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    Clinical Trial Results:
    Efficacy and safety of bumetanide oral liquid formulation in children and adolescents aged from 7 to less than 18 years old with Autism Spectrum Disorder. A 6-month randomised, double-blind, placebo controlled multicentre parallel group study to evaluate efficacy and safety of bumetanide 0.5mg twice a day followed by an open label active 6-month treatment period with bumetanide (0.5mg twice a day) and a 6 weeks discontinuation period after treatment stop.

    Summary
    EudraCT number
    2017-004419-38
    Trial protocol
    GB   FR   DE   ES   NL   HU   PT   PL   IT   IE   CZ   SK  
    Global end of trial date
    13 Sep 2021

    Results information
    Results version number
    v1(current)
    This version publication date
    20 Mar 2022
    First version publication date
    20 Mar 2022
    Other versions

    Trial information

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    Trial identification
    Sponsor protocol code
    CL3-95008-001
    Additional study identifiers
    ISRCTN number
    -
    US NCT number
    NCT03715166
    WHO universal trial number (UTN)
    -
    Sponsors
    Sponsor organisation name
    Institut de Recherches Internationales Servier
    Sponsor organisation address
    50 rue Carnot, Suresnes, France, 92284
    Public contact
    Therapeutic Area in Neurology, Institut de Recherches Internationales Servier, +33 155724366, clinicaltrials@servier.com
    Scientific contact
    Therapeutic Area in Neurology, Institut de Recherches Internationales Servier, +33 155724366, clinicaltrials@servier.com
    Sponsor organisation name
    Laboratorios Servier SL
    Sponsor organisation address
    Avenida de los Madronos, 33, Madrid, Spain, 28043
    Public contact
    Dpto. de Investigation y Desarrollo, Laboratorios Servier SL, +34 917489662, itziar.martinezmelchor@servier.com
    Scientific contact
    Dpto. de Investigation y Desarrollo, Laboratorios Servier SL, +34 917489662, itziar.martinezmelchor@servier.com
    Sponsor organisation name
    Servier R&D Ltd
    Sponsor organisation address
    Sefton House, Sefton Park, Bell Hill, Stoke Poges, Slough, Berkshire, United Kingdom, SL245S
    Public contact
    Institut de Recherches Internationales Servier, Therapeutic Area in Neurology, +33 01 55 72 43 66, clinicaltrials@servier.com
    Scientific contact
    Institut de Recherches Internationales Servier, Therapeutic Area in Neurology, +33 01 55 72 43 66, clinicaltrials@servier.com
    Paediatric regulatory details
    Is trial part of an agreed paediatric investigation plan (PIP)
    Yes
    EMA paediatric investigation plan number(s)
    EMEA-001303-PIP01-12
    Does article 45 of REGULATION (EC) No 1901/2006 apply to this trial?
    No
    Does article 46 of REGULATION (EC) No 1901/2006 apply to this trial?
    No
    Results analysis stage
    Analysis stage
    Final
    Date of interim/final analysis
    13 Sep 2021
    Is this the analysis of the primary completion data?
    Yes
    Primary completion date
    13 Sep 2021
    Global end of trial reached?
    Yes
    Global end of trial date
    13 Sep 2021
    Was the trial ended prematurely?
    Yes
    General information about the trial
    Main objective of the trial
    To demonstrate the superiority of bumetanide (0.5 mg b.i.d.) oral liquid formulation compared to placebo in the improvement of ASD core symptoms, as evaluated on Childhood Autism Rating Scale, second edition (CARS2), after 6 months of treatment in ASD children and adolescents aged from 7 to less than 18 years old.
    Protection of trial subjects
    This study was conducted in accordance with Good Clinical Practice standards, ethical principles stated in the Declaration of Helsinki and applicable regulatory requirements. After the subject has ended his/her participation in the trial, the investigator provided appropriate medication and/or arranged access to appropriate care for the patient.
    Background therapy
    -
    Evidence for comparator
    -
    Actual start date of recruitment
    21 Sep 2018
    Long term follow-up planned
    No
    Independent data monitoring committee (IDMC) involvement?
    Yes
    Population of trial subjects
    Number of subjects enrolled per country
    Country: Number of subjects enrolled
    Brazil: 27
    Country: Number of subjects enrolled
    France: 23
    Country: Number of subjects enrolled
    Germany: 5
    Country: Number of subjects enrolled
    Hungary: 20
    Country: Number of subjects enrolled
    Italy: 25
    Country: Number of subjects enrolled
    Netherlands: 1
    Country: Number of subjects enrolled
    Poland: 26
    Country: Number of subjects enrolled
    Portugal: 14
    Country: Number of subjects enrolled
    Spain: 41
    Country: Number of subjects enrolled
    United Kingdom: 29
    Worldwide total number of subjects
    211
    EEA total number of subjects
    155
    Number of subjects enrolled per age group
    In utero
    0
    Preterm newborn - gestational age < 37 wk
    0
    Newborns (0-27 days)
    0
    Infants and toddlers (28 days-23 months)
    0
    Children (2-11 years)
    141
    Adolescents (12-17 years)
    70
    Adults (18-64 years)
    0
    From 65 to 84 years
    0
    85 years and over
    0

