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    Summary
    EudraCT Number:2011-003695-36
    Sponsor's Protocol Code Number:
    National Competent Authority:UK - MHRA
    Clinical Trial Type:EEA CTA
    Trial Status:Completed
    Date on which this record was first entered in the EudraCT database:2012-07-19
    Trial results
    Index
    A. PROTOCOL INFORMATION
    B. SPONSOR INFORMATION
    C. APPLICANT IDENTIFICATION
    D. IMP IDENTIFICATION
    D.8 INFORMATION ON PLACEBO
    E. GENERAL INFORMATION ON THE TRIAL
    F. POPULATION OF TRIAL SUBJECTS
    G. INVESTIGATOR NETWORKS TO BE INVOLVED IN THE TRIAL
    N. REVIEW BY THE COMPETENT AUTHORITY OR ETHICS COMMITTEE IN THE COUNTRY CONCERNED
    P. END OF TRIAL
    Expand All   Collapse All
    A. Protocol Information
    A.1Member State ConcernedUK - MHRA
    A.2EudraCT number2011-003695-36
    A.3Full title of the trial
    Is intravenous iron and darbepoetin more effective than oral iron in reducing blood transfusion requirements for patients undergoing cardiac surgery
    A.3.1Title of the trial for lay people, in easily understood, i.e. non-technical, language
    Treatment of a low blood count before heart surgery comparing iron supplements taken by mouth and the combination of iron given by intravenous drip and a drug to increase the blood count
    A.3.2Name or abbreviated title of the trial where available
    Preoperative treatment of a low haemoglobin in cardiac surgery
    A.4.1Sponsor's protocol code number
    A.7Trial is part of a Paediatric Investigation Plan No
    A.8EMA Decision number of Paediatric Investigation Plan
    B. Sponsor Information
    B.Sponsor: 1
    B.1.1Name of SponsorBrighton & Sussex University Hospitals NHS Trust
    B.1.3.4CountryUnited Kingdom
    B.3.1 and B.3.2Status of the sponsorNon-Commercial
    B.4 Source(s) of Monetary or Material Support for the clinical trial:
    B.4.1Name of organisation providing supportRoyal College of Surgeons of England
    B.4.2CountryUnited Kingdom
    B.4.1Name of organisation providing supportSussex Heart Charity
    B.4.2CountryUnited Kingdom
    B.4.1Name of organisation providing supportPharmacosmos A/S
    B.4.2CountryDenmark
    B.5 Contact point designated by the sponsor for further information on the trial
    B.5.1Name of organisation
    B.5.2Functional name of contact point
    D. IMP Identification
    D.IMP: 1
    D.1.2 and D.1.3IMP RoleComparator
    D.2 Status of the IMP to be used in the clinical trial
    D.2.1IMP to be used in the trial has a marketing authorisation Information not present in EudraCT
    D.2.1.1.1Trade name Ferrous sulphate
    D.2.5The IMP has been designated in this indication as an orphan drug in the Community No
    D.2.5.1Orphan drug designation number
    D.3 Description of the IMP
    D.3.1Product nameFerrous sulphate
    D.3.2Product code Ferrous sulphate
    D.3.4Pharmaceutical form Tablet
    D.3.4.1Specific paediatric formulation No
    D.3.7Routes of administration for this IMPOral use
    D.3.8 to D.3.10 IMP Identification Details (Active Substances)
    D.3.8INN - Proposed INNelemental iron
    D.3.9.4EV Substance CodeAS1
    D.3.10 Strength
    D.3.10.1Concentration unit mg milligram(s)
    D.3.10.2Concentration typeequal
    D.3.10.3Concentration number200
    D.3.11 The IMP contains an:
    D.3.11.1Active substance of chemical origin Yes
    D.3.11.2Active substance of biological/ biotechnological origin (other than Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    The IMP is a:
    D.3.11.3Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    D.3.11.3.1Somatic cell therapy medicinal product No
    D.3.11.3.2Gene therapy medical product No
    D.3.11.3.3Tissue Engineered Product No
    D.3.11.3.4Combination ATIMP (i.e. one involving a medical device) No
    D.3.11.3.5Committee on Advanced therapies (CAT) has issued a classification for this product No
    D.3.11.4Combination product that includes a device, but does not involve an Advanced Therapy No
    D.3.11.5Radiopharmaceutical medicinal product No
    D.3.11.6Immunological medicinal product (such as vaccine, allergen, immune serum) No
    D.3.11.7Plasma derived medicinal product No
    D.3.11.8Extractive medicinal product No
    D.3.11.9Recombinant medicinal product No
    D.3.11.10Medicinal product containing genetically modified organisms No
    D.3.11.11Herbal medicinal product No
    D.3.11.12Homeopathic medicinal product No
    D.3.11.13Another type of medicinal product No
    D.IMP: 2
    D.1.2 and D.1.3IMP RoleTest
    D.2 Status of the IMP to be used in the clinical trial
    D.2.1IMP to be used in the trial has a marketing authorisation Yes
    D.2.1.1.1Trade name Aranesp
    D.2.1.1.2Name of the Marketing Authorisation holderAmgen Europe BV
    D.2.1.2Country which granted the Marketing AuthorisationNetherlands
    D.2.5The IMP has been designated in this indication as an orphan drug in the Community No
    D.2.5.1Orphan drug designation number
    D.3 Description of the IMP
