Flag of the European Union EU Clinical Trials Register Help

Clinical trials

The European Union Clinical Trials Register allows you to search for protocol and results information on:
  • interventional clinical trials that are conducted in the European Union (EU) and the European Economic Area (EEA);
  • clinical trials conducted outside the EU / EEA that are linked to European paediatric-medicine development.
  • Learn   more about the EU Clinical Trials Register   including the source of the information and the legal basis.

    The EU Clinical Trials Register currently displays   42869   clinical trials with a EudraCT protocol, of which   7063   are clinical trials conducted with subjects less than 18 years old.
    The register also displays information on   18700   older paediatric trials (in scope of Article 45 of the Paediatric Regulation (EC) No 1901/2006).

    Phase 1 trials conducted solely in adults and that are not part of an agreed PIP are not public in the EU CTR (refer to European Guidance 2008/C 168/02   Art. 3 par. 2 and   Commission Guideline 2012/C 302/03,   Art. 5) .

    Clinical Trials marked as "Trial now transitioned" were transitioned to the Clinical Trial Regulation 536/2014 and can be further followed in the Clinical Trial Information System  
    Examples: Cancer AND drug name. Pneumonia AND sponsor name.
    How to search [pdf]
    Search Tips: Under advanced search you can use filters for Country, Age Group, Gender, Trial Phase, Trial Status, Date Range, Rare Diseases and Orphan Designation. For these items you should use the filters and not add them to your search terms in the text field.
    Advanced Search: Search tools

