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    The EU Clinical Trials Register currently displays   41031   clinical trials with a EudraCT protocol, of which   6716   are clinical trials conducted with subjects less than 18 years old.
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    Summary
    EudraCT Number:2016-001038-91
    Sponsor's Protocol Code Number:NL57115
    National Competent Authority:Netherlands - Competent Authority
    Clinical Trial Type:EEA CTA
    Trial Status:Ongoing
    Date on which this record was first entered in the EudraCT database:2016-10-25
    Trial results
    Index
    A. PROTOCOL INFORMATION
    B. SPONSOR INFORMATION
    C. APPLICANT IDENTIFICATION
    D. IMP IDENTIFICATION
    D.8 INFORMATION ON PLACEBO
    E. GENERAL INFORMATION ON THE TRIAL
    F. POPULATION OF TRIAL SUBJECTS
    G. INVESTIGATOR NETWORKS TO BE INVOLVED IN THE TRIAL
    N. REVIEW BY THE COMPETENT AUTHORITY OR ETHICS COMMITTEE IN THE COUNTRY CONCERNED
    P. END OF TRIAL
    Expand All   Collapse All
    A. Protocol Information
    A.1Member State ConcernedNetherlands - Competent Authority
    A.2EudraCT number2016-001038-91
    A.3Full title of the trial
    A randomised, open-label clinical trial assessing the efficacy and safety of mycophenolate mofetil versus azathioprine for induction of remission in treatment naive autoimmune hepatitis
    A.3.1Title of the trial for lay people, in easily understood, i.e. non-technical, language
    A study to investigate whether mycophenolate mofetil is more effective than azathioprine in patients with autoimmune hepatitis
    A.3.2Name or abbreviated title of the trial where available
    CAMARO
    A.4.1Sponsor's protocol code numberNL57115
    A.7Trial is part of a Paediatric Investigation Plan No
    A.8EMA Decision number of Paediatric Investigation Plan
    B. Sponsor Information
    B.Sponsor: 1
    B.1.1Name of SponsorLeiden university medical centre
    B.1.3.4CountryNetherlands
    B.3.1 and B.3.2Status of the sponsorNon-Commercial
    B.4 Source(s) of Monetary or Material Support for the clinical trial:
    B.4.1Name of organisation providing supportLeiden university medical centre
    B.4.2CountryNetherlands
    B.5 Contact point designated by the sponsor for further information on the trial
    B.5.1Name of organisationRadboud university medical centre
    B.5.2Functional name of contact pointSimon Pape
    B.5.3 Address:
    B.5.3.1Street AddressGeert Grooteplein-Zuid 10
    B.5.3.2Town/ cityNijmegen
    B.5.3.3Post code6525 GA
    B.5.3.4CountryNetherlands
    B.5.4Telephone number+31652621030
    B.5.5Fax number+31243635129
    B.5.6E-mailSimon.Pape@radboudumc.nl
    D. IMP Identification
    D.IMP: 1
    D.1.2 and D.1.3IMP RoleTest
    D.2 Status of the IMP to be used in the clinical trial
    D.2.1IMP to be used in the trial has a marketing authorisation Yes
    D.2.1.1.1Trade name mycophenolate mofeti
    D.2.1.1.2Name of the Marketing Authorisation holderSeveral companies
    D.2.1.2Country which granted the Marketing AuthorisationNetherlands
    D.2.5The IMP has been designated in this indication as an orphan drug in the Community No
    D.2.5.1Orphan drug designation number
    D.3 Description of the IMP
    D.3.1Product namemycophenolate mofetil
    D.3.4Pharmaceutical form Capsule
    D.3.4.1Specific paediatric formulation No
    D.3.7Routes of administration for this IMPOral use
    D.3.8 to D.3.10 IMP Identification Details (Active Substances)
    D.3.8INN - Proposed INNmycophenolate mofetil
    D.3.9.1CAS number 128794-94-5
    D.3.9.3Other descriptive nameMYCOPHENOLATE MOFETIL
    D.3.9.4EV Substance CodeSUB03360MIG
    D.3.10 Strength
    D.3.10.1Concentration unit mg milligram(s)
    D.3.10.2Concentration typerange
