11.3.3Tissue Engineered Product No
    D.3.11.3.4Combination ATIMP (i.e. one involving a medical device) No
    D.3.11.3.5Committee on Advanced therapies (CAT) has issued a classification for this product No
    D.3.11.4Combination product that includes a device, but does not involve an Advanced Therapy No
    D.3.11.5Radiopharmaceutical medicinal product No
    D.3.11.6Immunological medicinal product (such as vaccine, allergen, immune serum) No
    D.3.11.7Plasma derived medicinal product No
    D.3.11.8Extractive medicinal product No
    D.3.11.9Recombinant medicinal product No
    D.3.11.10Medicinal product containing genetically modified organisms No
    D.3.11.11Herbal medicinal product No
    D.3.11.12Homeopathic medicinal product No
    D.3.11.13Another type of medicinal product No
    D.8 Information on Placebo
    D.8 Placebo: 1
    D.8.1Is a Placebo used in this Trial?Yes
    D.8.3Pharmaceutical form of the placeboTablet
    D.8.4Route of administration of the placeboOral use
    E. General Information on the Trial
    E.1 Medical condition or disease under investigation
    E.1.1Medical condition(s) being investigated
    Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD)
    E.1.1.1Medical condition in easily understood language
    This is a genetic condition, which results in muscle degeneration and eventual death.
    E.1.1.2Therapeutic area Diseases [C] - Musculoskeletal Diseases [C05]
    MedDRA Classification
    E.1.2 Medical condition or disease under investigation
    E.1.2Version 14.1
    E.1.2Level PT
    E.1.2Classification code 10013801
    E.1.2Term Duchenne muscular dystrophy
    E.1.2System Organ Class 10010331 - Congenital, familial and genetic disorders
    E.1.3Condition being studied is a rare disease Yes
    E.2 Objective of the trial
    E.2.1Main objective of the trial
    The proposed randomized controlled trial will compare three corticosteroid regimens to address the pragmatic hypothesis that daily corticosteroids (prednisone or deflazacort) will be of greater benefit in terms of function and subject/parent satisfaction than intermittent corticosteroids (prednisone).
    E.2.2Secondary objectives of the trial
    A second hypothesis is that daily deflazacort will be associated with fewer side effects than daily prednisone. The study protocol includes standardized regimens for the prevention or treatment of predictable side effects of corticosteroid medication, as well as standards of care for the general management of DMD.
    E.2.3Trial contains a sub-study No
    E.3Principal inclusion criteria
    1) Evidence of signed and dated informed consent form indicating that the subject and his parents or guardian (according to local legislation) have been informed about all pertinent aspects of the study. The child might be asked to give his assent, possibly in writing, if considered intellectually capable, in line with the legal requirements in the participating countries and with the permission of the parent(s)/guardian(s). 2) Confirmed diagnosis of Duchenne muscular dystrophy defined as: Male with proximal weakness AND a confirmed DMD mutation in the dystrophin gene (out of frame deletion OR point mutation OR duplication) OR absent/< 3% dystrophin on muscle biopsy (by immunohistochemistry or Western blot). 3) Age ≥ 4 years and < 8 years. 4) Ability to rise independently from floor, from supine to standing, as assessed at screening visit. 5) Willingness and ability to comply with scheduled visits, drug administration plan and study procedures (including laboratory tests, NSAA, 6MWT, ECG, Echo, wrist X-Ray, DXA, PedsQL and TSQM questionnaires) as assessed by the site investigator at the end of the screening period. 6) Ability to maintain reproducible FVC measurements. Boys must have reproducible measurements of FVC. The boy will be observed to insure complete understanding of the instructions and that he has given maximal effort. If the values continue to increase, the boy may be learning and testing will continue, if necessary, beyond the 3 required trials until the boy reaches a plateau. The evaluator will use his/her expert judgment as to whether or not the boy can produce, and will likely be able to continue to produce, a reliable FVC measurement.