    < Back to search results

    Print Download

    EudraCT Number:2011-001977-13
    Sponsor's Protocol Code Number:020221
    National Competent Authority:UK - MHRA
    Clinical Trial Type:EEA CTA
    Trial Status:GB - no longer in EU/EEA
    Date on which this record was first entered in the EudraCT database:2012-07-09
    Trial results
    Expand All   Collapse All
    A. Protocol Information
    A.1Member State ConcernedUK - MHRA
    A.2EudraCT number2011-001977-13
    A.3Full title of the trial
    A Phase III clinical trial evaluating DCVax®-L, autologous dendritic cells (DC) pulsed with tumor lysate antigen for the treatment of glioblastoma multiforme (GBM)
    A.3.1Title of the trial for lay people, in easily understood, i.e. non-technical, language
    A Clinical Trial Evaluating DCVax®-L, Self-Derived Dendritic Cells Mixed with Tumor Proteins for the Treatment of Glioblastoma, a Type of Brain cancer
    A.3.2Name or abbreviated title of the trial where available
    DCVax®-L for GBM
    A.4.1Sponsor's protocol code number020221
    A.5.2US NCT (ClinicalTrials.gov registry) numberNCT00045968
    A.7Trial is part of a Paediatric Investigation Plan No
    A.8EMA Decision number of Paediatric Investigation Plan
    B. Sponsor Information
    B.Sponsor: 1
    B.1.1Name of SponsorNorthwest Biotherapeutics Inc
    B.1.3.4CountryUnited States
    B.3.1 and B.3.2Status of the sponsorCommercial
    B.4 Source(s) of Monetary or Material Support for the clinical trial:
    B.4.1Name of organisation providing supportNorthwest Biotherapeutics Inc
    B.4.2CountryUnited States
    B.5 Contact point designated by the sponsor for further information on the trial
    B.5.1Name of organisationNorthwest Biotherapeutics BV
    B.5.2Functional name of contact pointMarnix Bosch
    B.5.3 Address:
    B.5.3.1Street AddressKingsforden 151
    B.5.3.2Town/ cityAmsterdam
    B.5.3.3Post code1043GR
    B.5.4Telephone number+31638667526
    B.5.5Fax number+31206120203
    D. IMP Identification
    D.IMP: 1
    D.1.2 and D.1.3IMP RoleTest
    D.2 Status of the IMP to be used in the clinical trial
    D.2.1IMP to be used in the trial has a marketing authorisation No
    D.2.5The IMP has been designated in this indication as an orphan drug in the Community Yes
    D.2.5.1Orphan drug designation numberEU/3/07/431
    D.3 Description of the IMP
    D.3.1Product nameDCVax®-L
    D.3.4Pharmaceutical form Suspension for injection
    D.3.4.1Specific paediatric formulation No
    D.3.7Routes of administration for this IMPIntradermal use
    D.3.8 to D.3.10 IMP Identification Details (Active Substances)
    D.3.8INN - Proposed INNCanpuldencel-T
    D.3.9.2Current sponsor codeDCVax-L
    D.3.9.3Other descriptive nameTumor lysate loaded DC
    D.3.10 Strength
    D.3.10.1Concentration unit Other
    D.3.10.2Concentration typeequal
    D.3.10.3Concentration number1250000
    D.3.11 The IMP contains an:
    D.3.11.1Active substance of chemical origin No
    D.3.11.2Active substance of biological/ biotechnological origin (other than Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) Yes
    The IMP is a:
    D.3.11.3Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) Yes
    D. cell therapy medicinal product Yes
    D. therapy medical product No
    D. Engineered Product No
    D. ATIMP (i.e. one involving a medical device) No
    D. on Advanced therapies (CAT) has issued a classification for this product No
    D.3.11.4Combination product that includes a device, but does not involve an Advanced Therapy No
    D.3.11.5Radiopharmaceutical medicinal product No
    D.3.11.6Immunological medicinal product (such as vaccine, allergen, immune serum) No
    D.3.11.7Plasma derived medicinal product No
    D.3.11.8Extractive medicinal product No
    D.3.11.9Recombinant medicinal product No
    D.3.11.10Medicinal product containing genetically modified organisms No
    D.3.11.11Herbal medicinal product No
    D.3.11.12Homeopathic medicinal product No
    D.3.11.13Another type of medicinal product No
    D.8 Information on Placebo
    D.8 Placebo: 1
    D.8.1Is a Placebo used in this Trial?Yes
    D.8.3Pharmaceutical form of the placeboSuspension for injection
    D.8.4Route of administration of the placeboIntradermal use
    E. General Information on the Trial
    E.1 Medical condition or disease under investigation
    E.1.1Medical condition(s) being investigated
    Glioblastoma Multiforme
    E.1.1.1Medical condition in easily understood language
    Brain cancer
    E.1.1.2Therapeutic area Diseases [C] - Cancer [C04]
    MedDRA Classification
    E.1.2 Medical condition or disease under investigation
    E.1.2Version 20.0
    E.1.2Level PT
    E.1.2Classification code 10018337
    E.1.2Term Glioblastoma multiforme
    E.1.2System Organ Class 10029104 - Neoplasms benign, malignant and unspecified (incl cysts and polyps)
    E.1.3Condition being studied is a rare disease Yes
    E.2 Objective of the trial
    E.2.1Main objective of the trial
    The primary objective of this study is to compare overall survival (OS) between patients randomized to DCVax-L and control patients from comparable, contemporaneous trials who received standard of care therapy only, in patients with newly diagnosed glioblastoma. This endpoint will be assessed using 3 different analyses
    E.2.2Secondary objectives of the trial
    The first secondary objective is to compare overall survival (OS) between patients randomized to placebo who received DCVax-L treatment following disease recurrence and control patients from
    comparable, contemporaneous clinical trials, in patients with recurrent GBM.
    E.2.3Trial contains a sub-study No
    E.3Principal inclusion criteria
    Determined at pre-screening
    • Patients ≥18 and ≤70 years of age at surgery
    • Patients must be able to understand and sign the informed consent. The consent for tumor donation may be signed by a legally authorized representative (LAR) if allowed by the institution.
    • Patients must have a life expectancy of ≥8 weeks determined at or around surgery, and prior to pre-leukapheresis
    • Primary therapy must consist of surgical resection with the intent for a gross or near gross total resection of the contrast-enhancing tumor mass as confirmed by central review, followed by external beam radiation therapy and concurrent temozolomide chemotherapy.
    • Patients with newly diagnosed, unilateral GBM (Grade IV) without metastases are eligible for this protocol.
    • All Patients must have sufficient tumor lysate protein that was generated from the surgically obtained tumor material.

    Determined at pre-leukapheresis
    • Patients must have adequate bone marrow function (
    • Adequate liver function

    Determined at baseline (or baseline2 for pseudoprogression patients)
    • Patients must have a KPS rating of ≥70 at the Baseline Visit (Visit 5)
    • Patients may have received steroid therapy as part of their primary
    treatment. Steroid treatment must preferably be stopped; or if continued steroid use is clinically indicated, be tapered down to 2-4 mg dexamethasone qd at least 7 days prior to the first immunization.
    • Patients must be willing to forego cytotoxic anti-tumor therapies except temozolomide while being treated with study drug.
    • A minimum of 5 immunizations must be available for treatment as determined by the contracted manufacturer.
    E.4Principal exclusion criteria
    Determined at pre-screening
    • History of prior malignancy except for adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer or in situ cervical cancer or other cancers that were deemed fully resolved 5 or more years prior to Visit 1 (surgery) of
    the study.
    • History of immunodeficiency disease or unresolved autoimmune disease
    • Known HIV-1,2, HTLV-1,2 or Hepatitis B, C infection
    • Pregnancy
    • Inability to obtain informed consent because of psychiatric or complicating medical problems.
    • Any known genetic cancer-susceptibility syndromes.