    D.3.1Product nameAranesp
    D.3.2Product code Darbepoetin
    D.3.4Pharmaceutical form Injection
    D.3.4.1Specific paediatric formulation No
    D.3.7Routes of administration for this IMPSubcutaneous use
    D.3.8 to D.3.10 IMP Identification Details (Active Substances)
    D.3.8INN - Proposed INNdarbepoetin alfa
    D.3.9.1CAS number 11096-26-7
    D.3.9.4EV Substance CodeAS2
    D.3.10 Strength
    D.3.10.1Concentration unit µg/ml microgram(s)/millilitre
    D.3.10.2Concentration typeequal
    D.3.10.3Concentration number200
    D.3.11 The IMP contains an:
    D.3.11.1Active substance of chemical origin Yes
    D.3.11.2Active substance of biological/ biotechnological origin (other than Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) Yes
    The IMP is a:
    D.3.11.3Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    D.3.11.3.1Somatic cell therapy medicinal product No
    D.3.11.3.2Gene therapy medical product No
    D.3.11.3.3Tissue Engineered Product No
    D.3.11.3.4Combination ATIMP (i.e. one involving a medical device) No
    D.3.11.3.5Committee on Advanced therapies (CAT) has issued a classification for this product No
    D.3.11.4Combination product that includes a device, but does not involve an Advanced Therapy No
    D.3.11.5Radiopharmaceutical medicinal product No
    D.3.11.6Immunological medicinal product (such as vaccine, allergen, immune serum) No
    D.3.11.7Plasma derived medicinal product No
    D.3.11.8Extractive medicinal product No
    D.3.11.9Recombinant medicinal product Yes
    D.3.11.10Medicinal product containing genetically modified organisms No
    D.3.11.11Herbal medicinal product No
    D.3.11.12Homeopathic medicinal product No
    D.3.11.13Another type of medicinal product No
    D.IMP: 3
    D.1.2 and D.1.3IMP RoleTest
    D.2 Status of the IMP to be used in the clinical trial
    D.2.1IMP to be used in the trial has a marketing authorisation Yes
    D.2.1.1.1Trade name Monofer
    D.2.1.1.2Name of the Marketing Authorisation holderPharmacosmos A/S
    D.2.1.2Country which granted the Marketing AuthorisationDenmark
    D.2.5The IMP has been designated in this indication as an orphan drug in the Community No
    D.2.5.1Orphan drug designation number
    D.3 Description of the IMP
    D.3.1Product nameMonofer
    D.3.2Product code Monofer
    D.3.4Pharmaceutical form Injection
    D.3.4.1Specific paediatric formulation No
    D.3.7Routes of administration for this IMPIntravenous drip use (Noncurrent)
    D.3.8 to D.3.10 IMP Identification Details (Active Substances)
    D.3.8INN - Proposed INNiron isomaltoside 1000
    D.3.9.4EV Substance CodeAS3
    D.3.10 Strength
    D.3.10.1Concentration unit mg/ml milligram(s)/millilitre
    D.3.10.2Concentration typeequal
    D.3.10.3Concentration number100
    D.3.11 The IMP contains an:
    D.3.11.1Active substance of chemical origin Yes
    D.3.11.2Active substance of biological/ biotechnological origin (other than Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    The IMP is a:
    D.3.11.3Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    D.3.11.3.1Somatic cell therapy medicinal product No
    D.3.11.3.2Gene therapy medical product No
    D.3.11.3.3Tissue Engineered Product No
    D.3.11.3.4Combination ATIMP (i.e. one involving a medical device) No
    D.3.11.3.5Committee on Advanced therapies (CAT) has issued a classification for this product No
    D.3.11.4Combination product that includes a device, but does not involve an Advanced Therapy No
    D.3.11.5Radiopharmaceutical medicinal product No
    D.3.11.6Immunological medicinal product (such as vaccine, allergen, immune serum) No
    D.3.11.7Plasma derived medicinal product No
    D.3.11.8Extractive medicinal product No
    D.3.11.9Recombinant medicinal product No
    D.3.11.10Medicinal product containing genetically modified organisms No
    D.3.11.11Herbal medicinal product No
    D.3.11.12Homeopathic medicinal product No
    D.3.11.13Another type of medicinal product No
    D.8 Information on Placebo
    D.8 Placebo: 1
    D.8.1Is a Placebo used in this Trial?Yes
    E. General Information on the Trial
    E.1 Medical condition or disease under investigation
    E.1.1Medical condition(s) being investigated
    Anaemia
    E.1.1.1Medical condition in easily understood language
    A low blood count
    E.1.1.2Therapeutic area Diseases [C] - Blood and lymphatic diseases [C15]
    MedDRA Classification
    E.1.2 Medical condition or disease under investigation
    E.1.2Version 14.1
    E.1.2Level LLT
    E.1.2Classification code 10066761
    E.1.2Term Acute anaemia
    E.1.2System Organ Class 10005329 - Blood and lymphatic system disorders
    E.1.3Condition being studied is a rare disease No
    E.2 Objective of the trial
    E.2.1Main objective of the trial
    In patients who have a low haemoglobin level before surgery, will treatment using a combination of intravenous iron and darbepoetin result in less blood transfusion after heart surgery than treatment using iron tablets alone.
