Flag of the European Union EU Clinical Trials Register Help

Clinical trials

The European Union Clinical Trials Register allows you to search for protocol and results information on:
  • interventional clinical trials that are conducted in the European Union (EU) and the European Economic Area (EEA);
  • clinical trials conducted outside the EU / EEA that are linked to European paediatric-medicine development.
  • Learn   more about the EU Clinical Trials Register   including the source of the information and the legal basis.

    The EU Clinical Trials Register currently displays   38529   clinical trials with a EudraCT protocol, of which   6333   are clinical trials conducted with subjects less than 18 years old.
    The register also displays information on   18700   older paediatric trials (in scope of Article 45 of the Paediatric Regulation (EC) No 1901/2006).
    Examples: Cancer AND drug name. Pneumonia AND sponsor name.
    How to search [pdf]
    Search Tips: Under advanced search you can use filters for Country, Age Group, Gender, Trial Phase, Trial Status, Date Range, Rare Diseases and Orphan Designation. For these items you should use the filters and not add them to your search terms in the text field.
    Advanced Search: Search tools

    < Back to search results

    Print Download

    EudraCT Number:2014-002206-20
    Sponsor's Protocol Code Number:MK-3475-052
    National Competent Authority:Italy - Italian Medicines Agency
    Clinical Trial Type:EEA CTA
    Trial Status:Ongoing
    Date on which this record was first entered in the EudraCT database:2014-11-11
    Trial results
    Expand All   Collapse All
    A. Protocol Information
    A.1Member State ConcernedItaly - Italian Medicines Agency
    A.2EudraCT number2014-002206-20
    A.3Full title of the trial
    A Phase II Clinical Trial of Pembrolizumab (MK-3475) in Subjects with Advanced/Unresectable or Metastatic Urothelial Cancer
    A.3.1Title of the trial for lay people, in easily understood, i.e. non-technical, language
    A Phase II Trial of MK-3475 in Subjects with Bladder Cancer
    A.3.2Name or abbreviated title of the trial where available
    A Phase II Trial of MK-3475 in Subjects with Bladder Cancer
    A.4.1Sponsor's protocol code numberMK-3475-052
    A.7Trial is part of a Paediatric Investigation Plan No
    A.8EMA Decision number of Paediatric Investigation Plan
    B. Sponsor Information
    B.Sponsor: 1
    B.1.1Name of SponsorMerck Sharp & Dohme Corp., a subsidiary of Merck & Co., Inc.
    B.1.3.4CountryUnited States
    B.3.1 and B.3.2Status of the sponsorCommercial
    B.4 Source(s) of Monetary or Material Support for the clinical trial:
    B.4.1Name of organisation providing supportMerck Sharp & Dohme Corp., a subsidiary of Merck & Co., Inc.
    B.4.2CountryUnited States
    B.5 Contact point designated by the sponsor for further information on the trial
    B.5.1Name of organisationMSD Italia Srl
    B.5.2Functional name of contact pointDivisione Ricerca Clinica
    B.5.3 Address:
    B.5.3.1Street AddressVia Fratelli Cervi, snc – Centro Direzionale Milano Due – Palazzo Canova
    B.5.3.2Town/ citySegrate (MI)
    B.5.3.3Post code20090
    B.5.4Telephone number+390221018402
    B.5.5Fax number+390221018629
    D. IMP Identification
    D.IMP: 1
    D.1.2 and D.1.3IMP RoleTest
    D.2 Status of the IMP to be used in the clinical trial
    D.2.1IMP to be used in the trial has a marketing authorisation No
    D.2.5The IMP has been designated in this indication as an orphan drug in the Community No
    D.2.5.1Orphan drug designation number
    D.3 Description of the IMP
    D.3.1Product namePembrolizumab
    D.3.2Product code MK-3475
    D.3.4Pharmaceutical form Solution for infusion
    D.3.4.1Specific paediatric formulation No
    D.3.7Routes of administration for this IMPIntravenous use
    D.3.8 to D.3.10 IMP Identification Details (Active Substances)
    D.3.8INN - Proposed INNPembrolizumab
    D.3.9.1CAS number 1374853-91-4
    D.3.9.2Current sponsor codeMK-3475
    D.3.9.3Other descriptive nameAnti-PD-1 monoclonal antibody
    D.3.9.4EV Substance CodeSUB91641
    D.3.10 Strength
    D.3.10.1Concentration unit mg/ml milligram(s)/millilitre
    D.3.10.2Concentration typeequal
    D.3.10.3Concentration number25
    D.3.11 The IMP contains an:
    D.3.11.1Active substance of chemical origin No
    D.3.11.2Active substance of biological/ biotechnological origin (other than Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) Yes