    Subject disposition

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    Recruitment
    Recruitment details
    -

    Pre-assignment
    Screening details
    Male and female patients from 7 to less than 18 years old. Primary diagnosis of ASD as per Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) , confirmed by Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule-Generic (ADOS-2) and Autism Diagnosis Interview Revised, Clinical Global Impression Severity (CGI-S) Score ≥ 4, CARS2 total raw score ≥ 34.

    Period 1
    Period 1 title
    Double-blind period (From W000 to W026)
    Is this the baseline period?
    Yes
    Allocation method
    Randomised - controlled
    Blinding used
    Double blind
    Roles blinded
    Investigator, Subject

    Arms
    Are arms mutually exclusive
    Yes

    Arm title
    S95008 - Double-blind period
    Arm description
    -
    Arm type
    Experimental

    Investigational medicinal product name
    S95008
    Investigational medicinal product code
    S95008
    Other name
    Pharmaceutical forms
    Oral solution
    Routes of administration
    Oral use
    Dosage and administration details
    The IMP dispensed was an oral solution of 0.5 mg/mL of S95008 (bumetanide). All the patients took orally the study treatment twice a day: - in the morning at wake up. - in the afternoon, 3 hours before going to bed at the latest. The volume of the oral solution was adapted according to a body-weight basis for patients with a weight lower than 25 kg.

    Arm title
    Placebo - Double-blind period
    Arm description
    -
    Arm type
    Placebo

    Investigational medicinal product name
    Placebo
    Investigational medicinal product code
    Other name
    Pharmaceutical forms
    Oral solution
    Routes of administration
    Oral use
    Dosage and administration details
    The IMP dispensed was an oral solution. All the patients took orally the study treatment twice a day: - in the morning at wake up. - in the afternoon, 3 hours before going to bed at the latest. The volume of the oral solution was adapted according to a body-weight basis for patients with a weight lower than 25 kg.

    Number of subjects in period 1
    S95008 - Double-blind period Placebo - Double-blind period
    Started
    107
    104
    Completed
    89
    93
    Not completed
    18
    11
         Non medical reason
    10
    7
         Adverse event, non-fatal
    7
    3
         Protocol deviation
    1
    1
    Period 2
    Period 2 title
    Open-label period (From W026 to W052)
    Is this the baseline period?
    No
    Allocation method
    Non-randomised - controlled
    Blinding used
    Not blinded

    Arms
    Are arms mutually exclusive
    No

    Arm title
    Placebo/S95008 - Open-label period
    Arm description
    Patients assigned to Placebo group at W0 and treated by S95008 in the open-label period.
    Arm type
    Experimental

    Investigational medicinal product name
    S95008
    Investigational medicinal product code
    S95008
    Other name
    Pharmaceutical forms
    Oral solution
    Routes of administration
    Oral use
    Dosage and administration details
    All patients received bumetanide b.i.d. between month 6 (W026) and month 12 (W052). This was followed by a period from W052 to WEND. During this follow-up period, the patients were not treated with IMP.