    E.2.2Secondary objectives of the trial
    Will the use of intravenous iron and darbepoetin, compared to iron tablets, to treat a low haemoglobin before surgery reduce 1. the average volume of blood transfused 2. the length of hospital stay after surgery 3. serious complications after heart surgery, What effect will the treatments have on mental function, feeelings of fatigue and perception of the quality of life before and after surgery
    E.2.3Trial contains a sub-study No
    E.3Principal inclusion criteria
    1. Preoperative haemoglobin 10.0-13.0g/dl 2. Serum ferritin <100 mcg/L or 100-800 mcg/L AND transferrin saturation <30% 3. Scheduled first time cardiac surgery - coronary artery bypass grafting and/or repair/replacement of cardiac valve/s or ascending aorta 4. Elective surgery i.e. not continuously an in-patient between study enrolment and surgery
    E.4Principal exclusion criteria
    1. Haemoglobin <10.0 or>13.0 g/dl 2. Patient intends to refuse allogeneic blood transfusion in the perioperative period 3. Patient is receiving renal replacement therapy - haemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis 4. Patient has history of allergic or toxic reaction to any of the study drugs (ferrous sulphate, darbepoetin or Monofer or Ferrinject) or other intravenous iron preparation 5. Patient has significant acute or chronic hepatic disease - defined clinically 6. Patient is undergoing chemotherapy for cancer 7. Redo cardiac surgery 8. Planned surgery requires hypothermic (<30 deg C)circulatory arrest 9. Pregnant 10. Age<18 years 11. Lacks mental capcity to consent 12. Already taking part in another study that could affect the primary endpoint (blood transfusion)
    E.5 End points
    E.5.1Primary end point(s)
    Proportion of patients in each group that receives one or more packed red cell transfusion between the start of surgery and the end of the fifth postoperative day.
    E.5.1.1Timepoint(s) of evaluation of this end point
    Between start of surgery until the end of the fifth postoperative day, where day of surgery is Day 0.
    E.5.2Secondary end point(s)
    1. Haemoglobin increase (from randomisation until surgery) 2. Total number and volume of packed red cells given during hospital stay following surgery 3. Total number of packs and volumes of fresh frozen plasma, platelets and cryoprecipitate given during hospital stay following surgery 4. Postoperative blood loss at 12 and 24 hours after surgery 5. Troponin T level 18-24h after surgery 6. Development of acute kidney injury defined as RIFLE-R category 7. Composite in-hospital adverse events comprising: in-hospital death; stroke; renal replacement therapy; postoperative use of intra-aortic balloon pump; return to theatre for debridement of sternal or other surgical wound 8. Re-sternotomy for bleeding within 24h of surgery 9. Occurrence of postoperative delirium or transient ischaemic attack 10.Length of postoperative hospital stay 11. Cognitive function 12. Patient-reported outcomes in quality of life and fatigue
    E.5.2.1Timepoint(s) of evaluation of this end point
    Most secondary endpoints are evaluated until hospital discharge. Some (e.g. cognitive function) will be assessed until 6 weeks after surgery. Quality of life (SF36 questionnaire) will be assessed until 6 months after surgery.
