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    Summary
    EudraCT Number:2012-002943-11
    Sponsor's Protocol Code Number:KF5503/60
    National Competent Authority:Germany - BfArM
    Clinical Trial Type:EEA CTA
    Trial Status:Completed
    Date on which this record was first entered in the EudraCT database:2012-12-21
    Trial results View results
    Index
    A. PROTOCOL INFORMATION
    B. SPONSOR INFORMATION
    C. APPLICANT IDENTIFICATION
    D. IMP IDENTIFICATION
    D.8 INFORMATION ON PLACEBO
    E. GENERAL INFORMATION ON THE TRIAL
    F. POPULATION OF TRIAL SUBJECTS
    G. INVESTIGATOR NETWORKS TO BE INVOLVED IN THE TRIAL
    N. REVIEW BY THE COMPETENT AUTHORITY OR ETHICS COMMITTEE IN THE COUNTRY CONCERNED
    P. END OF TRIAL
    Expand All   Collapse All
    A. Protocol Information
    A.1Member State ConcernedGermany - BfArM
    A.2EudraCT number2012-002943-11
    A.3Full title of the trial
    Evaluation of the effectiveness, safety, and tolerability of tapentadol PR versus oxycodone/naloxone PR in non-opioid pre-treated subjects with uncontrolled severe chronic low back pain with a neuropathic pain component.
    A.3.1Title of the trial for lay people, in easily understood, i.e. non-technical, language
    Comparison of tapentadol PR and oxycodone/naloxone PR
    A.4.1Sponsor's protocol code numberKF5503/60
    A.7Trial is part of a Paediatric Investigation Plan No
    A.8EMA Decision number of Paediatric Investigation Plan
    B. Sponsor Information
    B.Sponsor: 1
    B.1.1Name of SponsorGrünenthal GmbH
    B.1.3.4CountryGermany
    B.3.1 and B.3.2Status of the sponsorCommercial
    B.4 Source(s) of Monetary or Material Support for the clinical trial:
    B.4.1Name of organisation providing supportGrünenthal GmbH
    B.4.2CountryGermany
    B.5 Contact point designated by the sponsor for further information on the trial
    B.5.1Name of organisationGrünenthal GmbH
    B.5.2Functional name of contact pointGRT Trial Information Desk
    B.5.3 Address:
    B.5.3.1Street AddressZieglerstr. 6
    B.5.3.2Town/ cityAachen
    B.5.3.3Post code52078
    B.5.3.4CountryGermany
    B.5.4Telephone number+492415693223
    B.5.6E-mailClinical-Trials@grunenthal.com
    D. IMP Identification
    D.IMP: 1
    D.1.2 and D.1.3IMP RoleTest
    D.2 Status of the IMP to be used in the clinical trial
    D.2.1IMP to be used in the trial has a marketing authorisation Yes
    D.2.1.1.1Trade name Palexia retard 50 mg
    D.2.1.1.2Name of the Marketing Authorisation holderGrünenthal GmbH
    D.2.1.2Country which granted the Marketing AuthorisationGermany
    D.2.5The IMP has been designated in this indication as an orphan drug in the Community No
    D.2.5.1Orphan drug designation number
    D.3 Description of the IMP
    D.3.4Pharmaceutical form Prolonged-release tablet
    D.3.4.1Specific paediatric formulation No
    D.3.7Routes of administration for this IMPOral use
    D.3.8 to D.3.10 IMP Identification Details (Active Substances)
    D.3.8INN - Proposed INNTapentadol hydrochloride
    D.3.9.1CAS number 175591-09-0
    D.3.9.2Current sponsor codeCG5503
    D.3.9.3Other descriptive nameTAPENTADOL HYDROCHLORIDE
    D.3.9.4EV Substance CodeSUB32145
    D.3.10 Strength
    D.3.10.1Concentration unit mg milligram(s)
    D.3.10.2Concentration typeequal
    D.3.10.3Concentration number50
    D.3.11 The IMP contains an:
    D.3.11.1Active substance of chemical origin Yes
    D.3.11.2Active substance of biological/ biotechnological origin (other than Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    The IMP is a:
    D.3.11.3Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    D.3.11.3.1Somatic cell therapy medicinal product No