    Arm title
    S95008/S95008 - Open label period
    Arm description
    Patients assigned to S95008 group at W0 and treated by S95008 in the open-label period.
    Arm type
    Experimental

    Investigational medicinal product name
    S95008
    Investigational medicinal product code
    S95008
    Other name
    Pharmaceutical forms
    Oral solution
    Routes of administration
    Oral use
    Dosage and administration details
    All patients received bumetanide b.i.d. between month 6 (W026) and month 12 (W052). This was followed by a period from W052 to WEND. During this follow-up period, the patients were not treated with IMP.

    Number of subjects in period 2
    Placebo/S95008 - Open-label period S95008/S95008 - Open label period
    Started
    90
    86
    Completed
    74
    76
    Not completed
    16
    10
         Non medical reason
    2
    4
         Adverse event, non-fatal
    13
    4
         Lack of efficacy
    1
    -
         Protocol deviation
    -
    2
    Period 3
    Period 3 title
    Combined period (From W000 to W052)
    Is this the baseline period?
    No
    Allocation method
    Non-randomised - controlled
    Blinding used
    Not blinded

    Arms
    Arm title
    S95008/S95008 - Combined period
    Arm description
    For the Combined period (Double-blind + Open label periods), treatment group was defined as S95008/S95008 arm: patients assigned to S95008 group at W0 and treated with S95008 in the open-label period.
    Arm type
    Experimental

    Investigational medicinal product name
    S95008
    Investigational medicinal product code
    S95008
    Other name
    Pharmaceutical forms
    Oral solution
    Routes of administration
    Oral use
    Dosage and administration details
    All patients received bumetanide b.i.d. between W000 and month 12 (W052). This was followed by a period from W052 to WEND. During this follow-up period, the patients were not treated with IMP.

    Number of subjects in period 3
    S95008/S95008 - Combined period
    Started
    86
    Completed
    76
    Not completed
    10
         Non medical reason
    4
         Adverse event, non-fatal
    4
         Protocol deviation
    2
    Period 4
    Period 4 title
    Extension period (From M000 to M006)
    Is this the baseline period?
    No
    Allocation method
    Non-randomised - controlled
    Blinding used
    Not blinded

    Arms
    Arm title
    S95008 - Extension period
    Arm description
    -
    Arm type
    Experimental

    Investigational medicinal product name
    S95008
    Investigational medicinal product code
    S95008
    Other name
    Pharmaceutical forms
    Oral solution
    Routes of administration
    Oral use
    Dosage and administration details
    During the 6-month extension period in open label (from M000 to M006), all patients were treated by bumetanide as done in the open label treatment period.

    Number of subjects in period 4 [1]
    S95008 - Extension period
    Started
    27
    Completed
    16
    Not completed
    11
         Non medical reason
    11
    Notes
    [1] - The number of subjects starting the period is not consistent with the number completing the preceding period. It is expected the number of subjects starting the subsequent period will be the same as the number completing the preceding period.
    Justification: The extension period was not mandatory.

    Baseline characteristics

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    Baseline characteristics reporting groups
    Reporting group title
    S95008 - Double-blind period
    Reporting group description
    -

    Reporting group title
    Placebo - Double-blind period
    Reporting group description
    -

    Reporting group values
    S95008 - Double-blind period Placebo - Double-blind period Total
    Number of subjects
    107 104 211
    Age categorical
    Units: Subjects
        Children (2-11 years)
    68 73 141
        Adolescents (12-17 years)
    39 31 70
    Age continuous
    Units: years
        arithmetic mean (standard deviation)
    10.5 ( 3.0 ) 10.4 ( 2.9 ) -
    Gender categorical
    Units: Subjects
        Female
    20 17 37
        Male
    87 87 174

    End points

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    End points reporting groups
    Reporting group title
    S95008 - Double-blind period
    Reporting group description
    -

    Reporting group title
    Placebo - Double-blind period
    Reporting group description
    -
    Reporting group title
    Placebo/S95008 - Open-label period
    Reporting group description
    Patients assigned to Placebo group at W0 and treated by S95008 in the open-label period.

    Reporting group title
    S95008/S95008 - Open label period
    Reporting group description
    Patients assigned to S95008 group at W0 and treated by S95008 in the open-label period.
    Reporting group title
    S95008/S95008 - Combined period
    Reporting group description
    For the Combined period (Double-blind + Open label periods), treatment group was defined as S95008/S95008 arm: patients assigned to S95008 group at W0 and treated with S95008 in the open-label period.
    Reporting group title
    S95008 - Extension period
    Reporting group description
    -

    Primary: CARS2 total raw score: change from baseline to 6 months.