    The IMP is a:
    D.3.11.3Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    D. cell therapy medicinal product No
    D. therapy medical product No
    D. Engineered Product No
    D. ATIMP (i.e. one involving a medical device) No
    D. on Advanced therapies (CAT) has issued a classification for this product No
    D.3.11.4Combination product that includes a device, but does not involve an Advanced Therapy No
    D.3.11.5Radiopharmaceutical medicinal product No
    D.3.11.6Immunological medicinal product (such as vaccine, allergen, immune serum) Yes
    D.3.11.7Plasma derived medicinal product No
    D.3.11.8Extractive medicinal product No
    D.3.11.9Recombinant medicinal product Yes
    D.3.11.10Medicinal product containing genetically modified organisms No
    D.3.11.11Herbal medicinal product No
    D.3.11.12Homeopathic medicinal product No
    D.3.11.13Another type of medicinal product No
    D.8 Information on Placebo
    E. General Information on the Trial
    E.1 Medical condition or disease under investigation
    E.1.1Medical condition(s) being investigated
    advanced/unresectable (inoperable) or metastatic urothelial cancer of the renal pelvis, ureter, bladder, or urethra.
    E.1.1.1Medical condition in easily understood language
    advanced/unresectable (inoperable) or metastatic urothelial cancer of the renal pelvis, ureter, bladder, or urethra.
    E.1.1.2Therapeutic area Diseases [C] - Cancer [C04]
    MedDRA Classification
    E.1.2 Medical condition or disease under investigation
    E.1.2Version 17.1
    E.1.2Level LLT
    E.1.2Classification code 10064467
    E.1.2Term Urothelial carcinoma
    E.1.2System Organ Class 100000004864
    E.1.3Condition being studied is a rare disease No
    E.2 Objective of the trial
    E.2.1Main objective of the trial
    1.Objective: To evaluate anti-tumor activity of pembrolizumab (MK-3475) as 1L therapy in subjects with advanced/unresectable (inoperable) or metastatic urothelial cancer who are ineligible for cisplatin-based therapy and whose tumors express PD-L1 protein (IHC), by overall response rate (ORR) based on RECIST 1.1 as assessed by independent radiology review.
    E.2.2Secondary objectives of the trial
    1.Investigate association between PD-L1 protein expression and anti-tumor activity of pembrolizumab (MK-3475) as 1L therapy and establish a cut-point for PD-L1 positive status
    2.Evaluate anti-tumor activity of pembrolizumab as 1L therapy:
    •by ORR and by PFS based on RECIST 1.1/modified RECIST 1.1 as assessed by independent radiology review/in all subjects and PD-L1 positive subjects.
    •by ORR based on RECIST 1.1 as assessed by the study site radiology review,in all subjects and PD-L1 positive subjects.
    •based on OS, in all subjects and PD-L1 positive subjects
    •based on response duration based on RECIST 1.1 as assessed by independent radiology review, in all subjects and PD-L1 positive subjects
    •by proportions of PFS (based on RECIST 1.1 as assessed by independent radiology review) and OS at 6 & 12 months, in all subjects and PD-L1 positive subjects.
    3.Determine the safety and tolerability of pembrolizumab as 1L therapy in subjects who are ineligible for cisplatin-based therapy .
    E.2.3Trial contains a sub-study Yes
    E.2.3.1Full title, date and version of each sub-study and their related objectives
    Merck will conduct Future Biomedical Research on DNA (blood) specimens collected during this clinical trial. Such research is for biomarker testing to address emergent questions not described elsewhere in the protocol (as part of the main trial) and will only be conducted on specimens from appropriately consented subjects. The objective of collecting specimens for Future Biomedical Research is to explore and identify biomarkers that inform the scientific understanding
    of diseases and/or their therapeutic treatments. The overarching goal is to use such information to develop safer, more effective drugs, and/or to ensure that subjects receive the correct dose of the correct drug at the correct time.
    E.3Principal inclusion criteria
    In order to be eligible for participation in this trial, the subject must:
    1. Be willing and able to provide written informed consent/assent for the trial. The subject may also provide consent/assent for Future Biomedical Research. However, the subject may participate in the main trial without participating in Future Biomedical Research.