    D.3.11.3.2Gene therapy medical product No
    D.3.11.3.3Tissue Engineered Product No
    D.3.11.3.4Combination ATIMP (i.e. one involving a medical device) No
    D.3.11.3.5Committee on Advanced therapies (CAT) has issued a classification for this product No
    D.3.11.4Combination product that includes a device, but does not involve an Advanced Therapy No
    D.3.11.5Radiopharmaceutical medicinal product No
    D.3.11.6Immunological medicinal product (such as vaccine, allergen, immune serum) No
    D.3.11.7Plasma derived medicinal product No
    D.3.11.8Extractive medicinal product No
    D.3.11.9Recombinant medicinal product No
    D.3.11.10Medicinal product containing genetically modified organisms No
    D.3.11.11Herbal medicinal product No
    D.3.11.12Homeopathic medicinal product No
    D.3.11.13Another type of medicinal product No
    D.IMP: 2
    D.1.2 and D.1.3IMP RoleTest
    D.2 Status of the IMP to be used in the clinical trial
    D.2.1IMP to be used in the trial has a marketing authorisation Yes
    D.2.1.1.1Trade name Palexia retard 100 mg
    D.2.1.1.2Name of the Marketing Authorisation holderGrünenthal GmbH
    D.2.1.2Country which granted the Marketing AuthorisationGermany
    D.2.5The IMP has been designated in this indication as an orphan drug in the Community No
    D.2.5.1Orphan drug designation number
    D.3 Description of the IMP
    D.3.4Pharmaceutical form Prolonged-release tablet
    D.3.4.1Specific paediatric formulation No
    D.3.7Routes of administration for this IMPOral use
    D.3.8 to D.3.10 IMP Identification Details (Active Substances)
    D.3.8INN - Proposed INNTapentadol hydrochloride
    D.3.9.1CAS number 175591-09-0
    D.3.9.2Current sponsor codeCG5503
    D.3.9.3Other descriptive nameTAPENTADOL HYDROCHLORIDE
    D.3.9.4EV Substance CodeSUB32145
    D.3.10 Strength
    D.3.10.1Concentration unit mg milligram(s)
    D.3.10.2Concentration typeequal
    D.3.10.3Concentration number100
    D.3.11 The IMP contains an:
    D.3.11.1Active substance of chemical origin Yes
    D.3.11.2Active substance of biological/ biotechnological origin (other than Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    The IMP is a:
    D.3.11.3Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    D.3.11.3.1Somatic cell therapy medicinal product No
    D.3.11.3.2Gene therapy medical product No
    D.3.11.3.3Tissue Engineered Product No
    D.3.11.3.4Combination ATIMP (i.e. one involving a medical device) No
    D.3.11.3.5Committee on Advanced therapies (CAT) has issued a classification for this product No
    D.3.11.4Combination product that includes a device, but does not involve an Advanced Therapy No
    D.3.11.5Radiopharmaceutical medicinal product No
    D.3.11.6Immunological medicinal product (such as vaccine, allergen, immune serum) No
    D.3.11.7Plasma derived medicinal product No
    D.3.11.8Extractive medicinal product No
    D.3.11.9Recombinant medicinal product No
    D.3.11.10Medicinal product containing genetically modified organisms No
    D.3.11.11Herbal medicinal product No
    D.3.11.12Homeopathic medicinal product No
    D.3.11.13Another type of medicinal product No
    D.IMP: 3
    D.1.2 and D.1.3IMP RoleComparator
    D.2 Status of the IMP to be used in the clinical trial
    D.2.1IMP to be used in the trial has a marketing authorisation Yes
    D.2.1.1.1Trade name Targin 10 mg / 5 mg Retardtabletten
    D.2.1.1.2Name of the Marketing Authorisation holderMundipharma GmbH
    D.2.1.2Country which granted the Marketing AuthorisationGermany
    D.2.5The IMP has been designated in this indication as an orphan drug in the Community No
    D.2.5.1Orphan drug designation number
