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    The EU Clinical Trials Register currently displays   42316   clinical trials with a EudraCT protocol, of which   6969   are clinical trials conducted with subjects less than 18 years old.
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    Summary
    EudraCT Number:2017-002056-86
    Sponsor's Protocol Code Number:AIO-STO-0117
    National Competent Authority:Germany - PEI
    Clinical Trial Type:EEA CTA
    Trial Status:Completed
    Date on which this record was first entered in the EudraCT database:2017-10-17
    Trial results
    Index
    A. PROTOCOL INFORMATION
    B. SPONSOR INFORMATION
    C. APPLICANT IDENTIFICATION
    D. IMP IDENTIFICATION
    D.8 INFORMATION ON PLACEBO
    E. GENERAL INFORMATION ON THE TRIAL
    F. POPULATION OF TRIAL SUBJECTS
    G. INVESTIGATOR NETWORKS TO BE INVOLVED IN THE TRIAL
    N. REVIEW BY THE COMPETENT AUTHORITY OR ETHICS COMMITTEE IN THE COUNTRY CONCERNED
    P. END OF TRIAL
    Expand All   Collapse All
    A. Protocol Information
    A.1Member State ConcernedGermany - PEI
    A.2EudraCT number2017-002056-86
    A.3Full title of the trial
    A multicenter open-label phase II trial to evaluate Nivolumab and Ipilimumab for 2nd line therapy in elderly patients with advanced esophageal squamous cell cancer
    Eine multizentrische offene Phase-2-Studie zur Untersuchung von Nivolumab und Ipilimumab als Zweitlinienbehandlung bei älteren Patienten mit fortgeschrittenem Speiseröhrenkrebs
    A.3.1Title of the trial for lay people, in easily understood, i.e. non-technical, language
    A study to evaluate Nivolumab and Ipilimumab for 2nd line therapy in elderly patients with advanced esophageal cancer
    Eine Studie zur Untersuchung von Nivolumab und Ipilimumab als Zweitlinienbehandlung bei älteren Patienten mit fortgeschrittenem Speiseröhrenkrebs
    A.3.2Name or abbreviated title of the trial where available
    RAMONA
    A.4.1Sponsor's protocol code numberAIO-STO-0117
    A.5.4Other Identifiers
    Name:BMS study numberNumber:CA209-9DD
    A.7Trial is part of a Paediatric Investigation Plan No
    A.8EMA Decision number of Paediatric Investigation Plan
    B. Sponsor Information
    B.Sponsor: 1
    B.1.1Name of SponsorAIO-Studien-gGmbH
    B.1.3.4CountryGermany
    B.3.1 and B.3.2Status of the sponsorNon-Commercial
    B.4 Source(s) of Monetary or Material Support for the clinical trial:
    B.4.1Name of organisation providing supportBristol-Myers Squibb GmbH & Co. KGaA
    B.4.2CountryGermany
    B.5 Contact point designated by the sponsor for further information on the trial
    B.5.1Name of organisationAIO-Studien-gGmbH
    B.5.2Functional name of contact pointAIO-Studien-gGmbH
    B.5.3 Address:
    B.5.3.1Street AddressKuno-Fischer-Straße 8
    B.5.3.2Town/ cityBerlin
    B.5.3.3Post code14057
    B.5.3.4CountryGermany
    B.5.4Telephone number004930814534431
    B.5.5Fax number004930322932926
    B.5.6E-mailinfo@aio-studien-ggmbh.de
    D. IMP Identification
    D.IMP: 1
    D.1.2 and D.1.3IMP RoleTest
    D.2 Status of the IMP to be used in the clinical trial
    D.2.1IMP to be used in the trial has a marketing authorisation Yes
    D.2.1.1.1Trade name Opdivo®
    D.2.1.1.2Name of the Marketing Authorisation holderBristol-Myers Squibb Pharma EEIG
    D.2.1.2Country which granted the Marketing AuthorisationEuropean Union
    D.2.5The IMP has been designated in this indication as an orphan drug in the Community No
    D.2.5.1Orphan drug designation number
    D.3 Description of the IMP
    D.3.1Product nameNivolumab
    D.3.2Product code L01XC17
    D.3.4Pharmaceutical form Concentrate for solution for infusion
    D.3.4.1Specific paediatric formulation No
