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    Clinical Trial Results:
    6-Month, Multicenter, Randomized, Open-label, Parallel-group Study Comparing the Efficacy and Safety of a New Formulation of Insulin Glargine and Lantus® Both plus Mealtime Insulin in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus with a 6-month Safety Extension Period

    Summary
    EudraCT number
    2010-023769-23
    Trial protocol
    NL   HU   CZ   LV   EE   SE   FI   DE  
    Global end of trial date
    04 Sep 2013

    Results information
    Results version number
    v1(current)
    This version publication date
    01 Apr 2016
    First version publication date
    14 Jun 2015
    Other versions

    Trial information

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    Trial identification
    Sponsor protocol code
    EFC11628
    Additional study identifiers
    ISRCTN number
    -
    US NCT number
    NCT01499082
    WHO universal trial number (UTN)
    -
    Sponsors
    Sponsor organisation name
    Sanofi aventis recherche & développement
    Sponsor organisation address
    1 avenue Pierre Brossolette, Chilly-Mazarin, France, 91380
    Public contact
    Trial Transparency Team , Sanofi aventis recherche & développement, Contact-US@sanofi.com
    Scientific contact
    Trial Transparency Team , Sanofi aventis recherche & développement, Contact-US@sanofi.com
    Paediatric regulatory details
    Is trial part of an agreed paediatric investigation plan (PIP)
    No
    Does article 45 of REGULATION (EC) No 1901/2006 apply to this trial?
    No
    Does article 46 of REGULATION (EC) No 1901/2006 apply to this trial?
    No
    Results analysis stage
    Analysis stage
    Final
    Date of interim/final analysis
    06 Dec 2013
    Is this the analysis of the primary completion data?
    No
    Global end of trial reached?
    Yes
    Global end of trial date
    04 Sep 2013
    Was the trial ended prematurely?
    No
    General information about the trial
    Main objective of the trial
    To compare the efficacy of insulin glargine new formulation and Lantus in terms of change in HbA1c from baseline to endpoint (scheduled month 6) in adult subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
    Protection of trial subjects
    Subjects were fully informed of all pertinent aspects of the clinical trial as well as the possibility to discontinue at any time in language and terms appropriate for the subject and considering the local culture. During the course of the trial, subjects were provided with individual subject cards indicating the nature of the trial the subject is participating, contact details and any information needed in the event of a medical emergency. Collected personal data and human biological samples were processed in compliance with the Sanofi-Aventis Group Personal Data Protection Charter ensuring that the Group abides by the laws governing personal data protection in force in all countries in which it operates.
    Background therapy
    -
    Evidence for comparator
    -
    Actual start date of recruitment
    15 Dec 2011
    Long term follow-up planned
    No
    Independent data monitoring committee (IDMC) involvement?
    No
    Population of trial subjects
    Number of subjects enrolled per country
    Country: Number of subjects enrolled
    South Africa: 24
    Country: Number of subjects enrolled
    United States: 341
    Country: Number of subjects enrolled
    Canada: 72
    Country: Number of subjects enrolled
    Czech Republic: 49
    Country: Number of subjects enrolled
    Estonia: 21
    Country: Number of subjects enrolled
    Finland: 7
    Country: Number of subjects enrolled
    France: 4
    Country: Number of subjects enrolled
    Germany: 8
    Country: Number of subjects enrolled
    Hungary: 119
    Country: Number of subjects enrolled
    Latvia: 31
    Country: Number of subjects enrolled
    Mexico: 16
    Country: Number of subjects enrolled
    Netherlands: 47
    Country: Number of subjects enrolled
    Romania: 68
    Worldwide total number of subjects
    807
    EEA total number of subjects
    354
    Number of subjects enrolled per age group
    In utero
    0
    Preterm newborn - gestational age < 37 wk
    0
    Newborns (0-27 days)
    0
    Infants and toddlers (28 days-23 months)
    0
    Children (2-11 years)
    0
    Adolescents (12-17 years)
    0
    Adults (18-64 years)
    561
    From 65 to 84 years
    245
    85 years and over
    1

    Subject disposition

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    Recruitment
    Recruitment details
    A total of 1177 subjects were screened, of whom 370 subjects were screen failure and 807 subjects were randomized.

    Pre-assignment
    Screening details
    Following the main 6 month treatment period, eligible subjects previously using HOE901-U300 were randomized (1:1) in a substudy and continued with fixed-dosing (every 24 hours) or started a adaptable-dosing (at intervals of 24 +/- 3 hours) regimen for 3 Months (Month 6 to 9).

    Period 1
    Period 1 title
    Overall Study (overall period)
    Is this the baseline period?
    Yes
    Allocation method
    Randomised - controlled
    Blinding used
    Not blinded

    Arms
    Are arms mutually exclusive
    Yes

    Arm title
    HOE901-U300
    Arm description
    HOE901-U300 for 12 months on top of mealtime insulin analogue.
    Arm type
    Experimental

    Investigational medicinal product name
    Insulin glargine- new formulation
    Investigational medicinal product code
    HOE901-U300
    Other name
    Pharmaceutical forms
    Solution for injection in pre-filled pen
    Routes of administration
    Subcutaneous use
    Dosage and administration details
    HOE901-U300 (new insulin glargine 300 units per milliliter [U/mL]) once daily (evening). Dose titration seeking fasting plasma glucose 4.4-5.6 millimole per liter (mmol/L) (80 - 100 milligram per deciliter [mg/dL]). After 6 months subjects were proposed to participate to the administration substudy and to receive either HOE901-U300 once daily at intervals of 24 +/- 3 hours (adaptable dosing intervals) or to continue once daily injections of HOE901-U300 every 24 hours (fixed dosing intervals) up to Month 9.

    Arm title
    Lantus
    Arm description
    Lantus for 12 months on top of mealtime insulin analogue.
    Arm type
    Active comparator

    Investigational medicinal product name
    Insulin glargine
    Investigational medicinal product code
    HOE901-U100
    Other name
    Lantus
    Pharmaceutical forms
    Solution for injection in pre-filled pen
    Routes of administration
    Subcutaneous use
    Dosage and administration details
    Lantus (HOE901-U100, insulin glargine 100 U/mL) once daily (evening). Dose titration seeking fasting plasma glucose 4.4-5.6 mmol/L (80 - 100 mg/dL).