    E.4Principal exclusion criteria
    1) History of major renal or hepatic impairment, immunosuppression or other contraindications to corticosteroid therapy. 2) History of chronic systemic fungal or viral infections. Acute bacterial infection (including TB) would exclude from enrollment until the infection had been appropriately treated and resolved. 3) Diabetes mellitus. 4) Idiopathic hypercalcuria. 5) Lack of chicken pox immunity and refusal to undergo immunization. 6) Evidence of symptomatic cardiomyopathy at screening assessment. Asymptomatic cardiac abnormality on investigation would not be an exclusion. 7) Current or previous treatment (greater than four consecutive weeks of oral therapy) with corticosteroids or other immunosuppressive treatments for DMD or other recurrent indications (e.g., asthma). 8) Inability to take capsules, as assessed by the site investigator by the end of the screening period. 9) Allergy/sensitivity to study drugs or their formulations including lactose and/or sucrose intolerance. 10) Severe behavioral problems, including severe autism. 11) Previous or ongoing medical condition, medical history, physical findings or laboratory abnormalities that could affect safety, make it unlikely that treatment and follow up will be correctly completed or impair the assessment of study results, in the judgment of the site investigator. 12) Weight of less than 13 kilograms. 13) Exposure to any investigational drug currently or within 3 months prior to start of study treatment.
    E.5 End points
    E.5.1Primary end point(s)
    The primary outcome measure is three-dimensional, comprising: • Muscle function (time taken to rise from the floor, from supine to standing) • Respiratory function (Forced Vital Capacity; FVC) • Parent/participant satisfaction with treatment (global satisfaction rating from the Treatment Satisfaction Questionnaire for Medicine (TSQM).
    E.5.1.1Timepoint(s) of evaluation of this end point
    The average changes over all post-baseline assessments during the three-to-five-year follow-up period will be of primary interest.
    E.5.2Secondary end point(s)
    A second hypothesis is that daily deflazacort will be associated with a better side effect profile than daily prednisone. The study protocol includes standardized regimens for prevention/ treatment of predictable side effects of corticosteroid medication, as well as standards of care for the general management of DMD. The trial directly addresses the current chaos in prescribed treatment schedules; its results will have direct impact on the current and future management of boys with DMD throughout the world by providing the evidence base for rational clinical practice. The results of the trial will allow the generation of clear and specific evidence-based guidelines for patient treatment.
    E.5.2.1Timepoint(s) of evaluation of this end point
    Three to five years.
    E.6 and E.7 Scope of the trial
    E.6Scope of the trial
    E.6.1Diagnosis No
    E.6.2Prophylaxis No
    E.6.3Therapy Yes
    E.6.4Safety Yes
    E.6.5Efficacy Yes
    E.6.6Pharmacokinetic No
    E.6.7Pharmacodynamic No
    E.6.8Bioequivalence No
    E.6.9Dose response Yes
    E.6.10Pharmacogenetic No
    E.6.11Pharmacogenomic No
    E.6.12Pharmacoeconomic No
    E.6.13Others No
    E.7Trial type and phase
    E.7.1Human pharmacology (Phase I) No
    E.7.1.1First administration to humans No
    E.7.1.2Bioequivalence study No
    E.7.1.3Other No
    E.7.1.3.1Other trial type description
    E.7.2Therapeutic exploratory (Phase II) No
    E.7.3Therapeutic confirmatory (Phase III) Yes
    E.7.4Therapeutic use (Phase IV) No
    E.8 Design of the trial
    E.8.1Controlled Yes
    E.8.1.1Randomised Yes
    E.8.1.2Open No
    E.8.1.3Single blind No
    E.8.1.4Double blind Yes
    E.8.1.5Parallel group Yes
    E.8.1.6Cross over No
    E.8.1.7Other No
    E.8.2 Comparator of controlled trial
    E.8.2.1Other medicinal product(s) Yes
    E.8.2.2Placebo No
    E.8.2.3Other No
    E.8.3 The trial involves single site in the Member State concerned No
    E.8.4 The trial involves multiple sites in the Member State concerned Yes
    E.8.4.1Number of sites anticipated in Member State concerned10
    E.8.5The trial involves multiple Member States Yes
    E.8.5.1Number of sites anticipated in the EEA23
    E.8.6 Trial involving sites outside the EEA
    E.8.6.1Trial being conducted both within and outside the EEA Yes
    E.8.6.2Trial being conducted completely outside of the EEA No
    E.8.6.3If E.8.6.1 or E.8.6.2 are Yes, specify the regions in which trial sites are planned
    Canada
    Germany
    Italy
    United Kingdom
    United States
    E.8.7Trial has a data monitoring committee Yes
    E.8.8 Definition of the end of the trial and justification where it is not the last visit of the last subject undergoing the trial
    30 days after last patient, last visit.