    Determined at or around surgery
    • Bilateral or metastatic disease detected at diagnosis, during surgery or at post-surgical magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Tumors may cross into, but not beyond the corpus callosum.
    • Post operative MRI scan evidence of biopsy only without significant tumor resection.
    • Implantation of Gliadel® wafers (polifeprosan 20 with carmustine implant) at surgery.
    • Positive test(s) for infectious agents (HIV 1 and 2, Anti-HIV-1,2, Hepatitis B, HBsAg, Anti HBc, Hepatitis C, Anti-HCV-Ab, Syphilis) that would preclude eligibility for tumor procurement and processing per manufacturing guidelines.

    Determined at pre-leukapheresis
    • Positive HIV-1, HIV-2, HTLV-1, 2, hepatitis B surface antigen, or hepatitis C antibody.
    • Patients with organ allografts.
    • Allergies to reagents used in this study.
    • Patients who are unable to stop or taper steroid treatment to less than 8mg of dexamethasone qd prior to leukapheresis
    • Inability or unwillingness to return for required visits and follow-up exams.
    • Any previous cytotoxic drug therapies for the current disease. *note, cytotoxic therapy received for previous malignancies (resolved greater than 5 years prior) is not excluded

    Determined at or prior to baseline
    • Patients who have evidence of disease progression (including possible pseudoprogression) as determined by central review are not eligible for the study
    • Patients taking medications that might affect immune function and that have documented anti-tumor activity.
    • Acute infection: any active viral, bacterial, or fungal infection that requires specific therapy. Antibiotic therapy must be completed at least 7 days prior to the first immunization.
    • Active uncontrolled infection e.g. a sexually transmitted disease (STD), herpes, uncontrolled tuberculosis, malaria, etc.
    • Fever ≥101.5oF. If considered possibly transient, retesting is allowed.
    • Unstable or severe intercurrent medical conditions e.g., unstable angina, uncontrolled arrhythmias, Crohn's Disease, ulcerative colitis etc.
    • Females of child-bearing potential who are pregnant or lactating or
    who are not using adequate contraception.
    E.5 End points
    E.5.1Primary end point(s)
    The primary endpoint of this study is overall survival (OS) compared between patients randomized to DCVax-L and control patients from comparable, contemporaneous trials who received standard of care therapy only, in patients with newly diagnosed glioblastoma.
    E.5.1.1Timepoint(s) of evaluation of this end point
    October 2020
    E.5.2Secondary end point(s)
    The first secondary endpoint is overall survival (OS) compared between patients randomized to placebo who received DCVax-L treatment following disease recurrence, and control patients from comparable, contemporaneous clinical trials, in patients with recurrent GBM.

    The second secondary endpoint, confirmed progression-free survival (cPFS), is confirmed disease progression (cPD) compared between subjects randomized to DCVax®-L and those randomized to Placebo within Study 020221.

    The third secondary endpoint, PFS, is progression-free survival compared between subjects randomized to DCVax®-L and those randomized to Placebo within Study 020221.

    The fourth secondary objective, OS, is overall survival compared between subjects randomized to DCVax®-L and those randomized to Placebo within Study 020221.