    Number of subjects in period 1
    HOE901-U300 Lantus
    Started
    404
    403
    Treated
    404
    402
    Participated in Substudy
    109 [1]
    0 [2]
    Modified Intent-to-Treat Population
    404
    400
    Completed
    359
    355
    Not completed
    45
    48
         Randomized but not Treated
    -
    1
         Lack of efficacy
    1
    1
         Protocol Violation
    6
    8
         Diverse Reasons
    18
    14
         Site Closure for Noncompliance
    5
    2
         Hypoglycemia
    2
    3
         Adverse Event
    12
    16
         Lost to follow-up
    1
    3
    Notes
    [1] - The number of subjects at this milestone seems inconsistent with the number of subjects in the arm. It is expected that the number of subjects will be greater than, or equal to the number that completed, minus those who left.
    Justification: 109 subjects participated in the substudy (56 subjects received adaptable dosing regimen and 53 subjects received fixed dosing regimen.
    [2] - The number of subjects at this milestone seems inconsistent with the number of subjects in the arm. It is expected that the number of subjects will be greater than, or equal to the number that completed, minus those who left.
    Justification: No subject participated in the substudy from Lantus arm as participation in substudy was allowed only to those subjects who received HOE901-U300.

    Baseline characteristics

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    Baseline characteristics reporting groups
    Reporting group title
    HOE901-U300
    Reporting group description
    HOE901-U300 for 12 months on top of mealtime insulin analogue.

    Reporting group title
    Lantus
    Reporting group description
    Lantus for 12 months on top of mealtime insulin analogue.

    Reporting group values
    HOE901-U300 Lantus Total
    Number of subjects
    404 403 807
    Age categorical
    Units: Subjects
    Age continuous
    Units: years
        arithmetic mean (standard deviation)
    60.1 ± 8.5 59.8 ± 8.7 -
    Gender categorical
    Units: Subjects
        Female
    187 193 380
        Male
    217 210 427
    Glycated Hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c)
    Units: Subjects
        Less Than (<) 8%
    144 144 288
        Greater Than or Equal to (>=) 8%
    260 259 519
    Body Mass Index (BMI)
    Units: kilogram per square meter (kg/m^2)
        arithmetic mean (standard deviation)
    36.6 ± 6.8 36.6 ± 6.1 -
    Duration of Diabetes
    Units: years
        arithmetic mean (standard deviation)
    15.6 ± 7.2 16.1 ± 7.8 -
    Basal Insulin Daily Dose
    Number of subjects analyzed for this baseline characteristics = 372 and 361 in HOE901-U300 and Lantus arm, respectively.
    Units: units per kilogram (U/kg)
        arithmetic mean (standard deviation)
    0.668 ± 0.263 0.667 ± 0.241 -
    Total Insulin Daily Dose
    Number of subjects analyzed for this baseline characteristics = 367 and 360 in HOE901-U300 and Lantus arm, respectively
    Units: U/kg
        arithmetic mean (standard deviation)
    1.194 ± 0.483 1.2 ± 0.448 -

    End points

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    End points reporting groups
    Reporting group title
    HOE901-U300
    Reporting group description
    HOE901-U300 for 12 months on top of mealtime insulin analogue.

    Reporting group title
    Lantus
    Reporting group description
    Lantus for 12 months on top of mealtime insulin analogue.

    Subject analysis set title
    HOE901-U300: Adaptable Dosing Intervals
    Subject analysis set type
    Modified intention-to-treat
    Subject analysis set description
    HOE901-U300 SC injection once daily for 6 months on top of mealtime insulin. From Month 6 to Month 9 subjects received HOE901-U300 once daily at intervals of 24 +/- 3 hours.

    Subject analysis set title
    HOE901-U300: Fixed Dosing Intervals
    Subject analysis set type
    Modified intention-to-treat
    Subject analysis set description
    HOE901-U300 SC injection once daily for 6 months on top of mealtime insulin. From Month 6 up to Month 9 subjects received HOE901-U300 once daily every 24 hours.

    Primary: Change in HbA1c From Baseline to Month 6 Endpoint

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    End point title
    Change in HbA1c From Baseline to Month 6 Endpoint
    End point description
    Modified Intent-to-Treat population: all randomized subjects who received at least (>=)1 dose, had baseline and >=1 post-baseline assessment of any efficacy variable, irrespective of compliance. Number of subjects analyzed = subjects with baseline and Week 6 HbA1c assessment. Missing data imputed using last observation carried forward.
    End point type
    Primary
    End point timeframe
    Baseline, Month 6
    End point values
    HOE901-U300 Lantus
    Number of subjects analysed
    391
    394
    Units: percentage of hemoglobin
        least squares mean (standard error)
    -0.83 ± 0.06
    -0.83 ± 0.061
    Statistical analysis title
    HOE901-U300 vs. Lantus
    Statistical analysis description
    Analysis was performed using an analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) model with treatment, strata of screening HbA1c (<8.0 and >=8.0%), and country as fixed effects and using the HbA1c baseline value as a covariate.
    Comparison groups
    HOE901-U300 v Lantus
    Number of subjects included in analysis
    785
    Analysis specification
    Pre-specified
    Analysis type
    non-inferiority [1]
    Method
    Parameter type
    Least Squares (LS) Mean Difference
    Point estimate
    0
    Confidence interval
         level
    95%
         sides
    2-sided
         lower limit
    -0.112
         upper limit
    0.107
    Variability estimate
    Standard error of the mean
    Dispersion value
    0.056
    Notes
    [1] - Stepwise closed testing approach was used to assess non-inferiority and superiority sequentially: 1. Non-inferiority of HOE901-U300 vs Lantus: Upper bound of two-sided 95% confidence interval (CI) of difference between HOE901-U300 and Lantus on mITT population is <0.4%. 2. Superiority (only if non-inferiority has been demonstrated): Upper bound of two-sided 95% CI for difference in mean change in HbA1c from baseline to endpoint between HOE901-U300 and Lantus on mITT population is <0.

