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The European Union Clinical Trials Register   allows you to search for protocol and results information on:
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    The EU Clinical Trials Register currently displays   43801   clinical trials with a EudraCT protocol, of which   7272   are clinical trials conducted with subjects less than 18 years old.   The register also displays information on   18700   older paediatric trials (in scope of Article 45 of the Paediatric Regulation (EC) No 1901/2006).

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    EudraCT Number:2017-003008-30
    Sponsor's Protocol Code Number:16/0730
    National Competent Authority:UK - MHRA
    Clinical Trial Type:EEA CTA
    Trial Status:GB - no longer in EU/EEA
    Date on which this record was first entered in the EudraCT database:2018-05-17
    Trial results
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    A. Protocol Information
    A.1Member State ConcernedUK - MHRA
    A.2EudraCT number2017-003008-30
    A.3Full title of the trial
    A double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled single-site study of high dose simvastatin treatment for secondary progressive multiple sclerosis: impact on vascular perfusion and oxidative damage
    A.3.1Title of the trial for lay people, in easily understood, i.e. non-technical, language
    Simvastatin in Secondary Progressive Multiple Sclerosis
    A.3.2Name or abbreviated title of the trial where available
    MS-OPT Version 1.3 dated 23/05/18
    A.4.1Sponsor's protocol code number16/0730
    A.7Trial is part of a Paediatric Investigation Plan No
    A.8EMA Decision number of Paediatric Investigation Plan
    B. Sponsor Information
    B.Sponsor: 1
    B.1.1Name of SponsorUniversity College London
    B.1.3.4CountryUnited Kingdom
    B.3.1 and B.3.2Status of the sponsorNon-Commercial
    B.4 Source(s) of Monetary or Material Support for the clinical trial:
    B.4.1Name of organisation providing supportMS Society
    B.4.2CountryUnited Kingdom
    B.4.1Name of organisation providing supportMultiple Sclerosis Trials Collaboration
    B.4.2CountryUnited Kingdom
    B.5 Contact point designated by the sponsor for further information on the trial
    B.5.1Name of organisationUniversity College London
    B.5.2Functional name of contact pointDavid Wilkie
    B.5.3 Address:
    B.5.3.1Street AddressDepartment of Neuroinflammation
    B.5.3.2Town/ cityUCL Institute of Neurology
    B.5.3.3Post codeWC1B 5EH
    B.5.3.4CountryUnited Kingdom
    B.5.4Telephone number02083830675
    B.5.5Fax number02083830584
    D. IMP Identification
    D.IMP: 1
    D.1.2 and D.1.3IMP RoleTest
    D.2 Status of the IMP to be used in the clinical trial
    D.2.1IMP to be used in the trial has a marketing authorisation Yes
    D. name Simvastatin 40 mg film-coated tablets
    D. of the Marketing Authorisation holderSandoz Ltd
    D.2.1.2Country which granted the Marketing AuthorisationUnited Kingdom
    D.2.5The IMP has been designated in this indication as an orphan drug in the Community No
    D.2.5.1Orphan drug designation number
    D.3 Description of the IMP
    D.3.1Product nameSimvastatin 40 mg film-coated tablets
    D.3.2Product code Not applicable
    D.3.4Pharmaceutical form Tablet
    D.3.4.1Specific paediatric formulation No
    D.3.7Routes of administration for this IMPOral use
    D.3.8 to D.3.10 IMP Identification Details (Active Substances)
    D.3.8INN - Proposed INNSimvastatin
    D.3.9.4EV Substance CodeAS1
    D.3.10 Strength
    D.3.10.1Concentration unit mg milligram(s)
    D.3.10.2Concentration typeequal
    D.3.10.3Concentration number40
    D.3.11 The IMP contains an:
    D.3.11.1Active substance of chemical origin Yes
    D.3.11.2Active substance of biological/ biotechnological origin (other than Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    The IMP is a:
    D.3.11.3Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    D. cell therapy medicinal product No
    D. therapy medical product No
    D. Engineered Product No
    D. ATIMP (i.e. one involving a medical device) No
    D. on Advanced therapies (CAT) has issued a classification for this product No
    D.3.11.4Combination product that includes a device, but does not involve an Advanced Therapy No
    D.3.11.5Radiopharmaceutical medicinal product No
    D.3.11.6Immunological medicinal product (such as vaccine, allergen, immune serum) No
    D.3.11.7Plasma derived medicinal product No
    D.3.11.8Extractive medicinal product No
    D.3.11.9Recombinant medicinal product No
    D.3.11.10Medicinal product containing genetically modified organisms No
    D.3.11.11Herbal medicinal product No
    D.3.11.12Homeopathic medicinal product No
    D.3.11.13Another type of medicinal product No
    D.8 Information on Placebo
    D.8 Placebo: 1
    D.8.1Is a Placebo used in this Trial?Yes
    D.8.3Pharmaceutical form of the placeboTablet
    D.8.4Route of administration of the placeboOral use
    E. General Information on the Trial
    E.1 Medical condition or disease under investigation
    E.1.1Medical condition(s) being investigated
    Multiple Sclerosis (Secondary Progressive)
    E.1.1.1Medical condition in easily understood language
    Multiple sclerosis (MS), an autoimmune condition affecting the central nervous system, is the most common cause of disability in young adults and affects over 2.3 million people worldwide.
    E.1.1.2Therapeutic area Diseases [C] - Nervous System Diseases [C10]
    MedDRA Classification
    E.1.2 Medical condition or disease under investigation
    E.1.2Version 20.0
    E.1.2Level HLT
    E.1.2Classification code 10052785
    E.1.2Term Multiple sclerosis acute and progressive
    E.1.2System Organ Class 100000004852
    E.1.3Condition being studied is a rare disease No
    E.2 Objective of the trial
    E.2.1Main objective of the trial
    Primary: Cerebral arterial hemodynamics

