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    Summary
    EudraCT Number:2017-004444-38
    Sponsor's Protocol Code Number:GAIN/GEM/CIS
    National Competent Authority:Germany - BfArM
    Clinical Trial Type:EEA CTA
    Trial Status:Ongoing
    Date on which this record was first entered in the EudraCT database:2018-09-03
    Trial results
    Index
    A. PROTOCOL INFORMATION
    B. SPONSOR INFORMATION
    C. APPLICANT IDENTIFICATION
    D. IMP IDENTIFICATION
    D.8 INFORMATION ON PLACEBO
    E. GENERAL INFORMATION ON THE TRIAL
    F. POPULATION OF TRIAL SUBJECTS
    G. INVESTIGATOR NETWORKS TO BE INVOLVED IN THE TRIAL
    N. REVIEW BY THE COMPETENT AUTHORITY OR ETHICS COMMITTEE IN THE COUNTRY CONCERNED
    P. END OF TRIAL
    Expand All   Collapse All
    A. Protocol Information
    A.1Member State ConcernedGermany - BfArM
    A.2EudraCT number2017-004444-38
    A.3Full title of the trial
    Neoadjuvant chemotherapy with gemcitabine plus cisplatin followed by radical liver resection versus immediate radical liver resection alone with or without adjuvant chemotherapy in incidentally detected gallbladder carcinoma after simple cholecystectomy or in front of radical resection of BTC (ICC/ECC) – A phase III study of the German Registry of Incidental Gallbladder Carcinoma Platform (GR)
    – The AIO/ CALGP/ ACO- GAIN-Trial -


    Neoadjuvante Chemotherapie mit Gemcitabin plus Cisplatin gefolgt von radikaler Leberresektion versus direkter radikaler Leberresektion mit oder ohne adjuvante Chemotherapie bei zufällig nachgewiesenem Gallenblasenkarzinom nach einfacher Cholezystektomie oder vor radikaler Resektion bei BTC (ICC oder ECC) - Eine Phase III Studie des Deutschen Gallenblasenkarzinom-Registers - Die AIO/ CALGP/ ACO- GAIN-Studie -
    A.3.1Title of the trial for lay people, in easily understood, i.e. non-technical, language
    Study in Gallbladder or bile duct cancer comparing chemotherapy with gemcitabine plus cisplatin before and after radical liver resection with direct radical liver resection followed by chemotherapy or no chemotherapy (physician's decision) - A Phase III study of the German Gallbladder Cancer Registry
    Studie bei Gallenblasen- oder Gallengangskarzinom die Chemotherapie mit Gemcitabin plus Cisplatin vor und nach radikaler Leberresektion vergleicht mit direkter radikaler Leberresektion gefolgt von Chemotherapie oder keiner Chemotherapie (Arztentscheidung) - Eine Phase III Studie des Deutschen Gallenblasenkarzinom-Registers
    A.3.2Name or abbreviated title of the trial where available
    GAIN
    A.4.1Sponsor's protocol code numberGAIN/GEM/CIS
    A.5.2US NCT (ClinicalTrials.gov registry) numberNCT03673072
    A.5.4Other Identifiers
    Name:AIO Study NumberNumber:AIO-HEP-0118/ass
    A.7Trial is part of a Paediatric Investigation Plan No
    A.8EMA Decision number of Paediatric Investigation Plan
    B. Sponsor Information
    B.Sponsor: 1
    B.1.1Name of SponsorKrankenhaus Nordwest gGmbH
    B.1.3.4CountryGermany
    B.3.1 and B.3.2Status of the sponsorNon-Commercial
    B.4 Source(s) of Monetary or Material Support for the clinical trial:
    B.4.1Name of organisation providing supportDeutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft
    B.4.2CountryGermany
    B.5 Contact point designated by the sponsor for further information on the trial
    B.5.1Name of organisationKrankenhaus Nordwest gGmbH
    B.5.2Functional name of contact pointDr. Thorsten Oliver Götze
    B.5.3 Address:
    B.5.3.1Street AddressSteinbacher Hohl 2-26
    B.5.3.2Town/ cityFrankfurt
    B.5.3.3Post code60488
    B.5.3.4CountryGermany
    B.5.4Telephone number00496976014187
    B.5.5Fax number00496976013655
    B.5.6E-mailgoetze.thorsten@khnw.de
    D. IMP Identification
    D.IMP: 1
    D.1.2 and D.1.3IMP RoleComparator