    Secondary: Percentage of Subjects With At Least One Severe and/or Confirmed Nocturnal Hypoglycemia From Start of Week 9 to Month 6 Endpoint

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    End point title
    Percentage of Subjects With At Least One Severe and/or Confirmed Nocturnal Hypoglycemia From Start of Week 9 to Month 6 Endpoint
    End point description
    Nocturnal hypoglycemia was hypoglycemia that occurred between 00:00 and 05:59 hours (clock time), regardless the subject was awake or woke up because of the event. Severe hypoglycemia was an event that required assistance of another person to actively administer carbohydrate, glucagon, or other resuscitative actions. Confirmed hypoglycemia was an event associated with plasma glucose less than or equal to (<=) 3.9 millimoles per liter (mmol/L) (70 milligram per deciliter [mg/dL]).Modified intent-to-treat population.
    End point type
    Secondary
    End point timeframe
    Week 9 Up to Month 6
    End point values
    HOE901-U300 Lantus
    Number of subjects analysed
    404
    400
    Units: percentage of subjects
        number (not applicable)
    36.1
    46
    Statistical analysis title
    HOE901-U300 vs. Lantus
    Statistical analysis description
    A one-sided test (at alpha=0.025) for superiority of HOE901-U300 over Lantus was to be performed in case the non-inferiority of HOE901-U300 vs Lantus for the primary endpoint was demonstrated. Analysis was performed using Cochran-Mantel-Haenszel (CMH) method with treatment as a factor and stratified on strata of screening HbA1c (<8.0 and >=8.0%).
    Comparison groups
    HOE901-U300 v Lantus
    Number of subjects included in analysis
    804
    Analysis specification
    Pre-specified
    Analysis type
    superiority
    P-value
    = 0.0045
    Method
    Cochran-Mantel-Haenszel
    Parameter type
    Risk ratio (RR)
    Point estimate
    0.79
    Confidence interval
         level
    95%
         sides
    2-sided
         lower limit
    0.67
         upper limit
    0.93

    Secondary: Change in Average Preinjection Self-Monitored Plasma Glucose (SMPG) From Baseline to Month 6 Endpoint

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    End point title
    Change in Average Preinjection Self-Monitored Plasma Glucose (SMPG) From Baseline to Month 6 Endpoint
    End point description
    Pre-injection SMPG was measured within 30 minutes prior to the injection of the study drug. Average was assessed by the mean of at least 3 SMPG calculated over the 7 days preceding the assessment visit. mITT population. Missing data imputed using last observation carried forward. Number of subjects analyzed = subjects with baseline and Month 6 pre-injection SMPG assessment.
    End point type
    Secondary
    End point timeframe
    Baseline, Month 6
    End point values
    HOE901-U300 Lantus
    Number of subjects analysed
    365
    360
    Units: mmol/L
        least squares mean (standard error)
    -0.9 ± 0.182
    -0.84 ± 0.182
    Statistical analysis title
    HOE901-U300 vs. Lantus
    Statistical analysis description
    Change in pre-injection SMPG was analyzed using an ANCOVA model with treatment, strata of screening HbA1c (<8.0 and >=8.0%), and country as fixed effects and using the pre-injection SMPG baseline value as a covariate. A test for superiority of HOE901-U300 over Lantus was to be performed one-sided at level alpha = 0.025 if previous analysis for nocturnal hypoglycemia was significant.
    Comparison groups
    HOE901-U300 v Lantus
    Number of subjects included in analysis
    725
    Analysis specification
    Pre-specified
    Analysis type
    superiority
    P-value
    = 0.6909
    Method
    ANCOVA
    Parameter type
    LS Mean Difference
    Point estimate
    -0.06
    Confidence interval
         level
    95%
         sides
    2-sided
         lower limit
    -0.383
         upper limit
    0.254
    Variability estimate
    Standard error of the mean
    Dispersion value
    0.162

    Secondary: Change in Variability of Preinjection SMPG From Baseline to Month 6 Endpoint

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    End point title
    Change in Variability of Preinjection SMPG From Baseline to Month 6 Endpoint
    End point description
    Pre-injection SMPG was measured within 30 minutes prior to the injection of the study drug. Variability was assessed by the mean of coefficient of variation calculated as 100 multiplied by (standard deviation/mean) over at least 3 SMPG measured during the 7 days preceding the assessment visit. mITT population. Missing data imputed using last observation carried forward. Number of subjects analyzed = subjects with baseline and Month 6 pre-injection SMPG assessment.
    End point type
    Secondary
    End point timeframe
    Baseline, Month 6
    End point values
    HOE901-U300 Lantus
    Number of subjects analysed
    365
    360
    Units: percentage of mean
        least squares mean (standard error)
    -1.1 ± 1.222
    -1.08 ± 1.222
    No statistical analyses for this end point

    Secondary: Percentage of Subjects With HbA1c <7% at Month 6 Endpoint

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    End point title
    Percentage of Subjects With HbA1c <7% at Month 6 Endpoint
    End point description
    mITT Population. Number of subjects analyzed = subjects with baseline and Month 6 HbA1c assessment. Missing data imputed using last observation carried forward.
    End point type
    Secondary
    End point timeframe
    Month 6
    End point values
    HOE901-U300 Lantus
    Number of subjects analysed
    391
    394
    Units: percentage of subjects
        number (not applicable)
    39.6
    40.9
    No statistical analyses for this end point

    Secondary: Change in Fasting Plasma Glucose (FPG) From Baseline to Month 6 Endpoint

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    End point title
    Change in Fasting Plasma Glucose (FPG) From Baseline to Month 6 Endpoint
    End point description
    mITT Population. Number of subjects analyzed = subjects with baseline and Month 6 FPG assessment. Missing data imputed using last observation carried forward.
    End point type
    Secondary
    End point timeframe
    Baseline, Month 6
    End point values
    HOE901-U300 Lantus
    Number of subjects analysed
    376
    385
    Units: mmol/L
        least squares mean (standard error)
    -1.29 ± 0.191
    -1.38 ± 0.192
    No statistical analyses for this end point