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    End point title
    CARS2 total raw score: change from baseline to 6 months.
    End point description
    Its main expression was the change from baseline to 6 months. The primary analysis consisted in the difference between bumetanide and placebo using a general linear model with baseline CARS2 total raw score and stratification factors as covariates.
    End point type
    Primary
    End point timeframe
    CARS2 was completed by an independent rater, who performed a mandatory training before his/her involvement in the study, at W000, W004, W012, W026.
    End point values
    S95008 - Double-blind period Placebo - Double-blind period
    Number of subjects analysed
    90
    93
    Units: No unit
        arithmetic mean (standard deviation)
    -3.48 ( 4.31 )
    -2.96 ( 4.22 )
    Statistical analysis title
    S95008 minus Placebo
    Statistical analysis description
    Bumetanide was compared to placebo on the primary efficacy endpoint (change from baseline to W026 of the CARS2 total score) in the RS, using a General Linear Model including the fixed, categorical effect of treatment, gender and country as well as the continuous fixed covariate of baseline value. The Estimate of the adjusted difference was based on 211 patients (Data amputation of missing data).
    Comparison groups
    S95008 - Double-blind period v Placebo - Double-blind period
    Number of subjects included in analysis
    183
    Analysis specification
    Pre-specified
    Analysis type
    superiority
    P-value
    = 0.455
    Method
    Two-sided 95% CI of the Estimate
    Parameter type
    Estimate of the adjusted difference
    Point estimate
    -0.45
    Confidence interval
         level
    95%
         sides
    2-sided
         lower limit
    -1.64
         upper limit
    0.74
    Variability estimate
    Standard error of the mean
    Dispersion value
    0.61

    Adverse events

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    Adverse events information
    Timeframe for reporting adverse events
    All adverse events which occurred or worsen or became serious according to the investigator, or upgraded by the Sponsor, between the first IMP intake date (included) and the last IMP intake date + 1 day (included) of the considered period.
    Assessment type
    Systematic
    Dictionary used for adverse event reporting
    Dictionary name
    MedDRA
    Dictionary version
    24.0
    Reporting groups
    Reporting group title
    S95008 - Double-blind period
    Reporting group description
    -

    Reporting group title
    Placebo - Double-blind period
    Reporting group description
    -

    Reporting group title
    Placebo/S95008 - Open-label period
    Reporting group description
    -

    Reporting group title
    S95008/S95008 - Combined period
    Reporting group description
    -

    Reporting group title
    S95008 - Extension period
    Reporting group description
    -