    D.2 Status of the IMP to be used in the clinical trial
    D.2.1IMP to be used in the trial has a marketing authorisation Yes
    D.2.1.2Country which granted the Marketing AuthorisationGermany
    D.2.5The IMP has been designated in this indication as an orphan drug in the Community No
    D.2.5.1Orphan drug designation number
    D.3 Description of the IMP
    D.3.1Product nameCisplatin
    D.3.4Pharmaceutical form Concentrate for solution for infusion
    D.3.4.1Specific paediatric formulation No
    D.3.7Routes of administration for this IMPIntravenous use
    D.3.8 to D.3.10 IMP Identification Details (Active Substances)
    D.3.8INN - Proposed INNCisplatin
    D.3.9.3Other descriptive nameCISPLATIN
    D.3.9.4EV Substance CodeSUB07483MIG
    D.3.11 The IMP contains an:
    D.3.11.1Active substance of chemical origin Yes
    D.3.11.2Active substance of biological/ biotechnological origin (other than Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    The IMP is a:
    D.3.11.3Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    D.3.11.3.1Somatic cell therapy medicinal product No
    D.3.11.3.2Gene therapy medical product No
    D.3.11.3.3Tissue Engineered Product No
    D.3.11.3.4Combination ATIMP (i.e. one involving a medical device) No
    D.3.11.3.5Committee on Advanced therapies (CAT) has issued a classification for this product No
    D.3.11.4Combination product that includes a device, but does not involve an Advanced Therapy No
    D.3.11.5Radiopharmaceutical medicinal product No
    D.3.11.6Immunological medicinal product (such as vaccine, allergen, immune serum) No
    D.3.11.7Plasma derived medicinal product No
    D.3.11.8Extractive medicinal product No
    D.3.11.9Recombinant medicinal product No
    D.3.11.10Medicinal product containing genetically modified organisms No
    D.3.11.11Herbal medicinal product No
    D.3.11.12Homeopathic medicinal product No
    D.3.11.13Another type of medicinal product No
    D.IMP: 2
    D.1.2 and D.1.3IMP RoleComparator
    D.2 Status of the IMP to be used in the clinical trial
    D.2.1IMP to be used in the trial has a marketing authorisation Yes
    D.2.1.2Country which granted the Marketing AuthorisationGermany
    D.2.5The IMP has been designated in this indication as an orphan drug in the Community No
    D.2.5.1Orphan drug designation number
    D.3 Description of the IMP
    D.3.1Product nameGemcitabin
    D.3.4Pharmaceutical form Powder for solution for infusion
    D.3.4.1Specific paediatric formulation No
    D.3.7Routes of administration for this IMPIntravenous use
    D.3.8 to D.3.10 IMP Identification Details (Active Substances)
    D.3.8INN - Proposed INNGemcitabin
    D.3.9.3Other descriptive nameGEMCITABINE HYDROCHLORIDE
    D.3.9.4EV Substance CodeSUB02324MIG
    D.3.11 The IMP contains an:
    D.3.11.1Active substance of chemical origin Yes
    D.3.11.2Active substance of biological/ biotechnological origin (other than Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    The IMP is a:
    D.3.11.3Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    D.3.11.3.1Somatic cell therapy medicinal product No
    D.3.11.3.2Gene therapy medical product No
    D.3.11.3.3Tissue Engineered Product No
    D.3.11.3.4Combination ATIMP (i.e. one involving a medical device) No
    D.3.11.3.5Committee on Advanced therapies (CAT) has issued a classification for this product No
    D.3.11.4Combination product that includes a device, but does not involve an Advanced Therapy No
    D.3.11.5Radiopharmaceutical medicinal product No
    D.3.11.6Immunological medicinal product (such as vaccine, allergen, immune serum) No
    D.3.11.7Plasma derived medicinal product No
    D.3.11.8Extractive medicinal product No
    D.3.11.9Recombinant medicinal product No