    Secondary: Percentage of Subjects With FPG <5.6 mmol/L (<100 mg/dL) at Month 6 Endpoint

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    End point title
    Percentage of Subjects With FPG <5.6 mmol/L (<100 mg/dL) at Month 6 Endpoint
    End point description
    mITT Population. Number of subjects analyzed = subjects with Month 6 FPG assessment. Missing data imputed using last observation carried forward.
    End point type
    Secondary
    End point timeframe
    Month 6
    End point values
    HOE901-U300 Lantus
    Number of subjects analysed
    389
    392
    Units: percentage of subjects
        number (not applicable)
    26.5
    23.2
    No statistical analyses for this end point

    Secondary: Change in 8-Point SMPG Profiles Per Time Point From Baseline to Month 6 Endpoint

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    End point title
    Change in 8-Point SMPG Profiles Per Time Point From Baseline to Month 6 Endpoint
    End point description
    Change in each time-point of 8-point SMPG profile: 03:00 hours (clock time) at night; before and 2 hours after breakfast; before and 2 hours after lunch; before and 2 hours after dinner; and at bedtime. mITT Population. Here, n = subjects with Baseline and Month 6 8-point SMPG assessment separately for each analysed time point. Missing data imputed using last observation carried forward.
    End point type
    Secondary
    End point timeframe
    Baseline, Month 6
    End point values
    HOE901-U300 Lantus
    Number of subjects analysed
    404
    400
    Units: mmol/L
    least squares mean (standard error)
        03:00 at Night Plasma Glucose (n=333,323)
    -0.98 ± 0.248
    -1.16 ± 0.251
        Pre-Breakfast Plasma Glucose (n=343,333)
    -1.19 ± 0.189
    -1.49 ± 0.19
        2 Hours After Breakfast Plasma Glucose (n=335,326)
    -1.6 ± 0.241
    -1.9 ± 0.243
        Pre-Lunch Plasma Glucose (n=337,331)
    -1.05 ± 0.213
    -1.23 ± 0.216
        2 Hours After Lunch Plasma Glucose (n=336,325)
    -0.64 ± 0.28
    -0.63 ± 0.282
        Pre-Dinner Plasma Glucose (n=338,333)
    -0.47 ± 0.261
    -0.37 ± 0.26
        2 Hours After Dinner Plasma Glucose (n=331,327)
    -0.96 ± 0.298
    -1.17 ± 0.298
        Bedtime Plasma Glucose (n=324, 325)
    -0.88 ± 0.324
    -0.91 ± 0.326
    No statistical analyses for this end point

    Secondary: Change in Daily Basal Insulin Dose From Baseline to Month 6 Endpoint

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    End point title
    Change in Daily Basal Insulin Dose From Baseline to Month 6 Endpoint
    End point description
    mITT Population. Number of subjects analyzed = subjects with Baseline and Month 6 basal insulin dose assessment. Missing data imputed using last observation carried forward.
    End point type
    Secondary
    End point timeframe
    Baseline, Month 6
    End point values
    HOE901-U300 Lantus
    Number of subjects analysed
    403
    400
    Units: U/kg
        least squares mean (standard error)
    0.28 ± 0.017
    0.19 ± 0.017
    No statistical analyses for this end point

    Secondary: Change in Treatment Satisfaction Score Using The Diabetes Treatment Satisfaction Questionnaire (DTSQs) From Baseline to Month 6 Endpoint

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    End point title
    Change in Treatment Satisfaction Score Using The Diabetes Treatment Satisfaction Questionnaire (DTSQs) From Baseline to Month 6 Endpoint
    End point description
    DTSQ is a validated measure to assess how satisfied subjects with diabetes are with their treatment and how they perceive hyper- and hypoglycemia. It consists of 8 questions which are answered on a Likert scale from 0 to 6. DTSQ treatment satisfaction score is the sum of question 1 and 4-8 scores and ranges between 0 and 36, where higher scores indicate more treatment satisfaction. mITT Population. Number of subjects analyzed = subjects with Baseline and Month 6 DTSQ assessment. Missing data imputed using last observation carried forward.
    End point type
    Secondary
    End point timeframe
    Baseline, Month 6
    End point values
    HOE901-U300 Lantus
    Number of subjects analysed
    366
    363
    Units: units on a scale
        least squares mean (standard error)
    2.32 ± 0.31
    2.24 ± 0.313
    No statistical analyses for this end point

    Secondary: Percentage of Subjects With Hypoglycemia (All and Nocturnal) Events From Baseline up to Month 12

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    End point title
    Percentage of Subjects With Hypoglycemia (All and Nocturnal) Events From Baseline up to Month 12
    End point description
    Hypoglycaemia included: Severe (required assistance of another person to actively administer carbohydrate, glucagon, or other resuscitative actions); Documented symptomatic (typical symptoms of hypoglycaemia were accompanied by plasma glucose =<3.9 mmol/L); Asymptomatic (not accompanied by typical symptoms of hypoglycaemia but with plasma glucose =<3.9 mmol/L); Probable symptomatic (symptoms of hypoglycaemia were not accompanied by a plasma glucose determination, but was presumably caused by plasma glucose =<3.9 mmol/L); and Relative (subject reported any of the typical symptoms of hypoglycaemia, and interpreted the symptoms as indicative of hypoglycaemia, but with plasma glucose >3.9 mmol/L). Safety population: all subjects randomized and treated, regardless of amount of treatment administered. In event of subjects having received treatments different from those assigned according to the randomization schedule, safety analyses were conducted according to treatment received.
    End point type
    Secondary
    End point timeframe
    Up to Month 12
    End point values
    HOE901-U300 Lantus
    Number of subjects analysed
    404
    402
    Units: percentage of subjects
    number (not applicable)
        Any Hypoglycemia Event: All Hypoglycemia
    87.4
    92
        Severe Hypoglycemia: All Hypoglycemia
    6.7
    7.5
        Documented Symptomatic: All Hypoglycemia
    74.8
    82.8
        Asymptomatic: All Hypoglycemia
    70.5
    73.4
        Probable Symptomatic: All Hypoglycemia
    5.7
    8.5
        Relative: All Hypoglycemia
    15.8
    21.1
        Severe and/or Confirmed: All Hypoglycemia
    85.9
    91.5
        Any Hypoglycemia Event: Nocturnal Hypoglycemia
    55.4
    66.2
        Severe Hypoglycemia: Nocturnal
    2.5
    3.2
        Documented Symptomatic: Nocturnal Hypoglycemia
    44.6
    57.2
        Asymptomatic: Nocturnal Hypoglycemia
    29.2
    31.1
        Probable Symptomatic: Nocturnal Hypoglycemia
    2.2
    2.7
        Relative: Nocturnal Hypoglycemia
    5
    10
        Severe and/or Confirmed: Nocturnal Hypoglycemia
    54.5
    64.7
    No statistical analyses for this end point