    D.3.10.3Concentration number500 to 2000
    D.3.11 The IMP contains an:
    D.3.11.1Active substance of chemical origin Yes
    D.3.11.2Active substance of biological/ biotechnological origin (other than Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    The IMP is a:
    D.3.11.3Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    D.3.11.3.1Somatic cell therapy medicinal product No
    D.3.11.3.2Gene therapy medical product No
    D.3.11.3.3Tissue Engineered Product No
    D.3.11.3.4Combination ATIMP (i.e. one involving a medical device) No
    D.3.11.3.5Committee on Advanced therapies (CAT) has issued a classification for this product No
    D.3.11.4Combination product that includes a device, but does not involve an Advanced Therapy No
    D.3.11.5Radiopharmaceutical medicinal product No
    D.3.11.6Immunological medicinal product (such as vaccine, allergen, immune serum) No
    D.3.11.7Plasma derived medicinal product No
    D.3.11.8Extractive medicinal product No
    D.3.11.9Recombinant medicinal product No
    D.3.11.10Medicinal product containing genetically modified organisms No
    D.3.11.11Herbal medicinal product No
    D.3.11.12Homeopathic medicinal product No
    D.3.11.13Another type of medicinal product No
    D.IMP: 2
    D.1.2 and D.1.3IMP RoleComparator
    D.2 Status of the IMP to be used in the clinical trial
    D.2.1IMP to be used in the trial has a marketing authorisation Yes
    D.2.1.1.1Trade name azathioprine
    D.2.1.1.2Name of the Marketing Authorisation holderSeveral companies
    D.2.1.2Country which granted the Marketing AuthorisationNetherlands
    D.2.5The IMP has been designated in this indication as an orphan drug in the Community No
    D.2.5.1Orphan drug designation number
    D.3 Description of the IMP
    D.3.1Product nameazathioprine
    D.3.4Pharmaceutical form Film-coated tablet
    D.3.4.1Specific paediatric formulation No
    D.3.7Routes of administration for this IMPOral use
    D.3.8 to D.3.10 IMP Identification Details (Active Substances)
    D.3.8INN - Proposed INNazathioprine
    D.3.9.1CAS number 446-86-6
    D.3.9.3Other descriptive nameAZATHIOPRINE
    D.3.9.4EV Substance CodeSUB05647MIG
    D.3.10 Strength
    D.3.10.1Concentration unit mg milligram(s)
    D.3.10.2Concentration typerange
    D.3.10.3Concentration number50 to 100
    D.3.11 The IMP contains an:
    D.3.11.1Active substance of chemical origin Yes
    D.3.11.2Active substance of biological/ biotechnological origin (other than Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    The IMP is a:
    D.3.11.3Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    D.3.11.3.1Somatic cell therapy medicinal product No
    D.3.11.3.2Gene therapy medical product No
    D.3.11.3.3Tissue Engineered Product No
    D.3.11.3.4Combination ATIMP (i.e. one involving a medical device) No
    D.3.11.3.5Committee on Advanced therapies (CAT) has issued a classification for this product No
    D.3.11.4Combination product that includes a device, but does not involve an Advanced Therapy No
    D.3.11.5Radiopharmaceutical medicinal product No
    D.3.11.6Immunological medicinal product (such as vaccine, allergen, immune serum) No
    D.3.11.7Plasma derived medicinal product No
    D.3.11.8Extractive medicinal product No
    D.3.11.9Recombinant medicinal product No
    D.3.11.10Medicinal product containing genetically modified organisms No
    D.3.11.11Herbal medicinal product No
    D.3.11.12Homeopathic medicinal product No
    D.3.11.13Another type of medicinal product No
    D.IMP: 3
    D.1.2 and D.1.3IMP RoleComparator
    D.2 Status of the IMP to be used in the clinical trial
    D.2.1IMP to be used in the trial has a marketing authorisation Yes
    D.2.1.1.1Trade name prednisolone