    Serious adverse events
    S95008 - Double-blind period Placebo - Double-blind period Placebo/S95008 - Open-label period S95008/S95008 - Combined period S95008 - Extension period
    Total subjects affected by serious adverse events
         subjects affected / exposed
    11 / 107 (10.28%)
    5 / 104 (4.81%)
    2 / 90 (2.22%)
    10 / 83 (12.05%)
    0 / 27 (0.00%)
         number of deaths (all causes)
    0
    0
    0
    0
    0
         number of deaths resulting from adverse events
    0
    0
    0
    0
    0
    Investigations
    Alanine aminotransferase increased
         subjects affected / exposed
    0 / 107 (0.00%)
    1 / 104 (0.96%)
    0 / 90 (0.00%)
    0 / 83 (0.00%)
    0 / 27 (0.00%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 1
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Aspartate aminotransferase increased
         subjects affected / exposed
    0 / 107 (0.00%)
    1 / 104 (0.96%)
    0 / 90 (0.00%)
    0 / 83 (0.00%)
    0 / 27 (0.00%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 1
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Blood potassium increased
         subjects affected / exposed
    0 / 107 (0.00%)
    1 / 104 (0.96%)
    0 / 90 (0.00%)
    0 / 83 (0.00%)
    0 / 27 (0.00%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    1 / 1
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Injury, poisoning and procedural complications
    Forearm fracture
         subjects affected / exposed
    0 / 107 (0.00%)
    0 / 104 (0.00%)
    1 / 90 (1.11%)
    0 / 83 (0.00%)
    0 / 27 (0.00%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 1
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Nervous system disorders
    Epilepsy
         subjects affected / exposed
    1 / 107 (0.93%)
    0 / 104 (0.00%)
    0 / 90 (0.00%)
    1 / 83 (1.20%)
    0 / 27 (0.00%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 1
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 1
    0 / 0
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Febrile convulsion
         subjects affected / exposed
    1 / 107 (0.93%)
    0 / 104 (0.00%)
    0 / 90 (0.00%)
    1 / 83 (1.20%)
    0 / 27 (0.00%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 1
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 2
    0 / 0
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Generalised tonic-clonic seizure
         subjects affected / exposed
    1 / 107 (0.93%)
    1 / 104 (0.96%)
    0 / 90 (0.00%)
    0 / 83 (0.00%)
    0 / 27 (0.00%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 3
    1 / 1
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Hypoglycaemic unconsciousness
         subjects affected / exposed
    0 / 107 (0.00%)
    0 / 104 (0.00%)
    1 / 90 (1.11%)
    0 / 83 (0.00%)
    0 / 27 (0.00%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 1
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Partial seizures with secondary generalisation
         subjects affected / exposed
    0 / 107 (0.00%)
    0 / 104 (0.00%)
    0 / 90 (0.00%)
    1 / 83 (1.20%)
    0 / 27 (0.00%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 1
    0 / 0
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Petit mal epilepsy
         subjects affected / exposed
    2 / 107 (1.87%)
    0 / 104 (0.00%)
    0 / 90 (0.00%)
    1 / 83 (1.20%)
    0 / 27 (0.00%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 7
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 1
    0 / 0
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Seizure
         subjects affected / exposed
    0 / 107 (0.00%)
    0 / 104 (0.00%)
    0 / 90 (0.00%)
    1 / 83 (1.20%)
    0 / 27 (0.00%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    1 / 1
    0 / 0
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Syncope
         subjects affected / exposed
    1 / 107 (0.93%)
    0 / 104 (0.00%)
    0 / 90 (0.00%)
    1 / 83 (1.20%)
    0 / 27 (0.00%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 1
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 2
    0 / 0
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Tonic convulsion
         subjects affected / exposed
    1 / 107 (0.93%)
    0 / 104 (0.00%)
    0 / 90 (0.00%)
    0 / 83 (0.00%)
    0 / 27 (0.00%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    1 / 1
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    General disorders and administration site conditions
    Pyrexia
         subjects affected / exposed
    1 / 107 (0.93%)
    0 / 104 (0.00%)
    0 / 90 (0.00%)
    1 / 83 (1.20%)
    0 / 27 (0.00%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 1
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 1
    0 / 0
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Gastrointestinal disorders
    Diarrhoea
         subjects affected / exposed
    1 / 107 (0.93%)
    0 / 104 (0.00%)
    0 / 90 (0.00%)
    1 / 83 (1.20%)
    0 / 27 (0.00%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 1
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 1
    0 / 0
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disorders
    Asthma