    Other pre-specified: Change in HbA1c From Month 6 to Month 9

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    End point title
    Change in HbA1c From Month 6 to Month 9
    End point description
    Substudy comparing fixed dosing regimen (every 24 hours) vs. adaptive dosing regimen (every 24 +/- 3 hours) in a subset of subjects randomized to HOE901-U300 and treated for 6 months. mITT substudy population. Number of subjects analyzed = subjects with Month 6 and Month 9 HbA1c assessment. Analysis was planned to be performed for subjects enrolled in the substudy and who were receiving HOE901-U300 (Adaptable dosing intervals or Fixed dosing intervals).
    End point type
    Other pre-specified
    End point timeframe
    Month 6 Up to Month 9
    End point values
    HOE901-U300: Adaptable Dosing Intervals HOE901-U300: Fixed Dosing Intervals
    Number of subjects analysed
    55
    51
    Units: percentage of hemoglobin
        least squares mean (standard error)
    0.21 ± 0.111
    0.15 ± 0.12
    Statistical analysis title
    HOE901-U300: Adaptable vs Fixed Dosing
    Statistical analysis description
    Analysis was performed using Analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) model with treatment regimen and country as fixed effects and baseline HbA1c value as a covariate.
    Comparison groups
    HOE901-U300: Fixed Dosing Intervals v HOE901-U300: Adaptable Dosing Intervals
    Number of subjects included in analysis
    106
    Analysis specification
    Pre-specified
    Analysis type
    other
    Method
    Parameter type
    LS Mean Difference
    Point estimate
    0.05
    Confidence interval
         level
    95%
         sides
    2-sided
         lower limit
    -0.189
         upper limit
    0.298
    Variability estimate
    Standard error of the mean
    Dispersion value
    0.123

    Adverse events

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    Adverse events information
    Timeframe for reporting adverse events
    All Adverse Events (AE) were collected from signature of the informed consent form up to 12 months regardless of seriousness or relationship to investigational product.
    Adverse event reporting additional description
    Reported adverse events and deaths are treatment-emergent that is AEs that developed/worsened and death that occurred during on-treatment period (time from the first injection of study drug up to 2 days (1 day for FPG, SMPG; 0 day for insulin glargine dose) after the last injection of study drug). Analysis was done on safety population.
    Assessment type
    Systematic
    Dictionary used for adverse event reporting
    Dictionary name
    MedDRA
    Dictionary version
    16.1
    Reporting groups
    Reporting group title
    Lantus
    Reporting group description
    Lantus for 12 months on top of mealtime insulin analogue.

    Reporting group title
    HOE901-U300
    Reporting group description
    HOE901-U300 for 12 months on top of mealtime insulin analogue.