    The fifth secondary objective is tumor response compared between subjects randomized to DCVax®-L and those randomized to Placebo within Study 020221.
    E.5.2.1Timepoint(s) of evaluation of this end point
    October 2020
    E.6 and E.7 Scope of the trial
    E.6Scope of the trial
    E.6.1Diagnosis No
    E.6.2Prophylaxis No
    E.6.3Therapy Yes
    E.6.4Safety Yes
    E.6.5Efficacy Yes
    E.6.6Pharmacokinetic No
    E.6.7Pharmacodynamic No
    E.6.8Bioequivalence No
    E.6.9Dose response No
    E.6.10Pharmacogenetic No
    E.6.11Pharmacogenomic No
    E.6.12Pharmacoeconomic No
    E.6.13Others No
    E.7Trial type and phase
    E.7.1Human pharmacology (Phase I) No
    E.7.1.1First administration to humans No
    E.7.1.2Bioequivalence study No
    E.7.1.3Other No
    E. trial type description
    E.7.2Therapeutic exploratory (Phase II) No
    E.7.3Therapeutic confirmatory (Phase III) Yes
    E.7.4Therapeutic use (Phase IV) No
    E.8 Design of the trial
    E.8.1Controlled Yes
    E.8.1.1Randomised Yes
    E.8.1.2Open No
    E.8.1.3Single blind No
    E.8.1.4Double blind Yes
    E.8.1.5Parallel group Yes
    E.8.1.6Cross over Yes
    E.8.1.7Other No
    E.8.2 Comparator of controlled trial
    E.8.2.1Other medicinal product(s) No
    E.8.2.2Placebo Yes
    E.8.2.3Other No
    E.8.2.4Number of treatment arms in the trial2
    E.8.3 The trial involves single site in the Member State concerned No
    E.8.4 The trial involves multiple sites in the Member State concerned Yes
    E.8.4.1Number of sites anticipated in Member State concerned3
    E.8.5The trial involves multiple Member States Yes
    E.8.5.1Number of sites anticipated in the EEA25
    E.8.6 Trial involving sites outside the EEA
    E.8.6.1Trial being conducted both within and outside the EEA Yes
    E.8.6.2Trial being conducted completely outside of the EEA No
    E.8.6.3If E.8.6.1 or E.8.6.2 are Yes, specify the regions in which trial sites are planned
    United Kingdom
    United States
    E.8.7Trial has a data monitoring committee Yes
    E.8.8 Definition of the end of the trial and justification where it is not the last visit of the last subject undergoing the trial
    E.8.9 Initial estimate of the duration of the trial
    E.8.9.1In the Member State concerned years3
    E.8.9.1In the Member State concerned months0
    E.8.9.1In the Member State concerned days0
    E.8.9.2In all countries concerned by the trial years6
    E.8.9.2In all countries concerned by the trial months0
    E.8.9.2In all countries concerned by the trial days0
    F. Population of Trial Subjects
    F.1 Age Range
    F.1.1Trial has subjects under 18 No
    F.1.1.1In Utero No
    F.1.1.2Preterm newborn infants (up to gestational age < 37 weeks) No
    F.1.1.3Newborns (0-27 days) No
    F.1.1.4Infants and toddlers (28 days-23 months) No
    F.1.1.5Children (2-11years) No
    F.1.1.6Adolescents (12-17 years) No
    F.1.2Adults (18-64 years) Yes
    F.1.2.1Number of subjects for this age range: 288
    F.1.3Elderly (>=65 years) Yes
    F.1.3.1Number of subjects for this age range: 60
    F.2 Gender
    F.2.1Female Yes
    F.2.2Male Yes
    F.3 Group of trial subjects
    F.3.1Healthy volunteers No
    F.3.2Patients Yes
    F.3.3Specific vulnerable populations No
    F.3.3.1Women of childbearing potential not using contraception No
    F.3.3.2Women of child-bearing potential using contraception Information not present in EudraCT
    F.3.3.3Pregnant women No
    F.3.3.4Nursing women No
    F.3.3.5Emergency situation Information not present in EudraCT
    F.3.3.6Subjects incapable of giving consent personally No
    F.3.3.7Others No
    F.4 Planned number of subjects to be included
    F.4.1In the member state24
    F.4.2 For a multinational trial
    F.4.2.1In the EEA 132
    F.4.2.2In the whole clinical trial 348
    F.5 Plans for treatment or care after the subject has ended the participation in the trial (if it is different from the expected normal treatment of that condition)
    Patients will be treated by their physicians according to the current standard of care.
    G. Investigator Networks to be involved in the Trial
    N. Review by the Competent Authority or Ethics Committee in the country concerned
    N.Competent Authority Decision Authorised
    N.Date of Competent Authority Decision2012-08-01
    N.Ethics Committee Opinion of the trial applicationFavourable
    N.Ethics Committee Opinion: Reason(s) for unfavourable opinion
    N.Date of Ethics Committee Opinion2011-10-05
    P. End of Trial
    P.End of Trial StatusGB - no longer in EU/EEA
    For support, visit the EMA Service Desk , log in using your EMA account and open a ticket specifying "EU CTR" in your request.
    If you do not have an account, please visit the EMA Account management page page click on "Create an EMA account" and follow the instructions.
    The status of studies in GB is no longer updated from 1.1.2021
    For the UK, as from 1.1.2021, EU Law applies only to the territory of Northern Ireland (NI) to the extent foreseen in the Protocol on Ireland/NI
    EU Clinical Trials Register Service Desk: https://servicedesk.ema.europa.eu
    European Medicines Agency © 1995-2022 | Domenico Scarlattilaan 6, 1083 HS Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Legal notice