    2. Be ≥18 years of age on day of signing informed consent.
    3. Have histologically or cytologically-confirmed diagnosis of advanced/unresectable (inoperable) or metastatic urothelial cancer of the renal pelvis, ureter, bladder, or urethra. Both transitional cell and mixed transitional/non-transitional cell histologies are allowed. Subjects with non-urothelial cancer of the urinary tract are not allowed.
    4. Be considered cisplatin-ineligible to receive cisplatin-based combination therapy, based on having at least one of the following criteria:
    a. ECOG performance status of 2 (the proportion of ECOG 2 subjects will be limited to approximately 50% of the total population)
    b. Creatinine clearance (calculated or measured) < 60 mL/min but >30 mL/min
    Note: Subjects with a creatinine clearance (calculated or measured) < 30 mL/min or on dialysis are excluded from the trial.
    c. CTCAE v.4, Grade >2 audiometric hearing loss (25dB in two consecutive wave ranges)
    d. CTCAE v.4, Grade >2 peripheral neuropathy
    e. NYHA Class III heart failure (Appendix 12.6)
    Note: In the event that subjects are enrolled for the purposes of determining the biomarker cut-point prior to the start of the main body of this study, these subjects are not required to be cisplatin-ineligible and the above criteria does not apply. However, such subjects are required to have bladder cancer which is refractory to available therapy or for which no effective standard therapy exists.
    5. Have received no prior systemic chemotherapy for advanced/unresectable (inoperable) or metastatic urothelial cancer
    a. Adjuvant platinum based chemotherapy, following radial cystectomy, with recurrence > 12 months from completion of therapy is permitted
    b.Neoadjuvant platinum based chemotherapy, with recurrence > 12 months since completion of therapy is permitted.
    6.Have provided tissue for biomarker analysis from a newly obtained core or excisional biopsy of a tumor lesion not previously irradiated (mandatory). Adequacy of the biopsy specimen for PD-L1 biomarker analysis must be confirmed by the central laboratory.
    7.Have measureable disease based on RECIST 1.1 as determined by central review. Tumor lesions situated in a previously irradiated area are considered measureable if progression has been demonstrated in such lesions.
    8. Have a performance status of 0, 1 or 2 on the ECOG Performance Scale, as assessed within 10 days prior to treatment initiation.
    9. Demonstrate adequate organ function as defined in Table 1. All screening labs should be performed within 10 days of treatment initiation.
    10. Female subject of childbearing potential must have a negative urine or serum pregnancy test within 72 hours prior to receiving the first dose of study medication. If the urine test is positive or cannot be confirmed as negative, a serum pregnancy test will be required.
    11. Female subjects of childbearing potential must be willing to use 2 methods of birth control or be surgically sterile, or abstain from heterosexual activity for the course of the study through 120 days after the last dose of study medication (Reference Section 5.7.2). Subjects of childbearing potential are those who have not been surgically sterilized or have not been free from menses for >1 year.
    Note: Abstinence is acceptable if this is the established and preferred contraception for the subject.
    12. Male subjects must agree to use an adequate method of contraception starting with the first dose of study therapy through 120 days after the last dose of study therapy.
    Note: Abstinence is acceptable if this is the established and preferred contraception for the subjec
    E.4Principal exclusion criteria
    The subject must be excluded from participating in the trial if the subject:
    1. Has disease that is suitable for local therapy administered with curative intent.
    2. Is currently participating and receiving study therapy or has participated in a study of an investigational agent and received study therapy or used an investigational device within 4 weeks prior to the first dose of treatment.
    3. Has had a prior anti-cancer monoclonal antibody (mAb) for direct anti-neoplastic treatment within 4 weeks prior to study Day 1 or who has not recovered (i.e., ≤ Grade 1 or at baseline) from adverse events due to agents administered more than 4 weeks earlier.
    4. Has had prior chemotherapy, targeted small molecule therapy, or radiation therapy within 2 weeks prior to study Day 1 or who has not recovered (i.e., ≤ Grade 1 or at baseline) from adverse events due to a previously administered agent.
    Note: Subjects with neuropathy or ≤ Grade 2 alopecia are an exception to this criterion and may qualify for the study.
    Note: If subject received major surgery, they must have recovered adequately from the toxicity and/or complications from the intervention prior to starting therapy.