    D.3 Description of the IMP
    D.3.4Pharmaceutical form Prolonged-release tablet
    D.3.4.1Specific paediatric formulation No
    D.3.7Routes of administration for this IMPOral use
    D.3.8 to D.3.10 IMP Identification Details (Active Substances)
    D.3.8INN - Proposed INNoxycodone hydrochloride
    D.3.9.1CAS number 124-90-3
    D.3.9.3Other descriptive nameOXYCODONE HYDROCHLORIDE
    D.3.9.4EV Substance CodeSUB03583MIG
    D.3.10 Strength
    D.3.10.1Concentration unit mg milligram(s)
    D.3.10.2Concentration typeequal
    D.3.10.3Concentration number10
    D.3.8 to D.3.10 IMP Identification Details (Active Substances)
    D.3.8INN - Proposed INNnaloxone hydrochloride dihydrate
    D.3.9.1CAS number 51481-60-8
    D.3.9.3Other descriptive nameNALOXONE HYDROCHLORIDE DIHYDRATE
    D.3.9.4EV Substance CodeSUB12168MIG
    D.3.10 Strength
    D.3.10.1Concentration unit mg milligram(s)
    D.3.10.2Concentration typeequal
    D.3.10.3Concentration number5
    D.3.11 The IMP contains an:
    D.3.11.1Active substance of chemical origin Yes
    D.3.11.2Active substance of biological/ biotechnological origin (other than Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    The IMP is a:
    D.3.11.3Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    D.3.11.3.1Somatic cell therapy medicinal product No
    D.3.11.3.2Gene therapy medical product No
    D.3.11.3.3Tissue Engineered Product No
    D.3.11.3.4Combination ATIMP (i.e. one involving a medical device) No
    D.3.11.3.5Committee on Advanced therapies (CAT) has issued a classification for this product No
    D.3.11.4Combination product that includes a device, but does not involve an Advanced Therapy No
    D.3.11.5Radiopharmaceutical medicinal product No
    D.3.11.6Immunological medicinal product (such as vaccine, allergen, immune serum) No
    D.3.11.7Plasma derived medicinal product No
    D.3.11.8Extractive medicinal product No
    D.3.11.9Recombinant medicinal product No
    D.3.11.10Medicinal product containing genetically modified organisms No
    D.3.11.11Herbal medicinal product No
    D.3.11.12Homeopathic medicinal product No
    D.3.11.13Another type of medicinal product No
    D.IMP: 4
    D.1.2 and D.1.3IMP RoleComparator
    D.2 Status of the IMP to be used in the clinical trial
    D.2.1IMP to be used in the trial has a marketing authorisation Yes
    D.2.1.1.1Trade name Targin 20 mg / 10mg Retardtabletten
    D.2.1.1.2Name of the Marketing Authorisation holderMundipharma GmbH
    D.2.1.2Country which granted the Marketing AuthorisationGermany
    D.2.5The IMP has been designated in this indication as an orphan drug in the Community No
    D.2.5.1Orphan drug designation number
    D.3 Description of the IMP
    D.3.4Pharmaceutical form Prolonged-release tablet
    D.3.4.1Specific paediatric formulation No
    D.3.7Routes of administration for this IMPOral use
    D.3.8 to D.3.10 IMP Identification Details (Active Substances)
    D.3.8INN - Proposed INNoxycodone hydrochloride
    D.3.9.1CAS number 124-90-3
    D.3.9.3Other descriptive nameOXYCODONE HYDROCHLORIDE
    D.3.9.4EV Substance CodeSUB03583MIG
    D.3.10 Strength
    D.3.10.1Concentration unit mg milligram(s)
    D.3.10.2Concentration typeequal
    D.3.10.3Concentration number20
    D.3.8 to D.3.10 IMP Identification Details (Active Substances)
    D.3.8INN - Proposed INNnaloxone hydrochloride dihydrate
    D.3.9.1CAS number 51481-60-8
    D.3.9.3Other descriptive nameNALOXONE HYDROCHLORIDE DIHYDRATE
    D.3.9.4EV Substance CodeSUB12168MIG
    D.3.10 Strength
    D.3.10.1Concentration unit mg milligram(s)
    D.3.10.2Concentration typeequal
    D.3.10.3Concentration number10
    D.3.11 The IMP contains an:
    D.3.11.1Active substance of chemical origin Yes
    D.3.11.2Active substance of biological/ biotechnological origin (other than Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    The IMP is a:
    D.3.11.3Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    D.3.11.3.1Somatic cell therapy medicinal product No
    D.3.11.3.2Gene therapy medical product No
    D.3.11.3.3Tissue Engineered Product No
    D.3.11.3.4Combination ATIMP (i.e. one involving a medical device) No
    D.3.11.3.5Committee on Advanced therapies (CAT) has issued a classification for this product No
    D.3.11.4Combination product that includes a device, but does not involve an Advanced Therapy No
    D.3.11.5Radiopharmaceutical medicinal product No
    D.3.11.6Immunological medicinal product (such as vaccine, allergen, immune serum) No
    D.3.11.7Plasma derived medicinal product No
    D.3.11.8Extractive medicinal product No
    D.3.11.9Recombinant medicinal product No
    D.3.11.10Medicinal product containing genetically modified organisms No
    D.3.11.11Herbal medicinal product No
    D.3.11.12Homeopathic medicinal product No
    D.3.11.13Another type of medicinal product No
    D.IMP: 5
    D.1.2 and D.1.3IMP RoleComparator
    D.2 Status of the IMP to be used in the clinical trial
    D.2.1IMP to be used in the trial has a marketing authorisation Yes
    D.2.1.1.1Trade name Targin 40 mg / 20mg Retardtabletten
    D.2.1.1.2Name of the Marketing Authorisation holderMundipharma GmbH
    D.2.1.2Country which granted the Marketing AuthorisationGermany
    D.2.5The IMP has been designated in this indication as an orphan drug in the Community No
    D.2.5.1Orphan drug designation number
    D.3 Description of the IMP
    D.3.4Pharmaceutical form Prolonged-release tablet
    D.3.4.1Specific paediatric formulation No
    D.3.7Routes of administration for this IMPOral use
    D.3.8 to D.3.10 IMP Identification Details (Active Substances)
    D.3.8INN - Proposed INNoxycodone hydrochloride
    D.3.9.1CAS number 124-90-3
    D.3.9.3Other descriptive nameOXYCODONE HYDROCHLORIDE
    D.3.9.4EV Substance CodeSUB03583MIG
    D.3.10 Strength
    D.3.10.1Concentration unit mg milligram(s)
    D.3.10.2Concentration typeequal
    D.3.10.3Concentration number40
    D.3.8 to D.3.10 IMP Identification Details (Active Substances)
    D.3.8INN - Proposed INNnaloxone hydrochloride dihydrate
    D.3.9.1CAS number 51481-60-8
    D.3.9.3Other descriptive nameNALOXONE HYDROCHLORIDE DIHYDRATE
    D.3.9.4EV Substance CodeSUB12168MIG
    D.3.10 Strength
    D.3.10.1Concentration unit mg milligram(s)
    D.3.10.2Concentration typeequal
    D.3.10.3Concentration number20
    D.3.11 The IMP contains an:
    D.3.11.1Active substance of chemical origin Yes
    D.3.11.2Active substance of biological/ biotechnological origin (other than Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    The IMP is a:
    D.3.11.3Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    D.3.11.3.1Somatic cell therapy medicinal product No
    D.3.11.3.2Gene therapy medical product No
    D.3.11.3.3Tissue Engineered Product No
    D.3.11.3.4Combination ATIMP (i.e. one involving a medical device) No
    D.3.11.3.5Committee on Advanced therapies (CAT) has issued a classification for this product No
    D.3.11.4Combination product that includes a device, but does not involve an Advanced Therapy No
    D.3.11.5Radiopharmaceutical medicinal product No
    D.3.11.6Immunological medicinal product (such as vaccine, allergen, immune serum) No
    D.3.11.7Plasma derived medicinal product No
    D.3.11.8Extractive medicinal product No
    D.3.11.9Recombinant medicinal product No