    D.3.7Routes of administration for this IMPIntravenous use
    D.3.8 to D.3.10 IMP Identification Details (Active Substances)
    D.3.8INN - Proposed INNNivolumab
    D.3.9.1CAS number 946414-94-4
    D.3.9.3Other descriptive nameNIVOLUMAB
    D.3.9.4EV Substance CodeSUB122750
    D.3.10 Strength
    D.3.10.1Concentration unit mg/ml milligram(s)/millilitre
    D.3.10.2Concentration typeequal
    D.3.10.3Concentration number10
    D.3.11 The IMP contains an:
    D.3.11.1Active substance of chemical origin No
    D.3.11.2Active substance of biological/ biotechnological origin (other than Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) Yes
    The IMP is a:
    D.3.11.3Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    D.3.11.3.1Somatic cell therapy medicinal product No
    D.3.11.3.2Gene therapy medical product No
    D.3.11.3.3Tissue Engineered Product No
    D.3.11.3.4Combination ATIMP (i.e. one involving a medical device) No
    D.3.11.3.5Committee on Advanced therapies (CAT) has issued a classification for this product No
    D.3.11.4Combination product that includes a device, but does not involve an Advanced Therapy No
    D.3.11.5Radiopharmaceutical medicinal product No
    D.3.11.6Immunological medicinal product (such as vaccine, allergen, immune serum) Yes
    D.3.11.7Plasma derived medicinal product No
    D.3.11.8Extractive medicinal product No
    D.3.11.9Recombinant medicinal product No
    D.3.11.10Medicinal product containing genetically modified organisms No
    D.3.11.11Herbal medicinal product No
    D.3.11.12Homeopathic medicinal product No
    D.3.11.13Another type of medicinal product No
    D.IMP: 2
    D.1.2 and D.1.3IMP RoleTest
    D.2 Status of the IMP to be used in the clinical trial
    D.2.1IMP to be used in the trial has a marketing authorisation Yes
    D.2.1.1.1Trade name YERVOY®
    D.2.1.1.2Name of the Marketing Authorisation holderBristol-Myers Squibb Pharma EEIG
    D.2.1.2Country which granted the Marketing AuthorisationEuropean Union
    D.2.5The IMP has been designated in this indication as an orphan drug in the Community No
    D.2.5.1Orphan drug designation number
    D.3 Description of the IMP
    D.3.1Product nameIpilimumab
    D.3.4Pharmaceutical form Concentrate for solution for infusion
    D.3.4.1Specific paediatric formulation No
    D.3.7Routes of administration for this IMPIntravenous use
    D.3.8 to D.3.10 IMP Identification Details (Active Substances)
    D.3.8INN - Proposed INNIPILIMUMAB
    D.3.9.1CAS number 477202-00-9
    D.3.9.3Other descriptive nameIpilimumab
    D.3.9.4EV Substance CodeSUB29397
    D.3.10 Strength
    D.3.10.1Concentration unit mg/ml milligram(s)/millilitre
    D.3.10.2Concentration typeequal
    D.3.10.3Concentration number5
    D.3.11 The IMP contains an:
    D.3.11.1Active substance of chemical origin No
    D.3.11.2Active substance of biological/ biotechnological origin (other than Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) Yes
    The IMP is a:
    D.3.11.3Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    D.3.11.3.1Somatic cell therapy medicinal product No
    D.3.11.3.2Gene therapy medical product No
    D.3.11.3.3Tissue Engineered Product No
    D.3.11.3.4Combination ATIMP (i.e. one involving a medical device) No
    D.3.11.3.5Committee on Advanced therapies (CAT) has issued a classification for this product No
    D.3.11.4Combination product that includes a device, but does not involve an Advanced Therapy No
    D.3.11.5Radiopharmaceutical medicinal product No
    D.3.11.6Immunological medicinal product (such as vaccine, allergen, immune serum) Yes
    D.3.11.7Plasma derived medicinal product No
    D.3.11.8Extractive medicinal product No
    D.3.11.9Recombinant medicinal product Yes