         subjects affected / exposed
    1 / 107 (0.93%)
    0 / 104 (0.00%)
    0 / 90 (0.00%)
    1 / 83 (1.20%)
    0 / 27 (0.00%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 1
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 1
    0 / 0
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Bronchospasm
         subjects affected / exposed
    0 / 107 (0.00%)
    1 / 104 (0.96%)
    0 / 90 (0.00%)
    0 / 83 (0.00%)
    0 / 27 (0.00%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 1
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Sleep apnoea syndrome
         subjects affected / exposed
    1 / 107 (0.93%)
    0 / 104 (0.00%)
    0 / 90 (0.00%)
    1 / 83 (1.20%)
    0 / 27 (0.00%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 1
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 1
    0 / 0
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Psychiatric disorders
    Autism spectrum disorder
         subjects affected / exposed
    1 / 107 (0.93%)
    0 / 104 (0.00%)
    0 / 90 (0.00%)
    0 / 83 (0.00%)
    0 / 27 (0.00%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 1
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Intentional self-injury
         subjects affected / exposed
    0 / 107 (0.00%)
    0 / 104 (0.00%)
    0 / 90 (0.00%)
    1 / 83 (1.20%)
    0 / 27 (0.00%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 1
    0 / 0
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Infections and infestations
    Appendicitis
         subjects affected / exposed
    0 / 107 (0.00%)
    1 / 104 (0.96%)
    0 / 90 (0.00%)
    0 / 83 (0.00%)
    0 / 27 (0.00%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 1
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Metabolism and nutrition disorders
    Dehydration
         subjects affected / exposed
    0 / 107 (0.00%)
    1 / 104 (0.96%)
    0 / 90 (0.00%)
    0 / 83 (0.00%)
    0 / 27 (0.00%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    1 / 1
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Hypokalaemia
         subjects affected / exposed
    2 / 107 (1.87%)
    0 / 104 (0.00%)
    0 / 90 (0.00%)
    2 / 83 (2.41%)
    0 / 27 (0.00%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    2 / 2
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    2 / 2
    0 / 0
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Type 1 diabetes mellitus
         subjects affected / exposed
    0 / 107 (0.00%)
    1 / 104 (0.96%)
    0 / 90 (0.00%)
    0 / 83 (0.00%)
    0 / 27 (0.00%)
         occurrences causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 1
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
         deaths causally related to treatment / all
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    0 / 0
    Frequency threshold for reporting non-serious adverse events: 5%
    Non-serious adverse events
    S95008 - Double-blind period Placebo - Double-blind period Placebo/S95008 - Open-label period S95008/S95008 - Combined period S95008 - Extension period
    Total subjects affected by non serious adverse events
         subjects affected / exposed
    97 / 107 (90.65%)
    84 / 104 (80.77%)
    77 / 90 (85.56%)
    82 / 83 (98.80%)
    10 / 27 (37.04%)
    Investigations
    Urine calcium increased
         subjects affected / exposed
    5 / 107 (4.67%)
    0 / 104 (0.00%)
    1 / 90 (1.11%)
    5 / 83 (6.02%)
    0 / 27 (0.00%)
         occurrences all number
    5
    0
    1
    7
    0
    Weight decreased
         subjects affected / exposed
    10 / 107 (9.35%)
    1 / 104 (0.96%)
    5 / 90 (5.56%)
    9 / 83 (10.84%)
    0 / 27 (0.00%)
         occurrences all number
    13
    1
    7
    14
    0
    Weight increased
         subjects affected / exposed
    9 / 107 (8.41%)
    9 / 104 (8.65%)
    2 / 90 (2.22%)
    12 / 83 (14.46%)
    0 / 27 (0.00%)
         occurrences all number
    13
    9
    3
    21
    0
    Nervous system disorders
    Disturbance in attention
         subjects affected / exposed
    3 / 107 (2.80%)
    4 / 104 (3.85%)
    0 / 90 (0.00%)
    5 / 83 (6.02%)
    0 / 27 (0.00%)
         occurrences all number
    3
    4
    0
    6
    0
    Headache
         subjects affected / exposed
    9 / 107 (8.41%)
    12 / 104 (11.54%)
    6 / 90 (6.67%)
    9 / 83 (10.84%)
    2 / 27 (7.41%)
         occurrences all number
    14
    17
    8
    19
    2
    General disorders and administration site conditions
    Fatigue
         subjects affected / exposed
    12 / 107 (11.21%)
    12 / 104 (11.54%)
    6 / 90 (6.67%)
    9 / 83 (10.84%)
    1 / 27 (3.70%)
         occurrences all number
    13
    13
    6
    11
    1
    Pyrexia
         subjects affected / exposed
    8 / 107 (7.48%)
    7 / 104 (6.73%)
    11 / 90 (12.22%)
    12 / 83 (14.46%)
    0 / 27 (0.00%)
         occurrences all number
    9
    10
    13
    14
    0
    Thirst
         subjects affected / exposed
    50 / 107 (46.73%)
    31 / 104 (29.81%)
    36 / 90 (40.00%)
    47 / 83 (56.63%)
    0 / 27 (0.00%)
         occurrences all number
    59
    32
    40
    69
    0
    Gastrointestinal disorders