    D.3.11.10Medicinal product containing genetically modified organisms No
    D.3.11.11Herbal medicinal product No
    D.3.11.12Homeopathic medicinal product No
    D.3.11.13Another type of medicinal product No
    D.IMP: 6
    D.1.2 and D.1.3IMP RoleComparator
    D.2 Status of the IMP to be used in the clinical trial
    D.2.1IMP to be used in the trial has a marketing authorisation Yes
    D.2.1.1.1Trade name Oxygesic 10 mg Retardtabletten
    D.2.1.1.2Name of the Marketing Authorisation holderMundipharma GmbH
    D.2.1.2Country which granted the Marketing AuthorisationGermany
    D.2.5The IMP has been designated in this indication as an orphan drug in the Community No
    D.2.5.1Orphan drug designation number
    D.3 Description of the IMP
    D.3.4Pharmaceutical form Prolonged-release tablet
    D.3.4.1Specific paediatric formulation No
    D.3.7Routes of administration for this IMPOral use
    D.3.8 to D.3.10 IMP Identification Details (Active Substances)
    D.3.8INN - Proposed INNoxycodone hydrochloride
    D.3.9.1CAS number 124-90-3
    D.3.9.3Other descriptive nameOXYCODONE HYDROCHLORIDE
    D.3.9.4EV Substance CodeSUB03583MIG
    D.3.10 Strength
    D.3.10.1Concentration unit mg milligram(s)
    D.3.10.2Concentration typeequal
    D.3.10.3Concentration number10
    D.3.11 The IMP contains an:
    D.3.11.1Active substance of chemical origin Yes
    D.3.11.2Active substance of biological/ biotechnological origin (other than Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    The IMP is a:
    D.3.11.3Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    D.3.11.3.1Somatic cell therapy medicinal product No
    D.3.11.3.2Gene therapy medical product No
    D.3.11.3.3Tissue Engineered Product No
    D.3.11.3.4Combination ATIMP (i.e. one involving a medical device) No
    D.3.11.3.5Committee on Advanced therapies (CAT) has issued a classification for this product No
    D.3.11.4Combination product that includes a device, but does not involve an Advanced Therapy No
    D.3.11.5Radiopharmaceutical medicinal product No
    D.3.11.6Immunological medicinal product (such as vaccine, allergen, immune serum) No
    D.3.11.7Plasma derived medicinal product No
    D.3.11.8Extractive medicinal product No
    D.3.11.9Recombinant medicinal product No
    D.3.11.10Medicinal product containing genetically modified organisms No
    D.3.11.11Herbal medicinal product No
    D.3.11.12Homeopathic medicinal product No
    D.3.11.13Another type of medicinal product No
    D.8 Information on Placebo
    E. General Information on the Trial
    E.1 Medical condition or disease under investigation
    E.1.1Medical condition(s) being investigated
    Severe chronic low back pain with a neuropathic pain component
    E.1.1.1Medical condition in easily understood language
    Severe chronic low back pain
    E.1.1.2Therapeutic area Diseases [C] - Nervous System Diseases [C10]
    MedDRA Classification
    E.1.2 Medical condition or disease under investigation
    E.1.2Version 16.0
    E.1.2Level LLT
    E.1.2Classification code 10054095
    E.1.2Term Neuropathic pain
    E.1.2System Organ Class 100000004852
    E.1.2 Medical condition or disease under investigation
    E.1.2Version 16.0
    E.1.2Level LLT
    E.1.2Classification code 10024891
    E.1.2Term Low back pain
    E.1.2System Organ Class 100000004859
    E.1.3Condition being studied is a rare disease No
    E.2 Objective of the trial
    E.2.1Main objective of the trial
    The primary objective is to evaluate the effectiveness, safety, and tolerability of tapentadol PR versus oxycodone/naloxone PR in non-opioid pre-treated subjects with uncontrolled severe chronic low back pain with a neuropathic pain component.