    D.2.1.1.2Name of the Marketing Authorisation holderSeveral companies
    D.2.1.2Country which granted the Marketing AuthorisationNetherlands
    D.2.5The IMP has been designated in this indication as an orphan drug in the Community No
    D.2.5.1Orphan drug designation number
    D.3 Description of the IMP
    D.3.1Product nameprednisolone
    D.3.4Pharmaceutical form Tablet
    D.3.4.1Specific paediatric formulation No
    D.3.7Routes of administration for this IMPOral use
    D.3.8 to D.3.10 IMP Identification Details (Active Substances)
    D.3.8INN - Proposed INNPrednisolone
    D.3.9.1CAS number 1715-33-9
    D.3.9.3Other descriptive namePREDNISOLONE SODIUM SUCCINATE
    D.3.9.4EV Substance CodeSUB04019MIG
    D.3.10 Strength
    D.3.10.1Concentration unit mg milligram(s)
    D.3.10.2Concentration typerange
    D.3.10.3Concentration number5 to 40
    D.3.11 The IMP contains an:
    D.3.11.1Active substance of chemical origin Yes
    D.3.11.2Active substance of biological/ biotechnological origin (other than Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    The IMP is a:
    D.3.11.3Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    D.3.11.3.1Somatic cell therapy medicinal product No
    D.3.11.3.2Gene therapy medical product No
    D.3.11.3.3Tissue Engineered Product No
    D.3.11.3.4Combination ATIMP (i.e. one involving a medical device) No
    D.3.11.3.5Committee on Advanced therapies (CAT) has issued a classification for this product No
    D.3.11.4Combination product that includes a device, but does not involve an Advanced Therapy No
    D.3.11.5Radiopharmaceutical medicinal product No
    D.3.11.6Immunological medicinal product (such as vaccine, allergen, immune serum) No
    D.3.11.7Plasma derived medicinal product No
    D.3.11.8Extractive medicinal product No
    D.3.11.9Recombinant medicinal product No
    D.3.11.10Medicinal product containing genetically modified organisms No
    D.3.11.11Herbal medicinal product No
    D.3.11.12Homeopathic medicinal product No
    D.3.11.13Another type of medicinal product No
    D.8 Information on Placebo
    E. General Information on the Trial
    E.1 Medical condition or disease under investigation
    E.1.1Medical condition(s) being investigated
    Autoimmune hepatitis
    E.1.1.1Medical condition in easily understood language
    Autoimmune hepatitis
    E.1.1.2Therapeutic area Diseases [C] - Immune System Diseases [C20]
    MedDRA Classification
    E.1.3Condition being studied is a rare disease Yes
    E.2 Objective of the trial
    E.2.1Main objective of the trial
    To assess the efficacy and safety of mycophenolate mofetil as induction therapy in patients with treatment naive autoimmune hepatitis.
    E.2.2Secondary objectives of the trial
    A. Biochemical remission at 24 weeks and at anytime
    B. Time to biochemical remission
    C. Partial remission, defined as ALT and AST serum levels >1x ULN and <2x ULN
    D. Minimal response, defined as decrease of ALT and AST serum levels, but still >2x ULN
    E. Treatment failure, defined as no improvement or increase of ALT and AST serum levels
    F. Changes in MELD score (and its components bilirubin, INR, creatinine) and in albumin and pseudocholinesterase
    G. N-terminal procollagen-III-peptide, ELF score
    H. Changes in quality of life measured with SF-36
    I. Assessment of safety and tolerability of MMF versus AZA in patients with AIH
    J. The level of ALAT, ASAT, GGT in both groups
    K. Steroid and other side-effects scores consisting of VAS scores (0 – 10) by the physician for Cushing-face, buffalo hump, acne, striae, bruising and hirsutism.
    L. Percentage of patients with biochemical remission
    M. Ratio of ALAT to lowest ALAT ever