    Abdominal pain
         subjects affected / exposed
    6 / 107 (5.61%)
    8 / 104 (7.69%)
    7 / 90 (7.78%)
    11 / 83 (13.25%)
    1 / 27 (3.70%)
         occurrences all number
    7
    8
    10
    17
    1
    Constipation
         subjects affected / exposed
    6 / 107 (5.61%)
    1 / 104 (0.96%)
    2 / 90 (2.22%)
    6 / 83 (7.23%)
    0 / 27 (0.00%)
         occurrences all number
    6
    1
    2
    6
    0
    Diarrhoea
         subjects affected / exposed
    13 / 107 (12.15%)
    13 / 104 (12.50%)
    4 / 90 (4.44%)
    11 / 83 (13.25%)
    1 / 27 (3.70%)
         occurrences all number
    22
    16
    5
    22
    1
    Dry mouth
         subjects affected / exposed
    24 / 107 (22.43%)
    14 / 104 (13.46%)
    14 / 90 (15.56%)
    22 / 83 (26.51%)
    0 / 27 (0.00%)
         occurrences all number
    24
    15
    15
    29
    0
    Nausea
         subjects affected / exposed
    5 / 107 (4.67%)
    7 / 104 (6.73%)
    4 / 90 (4.44%)
    6 / 83 (7.23%)
    0 / 27 (0.00%)
         occurrences all number
    7
    10
    6
    8
    0
    Vomiting
         subjects affected / exposed
    8 / 107 (7.48%)
    7 / 104 (6.73%)
    10 / 90 (11.11%)
    8 / 83 (9.64%)
    0 / 27 (0.00%)
         occurrences all number
    11
    12
    12
    13
    0
    Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders
    Acne
         subjects affected / exposed
    4 / 107 (3.74%)
    7 / 104 (6.73%)
    2 / 90 (2.22%)
    6 / 83 (7.23%)
    0 / 27 (0.00%)
         occurrences all number
    4
    7
    3
    6
    0
    Psychiatric disorders
    Affect lability
         subjects affected / exposed
    5 / 107 (4.67%)
    3 / 104 (2.88%)
    1 / 90 (1.11%)
    6 / 83 (7.23%)
    0 / 27 (0.00%)
         occurrences all number
    8
    3
    1
    10
    0
    Aggression
         subjects affected / exposed
    4 / 107 (3.74%)
    5 / 104 (4.81%)
    6 / 90 (6.67%)
    2 / 83 (2.41%)
    0 / 27 (0.00%)
         occurrences all number
    6
    6
    7
    3
    0
    Anger
         subjects affected / exposed
    8 / 107 (7.48%)
    3 / 104 (2.88%)
    1 / 90 (1.11%)
    7 / 83 (8.43%)
    0 / 27 (0.00%)
         occurrences all number
    9
    4
    2
    8
    0
    Anxiety
         subjects affected / exposed
    8 / 107 (7.48%)
    7 / 104 (6.73%)
    4 / 90 (4.44%)
    7 / 83 (8.43%)
    0 / 27 (0.00%)
         occurrences all number
    10
    7
    4
    13
    0
    Depressed mood
         subjects affected / exposed
    4 / 107 (3.74%)
    3 / 104 (2.88%)
    1 / 90 (1.11%)
    6 / 83 (7.23%)
    0 / 27 (0.00%)
         occurrences all number
    4
    5
    1
    6
    0
    Insomnia
         subjects affected / exposed
    5 / 107 (4.67%)
    4 / 104 (3.85%)
    0 / 90 (0.00%)
    9 / 83 (10.84%)
    0 / 27 (0.00%)
         occurrences all number
    6
    4
    0
    11
    0
    Irritability
         subjects affected / exposed
    9 / 107 (8.41%)
    10 / 104 (9.62%)
    5 / 90 (5.56%)
    10 / 83 (12.05%)
    0 / 27 (0.00%)
         occurrences all number
    10
    12
    7
    13
    0
    Renal and urinary disorders
    Pollakiuria
         subjects affected / exposed
    12 / 107 (11.21%)
    2 / 104 (1.92%)
    7 / 90 (7.78%)
    9 / 83 (10.84%)
    0 / 27 (0.00%)
         occurrences all number
    13
    2
    8
    11
    0
    Polyuria
         subjects affected / exposed
    29 / 107 (27.10%)
    12 / 104 (11.54%)
    19 / 90 (21.11%)
    28 / 83 (33.73%)
    1 / 27 (3.70%)
         occurrences all number
    31
    12
    21
    32
    1
    Infections and infestations
    COVID-19
         subjects affected / exposed
    0 / 107 (0.00%)
    0 / 104 (0.00%)
    5 / 90 (5.56%)
    4 / 83 (4.82%)
    0 / 27 (0.00%)
         occurrences all number
    0
    0
    5
    4
    0
    Influenza
         subjects affected / exposed
    6 / 107 (5.61%)
    5 / 104 (4.81%)
    1 / 90 (1.11%)
    7 / 83 (8.43%)
    0 / 27 (0.00%)
         occurrences all number
    6
    5
    1
    7
    0
    Nasopharyngitis
         subjects affected / exposed
    13 / 107 (12.15%)
    5 / 104 (4.81%)
    8 / 90 (8.89%)
    17 / 83 (20.48%)
    1 / 27 (3.70%)
         occurrences all number
    17
    6
    11
    25
    1
    Rhinitis
         subjects affected / exposed
    3 / 107 (2.80%)
    2 / 104 (1.92%)
    2 / 90 (2.22%)
    6 / 83 (7.23%)
    0 / 27 (0.00%)
         occurrences all number
    3
    2
    4
    6
    0
    Metabolism and nutrition disorders
    Decreased appetite
         subjects affected / exposed
    21 / 107 (19.63%)
    8 / 104 (7.69%)
    3 / 90 (3.33%)
    18 / 83 (21.69%)
    0 / 27 (0.00%)
         occurrences all number
    21
    10
    3
    18
    0
    Hypokalaemia
         subjects affected / exposed
    20 / 107 (18.69%)
    4 / 104 (3.85%)
    16 / 90 (17.78%)
    22 / 83 (26.51%)
    3 / 27 (11.11%)
         occurrences all number
    27
    5
    23
    34
    7
    Increased appetite
         subjects affected / exposed
    17 / 107 (15.89%)
    9 / 104 (8.65%)
    4 / 90 (4.44%)
    16 / 83 (19.28%)
    0 / 27 (0.00%)
         occurrences all number
    20
    9
    4
    20
    0