    E.2.2Secondary objectives of the trial
    • To evaluate and compare tolerability profiles of tapentadol PR versus oxycodone/naloxone PR during the titration period and throughout the trial with a focus on gastrointestinal and central nervous system-related tolerability.
    • To evaluate the impact of tapentadol PR and oxycodone/naloxone PR on neuropathic pain-related symptoms.
    • To compare the impact on function and quality of life parameters between tapentadol PR and oxycodone/naloxone PR in subjects with severe chronic low back pain.
    • To compare effectiveness in terms of reduction of pain intensity between tapentadol PR and oxycodone/naloxone PR during titration as well as throughout the entire treatment period in the trial.
    • To investigate the impact of tapentadol PR versus oxycodone/naloxone PR on serum levels of sexual hormones
    E.2.3Trial contains a sub-study No
    E.3Principal inclusion criteria
    1. Informed consent signed.
    2. Male or female subject ≥18 years of age.
    3. Women of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test at the Enrollment Visit.
    4. Women of childbearing potential must practice medically acceptable
    methods of birth control during the trial.
    5. Subjects must be appropriately communicative and able to differentiate with regard to location and intensity of the pain, and to complete the questionnaires used in this trial.
    6. Subjects must have a diagnosis of chronic low back pain; chronic pain defined as pain lasting for at least 3 months prior to enrollment.
    7. Subject’s pain must require a strong analgesic (defined as WHO Step III) as judged by the investigator.
    8. Subjects who require a washout of co-analgesics at enrollment must have an average pain score (NRS-3) of 5 points or higher.
    Subjects who do not require a washout of co-analgesics at enrollment must have an average pain intensity score (NRS-3) of 6 points or higher.
    9. The painDETECT diagnostic screening questionnaire must be either “positive” (= score of 19 to 38 inclusive) or “unclear” (= score of 13 to 18 inclusive) or If the subject is being treated with a stable regimen of centrally acting co-analgesics, a “negative” painDETECT scorescore (but 9 points or higher) at the Enrollment Visit will be acceptable
    Inclusion criteria at the Randomization Visit
    10. Subjects must have an average pain intensity score (NRS-3) of 6 points or higher.
    11. Subjects must score either “positive” (= score of 19 to 38 inclusive) or “unclear” (= score of 13 to 18 inclusive) on the painDETECT diagnostic screening questionnaire.
    E.4Principal exclusion criteria
    1. Presence of a clinically significant disease or clinical laboratory values that in the investigator’s opinion may affect effectiveness, quality of life, or safety/tolerability assessments
    2. Presences of active systemic or local infections that may, in the opinion of the investigator, affect the effectiveness, quality of life, or safety/tolerability assessments.
    3. Employees of the investigator or trial site, with direct involvement in this trial or other trials under the direction of the investigator or trial site, as well as family members of employees of the investigator.
    4. Participation in another trial concurrently, or within 4 weeks prior to the Enrollment Visit.
    5. Known to or suspected of not being able to comply with the protocol and/or appropriate use of the IMPs.
    6. Any painful procedures (e.g., major surgery) scheduled during the trial duration (Enrollment Visit until Final Evaluation Visit) that may, in the opinion of the investigator, affect the effectiveness, quality of life, or safety assessments.
    7. Pending litigation or application for insurance/governmental benefits due to chronic pain or disability and/or if the granted benefits might be influenced by a successful participation in the trial.
    8. Low back pain caused by cancer and/or metastatic diseases.
    9. History of alcohol or drug abuse, or suspicion thereof in the investigator’s judgment.
    10. Presence of concomitant autoimmune inflammatory conditions.
    11. Subjects with acute intoxication with alcohol, hypnotics, centrally acting analgesics, or psychotropic active substances.
    12. Subjects with severe renal impairment, i.e., estimated glomerular filtration rate less than 30 mL/min (according to the National Kidney Foundation 2002).
    13. Known history of clinical laboratory values or current clinical laboratory values reflecting moderately or severely impaired hepatic function.