    D.3.11.10Medicinal product containing genetically modified organisms No
    D.3.11.11Herbal medicinal product No
    D.3.11.12Homeopathic medicinal product No
    D.3.11.13Another type of medicinal product No
    D.8 Information on Placebo
    E. General Information on the Trial
    E.1 Medical condition or disease under investigation
    E.1.1Medical condition(s) being investigated
    incidental gallbladder carcinoma (IGBC) or biliary tract cancer (BTC) (intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC)/ extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ECC))
    E.1.1.1Medical condition in easily understood language
    gallbladder carcinoma or biliary-tract cancer
    E.1.1.2Therapeutic area Diseases [C] - Cancer [C04]
    MedDRA Classification
    E.1.2 Medical condition or disease under investigation
    E.1.2Version 21.1
    E.1.2Level LLT
    E.1.2Classification code 10025734
    E.1.2Term Malignant neoplasm of biliary tract, part unspecified
    E.1.2System Organ Class 10029104 - Neoplasms benign, malignant and unspecified (incl cysts and polyps)
    E.1.2 Medical condition or disease under investigation
    E.1.2Version 20.0
    E.1.2Level PT
    E.1.2Classification code 10008593
    E.1.2Term Cholangiocarcinoma
    E.1.2System Organ Class 10029104 - Neoplasms benign, malignant and unspecified (incl cysts and polyps)
    E.1.2 Medical condition or disease under investigation
    E.1.2Version 20.0
    E.1.2Level LLT
    E.1.2Classification code 10028982
    E.1.2Term Neoplasm biliary tract
    E.1.2System Organ Class 10029104 - Neoplasms benign, malignant and unspecified (incl cysts and polyps)
    E.1.2 Medical condition or disease under investigation
    E.1.2Version 20.0
    E.1.2Level HLT
    E.1.2Classification code 10004675
    E.1.2Term Biliary tract and gallbladder therapeutic procedures
    E.1.2System Organ Class 10042613 - Surgical and medical procedures
    E.1.2 Medical condition or disease under investigation
    E.1.2Version 20.0
    E.1.2Level PT
    E.1.2Classification code 10017614
    E.1.2Term Gallbladder cancer
    E.1.2System Organ Class 10029104 - Neoplasms benign, malignant and unspecified (incl cysts and polyps)
    E.1.2 Medical condition or disease under investigation
    E.1.2Version 21.1
    E.1.2Level PT
    E.1.2Classification code 10061962
    E.1.2Term Gallbladder operation
    E.1.2System Organ Class 10042613 - Surgical and medical procedures
    E.1.3Condition being studied is a rare disease No
    E.2 Objective of the trial
    E.2.1Main objective of the trial
    to investigate whether induction chemotherapy followed by radical re-resection (and - if possible - postoperative chemotherapy) in incidental gallbladder carcinoma (IGBC) or in front radical resection in biliary tract cancer (BTC) (intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC)/ extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ECC)) prolongs overall survival compared to immediate radical surgery alone with or without adjuvant chemotherapy (investigator’s choice) in patients with IGBC, or BTC (ICC/ECC)
    E.2.2Secondary objectives of the trial
    • Quality of life (EORTC QLQ-C30)
    • PFS rates at 3 and 5 years
    • OS rates at 3 and 5 years
    • Progression free survival (PFS)
    • R0- resection rate
    • Toxicity, graded using CTC adverse events criteria version CTCAE V 5.0
    • perioperative morbidity and mortality (30 days and 90 days mortality/morbidity)
    E.2.3Trial contains a sub-study No
    E.3Principal inclusion criteria
    1. Incidental gallbladder carcinoma (IGBC), gallbladder carcinoma (GBC) () or Biliary tract cancer (BTC) (intrahepatic, hilar or distal Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA)) scheduled for complete resection (mixed tumor entities with hepatocellular carcinoma are excluded).