    To establish whether simvastatin has an effect on cerebral blood flow (CBF) in SPMS measured at baseline, 16 and 20 weeks using arterial spin labelling (ASL) MRI.

    We expect ASL to be able to detect subtle changes in CBF at baseline, 16 and 20 weeks comparing placebo to simvastatin treated patients.
    E.2.2Secondary objectives of the trial
    • To establish whether ASL measurements of blood flow are useful correlates for CBF measurement on and off treatment. This will be supported by a questionnaire investigating factors that influence brain perfusion.
    • To explore whether statin treatment reduces glutamate levels in the brain as measured by MRI. In MS, high glutamate levels have been shown to have a neurotoxic effect.
    • To explore whether statin reduce the rate of brain atrophy on MRI (excluding the effect of pseudo-atrophy, which is a temporary response to the drug rather than an actual loss of tissue).
    • To examine the effects of simvastatin treatment on clinical measures, including
    Expanded disability status score (EDSS) which is a method of quantifying disability in MS and records changes in disability over time. The EDSS scale ranges from 0 (no disability) to 10 (death due to MS) in 0.5 unit increments that represent higher levels of disability.
    Multiple Sclerosis Functional Composite (MSFC) comprises quantitative
    E.2.3Trial contains a sub-study No
    E.3Principal inclusion criteria
    The following inclusion criteria must be met (answer yes) when assessing patient’s eligibility onto the trial:
    1. Patients must have a confirmed diagnosis of multiple sclerosis according to revised Mc Donald criteria and have entered the secondary progressive stage. (Polman et al., 2011, Lublin, 2014). Steady progression rather than relapse must be the major cause of increasing disability in the preceding 2 years. Progression can be evident from either an increase of at least one point on the EDSS or clinical documentation of increasing disability.
    2. EDSS 4.0 – 6.5 (inclusive).
    3. Male and Females aged 18 to 65
    4. Females of childbearing potential and males with partners who are of childbearing age must be willing to use an effective method of contraception (Double barrier method of birth control or True abstinence) from the time consent is signed until 6 weeks after treatment discontinuation and inform the trial team if pregnancy occurs. For the purpose of clarity, True abstinence is when this is in line with the preferred and usual lifestyle of the subject. Periodic abstinence (e.g., calendar, ovulation, symptothermal, post-ovulation methods), declaration of abstinence, withdrawal, spermicides only or lactational amenorrhoea method for the duration of a trial, are not acceptable methods of contraception.
    5. Females of childbearing potential have a negative pregnancy test within 7 days prior to being registered/randomised. Participants are considered not of child bearing potential if they are surgically sterile (i.e. they have undergone a hysterectomy, bilateral tubal ligation, or bilateral oophorectomy) or they are postmenopausal.
    6. Willing and able to comply with the trial protocol (e.g. can tolerate MRI and fulfils the requirements for MRI, e.g. not fitted with pacemakers or permanent hearing aids) ability to understand and complete questionnaires
    7. Willing and able to provide written informed consent
    8. Willing to ingest gelatine (placebo will contain this). Participants must therefore be informed sensitive to personal beliefs.