    D.3.11.10Medicinal product containing genetically modified organisms No
    D.3.11.11Herbal medicinal product No
    D.3.11.12Homeopathic medicinal product No
    D.3.11.13Another type of medicinal product No
    D.8 Information on Placebo
    E. General Information on the Trial
    E.1 Medical condition or disease under investigation
    E.1.1Medical condition(s) being investigated
    advanced esophageal squamous cell cancer
    fortgeschrittenes ösophageales Plattenepithelkarzinom
    E.1.1.1Medical condition in easily understood language
    advanced esophageal cancer
    fortgeschrittener Speiseröhrenkrebs
    E.1.1.2Therapeutic area Diseases [C] - Cancer [C04]
    MedDRA Classification
    E.1.2 Medical condition or disease under investigation
    E.1.2Version 20.1
    E.1.2Level PT
    E.1.2Classification code 10062878
    E.1.2Term Gastrooesophageal cancer
    E.1.2System Organ Class 10029104 - Neoplasms benign, malignant and unspecified (incl cysts and polyps)
    E.1.2 Medical condition or disease under investigation
    E.1.2Version 21.1
    E.1.2Level PT
    E.1.2Classification code 10055102
    E.1.2Term Oesophageal cancer metastatic
    E.1.2System Organ Class 10029104 - Neoplasms benign, malignant and unspecified (incl cysts and polyps)
    E.1.2 Medical condition or disease under investigation
    E.1.2Version 21.0
    E.1.2Level LLT
    E.1.2Classification code 10015362
    E.1.2Term Esophageal cancer
    E.1.2System Organ Class 10029104 - Neoplasms benign, malignant and unspecified (incl cysts and polyps)
    E.1.2 Medical condition or disease under investigation
    E.1.2Version 21.0
    E.1.2Level LLT
    E.1.2Classification code 10030151
    E.1.2Term Oesophageal cancer
    E.1.2System Organ Class 10029104 - Neoplasms benign, malignant and unspecified (incl cysts and polyps)
    E.1.2 Medical condition or disease under investigation
    E.1.2Version 21.0
    E.1.2Level LLT
    E.1.2Classification code 10015363
    E.1.2Term Esophageal cancer NOS
    E.1.2System Organ Class 10029104 - Neoplasms benign, malignant and unspecified (incl cysts and polyps)
    E.1.2 Medical condition or disease under investigation
    E.1.2Version 21.0
    E.1.2Level LLT
    E.1.2Classification code 10030152
    E.1.2Term Oesophageal cancer NOS
    E.1.2System Organ Class 10029104 - Neoplasms benign, malignant and unspecified (incl cysts and polyps)
    E.1.2 Medical condition or disease under investigation
    E.1.2Version 21.0
    E.1.2Level LLT
    E.1.2Classification code 10056267
    E.1.2Term Gastroesophageal cancer
    E.1.2System Organ Class 10029104 - Neoplasms benign, malignant and unspecified (incl cysts and polyps)
    E.1.2 Medical condition or disease under investigation
    E.1.2Version 21.1
    E.1.2Level LLT
    E.1.2Classification code 10062478
    E.1.2Term Esophageal cancer metastatic
    E.1.2System Organ Class 10029104 - Neoplasms benign, malignant and unspecified (incl cysts and polyps)
    E.1.3Condition being studied is a rare disease No
    E.2 Objective of the trial
    E.2.1Main objective of the trial
    The primary objective of this trial is to demonstrate a significant survival benefit of the combination therapy with nivolumab/ipilimumab treatment in advanced esophageal squamous cell cancer compared to historical data of standard chemotherapy regimens.
    Additionally, tolerability of nivolumab as single agent and in combination with ipilimumab will be investigated in terms of quality of life. Hence, a key secondary endpoint ‘time to QoL deterioration’ will be implemented.

    E.2.2Secondary objectives of the trial
    Secondary objectives of this study are:
    • to assess additional efficacy and safety parameters of an intensified immunotherapy regimen.