    2. No prior partial or complete tumor resection for BTC (intrahepatic, hilar or distal CCA), and for IGBC/GBC prior Cholecystectomy is allowed.
    3. Exclusion of distant metastases by CT or MRI of abdomen, pelvis, and thorax, bone scan or MRI (if bone metastases are suspected due to clinical signs). Exclusion of the infiltration of any adjacent organs or structures by CT or MRI, indicating an unresectable situation.
    4. ECOG performance status of 0, 1, or 2.
    5. Estimated life expectancy > 3 months.
    6. Female and male patients ≥18 years.
    7. Patient able and willing to provide written informed consent and to comply with the study protocol and with the planned surgical procedures
    8. No previous or preceding cytotoxic or targeted therapy for BTC or IGBC/GBC.
    9. No previous malignancy within two years or concomitant malignancy, except for curatively treated basal cell carcinoma of the skin, in situ carcinoma of the cervix, and prostate cancer
    10. No severe or uncontrolled cardiovascular disease (congestive heart failure NYHA III or IV, unstable angina pectoris, history of myocardial infarction in the last three months, significant arrhythmia).
    11. Absence of psychiatric disorder precluding understanding of information of trial related topics and giving informed consent.
    12. No serious underlying medical conditions (judged by the investigator), that could impair the ability of the patient to participate in the trial.
    13. A) Females of childbearing potential must agree to remain abstinent (refrain from heterosexual intercourse) or use contraceptive methods that result in a failure rate of <1% per year during the treatment period and for at least 7 months after the last study treatment.
    A woman is considered to be of childbearing potential if she is postmenarcheal, has not reached a postmenopausal state (has not had ≥12 continuous months of amenorrhea with no identified cause other than menopause), and has not undergone surgical sterilization (removal of ovaries and/or uterus). Examples of contraceptive methods with a failure rate of < 1% per year include bilateral tubal ligation, male sterilization, hormonal implants, established, proper use of combined oral or injected hormonal contraceptives, and certain intrauterine devices. The reliability of sexual abstinence should be evaluated in relation to the duration of the clinical trial and the preferred and usual lifestyle of the patient. Periodic abstinence (e.g., calendar, ovulation, symptothermal, or postovulation methods) and withdrawal are not acceptable methods of contraception.

    B) Males must agree to remain abstinent (refrain from heterosexual intercourse) or use contraceptive measures, and agree to refrain from donating sperm, as defined below:
    With female partners of childbearing potential or pregnant female partners, men must remain abstinent or use a condom plus an additional contraceptive method that together result in a failure rate of 1% per year during the treatment period and for at least 6 months after the last dose of study treatment to avoid exposing the embryo. Men must refrain from donating sperm during this same period. Men with a pregnant partner must agree to remain abstinent or to use a condom for the duration of the pregnancy.
    14. No pregnancy or lactation.
    15. Adequate hematologic function: ANC ≥ 1.5 × 109/L, platelets ≥ 100 × 109/L, hemoglobin ≥ 9 g/dl or ≥ 5.59 mmol/L; prior transfusions for patients with low hemoglobin are allowed
    16. Adequate liver function as measured by serum transaminases (AST and ALT) ≤ 5 x ULN and bilirubin ≤ 3 x ULN.
    17. Adequate renal function, i.e. serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 x institutional ULN, a calculated glomerular filtration rate ≥ 30 mL/min.