    Lublin FD. New multiple sclerosis phenotypic classification. Eur Neurol. 2014;72 Suppl 1:1-5

    Polman CH, Reingold SC, Banwell B, et al. Diagnostic criteria for multiple sclerosis: 2010 revisions to the McDonald criteria. Ann Neurol. 2011 Feb;69(2):292-302

    E.4Principal exclusion criteria
    Patients presenting with any of the following exclusion criteria (i.e. answers yes) at screening will not be eligible to proceed with the trial:
    1. Unable to give informed consent.
    2. Primary progressive MS.
    3. Those that have experienced a relapse or have been treated with steroids (both i.v. and oral) for multiple sclerosis relapse within 3 months of the screening visit. These patients may undergo a further screening visit once the 3 month window has expired and may be included if no steroid treatment has been administered in the intervening period. Patients on steroids for another medical condition may enter as long as the steroid prescription is not for multiple sclerosis (relapse/ progression).
    4. Patient is already taking or is anticipated to be taking a statin or lomitapide for cholesterol control.
    5. Any medications that unfavourably interact with statins as per Spc recommendations e.g.: fibrates, nicotinic acid, cyclosporin, azole anti-fungal preparations, macrolideantibiotics, protease inhibitors, nefazodone, verapamil, amiodarone, large amounts of grapefruit juice or alcohol abuse within 6 months.
    6. The use of immunosuppressants (e.g. azathioprine, methotrexate, cyclosporin) or disease modifying treatments (avonex, rebif, betaferon, glatiramer, dimethyl fumerate, fingolimod) within the previous 6 months .
    7. The use of mitoxantrone if treated within the last 12 months.
    8. Patient has received treatment with alemtuzumab.
    9. Use of other experimental disease modifying treatment (including research in an investigational medicinal product) within 6 months of baseline visit
    10. Active Hepatic disease or known severe renal failure (creatinine clearance <30ml/min)
    11. Screening levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST) or creatine kinase (CK) are three times the upper limit of normal patients.
    12. If the patient reports any ophthalmic conditions such as glaucoma, ocular trauma or degenerative eye disease
    13. Patient unable to tolerate or unsuitable to have baseline MRI scan (e.g. metal implants, heart pacemaker) or MRI scan not of adequate quality for analysis (e.g. too much movement artefact ).
    14. Females who are pregnant, planning pregnancy or breastfeeding.
    15. Allergies to IMP active substance or to any excipients of IMP and placebo or other conditions that contraindicate use of galactose (eg. Hereditary galactose intolerance, Lactase deficiency, glucose-galactose malabsorption)
    E.5 End points
    E.5.1Primary end point(s)
    To establish whether simvastatin has an effect on cerebral blood flow in SPMS up to 22 weeks using arterial spin labelling MRI.
    E.5.1.1Timepoint(s) of evaluation of this end point
    Up to Week 17 weeks on treatment
    E.5.2Secondary end point(s)
    • To establish whether ASL and AOSLO measurements of blood flow are useful correlates for cerebral blood flow measurement on and off treatment. This will be supported by a questionnaire investigating factors that influence brain perfusion.
    • To explore whether statin treatment reduces glutamate levels as measured by MRI
    • To examine for evidence of pseudo-atrophy on MRI
    • To examine the clinical effect of simvastatin treatment as reported by the clinician (EDSS, MSFC inc. 9HPT, 25FTW and PASAT) and patient reported outcome measures (MSIS-29v2, and MSWSv2).
    • Frontal executive functioning will be assessed using the Frontal Assessment Battery (FAB).
    • To collect health economic data (EQ5D5L) to inform future phase III trials
    • Investigate the effect statins may have on retinal parameters such as blood flow, oxygen saturation, structure of vascular plexuses, neuronal structure and retinal layer thicknesses.
    E.5.2.1Timepoint(s) of evaluation of this end point
    It is expected that data analyses will commence when the last participant leaves the study. Recruitment is expected to take up to 1 year from January 2018 and data analyses will continue until June 2019.
    E.6 and E.7 Scope of the trial
    E.6Scope of the trial
    E.6.1Diagnosis No
    E.6.2Prophylaxis No
    E.6.3Therapy Yes
    E.6.4Safety Yes
    E.6.5Efficacy Yes
    E.6.6Pharmacokinetic No
    E.6.7Pharmacodynamic Yes
    E.6.8Bioequivalence No
    E.6.9Dose response Yes
    E.6.10Pharmacogenetic No
    E.6.11Pharmacogenomic No
    E.6.12Pharmacoeconomic No
    E.6.13Others Yes
    E.6.13.1Other scope of the trial description
    Effect of the drug on vascular perfusion in the CNS
    E.7Trial type and phase
    E.7.1Human pharmacology (Phase I) No
    E.7.1.1First administration to humans No
    E.7.1.2Bioequivalence study No
    E.7.1.3Other No
    E. trial type description
    E.7.2Therapeutic exploratory (Phase II) Yes
    E.7.3Therapeutic confirmatory (Phase III) No
    E.7.4Therapeutic use (Phase IV) No
    E.8 Design of the trial
    E.8.1Controlled Yes
    E.8.1.1Randomised Yes
    E.8.1.2Open No
    E.8.1.3Single blind No
    E.8.1.4Double blind Yes
    E.8.1.5Parallel group No
    E.8.1.6Cross over No
    E.8.1.7Other No
    E.8.2 Comparator of controlled trial
    E.8.2.1Other medicinal product(s) No
    E.8.2.2Placebo Yes
    E.8.2.3Other No
    E.8.2.4Number of treatment arms in the trial2
    E.8.3 The trial involves single site in the Member State concerned Information not present in EudraCT
    E.8.4 The trial involves multiple sites in the Member State concerned Yes
    E.8.4.1Number of sites anticipated in Member State concerned1
    E.8.5The trial involves multiple Member States No
    E.8.6 Trial involving sites outside the EEA
    E.8.6.1Trial being conducted both within and outside the EEA No
    E.8.6.2Trial being conducted completely outside of the EEA No
    E.8.7Trial has a data monitoring committee No
    E.8.8 Definition of the end of the trial and justification where it is not the last visit of the last subject undergoing the trial
    As per section A69-2. In addition, consistent with protocol:
    "The end of trial is defined as the date of the last participant finishing trial involvement. This is not defined as finishing treatment but the last day of follow-up."