    • to assess and explore the predictive value of structured geriatric assessments for treatment-emergent toxicities and treatment discontinuation
    E.2.3Trial contains a sub-study No
    E.3Principal inclusion criteria
    1. Written informed consent including participation in translational research and any locally-required authorization (EU Data Privacy Directive in the EU) obtained from the subject prior to performing any protocol-related procedures, including screening evaluations
    2. Age ≥ 65 years at time of study entry
    3. Histologically confirmed advanced stage non-resectable esophageal squamous cell carcinoma beyond frontline therapy*:
    • stage 4 OR
    • stage 3 non-responder to radio-chemotherapy OR
    • any relapse after chemo-radiation OR
    • any relapse after surgery if patient is ineligible or intolerant to standard frontline therapies OR refuses other treatment
    * Frontline therapy is defined as chemotherapy (+/-radiotherapy) (e.g. CROSS, FLOT or similar protocols) OR any palliative systemic chemotherapy
    4. Geriatric status: SlowGo or GoGo according to G8 and DAFI assessment (G8 > 14 points or CGA/DAFI 0.2<0.35)
    5. At least 1 measurable lesion according to RECIST 1.1
    6. Karnofski performance status ≥ 50
    7. Sufficient cardiac functional reserve defined as ejection fraction ≥ 50%
    9. Adequate blood count, liver-enzymes, and renal function:
    • neutrophil count > 1.5 x 10^6/mL
    • WBC ≥ 3000/µL
    • Platelet count ≥ 100 x 10^9/L (>100,000 per mm^3)
    • hemoglobin ≥ 9 g/dL
    • INR ≤ 1.5 and PTT ≤ 1.5 x ULN during the last 7 days before therapy
    • AST (SGOT)/ALT (SGPT) < 3 x institutional upper limit of normal (5 x lower limit in case of liver metastases)
    • bilirubin < 1.5 x ULN
    • Serum Creatinine ≤ 1.5 x institutional ULN or creatinine clearance (CrCl) ≥ 30 mL/min (if using the Cockcroft-Gault formula below):
    Female CrCl = ((140 - age in years) x weight in kg x 0.85)/(72 x serum creatinine in mg/dL)
    Male CrCl = ((140 - age in years) x weight in kg x 1.00)/(72 x serum creatinine in mg/dL)
    9. Men who are sexually active with WOCBP must use any contraceptive method with a failure rate of less than 1% per year. Men receiving nivolumab and who are sexually active with WOCBP will be instructed to adhere to contraception for a period of 7 months after the last dose of investigational products (nivolumab, ipilimumab). Women who are not of childbearing potential (ie, who are postmenopausal or surgically sterile) as well as azoospermic men do not require contraception).
    10. Subject is willing and able to comply with the protocol for the duration of the study including undergoing treatment and scheduled visits and examinations including follow up.
    E.4Principal exclusion criteria
    Methodological criteria:
    1. Patients <65 years of age
    2. Frail patients (DAFI score ≥ 0.35)
    3. Esophageal adenocarcinomas, neuroendocrine tumors
    4. Prior therapy with an anti-Programmed cell death protein 1 (anti-PD-1), anti-PD-L1, anti-Programmed cell death-ligand 2 (anti-PD-L2), anti-CD137 (4-1BB ligand, a member of the Tumor Necrosis Factor Receptor [TNFR] family), or anti-Cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated antigen-4 (anti-CTLA-4) antibody (including ipilimumab or any other antibody or drug specifically targeting T-cell co-stimulation or checkpoint pathways)
    5. Participation in another clinical study with an investigational product during the last 30 days before inclusion or 7 half-lifes of previously used trial medication, whichever is longer
    6. Previous treatment in the present study (does not include screening failure).
    Medical:
    7. Any condition or comorbidity that, in the opinion of the investigator, would interfere with evaluation of study treatment or interpretation of patient safety or study results, including but not limited to:
    a) Major surgery ≤ 28 days prior first dose of study treatment
    b) Anticancer treatment during the last 30 days prior to start of nivolumab monotherapy treatment, including systemic therapy, or major surgery [palliative radiotherapy has to be completed at least 2 weeks prior to start of study treatment]
    c) history of interstitial lung disease
    d) known acute or chronic pancreatitis
    e) known active HBV, HCV or HIV infection
    f) active tuberculosis
    g) any other active infection (viral, fungal or bacterial) requiring systemic therapy
    h) history of allogeneic tissue/solid organ transplant
    i) diagnosis of immunodeficiency or patient is receiving chronic systemic steroid therapy or any other form of immunosuppressive therapy within 7 days prior to the first dose of nivolumab-monotherapy treatment.