    Serious adverse events
    Lantus HOE901-U300
    Total subjects affected by serious adverse events
         subjects affected / exposed
    62 / 402 (15.42%)
    53 / 404 (13.12%)
         number of deaths (all causes)
    4
    0
         number of deaths resulting from adverse events
    Vascular disorders
    Accelerated Hypertension
         subjects affected / exposed
    1 / 402 (0.25%)
    0 / 404 (0.00%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 1
    0 / 0
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Aortic Stenosis
         subjects affected / exposed
    1 / 402 (0.25%)
    0 / 404 (0.00%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 1
    0 / 0
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Extremity Necrosis
         subjects affected / exposed
    1 / 402 (0.25%)
    0 / 404 (0.00%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 1
    0 / 0
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Intermittent Claudication
         subjects affected / exposed
    1 / 402 (0.25%)
    0 / 404 (0.00%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 1
    0 / 0
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Neoplasms benign, malignant and unspecified (incl cysts and polyps)
    B-Cell Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma
         subjects affected / exposed
    1 / 402 (0.25%)
    0 / 404 (0.00%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 1
    0 / 0
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Basal Cell Carcinoma
         subjects affected / exposed
    1 / 402 (0.25%)
    0 / 404 (0.00%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 1
    0 / 0
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Bladder Cancer
         subjects affected / exposed
    0 / 402 (0.00%)
    1 / 404 (0.25%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 1
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Breast Angiosarcoma
         subjects affected / exposed
    0 / 402 (0.00%)
    1 / 404 (0.25%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 1
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Breast Cancer
         subjects affected / exposed
    0 / 402 (0.00%)
    2 / 404 (0.50%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 2
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Chronic Myeloid Leukaemia
         subjects affected / exposed
    1 / 402 (0.25%)
    0 / 404 (0.00%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 1
    0 / 0
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Endometrial Cancer
         subjects affected / exposed
    1 / 402 (0.25%)
    1 / 404 (0.25%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 1
    0 / 1
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Hepatic Cancer
         subjects affected / exposed
    1 / 402 (0.25%)
    0 / 404 (0.00%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 1
    0 / 0
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Meningioma Benign
         subjects affected / exposed
    0 / 402 (0.00%)
    1 / 404 (0.25%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 1
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Metastatic Bronchial Carcinoma
         subjects affected / exposed
    0 / 402 (0.00%)
    1 / 404 (0.25%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 1
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 1
    Prostate Cancer
         subjects affected / exposed
    1 / 402 (0.25%)
    3 / 404 (0.74%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 1
    0 / 3
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Squamous Cell Carcinoma Of Skin
         subjects affected / exposed
    3 / 402 (0.75%)
    0 / 404 (0.00%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 3
    0 / 0
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Uterine Leiomyoma
         subjects affected / exposed
    0 / 402 (0.00%)
    1 / 404 (0.25%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 1
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Immune system disorders
    Anaphylactic Reaction
         subjects affected / exposed
    1 / 402 (0.25%)
    0 / 404 (0.00%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 1
    0 / 0
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    General disorders and administration site conditions
    Non-Cardiac Chest Pain
         subjects affected / exposed
    1 / 402 (0.25%)
    1 / 404 (0.25%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 1
    0 / 1
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Psychiatric disorders
    Depression
         subjects affected / exposed
    1 / 402 (0.25%)
    0 / 404 (0.00%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 1
    0 / 0
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 1
    0 / 0
    Reproductive system and breast disorders
    Metrorrhagia
         subjects affected / exposed
    0 / 402 (0.00%)
    1 / 404 (0.25%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 1
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Postmenopausal Haemorrhage
         subjects affected / exposed
    1 / 402 (0.25%)
    1 / 404 (0.25%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 1
    0 / 1
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Injury, poisoning and procedural complications
    Abdominal Wound Dehiscence
         subjects affected / exposed
    0 / 402 (0.00%)
    1 / 404 (0.25%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 1
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Airway Complication Of Anaesthesia
         subjects affected / exposed
    1 / 402 (0.25%)
    0 / 404 (0.00%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 1
    0 / 0
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Ankle Fracture
         subjects affected / exposed
    0 / 402 (0.00%)
    1 / 404 (0.25%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 1
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Concussion
         subjects affected / exposed
    1 / 402 (0.25%)
    0 / 404 (0.00%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 1
    0 / 0
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Fall
         subjects affected / exposed
    1 / 402 (0.25%)
    1 / 404 (0.25%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 1
    0 / 1
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Femoral Neck Fracture
         subjects affected / exposed
    0 / 402 (0.00%)
    1 / 404 (0.25%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 1
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Head Injury
         subjects affected / exposed
    1 / 402 (0.25%)
    0 / 404 (0.00%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 1
    0 / 0
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Humerus Fracture
         subjects affected / exposed
    0 / 402 (0.00%)
    1 / 404 (0.25%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 1
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Meniscus Injury
         subjects affected / exposed
    0 / 402 (0.00%)
    1 / 404 (0.25%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 1
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Procedural Pain
         subjects affected / exposed
    0 / 402 (0.00%)
    2 / 404 (0.50%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 2
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Subdural Haematoma
         subjects affected / exposed
    1 / 402 (0.25%)
    0 / 404 (0.00%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 1
    0 / 0
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Tendon Rupture
         subjects affected / exposed
    1 / 402 (0.25%)
    0 / 404 (0.00%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 1
    0 / 0
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Toxicity To Various Agents
         subjects affected / exposed
    1 / 402 (0.25%)
    0 / 404 (0.00%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 1
    0 / 0
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 1
    0 / 0
    Cardiac disorders
    Acute Coronary Syndrome
         subjects affected / exposed
    0 / 402 (0.00%)
    1 / 404 (0.25%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 1
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Angina Pectoris
         subjects affected / exposed
    2 / 402 (0.50%)
    0 / 404 (0.00%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 2
    0 / 0
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Angina Unstable
         subjects affected / exposed
    1 / 402 (0.25%)
    0 / 404 (0.00%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 1
    0 / 0
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Aortic Valve Stenosis
         subjects affected / exposed
    1 / 402 (0.25%)
    0 / 404 (0.00%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 1
    0 / 0
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Atrial Fibrillation
         subjects affected / exposed
    3 / 402 (0.75%)
    2 / 404 (0.50%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 3
    0 / 2
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Bundle Branch Block Left
         subjects affected / exposed
    1 / 402 (0.25%)
    0 / 404 (0.00%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 1
    0 / 0
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Cardiac Failure
         subjects affected / exposed
    1 / 402 (0.25%)
    1 / 404 (0.25%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 1
    0 / 1
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Cardiac Failure Chronic
         subjects affected / exposed
    1 / 402 (0.25%)
    0 / 404 (0.00%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 1
    0 / 0
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 1
    0 / 0
    Cardiac Failure Congestive
         subjects affected / exposed
    1 / 402 (0.25%)
    1 / 404 (0.25%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 1
    0 / 1
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Cardio-Respiratory Arrest
         subjects affected / exposed
    1 / 402 (0.25%)
    0 / 404 (0.00%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 1
    0 / 0
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 1
    0 / 0
    Coronary Artery Disease
         subjects affected / exposed
    1 / 402 (0.25%)
    3 / 404 (0.74%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 1
    0 / 3
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Myocardial Infarction
         subjects affected / exposed
    1 / 402 (0.25%)
    1 / 404 (0.25%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 1
    0 / 1
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 1
    0 / 0
    Myocardial Ischaemia
         subjects affected / exposed
    1 / 402 (0.25%)
    1 / 404 (0.25%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 1
    0 / 1
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Palpitations
         subjects affected / exposed
    0 / 402 (0.00%)
    1 / 404 (0.25%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 1
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Pulseless Electrical Activity
         subjects affected / exposed
    1 / 402 (0.25%)
    0 / 404 (0.00%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 1
    0 / 0
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Ventricular Tachycardia
         subjects affected / exposed
    0 / 402 (0.00%)
    1 / 404 (0.25%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 1
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disorders
    Asthma
         subjects affected / exposed
    1 / 402 (0.25%)
    1 / 404 (0.25%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 1
    0 / 1
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Dyspnoea Exertional
         subjects affected / exposed
    0 / 402 (0.00%)
    1 / 404 (0.25%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 1
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis
         subjects affected / exposed
    1 / 402 (0.25%)
    0 / 404 (0.00%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 1
    0 / 0
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Pulmonary Embolism
         subjects affected / exposed
    0 / 402 (0.00%)
    1 / 404 (0.25%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 1
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Blood and lymphatic system disorders
    Anaemia
         subjects affected / exposed
    0 / 402 (0.00%)
    1 / 404 (0.25%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 1
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Nervous system disorders