    E.6 and E.7 Scope of the trial
    E.6Scope of the trial
    E.6.1Diagnosis No
    E.6.2Prophylaxis No
    E.6.3Therapy Yes
    E.6.4Safety Yes
    E.6.5Efficacy Yes
    E.6.6Pharmacokinetic No
    E.6.7Pharmacodynamic No
    E.6.8Bioequivalence No
    E.6.9Dose response No
    E.6.10Pharmacogenetic No
    E.6.11Pharmacogenomic No
    E.6.12Pharmacoeconomic No
    E.6.13Others No
    E.7Trial type and phase
    E.7.1Human pharmacology (Phase I) No
    E.7.1.1First administration to humans No
    E.7.1.2Bioequivalence study No
    E.7.1.3Other No
    E.7.1.3.1Other trial type description
    E.7.2Therapeutic exploratory (Phase II) Yes
    E.7.3Therapeutic confirmatory (Phase III) No
    E.7.4Therapeutic use (Phase IV) No
    E.8 Design of the trial
    E.8.1Controlled Yes
    E.8.1.1Randomised Yes
    E.8.1.2Open Yes
    E.8.1.3Single blind No
    E.8.1.4Double blind No
    E.8.1.5Parallel group Yes
    E.8.1.6Cross over No
    E.8.1.7Other No
    E.8.2 Comparator of controlled trial
    E.8.2.1Other medicinal product(s) Yes
    E.8.2.2Placebo No
    E.8.2.3Other No
    E.8.2.4Number of treatment arms in the trial2
    E.8.3 The trial involves single site in the Member State concerned Yes
    E.8.4 The trial involves multiple sites in the Member State concerned No
    E.8.4.1Number of sites anticipated in Member State concerned1
    E.8.5The trial involves multiple Member States No
    E.8.6 Trial involving sites outside the EEA
    E.8.6.1Trial being conducted both within and outside the EEA No
    E.8.6.2Trial being conducted completely outside of the EEA No
    E.8.7Trial has a data monitoring committee No
    E.8.8 Definition of the end of the trial and justification where it is not the last visit of the last subject undergoing the trial
    Completion of data collection (6 months after surgery) of last patient randomised.
    E.8.9 Initial estimate of the duration of the trial
    E.8.9.1In the Member State concerned years2
    E.8.9.1In the Member State concerned months11
    E.8.9.1In the Member State concerned days29
    E.8.9.2In all countries concerned by the trial years2
    E.8.9.2In all countries concerned by the trial months11
    E.8.9.2In all countries concerned by the trial days29
    F. Population of Trial Subjects
    F.1 Age Range
    F.1.1Trial has subjects under 18 No
    F.1.1Number of subjects for this age range: 0
    F.1.1.1In Utero No
    F.1.1.1.1Number of subjects for this age range: 0
    F.1.1.2Preterm newborn infants (up to gestational age < 37 weeks) No
    F.1.1.2.1Number of subjects for this age range: 0
    F.1.1.3Newborns (0-27 days) No
    F.1.1.3.1Number of subjects for this age range: 0
    F.1.1.4Infants and toddlers (28 days-23 months) No
    F.1.1.4.1Number of subjects for this age range: 0
    F.1.1.5Children (2-11years) No
    F.1.1.5.1Number of subjects for this age range: 0
    F.1.1.6Adolescents (12-17 years) No
    F.1.1.6.1Number of subjects for this age range: 0
    F.1.2Adults (18-64 years) Yes
    F.1.2.1Number of subjects for this age range: 100
    F.1.3Elderly (>=65 years) Yes
    F.1.3.1Number of subjects for this age range: 250
    F.2 Gender
    F.2.1Female Yes
    F.2.2Male Yes
    F.3 Group of trial subjects
    F.3.1Healthy volunteers No
    F.3.2Patients Yes
    F.3.3Specific vulnerable populations No
    F.3.3.1Women of childbearing potential not using contraception No
    F.3.3.2Women of child-bearing potential using contraception No
    F.3.3.3Pregnant women No
    F.3.3.4Nursing women No
    F.3.3.5Emergency situation No
    F.3.3.6Subjects incapable of giving consent personally No
    F.3.3.7Others No
    F.4 Planned number of subjects to be included
    F.4.1In the member state350
    F.4.2 For a multinational trial
    F.4.2.1In the EEA 350
    F.4.2.2In the whole clinical trial 350
    F.5 Plans for treatment or care after the subject has ended the participation in the trial (if it is different from the expected normal treatment of that condition)
    In some participants, the finding of a low Hb may lead to further investigation for anaemia either before or after surgery. It is likely that out of 300+ patients that are planned to be recruited into the study, a small number may have their surgery deferred because of strong clinical suspicion of serious gastrointestinal pathology (e.g.. colonic carcinoma) or thyroid disease...
    G. Investigator Networks to be involved in the Trial
    G.4 Investigator Network to be involved in the Trial: 1
    N. Review by the Competent Authority or Ethics Committee in the country concerned
    N.Competent Authority Decision Authorised
    N.Date of Competent Authority Decision2012-09-07
    N.Ethics Committee Opinion of the trial applicationFavourable
    N.Ethics Committee Opinion: Reason(s) for unfavourable opinion
    N.Date of Ethics Committee Opinion2012-01-11
    P. End of Trial
    P.End of Trial StatusCompleted
    P.Date of the global end of the trial2012-08-20
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