    E.2.3Trial contains a sub-study No
    E.3Principal inclusion criteria
    1. Probable or definite diagnosis of autoimmune hepatitis according to the International Autoimmune Hepatitis Study Group criteria (table 2) 9:
    • Definite autoimmune hepatitis: ≥ 7
    • Probable autoimmune hepatitis ≥ 6
    2. First presentation of AIH requiring treatment according to the current EASL guidelines
    3. Age ≥ 18 years
    4. Must provide informed consent and agree to comply with the trial protocol
    E.4Principal exclusion criteria
    1. Overlap syndrome with PSC or PBC (Paris criteria 29, strong positive AMA, past liver biopsy or cholangiographic findings compatible with PBC or PSC).

    2. Presence of clinical significant hepatic decompensation including:

    • History of liver transplantation, current active placement on a liver transplant waiting list.
    • Portal hypertension with complications including: poorly controlled or diuretic resistant ascites, history of variceal bleeding or related therapeutic interventions (e.g. variceal banding, transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunts) or hepatic encephalopathy.
    • Cirrhosis with complications, including history or presence of: spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, hepatocellular carcinoma, hepatorenal syndrome
    a. N.B. cirrhosis without complications as mentioned above, is not an exclusion criterion

    3. Current treatment with predniso(lo)ne and/or immunosuppressive medication for an indication other than autoimmune hepatitis

    4. Current systemic infection

    5. Other clinically significant medical conditions that could interfere with the trial

    6. If female of childbearing potential: known pregnancy, or unwilling to practice anticontraceptive measures.

    7. History of noncompliance with medical regimens, or patients who are considered to be potentially unreliable or unable to participate