    j) Has an active autoimmune disease requiring systemic treatment within the past 3 months or a documented history of clinically severe autoimmune disease, or a syndrome that requires systemic steroids or immunosuppressive agents.
    k) Live vaccine within 30 days prior to the first dose of nivolumab-monotherapy treatment or during study treatment.
    l) Other clinically significant active malignancy requiring treatment OR less then 5 years disease free interval of another primary malignancy
    m) Clinically significant or symptomatic cardiovascular/cerebrovascular disease (incl. myocardial infarction, unstable angina, symptomatic congestive heart failure, serious uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmia) within 6 months before enrollment
    n) History or clinical evidence of CNS metastases
    Exceptions are: Subjects who have completed local therapy and who meet both of the following criteria:
    i. are asymptomatic and
    ii. have no requirement for steroids 6 weeks prior to start of nivolumab-monotherapy treament. Screening with CNS imaging (CT or MRI) is required only if clinically indicated or if the subject has a history of CNS metastases
    Drug related criteria:
    8. Medication that is known to interfere with any of the agents applied in the trial.
    9. Has known hypersensitivity to nivolumab or ipilimumab or any of the constituents of the products.
    10. Any other efficacious cancer treatment except protocol specified treatment at study start.
    11. Patient has received any other investigational product within 28 days of study entry.
    Safety criteria:
    12. Patient has had a prior monoclonal antibody within 4 weeks prior to study Day 1 or who has not recovered (i.e., ≤ Grade 1 or at baseline) from adverse events due to agents administered more than 4 weeks earlier. [Subjects with ≤ Grade 2 neuropathy or alopecia are an exception to this criterion and may qualify for the study.]
    13. Female subjects who are pregnant, breast-feeding or male/female patients of reproductive potential who are not employing an effective method of birth control (failure rate of less than 1% per year). [Acceptable methods of contraception are: implants, injectable contraceptives, combined oral contraceptives, intrauterine pessars (only hormonal devices), sexual abstinence or vasectomy of the partner]. Women of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test (serum β-HCG) at screening.
    Regulatory and ethical criteria:
    14. Patient with any significant history of non-compliance to medical regimens or with inability to grant reliable informed consent.
    15. Patient who has been incarcerated or involuntarily institutionalized by court order or by the authorities § 40 Abs. 1 S. 3 Nr. 4 AMG.
    16. Patients who are unable to consent because they do not understand the nature, significance and implications of the clinical trial and therefore cannot form a rational intention in the light of the facts [§ 40 Abs. 1 S. 3 Nr. 3a AMG].
    E.5 End points
    E.5.1Primary end point(s)
    • Overall survival
    E.5.1.1Timepoint(s) of evaluation of this end point
    End of Study (EoS)
    E.5.2Secondary end point(s)
    Key secondary endpoint:
    • Time to QoL deterioration defined as a loss of ≥ 10 points in the EORTC QLQ-C30 compared to base-line
    Additional secondary endpoints:
    • PFS
    • ORR according to RECIST 1.1 and immune related response criteria (modified RECIST)
    • Duration of Response (DOR)
    • Duration of treatment
    • cumulative dose intensity
    • QoL (EORTC QLQC30 and ELD14)
    • AEs/SAEs
    Geriatric assessments:
    • Evaluation of the predictive value of the GA containing tests (DAFI, G8-Questionaire etc.) for the occurrence of ≥ grade 3 toxicities.