    14. History of seizure disorder or epilepsy.
    15. Any of the following within 1 year: mild/moderate traumatic brain injury, stroke, transient ischemic attack, or brain neoplasm (including brain metastases if present at the Enrollment Visit). Severe traumatic brain injury within 15 years (consisting of 1 or more of the following: brain contusion, intracranial hematoma, either unconsciousness or post traumatic amnesia lasting more than 24 hours) or residual sequelae.
    16. Pregnant or breast-feeding women.
    17. Severe respiratory depression with hypoxia and/or hypercapnia, acute or severe bronchial asthma or severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
    18. Presence or suspicion of paralytic ileus.
    19. Subjects with severe cardiac impairment, e.g., New York Heart Association class >3, myocardial infarction less than 6 months prior to the Enrollment Visit, and/or unstable angina pectoris and/or cor pulmonale.
    20. Subjects with known history of rare hereditary problems of galactose intolerance, the Lapp lactase deficiency, or glucose-galactose malabsorption.
    21. History of allergy or hypersensitivity to tapentadol, oxycodone, naloxone, and their formulations.
    22. Subjects with acute biliary obstruction or acute pancreatitis.
    23. Subjects with hypothyroidism (including myxedema) or Addison’s disease.
    24. Subjects taking any prohibited concomitant medication.
    E.5 End points
    E.5.1Primary end point(s)
    The first primary endpoint of this trial is defined as the change in the average pain intensity core during the last 3 days (numerical rating scale [NRS]-3 pain intensity scores) from the Randomization Visit to the end of continuation (Final Evaluation Visit, 12 weeks after the Randomization Visit).
    The second primary endpoint will be the change in the patient assessment of constipation symptoms (PAC-SYM) total score from the Randomization Visit to the end of continuation (Final Evaluation Visit, 12 weeks after the Randomization Visit).
    E.5.1.1Timepoint(s) of evaluation of this end point
    Final evaluation visit
    E.5.2Secondary end point(s)
    1.Comparison of relevant parameters related to the evaluation of early gastrointestinal treatment emergent adverse events (TEAEs) under tapentadol PR and oxycodone/naloxone PR.
    2.
    • Pain intensity scores on an 11-point NRS-3.
    • PainDETECT scores.
    • EuroQol-5 Dimension (EQ-5D) scores.
    • NRS-3 pain intensity scores for pain radiating towards or into the leg.
    • Worst pain (11-point NRS) during the last 24 hours prior to the assessment visit.
    • Patient global impression of change (PGIC).
    • Clinician’s global impression of change (CGIC).
    • Neuropathic pain symptom inventory (NPSI).
    • Short Form-12® health survey (SF-12) scores.
    • Hospital anxiety and depression scale (HADS).
    • Sleep evaluation score.
    • Work productivity and activity impairment questionnaire (WPAI).
    • Adverse events
    • Overall discontinuation rates related to treatment arms
    • Time to discontinuation from treatment (due to any reason).
    • Time to discontinuation from treatment (due to adverse events).
    • PAC-SYM.
    • Vital signs.
    • Clinical laboratory values.
    • Medication used to treat the adverse events related to the IMPs.