    5. Has a known additional malignancy that is progressing or requires active treatment. Exceptions include basal cell carcinoma of the skin, squamous cell carcinoma of the skin that has undergone potentially curative therapy or in situ cervical cancer. A history of prostate cancer that was identified incidentally following cystoprostatectomy for bladder cancer is acceptable, provided that the following criteria are met: stage T2N0M0 or lower; and Gleason score ≤ 6, and undetectable PSA.
    6. Has known active central nervous system (CNS) metastases and/or carcinomatous meningitis. Subjects with previously treated brain metastases may participate provided they are stable [without evidence of progression by imaging (confirmed by CT scan if CT used at prior imaging, or confirmed by MRI if MRI was used at prior imaging) for at least four weeks prior to the first dose of trial treatment and any neurologic symptoms have returned to baseline], have no evidence of new or enlarging brain metastases, and are not using steroids for at least 7 days prior to trial treatment. This exception does not include carcinomatous meningitis which is excluded regardless of clinical stability.
    7. Has an active autoimmune disease that has required systemic treatment in past 2 years (i.e. with use of disease modifying agents, corticosteroids or immunosuppressive drugs). Replacement therapy (e.g., thyroxine, insulin, or physiologic corticosteroid replacement therapy for adrenal or pituitary insufficiency, etc.) is not considered a form of systemic treatment.
    8. Has evidence of interstitial lung disease or active non-infectious pneumonitis.
    9. Has an active infection requiring systemic therapy.
    10. Has a history or current evidence of any condition, therapy, or laboratory abnormality that might confound the results of the trial, interfere with the subject’s participation for the full duration of the trial, or is not in the best interest of the subject to participate, in the opinion of the treating investigator.
    11. Has known psychiatric or substance abuse disorders that would interfere with cooperation with the requirements of the trial.
    12. Is pregnant or breastfeeding, or expecting to conceive or father children within the projected duration of the trial, starting with the screening visit through 120 days after the last dose of trial treatment.
    13. Has received prior therapy with an anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, or anti-PD-L2 agent, or with an agent directed to another co-inhibitory T-cell receptor (e.g. CTLA-4, OX-40, CD137).
    14. Has a known history of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) (HIV-1/2 antibodies).
    15. Has known active Hepatitis B (e.g., HBsAg reactive) or Hepatitis C (e.g., HCV RNA [qualitative] is detected).
    16. Has received a live virus vaccine within 30 days of planned start of trial treatment.
    17. Is or has an immediate family member (e.g., spouse, parent/legal guardian, sibling or child) who is investigational site or sponsor staff directly involved with this trial, unless prospective IRB approval (by chair or designee) is given allowing exception to this criterion for a specific subject.
    E.5 End points
    E.5.1Primary end point(s)
    The primary efficacy endpoint is overall response rate, defined as the proportion of subjects in the analysis population who have complete response (CR) or partial response (PR) using RECIST 1.1 criteria assessed by independent radiology review at any time during the study.
    E.5.1.1Timepoint(s) of evaluation of this end point
    During study
    E.5.2Secondary end point(s)
    •PD-L1 expression in tumor tissue will be characterized by immunohistochemistry to explore the relationship between tumor PD-L1 expression and response to treatment with pembrolizumab (MK-3475).
    •Duration of response, defined as time from first RECIST 1.1 response to disease progression in subjects who achieve a PR or better.
    •RECIST 1.1 ORR by study site radiology review.
    •Modified RECIST 1.1 ORR by independent radiology review.
    •Progression-free survival (PFS), defined as the time from Day 1 Cycle 1 treatment administration to the first documented disease progression according to RECIST 1.1 and modified RECIST 1.1, or death due to any cause, whichever occurs first.
    •Overall survival (OS), defined as the time from Day 1 Cycle 1 treatment administration to death due to any cause.
    •Proportions of PFS and OS at 6 months and 12 months.