    E.8.9 Initial estimate of the duration of the trial
    E.8.9.1In the Member State concerned years5
    E.8.9.1In the Member State concerned months0
    E.8.9.1In the Member State concerned days0
    E.8.9.2In all countries concerned by the trial years5
    E.8.9.2In all countries concerned by the trial months0
    E.8.9.2In all countries concerned by the trial days0
    F. Population of Trial Subjects
    F.1 Age Range
    F.1.1Trial has subjects under 18 Yes
    F.1.1Number of subjects for this age range: 0
    F.1.1.1In Utero No
    F.1.1.1.1Number of subjects for this age range: 0
    F.1.1.2Preterm newborn infants (up to gestational age < 37 weeks) No
    F.1.1.2.1Number of subjects for this age range: 0
    F.1.1.3Newborns (0-27 days) No
    F.1.1.3.1Number of subjects for this age range: 0
    F.1.1.4Infants and toddlers (28 days-23 months) No
    F.1.1.4.1Number of subjects for this age range: 0
    F.1.1.5Children (2-11years) Yes
    F.1.1.5.1Number of subjects for this age range: 0
    F.1.1.6Adolescents (12-17 years) No
    F.1.1.6.1Number of subjects for this age range: 0
    F.1.2Adults (18-64 years) No
    F.1.2.1Number of subjects for this age range: 0
    F.1.3Elderly (>=65 years) No
    F.1.3.1Number of subjects for this age range: 0
    F.2 Gender
    F.2.1Female No
    F.2.2Male Yes
    F.3 Group of trial subjects
    F.3.1Healthy volunteers No
    F.3.2Patients Yes
    F.3.3Specific vulnerable populations No
    F.3.3.1Women of childbearing potential not using contraception No
    F.3.3.2Women of child-bearing potential using contraception No
    F.3.3.3Pregnant women No
    F.3.3.4Nursing women No
    F.3.3.5Emergency situation No
    F.3.3.6Subjects incapable of giving consent personally No
    F.3.3.7Others No
    F.4 Planned number of subjects to be included
    F.4.1In the member state75
    F.4.2 For a multinational trial
    F.4.2.1In the EEA 173
    F.4.2.2In the whole clinical trial 300
    F.5 Plans for treatment or care after the subject has ended the participation in the trial (if it is different from the expected normal treatment of that condition)
    At the end of the trial treatment period participants will be asked to continue blinded medication until data from all participants is collected. This medication will be provided by FOR DMD. When these data haves been collected, the study doctor will “unblind” the treatment. Both of the drugs that we are investigating are available on prescription and will continue to be available after the research is over.
    G. Investigator Networks to be involved in the Trial
    G.4 Investigator Network to be involved in the Trial: 1
    G.4.1Name of Organisation NIHR Medicines for Children Research Network
    G.4.3.4Network Country United Kingdom
    N. Review by the Competent Authority or Ethics Committee in the country concerned
    N.Competent Authority Decision Authorised
    N.Date of Competent Authority Decision2012-11-12
    N.Ethics Committee Opinion of the trial applicationFavourable
    N.Ethics Committee Opinion: Reason(s) for unfavourable opinion
    N.Date of Ethics Committee Opinion2012-01-24
    P. End of Trial
    P.End of Trial StatusGB - no longer in EU/EEA
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