    Altered State Of Consciousness
         subjects affected / exposed
    1 / 402 (0.25%)
    0 / 404 (0.00%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 1
    0 / 0
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Cerebral Infarction
         subjects affected / exposed
    0 / 402 (0.00%)
    1 / 404 (0.25%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 1
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Cerebrovascular Accident
         subjects affected / exposed
    1 / 402 (0.25%)
    0 / 404 (0.00%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 1
    0 / 0
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Cervicobrachial Syndrome
         subjects affected / exposed
    1 / 402 (0.25%)
    0 / 404 (0.00%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 1
    0 / 0
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Guillain-Barre Syndrome
         subjects affected / exposed
    1 / 402 (0.25%)
    0 / 404 (0.00%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 1
    0 / 0
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Hypoglycaemic Unconsciousness
         subjects affected / exposed
    0 / 402 (0.00%)
    2 / 404 (0.50%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    1 / 2
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Syncope
         subjects affected / exposed
    1 / 402 (0.25%)
    0 / 404 (0.00%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 1
    0 / 0
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Transient Ischaemic Attack
         subjects affected / exposed
    1 / 402 (0.25%)
    1 / 404 (0.25%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 1
    0 / 1
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Ear and labyrinth disorders
    Vertigo
         subjects affected / exposed
    1 / 402 (0.25%)
    0 / 404 (0.00%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 1
    0 / 0
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Gastrointestinal disorders
    Diverticulitis Intestinal Haemorrhagic
         subjects affected / exposed
    1 / 402 (0.25%)
    0 / 404 (0.00%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 1
    0 / 0
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Ileus
         subjects affected / exposed
    1 / 402 (0.25%)
    1 / 404 (0.25%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 1
    0 / 1
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Renal and urinary disorders
    Diabetic Nephropathy
         subjects affected / exposed
    1 / 402 (0.25%)
    0 / 404 (0.00%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 1
    0 / 0
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 1
    0 / 0
    Nephrolithiasis
         subjects affected / exposed
    1 / 402 (0.25%)
    0 / 404 (0.00%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 1
    0 / 0
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Renal Failure Acute
         subjects affected / exposed
    1 / 402 (0.25%)
    1 / 404 (0.25%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 1
    0 / 1
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Renal Failure Chronic
         subjects affected / exposed
    3 / 402 (0.75%)
    0 / 404 (0.00%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 3
    0 / 0
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 1
    0 / 0
    Urinary Bladder Polyp
         subjects affected / exposed
    0 / 402 (0.00%)
    1 / 404 (0.25%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 1
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Hepatobiliary disorders
    Bile Duct Stone
         subjects affected / exposed
    0 / 402 (0.00%)
    1 / 404 (0.25%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 1
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Cholecystitis Acute
         subjects affected / exposed
    1 / 402 (0.25%)
    0 / 404 (0.00%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 1
    0 / 0
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Cholelithiasis
         subjects affected / exposed
    1 / 402 (0.25%)
    0 / 404 (0.00%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 1
    0 / 0
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders
    Diabetic Foot
         subjects affected / exposed
    1 / 402 (0.25%)
    1 / 404 (0.25%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 1
    0 / 1
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Skin Ulcer Haemorrhage
         subjects affected / exposed
    1 / 402 (0.25%)
    0 / 404 (0.00%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 1
    0 / 0
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders
    Arthralgia
         subjects affected / exposed
    1 / 402 (0.25%)
    0 / 404 (0.00%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 1
    0 / 0
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Arthritis
         subjects affected / exposed
    0 / 402 (0.00%)
    1 / 404 (0.25%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 1
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Musculoskeletal Chest Pain
         subjects affected / exposed
    1 / 402 (0.25%)
    0 / 404 (0.00%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 1
    0 / 0
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Osteoarthritis
         subjects affected / exposed
    1 / 402 (0.25%)
    1 / 404 (0.25%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 1
    0 / 1
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Pain In Extremity
         subjects affected / exposed
    0 / 402 (0.00%)
    1 / 404 (0.25%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 1
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Rhabdomyolysis
         subjects affected / exposed
    0 / 402 (0.00%)
    2 / 404 (0.50%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 2
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Spondylitis
         subjects affected / exposed
    1 / 402 (0.25%)
    1 / 404 (0.25%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 1
    0 / 1
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Synovial Cyst
         subjects affected / exposed
    1 / 402 (0.25%)
    1 / 404 (0.25%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 1
    0 / 1
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Metabolism and nutrition disorders
    Diabetes Mellitus Inadequate Control
         subjects affected / exposed
    1 / 402 (0.25%)
    0 / 404 (0.00%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 1
    0 / 0
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 1
    0 / 0
    Hyperkalaemia
         subjects affected / exposed
    1 / 402 (0.25%)
    0 / 404 (0.00%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 1
    0 / 0
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Hypoglycaemia
         subjects affected / exposed
    2 / 402 (0.50%)
    1 / 404 (0.25%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    1 / 2
    0 / 1
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Lactose Intolerance
         subjects affected / exposed
    1 / 402 (0.25%)
    0 / 404 (0.00%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 1
    0 / 0
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Infections and infestations
    Bronchitis
         subjects affected / exposed
    0 / 402 (0.00%)
    2 / 404 (0.50%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 2
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Bronchopneumonia
         subjects affected / exposed
    0 / 402 (0.00%)
    2 / 404 (0.50%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 2
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 1
    Cellulitis
         subjects affected / exposed
    1 / 402 (0.25%)
    3 / 404 (0.74%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 1
    0 / 3
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Diverticulitis
         subjects affected / exposed
    1 / 402 (0.25%)
    0 / 404 (0.00%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 1
    0 / 0
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Endocarditis
         subjects affected / exposed
    0 / 402 (0.00%)
    1 / 404 (0.25%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 1
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Erysipelas
         subjects affected / exposed
    1 / 402 (0.25%)
    1 / 404 (0.25%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 1
    0 / 1
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Gastroenteritis
         subjects affected / exposed
    2 / 402 (0.50%)
    0 / 404 (0.00%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 2
    0 / 0
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Groin Abscess
         subjects affected / exposed
    0 / 402 (0.00%)
    1 / 404 (0.25%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 1
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Infected Skin Ulcer
         subjects affected / exposed
    0 / 402 (0.00%)
    1 / 404 (0.25%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 1
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Lyme Disease
         subjects affected / exposed
    1 / 402 (0.25%)
    0 / 404 (0.00%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 1
    0 / 0
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Osteomyelitis
         subjects affected / exposed
    2 / 402 (0.50%)
    3 / 404 (0.74%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 2
    0 / 4
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Pneumonia
         subjects affected / exposed
    3 / 402 (0.75%)
    0 / 404 (0.00%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 3
    0 / 0
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Pneumonia Mycoplasmal
         subjects affected / exposed
    1 / 402 (0.25%)
    0 / 404 (0.00%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 1
    0 / 0
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Postoperative Wound Infection
         subjects affected / exposed
    0 / 402 (0.00%)
    1 / 404 (0.25%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 1
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Pyelonephritis
         subjects affected / exposed
    1 / 402 (0.25%)
    0 / 404 (0.00%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 1
    0 / 0
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Pyelonephritis Acute
         subjects affected / exposed
    1 / 402 (0.25%)
    0 / 404 (0.00%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 1
    0 / 0
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Sepsis
         subjects affected / exposed
    1 / 402 (0.25%)
    1 / 404 (0.25%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 1
    0 / 1
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Septic Embolus
         subjects affected / exposed
    0 / 402 (0.00%)
    1 / 404 (0.25%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 1
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Tracheobronchitis
         subjects affected / exposed
    1 / 402 (0.25%)
    0 / 404 (0.00%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 1
    0 / 0
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Frequency threshold for reporting non-serious adverse events: 5%
    Non-serious adverse events
    Lantus HOE901-U300
    Total subjects affected by non serious adverse events
         subjects affected / exposed
    132 / 402 (32.84%)
    131 / 404 (32.43%)
    Gastrointestinal disorders
    Diarrhoea
         subjects affected / exposed
    21 / 402 (5.22%)
    22 / 404 (5.45%)
         occurrences all number
    26
    25
    Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders
    Arthralgia
         subjects affected / exposed
    21 / 402 (5.22%)
    13 / 404 (3.22%)
         occurrences all number
    24
    14
    Infections and infestations
    Bronchitis
         subjects affected / exposed
    30 / 402 (7.46%)
    23 / 404 (5.69%)
         occurrences all number
    37
    24
    Influenza
         subjects affected / exposed
    18 / 402 (4.48%)
    22 / 404 (5.45%)
         occurrences all number
    20
    23
    Nasopharyngitis
         subjects affected / exposed
    36 / 402 (8.96%)
    34 / 404 (8.42%)
         occurrences all number
    42
    43
    Sinusitis
         subjects affected / exposed
    15 / 402 (3.73%)
    21 / 404 (5.20%)
         occurrences all number
    18
    26
    Upper Respiratory Tract Infection
         subjects affected / exposed
    34 / 402 (8.46%)
    38 / 404 (9.41%)
         occurrences all number
    43
    51