    18. Adequate coagulation functions as defined by International Normalized Ratio (INR) ≤ 1.5, and a partial thromboplastin time (PTT) ≤ 5 seconds above the ULN (unless receiving anticoagulation therapy). Patients receiving warfarin/ phenprocoumon must be switched to low molecular weight heparin and have achieved stable coagulation profile prior to randomization.
    19. No active uncontrolled infection, except chronic viral hepatitis under antiviral therapy (patients on long-term antibiotics are eligible provided signs of active infection have been resolved).
    20. No concurrent treatment with other experimental drugs or other anti-cancer therapy, treatment in a clinical trial within 30 days or five half-lives (whichever is longer) prior to randomization.
    21. Negative serum pregnancy test within 7 days of starting study treatment in pre-menopausal women and women <1 year after the onset of menopause
    E.4Principal exclusion criteria
    1. Known hypersensitivity against gemcitabine or cisplatin
    2. Other known contraindications to gemcitabine or cisplatin
    3. Clinically significant valvular defect
    4. Past or current history of other malignancies not curatively treated and without evidence of disease for more than two years, except for curatively treated basal cell carcinoma of the skin, in situ carcinoma of the cervix, and prostate cancer
    5. Locally unresectable tumor or metastatic disease:
    - Radiological evidence suggesting inability to resect with curative intent whilst maintaining adequate vascular inflow and outflow, and sufficient future liver remnant
    - Radiological evidence of direct invasion into adjacent organs
    - Radiological evidence of extrahepatic metastatic disease
    6. Other severe internal disease or acute infection
    7. Chronic inflammatory bowel disease
    8. Receiving chronic antiplatelet therapy, including aspirin (Once-daily aspirin use (maximum dose 325 mg/day) is permitted), nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (including ibuprofen, naproxen, and others), dipyridamole or clopidogrel, or similar agents.
    9. History of deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, or any other significant thromboembolism (venous port or catheter thrombosis or superficial venous thrombosis are not considered “significant”) during 3 months prior to randomization.
    10. Cirrhosis at a level of Child-Pugh B (or worse) or cirrhosis (any degree) and a history of hepatic encephalopathy or ascites.
    11. On-treatment participation in another clinical study 30 days or five half-lives (whichever is longer) prior to inclusion and during the study
    12. Pregnant or breast feeding patient, or patient is planning to become pregnant within 7 months after the end of treatment.
    13. Patients in a closed institution according to an authority or court decision (AMG § 40, Abs. 1 No. 4)
    14. Any other concurrent antineoplastic treatment including irradiation
    E.5 End points
    E.5.1Primary end point(s)
    Overall survival will be measured as time from randomization to death of any cause.
    E.5.1.1Timepoint(s) of evaluation of this end point
    Overall survival will be measured as time from randomization to death of any cause.