    • Predictive value of the assessed geriatric tests for treatment discontinuation
    E.5.2.1Timepoint(s) of evaluation of this end point
    End of Study (EoS)
    E.6 and E.7 Scope of the trial
    E.6Scope of the trial
    E.6.1Diagnosis No
    E.6.2Prophylaxis No
    E.6.3Therapy Yes
    E.6.4Safety Yes
    E.6.5Efficacy Yes
    E.6.6Pharmacokinetic No
    E.6.7Pharmacodynamic No
    E.6.8Bioequivalence No
    E.6.9Dose response No
    E.6.10Pharmacogenetic No
    E.6.11Pharmacogenomic No
    E.6.12Pharmacoeconomic No
    E.6.13Others Yes
    E.6.13.1Other scope of the trial description
    Quality of life
    E.7Trial type and phase
    E.7.1Human pharmacology (Phase I) No
    E.7.1.1First administration to humans No
    E.7.1.2Bioequivalence study No
    E.7.1.3Other No
    E.7.1.3.1Other trial type description
    E.7.2Therapeutic exploratory (Phase II) Yes
    E.7.3Therapeutic confirmatory (Phase III) No
    E.7.4Therapeutic use (Phase IV) No
    E.8 Design of the trial
    E.8.1Controlled No
    E.8.1.1Randomised No
    E.8.1.2Open Yes
    E.8.1.3Single blind No
    E.8.1.4Double blind No
    E.8.1.5Parallel group No
    E.8.1.6Cross over No
    E.8.1.7Other No
    E.8.2 Comparator of controlled trial
    E.8.2.1Other medicinal product(s) No
    E.8.2.2Placebo No
    E.8.2.3Other No
    E.8.2.4Number of treatment arms in the trial2
    E.8.3 The trial involves single site in the Member State concerned No
    E.8.4 The trial involves multiple sites in the Member State concerned Yes
    E.8.4.1Number of sites anticipated in Member State concerned35
    E.8.5The trial involves multiple Member States No
    E.8.6 Trial involving sites outside the EEA
    E.8.6.1Trial being conducted both within and outside the EEA No
    E.8.6.2Trial being conducted completely outside of the EEA No
    E.8.7Trial has a data monitoring committee No
    E.8.8 Definition of the end of the trial and justification where it is not the last visit of the last subject undergoing the trial
    End of Study (EoS)
    End of Study (EoS) is defined as the time point when the last patient has completed a 24 month treatment and follow-up period.
    E.8.9 Initial estimate of the duration of the trial
    E.8.9.1In the Member State concerned years3
    E.8.9.1In the Member State concerned months0
    E.8.9.1In the Member State concerned days0
    F. Population of Trial Subjects
    F.1 Age Range
    F.1.1Trial has subjects under 18 No
    F.1.1.1In Utero No
    F.1.1.2Preterm newborn infants (up to gestational age < 37 weeks) No
    F.1.1.3Newborns (0-27 days) No
    F.1.1.4Infants and toddlers (28 days-23 months) No
    F.1.1.5Children (2-11years) No
    F.1.1.6Adolescents (12-17 years) No
    F.1.2Adults (18-64 years) No
    F.1.3Elderly (>=65 years) Yes
    F.1.3.1Number of subjects for this age range: 75
    F.2 Gender
    F.2.1Female Yes
    F.2.2Male Yes
    F.3 Group of trial subjects
    F.3.1Healthy volunteers No
    F.3.2Patients Yes
    F.3.3Specific vulnerable populations No
    F.3.3.1Women of childbearing potential not using contraception No
    F.3.3.2Women of child-bearing potential using contraception No
    F.3.3.3Pregnant women No
    F.3.3.4Nursing women No
    F.3.3.5Emergency situation No
    F.3.3.6Subjects incapable of giving consent personally No
    F.3.3.7Others No
    F.4 Planned number of subjects to be included
    F.4.1In the member state75
    F.5 Plans for treatment or care after the subject has ended the participation in the trial (if it is different from the expected normal treatment of that condition)
    None. Patients will be treated according to standard-of-care at the discretion of the investigator.
    Keine. Patienten werden nach Studienende entsprechend dem medizinischen Standard nach dem Ermessen des Arztes behandelt.
    G. Investigator Networks to be involved in the Trial
    N. Review by the Competent Authority or Ethics Committee in the country concerned
    N.Competent Authority Decision Authorised
    N.Date of Competent Authority Decision2017-12-20
    N.Ethics Committee Opinion of the trial applicationFavourable
    N.Ethics Committee Opinion: Reason(s) for unfavourable opinion
    N.Date of Ethics Committee Opinion2017-12-19
    P. End of Trial
    P.End of Trial StatusCompleted
    P.Date of the global end of the trial2021-11-20
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