    • Hormone serum levels under treatment with IMPs:
    • Aging males’ symptoms questionnaire
    E.5.2.1Timepoint(s) of evaluation of this end point
    1. At respective site visits during the early treatment phase
    2. At respective site visits as specified in the protocol
    E.6 and E.7 Scope of the trial
    E.6Scope of the trial
    E.6.1Diagnosis No
    E.6.2Prophylaxis No
    E.6.3Therapy No
    E.6.4Safety Yes
    E.6.5Efficacy Yes
    E.6.6Pharmacokinetic No
    E.6.7Pharmacodynamic No
    E.6.8Bioequivalence No
    E.6.9Dose response No
    E.6.10Pharmacogenetic No
    E.6.11Pharmacogenomic No
    E.6.12Pharmacoeconomic No
    E.6.13Others Yes
    E.6.13.1Other scope of the trial description
    effectiveness and tolerability
    E.7Trial type and phase
    E.7.1Human pharmacology (Phase I) No
    E.7.1.1First administration to humans No
    E.7.1.2Bioequivalence study No
    E.7.1.3Other No
    E.7.1.3.1Other trial type description
    E.7.2Therapeutic exploratory (Phase II) No
    E.7.3Therapeutic confirmatory (Phase III) Yes
    E.7.4Therapeutic use (Phase IV) Yes
    E.8 Design of the trial
    E.8.1Controlled Yes
    E.8.1.1Randomised Yes
    E.8.1.2Open Yes
    E.8.1.3Single blind No
    E.8.1.4Double blind No
    E.8.1.5Parallel group Yes
    E.8.1.6Cross over No
    E.8.1.7Other No
    E.8.2 Comparator of controlled trial
    E.8.2.1Other medicinal product(s) Yes
    E.8.2.2Placebo No
    E.8.2.3Other No
    E.8.2.4Number of treatment arms in the trial2
    E.8.3 The trial involves single site in the Member State concerned No
    E.8.4 The trial involves multiple sites in the Member State concerned Yes
    E.8.4.1Number of sites anticipated in Member State concerned35
    E.8.5The trial involves multiple Member States Yes
    E.8.5.1Number of sites anticipated in the EEA55
    E.8.6 Trial involving sites outside the EEA
    E.8.6.1Trial being conducted both within and outside the EEA No
    E.8.6.2Trial being conducted completely outside of the EEA No
    E.8.7Trial has a data monitoring committee No
    E.8.8 Definition of the end of the trial and justification where it is not the last visit of the last subject undergoing the trial
    LVLS
    E.8.9 Initial estimate of the duration of the trial
    E.8.9.1In the Member State concerned years1
    E.8.9.1In the Member State concerned months2
    E.8.9.1In the Member State concerned days0
    E.8.9.2In all countries concerned by the trial years1
    E.8.9.2In all countries concerned by the trial months2
    E.8.9.2In all countries concerned by the trial days0
    F. Population of Trial Subjects
    F.1 Age Range
    F.1.1Trial has subjects under 18 No
    F.1.1.1In Utero No
    F.1.1.2Preterm newborn infants (up to gestational age < 37 weeks) No
    F.1.1.3Newborns (0-27 days) No
    F.1.1.4Infants and toddlers (28 days-23 months) No
    F.1.1.5Children (2-11years) No
    F.1.1.6Adolescents (12-17 years) No
    F.1.2Adults (18-64 years) Yes
    F.1.2.1Number of subjects for this age range: 240
    F.1.3Elderly (>=65 years) Yes
    F.1.3.1Number of subjects for this age range: 240
    F.2 Gender
    F.2.1Female Yes
    F.2.2Male Yes
    F.3 Group of trial subjects
    F.3.1Healthy volunteers No
    F.3.2Patients Yes
    F.3.3Specific vulnerable populations Yes
    F.3.3.1Women of childbearing potential not using contraception No
    F.3.3.2Women of child-bearing potential using contraception Yes
    F.3.3.3Pregnant women No
    F.3.3.4Nursing women No
    F.3.3.5Emergency situation No
    F.3.3.6Subjects incapable of giving consent personally No
    F.3.3.7Others No
    F.4 Planned number of subjects to be included
    F.4.1In the member state160
    F.4.2 For a multinational trial
    F.4.2.1In the EEA 240
    F.4.2.2In the whole clinical trial 240
    F.5 Plans for treatment or care after the subject has ended the participation in the trial (if it is different from the expected normal treatment of that condition)
    None
    G. Investigator Networks to be involved in the Trial
    N. Review by the Competent Authority or Ethics Committee in the country concerned
    N.Competent Authority Decision Authorised
    N.Date of Competent Authority Decision2013-02-08
    N.Ethics Committee Opinion of the trial applicationFavourable
    N.Ethics Committee Opinion: Reason(s) for unfavourable opinion
    N.Date of Ethics Committee Opinion2013-02-25
    P. End of Trial
    P.End of Trial StatusCompleted
    P.Date of the global end of the trial2014-01-28
    As of 1.2.2020, the UK is no longer an EU Member State. However, EU law still applies to the UK during the transition period
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