    8. Mental instability or incompetence, such that the validity of informed consent or compliance with the trial is uncertain
    E.5 End points
    E.5.1Primary end point(s)
    The percentage of patients in remission, defined as normalization of serum ALT and IgG levels after 24 weeks of treatment, per treatment group.
    E.5.1.1Timepoint(s) of evaluation of this end point
    24 weeks
    E.5.2Secondary end point(s)
    A. Biochemical remission at 24 weeks and at anytime
    B. Time to biochemical remission
    C. Partial remission, defined as ALT and AST serum levels >1x ULN and <2x ULN
    D. Minimal response, defined as decrease of ALT and AST serum levels but still >2x ULN
    E. Treatment failure, defined as no improvement or increase of ALT and AST serum levels
    F. Changes in MELD score (and its components bilirubin, INR, creatinine) and in albumin and pseudocholinesterase
    G. N-terminal procollagen-III-peptide, ELF score
    H. Changes in quality of life measured with SF-36
    I. Assessment of safety of MMF versus AZA in patients with AIH
    J. The level of ALT, AST, GGT in both groups
    K. Steroid and other side-effects scores consisting of VAS scores (0 – 10) by the physician for Cushing-face, buffalo hump, acne, striae, bruising and hirsutism.
    L. Percentage of patients with biochemical remission
    M. Ratio of ALAT to lowest ALAT ever
    N. Mood alterations, headache, insomnia
    O. Diabetes (requiring medication)
    P. Hypertension (requiring medication)
    Q. Bone fractures, osteoporosis and muscular weakness
    R. Glaucoma and increased intraocular pressure
    S. Number of infections
    T. Extrahepatic AIH manifestations (e.g. arthralgia)
    U. Patient survival
    V. Fatigue index
    W. Pruritis VAS score
    E.5.2.1Timepoint(s) of evaluation of this end point
    Patients will be seen at screening, baseline, 8 weeks, 12 weeks, 16 weeks, 20 weeks and 24 weeks.
    E.6 and E.7 Scope of the trial
    E.6Scope of the trial
    E.6.1Diagnosis No
    E.6.2Prophylaxis No
    E.6.3Therapy Yes
    E.6.4Safety Yes
    E.6.5Efficacy Yes
    E.6.6Pharmacokinetic No
    E.6.7Pharmacodynamic No
    E.6.8Bioequivalence No
    E.6.9Dose response No
    E.6.10Pharmacogenetic No
    E.6.11Pharmacogenomic No
    E.6.12Pharmacoeconomic No
    E.6.13Others No
    E.7Trial type and phase
    E.7.1Human pharmacology (Phase I) No
    E.7.1.1First administration to humans No
    E.7.1.2Bioequivalence study No
    E.7.1.3Other No
    E.7.1.3.1Other trial type description
    E.7.2Therapeutic exploratory (Phase II) No
    E.7.3Therapeutic confirmatory (Phase III) No
    E.7.4Therapeutic use (Phase IV) Yes
    E.8 Design of the trial
    E.8.1Controlled Yes
    E.8.1.1Randomised Yes
    E.8.1.2Open Yes
    E.8.1.3Single blind No
    E.8.1.4Double blind No
    E.8.1.5Parallel group No
    E.8.1.6Cross over No
    E.8.1.7Other No
    E.8.2 Comparator of controlled trial
    E.8.2.1Other medicinal product(s) Yes
    E.8.2.2Placebo No
    E.8.2.3Other No
    E.8.2.4Number of treatment arms in the trial2
    E.8.3 The trial involves single site in the Member State concerned Yes
    E.8.4 The trial involves multiple sites in the Member State concerned Yes
    E.8.4.1Number of sites anticipated in Member State concerned8
    E.8.5The trial involves multiple Member States No
    E.8.6 Trial involving sites outside the EEA
    E.8.6.1Trial being conducted both within and outside the EEA No
    E.8.6.2Trial being conducted completely outside of the EEA No
    E.8.7Trial has a data monitoring committee Yes
    E.8.8 Definition of the end of the trial and justification where it is not the last visit of the last subject undergoing the trial
    The trial is ended when all patients have have their last trial vist.
    E.8.9 Initial estimate of the duration of the trial
    E.8.9.1In the Member State concerned years
    E.8.9.1In the Member State concerned months
    E.8.9.1In the Member State concerned days
    F. Population of Trial Subjects
    F.1 Age Range
    F.1.1Trial has subjects under 18 No
    F.1.1.1In Utero No
    F.1.1.2Preterm newborn infants (up to gestational age < 37 weeks) No
    F.1.1.3Newborns (0-27 days) No
    F.1.1.4Infants and toddlers (28 days-23 months) No
    F.1.1.5Children (2-11years) No
    F.1.1.6Adolescents (12-17 years) No
    F.1.2Adults (18-64 years) Yes
    F.1.2.1Number of subjects for this age range: 60
    F.1.3Elderly (>=65 years) Yes
    F.1.3.1Number of subjects for this age range: 16
    F.2 Gender
    F.2.1Female Yes
    F.2.2Male Yes
    F.3 Group of trial subjects
    F.3.1Healthy volunteers No
    F.3.2Patients Yes
    F.3.3Specific vulnerable populations No
    F.3.3.1Women of childbearing potential not using contraception No
    F.3.3.2Women of child-bearing potential using contraception No
    F.3.3.3Pregnant women No
    F.3.3.4Nursing women No
    F.3.3.5Emergency situation No
    F.3.3.6Subjects incapable of giving consent personally No
    F.3.3.7Others No
    F.4 Planned number of subjects to be included
    F.4.1In the member state76
    F.5 Plans for treatment or care after the subject has ended the participation in the trial (if it is different from the expected normal treatment of that condition)
    Patients will be followed-up according to regular care. It's possible for patients to continue off-label use of mycophenolate mofetil in a follow-up study.
    G. Investigator Networks to be involved in the Trial
    N. Review by the Competent Authority or Ethics Committee in the country concerned
    N.Competent Authority Decision Authorised
    N.Date of Competent Authority Decision2016-10-25
    N.Ethics Committee Opinion of the trial applicationFavourable
    N.Ethics Committee Opinion: Reason(s) for unfavourable opinion
    N.Date of Ethics Committee Opinion2016-11-18
    P. End of Trial
    P.End of Trial StatusOngoing
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