    More information

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    Substantial protocol amendments (globally)

    Were there any global substantial amendments to the protocol? Yes
    Date
    Amendment
    16 May 2018
    ­Amendment No. 1 applicable in all countries, concerned the addition of the mention that additional pregnancy tests could be performed during the study according to local regulations and/or if the medical doctor deemed them as necessary and the update of the potassium supplementation recommendations in case of hypokalaemia.
    12 Dec 2018
    ­Amendment No. 2 applicable in all countries, mainly aimed to clarify the investigation schedule and to update some non-selection, exclusion and withdrawal criteria.
    12 Aug 2019
    ­Amendment No. 3, applicable in all countries, aimed to update the exclusion and the withdrawal criteria, about abnormal urinary calcium/creatinine ratio and calciuria.
    30 Nov 2020
    ­Amendment No. 9, applicable in all countries, aimed to update the definition of the end of the trial as a 6-month extension period in open-label was performed in 3 countries.

    Interruptions (globally)

    Were there any global interruptions to the trial? Yes
    Date
    Interruption
    Restart date
    13 Sep 2021
    The superiority of bumetanide compared to placebo in ASD was not demonstrated in this phase III study. As none of the efficacy endpoints were reached and due to the identified risk of hypokalaemia and associated effects linked to the drug’s diuretic activity, the Benefit/Risk ratio of the study treatment in ASD was considered negative. Consequently, the sponsor decided to stop the S95008 development and prematurely discontinue the extension period. This decision was not related to unexpected safety concerns.
    -

    Limitations and caveats

    Limitations of the trial such as small numbers of subjects analysed or technical problems leading to unreliable data.
    None reported
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    As of 31 January 2023, all EU/EEA initial clinical trial applications must be submitted through CTIS . Updated EudraCT trials information and information on PIP/Art 46 trials conducted exclusively in third countries continues to be submitted through EudraCT and published on this website.

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