    E.5.2Secondary end point(s)
    • Quality of life (EORTC QLQ-C30)
    • PFS rates at 3 and 5 years
    • OS rates at 3 and 5 years
    • Progression free survival (PFS)
    • R0- resection rate
    • Toxicity, graded using CTC adverse events criteria version CTCAE V 5.0
    • perioperative morbidity and mortality (30 days and 90 days mortality/morbidity)
    E.5.2.1Timepoint(s) of evaluation of this end point
    after end of follow up
    E.6 and E.7 Scope of the trial
    E.6Scope of the trial
    E.6.1Diagnosis No
    E.6.2Prophylaxis No
    E.6.3Therapy Yes
    E.6.4Safety Yes
    E.6.5Efficacy Yes
    E.6.6Pharmacokinetic No
    E.6.7Pharmacodynamic No
    E.6.8Bioequivalence No
    E.6.9Dose response No
    E.6.10Pharmacogenetic No
    E.6.11Pharmacogenomic No
    E.6.12Pharmacoeconomic No
    E.6.13Others No
    E.7Trial type and phase
    E.7.1Human pharmacology (Phase I) No
    E.7.1.1First administration to humans No
    E.7.1.2Bioequivalence study No
    E.7.1.3Other No
    E.7.1.3.1Other trial type description
    E.7.2Therapeutic exploratory (Phase II) No
    E.7.3Therapeutic confirmatory (Phase III) Yes
    E.7.4Therapeutic use (Phase IV) No
    E.8 Design of the trial
    E.8.1Controlled Yes
    E.8.1.1Randomised Yes
    E.8.1.2Open Yes
    E.8.1.3Single blind No
    E.8.1.4Double blind No
    E.8.1.5Parallel group Yes
    E.8.1.6Cross over No
    E.8.1.7Other No
    E.8.2 Comparator of controlled trial
    E.8.2.1Other medicinal product(s) No
    E.8.2.2Placebo No
    E.8.2.3Other Yes
    E.8.2.3.1Comparator description
    Investigator's choice
    E.8.2.4Number of treatment arms in the trial2
    E.8.3 The trial involves single site in the Member State concerned No
    E.8.4 The trial involves multiple sites in the Member State concerned Yes
    E.8.4.1Number of sites anticipated in Member State concerned50
    E.8.5The trial involves multiple Member States No
    E.8.6 Trial involving sites outside the EEA
    E.8.6.1Trial being conducted both within and outside the EEA No
    E.8.6.2Trial being conducted completely outside of the EEA No
    E.8.7Trial has a data monitoring committee Yes
    E.8.8 Definition of the end of the trial and justification where it is not the last visit of the last subject undergoing the trial
    End of follow up
    E.8.9 Initial estimate of the duration of the trial
    E.8.9.1In the Member State concerned years
    E.8.9.1In the Member State concerned months72
    E.8.9.1In the Member State concerned days
    E.8.9.2In all countries concerned by the trial months72
    F. Population of Trial Subjects
    F.1 Age Range
    F.1.1Trial has subjects under 18 No
    F.1.1.1In Utero No
    F.1.1.2Preterm newborn infants (up to gestational age < 37 weeks) No
    F.1.1.3Newborns (0-27 days) No
    F.1.1.4Infants and toddlers (28 days-23 months) No
    F.1.1.5Children (2-11years) No
    F.1.1.6Adolescents (12-17 years) No
    F.1.2Adults (18-64 years) Yes
    F.1.2.1Number of subjects for this age range: 150
    F.1.3Elderly (>=65 years) Yes
    F.1.3.1Number of subjects for this age range: 150
    F.2 Gender
    F.2.1Female Yes
    F.2.2Male Yes
    F.3 Group of trial subjects
    F.3.1Healthy volunteers No
    F.3.2Patients Yes
    F.3.3Specific vulnerable populations Yes
    F.3.3.1Women of childbearing potential not using contraception No
    F.3.3.2Women of child-bearing potential using contraception Yes
    F.3.3.3Pregnant women No
    F.3.3.4Nursing women No
    F.3.3.5Emergency situation No
    F.3.3.6Subjects incapable of giving consent personally No
    F.3.3.7Others No
    F.4 Planned number of subjects to be included
    F.4.1In the member state300
    F.5 Plans for treatment or care after the subject has ended the participation in the trial (if it is different from the expected normal treatment of that condition)
    After termination of the study treatment due to whatever reason,
    treatment of the individual patient will be continued at the treating
    physicians discretion
    G. Investigator Networks to be involved in the Trial
    N. Review by the Competent Authority or Ethics Committee in the country concerned
    N.Competent Authority Decision Authorised
    N.Date of Competent Authority Decision2018-10-01
    N.Ethics Committee Opinion of the trial applicationFavourable
    N.Ethics Committee Opinion: Reason(s) for unfavourable opinion
    N.Date of Ethics Committee Opinion2019-01-11
    P. End of Trial
    P.End of Trial StatusOngoing
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