    E.8.9 Initial estimate of the duration of the trial
    E.8.9.1In the Member State concerned years1
    E.8.9.1In the Member State concerned months5
    E.8.9.1In the Member State concerned days0
    E.8.9.2In all countries concerned by the trial years2
    E.8.9.2In all countries concerned by the trial months0
    E.8.9.2In all countries concerned by the trial days0
    F. Population of Trial Subjects
    F.1 Age Range
    F.1.1Trial has subjects under 18 No
    F.1.1Number of subjects for this age range: 0
    F.1.1.1In Utero No
    F. of subjects for this age range: 0
    F.1.1.2Preterm newborn infants (up to gestational age < 37 weeks) No
    F. of subjects for this age range: 0
    F.1.1.3Newborns (0-27 days) No
    F. of subjects for this age range: 0
    F.1.1.4Infants and toddlers (28 days-23 months) No
    F. of subjects for this age range: 0
    F.1.1.5Children (2-11years) No
    F. of subjects for this age range: 0
    F.1.1.6Adolescents (12-17 years) No
    F. of subjects for this age range: 0
    F.1.2Adults (18-64 years) Yes
    F.1.2.1Number of subjects for this age range: 35
    F.1.3Elderly (>=65 years) Yes
    F.1.3.1Number of subjects for this age range: 5
    F.2 Gender
    F.2.1Female Yes
    F.2.2Male Yes
    F.3 Group of trial subjects
    F.3.1Healthy volunteers No
    F.3.2Patients Yes
    F.3.3Specific vulnerable populations No
    F.3.3.1Women of childbearing potential not using contraception No
    F.3.3.2Women of child-bearing potential using contraception No
    F.3.3.3Pregnant women No
    F.3.3.4Nursing women No
    F.3.3.5Emergency situation No
    F.3.3.6Subjects incapable of giving consent personally No
    F.3.3.7Others No
    F.4 Planned number of subjects to be included
    F.4.1In the member state40
    F.4.2 For a multinational trial
    F.4.2.1In the EEA 0
    F.4.2.2In the whole clinical trial 0
    F.5 Plans for treatment or care after the subject has ended the participation in the trial (if it is different from the expected normal treatment of that condition)
    There will be no provision for patients to continue to receive the drug after the study has ended. This will be clearly explained in the Patient Information leaflet.
    G. Investigator Networks to be involved in the Trial
    G.4 Investigator Network to be involved in the Trial: 1
    N. Review by the Competent Authority or Ethics Committee in the country concerned
    N.Competent Authority Decision Authorised
    N.Date of Competent Authority Decision2017-12-22
    N.Ethics Committee Opinion of the trial applicationFavourable
    N.Ethics Committee Opinion: Reason(s) for unfavourable opinion
    N.Date of Ethics Committee Opinion2020-07-01
    P. End of Trial
    P.End of Trial StatusGB - no longer in EU/EEA
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    The status and protocol content of GB trials is no longer updated since 1 January 2021. For the UK, as of 31 January 2021, EU Law applies only to the territory of Northern Ireland (NI) to the extent foreseen in the Protocol on Ireland/NI. Legal notice
    As of 31 January 2023, all EU/EEA initial clinical trial applications must be submitted through CTIS . Updated EudraCT trials information and information on PIP/Art 46 trials conducted exclusively in third countries continues to be submitted through EudraCT and published on this website.

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