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    Substantial protocol amendments (globally)

    Were there any global substantial amendments to the protocol? Yes
    Date
    Amendment
    05 Dec 2011
    - Change of the definition of "nocturnal hypoglycemia" for the analysis of the first main secondary endpoint in order to exclude self-reported non-severe hypoglycemia episodes that were not confirmed by plasma glucose data. - Further clarification in dosing instructions for the mealtime insulin. - Replacement of the e-diary by a paper diary. - Clarification to "Secondary objectives" - "treatment satisfaction" was assessed and not "quality of life". - Minor corrections in study Flowchart. - Criterion of half-life of the prior investigational product added. - Harmonize the visit periods across the protocol. - Updated the definition of the safety endpoint of the local tolerability. - Explicit instruction that phone visits were to be conducted by the Investigator or qualified designee. However, the Investigator had to be consulted always when an adverse event was suspected.
    11 Jul 2012
    - Change to the definition of "nocturnal hypoglycemia" for the analysis of the first main secondary endpoint by applying a tighter time window for nocturnal hypoglycemia. - Change to visits number by addition of two phone visits during the 6-month safety extension period. - Change to the scope of data recorded into the e-CRF upon phone call visits. - Change to the reasons justifying prolongation of the screening period of one additional week. - Change to the reasons justifying re-screening. - Change to the requirements concerning return of unused investigational medicinal product (IMP) at on-site visits where IMP dispensation was scheduled, clarification on drug accountability and compliance. - Clarification of inconsistency in instructions for subject's position during blood pressure and heart rate measurements. - Explanation that for calculation of the IMP starting dose, median value of last 3 fasting self-monitored plasma glucose (SMPG) prior to the baseline visit were also be taken into account. - Clarification to safety endpoints. - Addition of symptomatic overdose with non-investigational medicinal product (NIMP) to adverse event of special interest (AESI) with immediate notification. - Clarification regarding potential change of fast-acting mealtime insulin analog. - Change to the timelines for reporting of serious adverse events (SAEs) by the Investigator.
    02 Aug 2012
    - Protocol for a substudy to compare the efficacy and safety of HOE901-U300 injected once daily every 24 hours and HOE901-U300 injected once daily at intervals of 24±3 hours in subjects randomized and treated with HOE901-U300 during the 6-month on-treatment period (starting at baseline and ending Month 6).
    21 Mar 2013
    - Addition of an independent review of all hypoglycemia events reported by the Investigator as severe and/or reported as SAEs by a Severe Hypoglycemia Review Board (SHRB) blinded to treatment arm.
    25 Apr 2013
    - Change to study periods - a 4-week follow-up period was added in order to gain data about the switch from HOE901-U300 to a marketed basal insulin.

    Interruptions (globally)

    Were there any global interruptions to the trial? No

    Limitations and caveats

    Limitations of the trial such as small numbers of subjects analysed or technical problems leading to unreliable data.
    None reported
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