    E.5.2.1Timepoint(s) of evaluation of this end point
    During study
    E.6 and E.7 Scope of the trial
    E.6Scope of the trial
    E.6.1Diagnosis No
    E.6.2Prophylaxis No
    E.6.3Therapy Yes
    E.6.4Safety Yes
    E.6.5Efficacy Yes
    E.6.6Pharmacokinetic Yes
    E.6.7Pharmacodynamic No
    E.6.8Bioequivalence No
    E.6.9Dose response No
    E.6.10Pharmacogenetic Yes
    E.6.11Pharmacogenomic No
    E.6.12Pharmacoeconomic No
    E.6.13Others No
    E.7Trial type and phase
    E.7.1Human pharmacology (Phase I) No
    E.7.1.1First administration to humans No
    E.7.1.2Bioequivalence study No
    E.7.1.3Other No
    E. trial type description
    E.7.2Therapeutic exploratory (Phase II) Yes
    E.7.3Therapeutic confirmatory (Phase III) No
    E.7.4Therapeutic use (Phase IV) No
    E.8 Design of the trial
    E.8.1Controlled No
    E.8.1.1Randomised No
    E.8.1.2Open Yes
    E.8.1.3Single blind No
    E.8.1.4Double blind No
    E.8.1.5Parallel group No
    E.8.1.6Cross over No
    E.8.1.7Other No
    E.8.2 Comparator of controlled trial
    E.8.2.1Other medicinal product(s) No
    E.8.2.2Placebo No
    E.8.2.3Other No
    E.8.2.4Number of treatment arms in the trial1
    E.8.3 The trial involves single site in the Member State concerned No
    E.8.4 The trial involves multiple sites in the Member State concerned Yes
    E.8.4.1Number of sites anticipated in Member State concerned2
    E.8.5The trial involves multiple Member States Yes
    E.8.5.1Number of sites anticipated in the EEA11
    E.8.6 Trial involving sites outside the EEA
    E.8.6.1Trial being conducted both within and outside the EEA Yes
    E.8.6.2Trial being conducted completely outside of the EEA No
    E.8.6.3If E.8.6.1 or E.8.6.2 are Yes, specify the regions in which trial sites are planned
    Puerto Rico
    United States
    E.8.7Trial has a data monitoring committee No
    E.8.8 Definition of the end of the trial and justification where it is not the last visit of the last subject undergoing the trial
    LVLS. The overall trial ends when the last subject completes the last trial visit, discontinues from the trial or is lost to follow-up (i.e. the subject is unable to be contacted by the investigator).
    E.8.9 Initial estimate of the duration of the trial
    E.8.9.1In the Member State concerned years
    E.8.9.1In the Member State concerned months36
    E.8.9.1In the Member State concerned days
    E.8.9.2In all countries concerned by the trial months36
    F. Population of Trial Subjects
    F.1 Age Range
    F.1.1Trial has subjects under 18 No
    F.1.1.1In Utero No
    F.1.1.2Preterm newborn infants (up to gestational age < 37 weeks) No
    F.1.1.3Newborns (0-27 days) No
    F.1.1.4Infants and toddlers (28 days-23 months) No
    F.1.1.5Children (2-11years) No
    F.1.1.6Adolescents (12-17 years) No
    F.1.2Adults (18-64 years) Yes
    F.1.2.1Number of subjects for this age range: 250
    F.1.3Elderly (>=65 years) Yes
    F.1.3.1Number of subjects for this age range: 100
    F.2 Gender
    F.2.1Female Yes
    F.2.2Male Yes
    F.3 Group of trial subjects
    F.3.1Healthy volunteers No
    F.3.2Patients Yes
    F.3.3Specific vulnerable populations Yes
    F.3.3.1Women of childbearing potential not using contraception No
    F.3.3.2Women of child-bearing potential using contraception Yes
    F.3.3.3Pregnant women No
    F.3.3.4Nursing women No
    F.3.3.5Emergency situation No
    F.3.3.6Subjects incapable of giving consent personally No
    F.3.3.7Others No
    F.4 Planned number of subjects to be included
    F.4.1In the member state12
    F.4.2 For a multinational trial
    F.4.2.1In the EEA 175
    F.4.2.2In the whole clinical trial 350
    F.5 Plans for treatment or care after the subject has ended the participation in the trial (if it is different from the expected normal treatment of that condition)
    G. Investigator Networks to be involved in the Trial
    N. Review by the Competent Authority or Ethics Committee in the country concerned
    N.Competent Authority Decision Authorised
    N.Date of Competent Authority Decision2015-02-04
    N.Ethics Committee Opinion of the trial applicationFavourable
    N.Ethics Committee Opinion: Reason(s) for unfavourable opinion
    N.Date of Ethics Committee Opinion2014-11-19
    P. End of Trial
    P.End of Trial StatusOngoing
    As of 1.2.2020, the UK is no longer an EU Member State. However, EU law still applies to the UK during the transition period
    EU Clinical Trials Register Service Desk: https://servicedesk.ema.europa.eu
    European Medicines Agency © 1995-2020 | Domenico Scarlattilaan 6, 1083 HS Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Legal notice