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    The EU Clinical Trials Register currently displays   43801   clinical trials with a EudraCT protocol, of which   7264   are clinical trials conducted with subjects less than 18 years old.   The register also displays information on   18700   older paediatric trials (in scope of Article 45 of the Paediatric Regulation (EC) No 1901/2006).

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    EudraCT Number:2018-000226-58
    Sponsor's Protocol Code Number:A3921120
    National Competent Authority:Germany - BfArM
    Clinical Trial Type:EEA CTA
    Trial Status:Prematurely Ended
    Date on which this record was first entered in the EudraCT database:2018-05-16
    Trial results View results
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    A. Protocol Information
    A.1Member State ConcernedGermany - BfArM
    A.2EudraCT number2018-000226-58
    A.3Full title of the trial
    A Phase 3, Randomized, Double Blind, Placebo Controlled, Study Of The Efficacy And Safety Of Tofacitinib In Subjects With Active Ankylosing Spondylitis (AS)
    A.3.1Title of the trial for lay people, in easily understood, i.e. non-technical, language
    A Phase 3 Study Of The Efficacy And Safety Of Tofacitinib In Patients With Active Ankylosing Spondylitis (AS)
    A.4.1Sponsor's protocol code numberA3921120
    A.7Trial is part of a Paediatric Investigation Plan No
    A.8EMA Decision number of Paediatric Investigation Plan
    B. Sponsor Information
    B.Sponsor: 1
    B.1.1Name of SponsorPfizer Inc., 235 East 42nd Street, New York, NY 10017
    B.1.3.4CountryUnited States
    B.3.1 and B.3.2Status of the sponsorCommercial
    B.4 Source(s) of Monetary or Material Support for the clinical trial:
    B.4.1Name of organisation providing supportPfizer Inc
    B.4.2CountryUnited States
    B.5 Contact point designated by the sponsor for further information on the trial
    B.5.1Name of organisationPfizer Inc
    B.5.2Functional name of contact pointClinical Trials.gov Call Centre
    B.5.3 Address:
    B.5.3.1Street Address235 East 42nd Street
    B.5.3.2Town/ cityNew York
    B.5.3.3Post codeNY 10017
    B.5.3.4CountryUnited States
    B.5.4Telephone number+1 800 7181021
    B.5.5Fax number+1 303 7391119
    D. IMP Identification
    D.IMP: 1
    D.1.2 and D.1.3IMP RoleTest
    D.2 Status of the IMP to be used in the clinical trial
    D.2.1IMP to be used in the trial has a marketing authorisation No
    D.2.5The IMP has been designated in this indication as an orphan drug in the Community No
    D.2.5.1Orphan drug designation number
    D.3 Description of the IMP
    D.3.1Product nameTofacitinib 5 mg
    D.3.2Product code CP-690,550
    D.3.4Pharmaceutical form Film-coated tablet
    D.3.4.1Specific paediatric formulation No
    D.3.7Routes of administration for this IMPOral use
    D.3.8 to D.3.10 IMP Identification Details (Active Substances)
    D.3.8INN - Proposed INNTofacitinib
    D.3.9.1CAS number 540737-29-9
    D.3.9.2Current sponsor codeCP-690,550-10
    D.3.9.3Other descriptive nameTOFACITINIB CITRATE
    D.3.9.4EV Substance CodeSUB33105
    D.3.10 Strength
    D.3.10.1Concentration unit mg milligram(s)
    D.3.10.2Concentration typeequal
    D.3.10.3Concentration number5
    D.3.11 The IMP contains an:
    D.3.11.1Active substance of chemical origin Yes
    D.3.11.2Active substance of biological/ biotechnological origin (other than Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    The IMP is a:
    D.3.11.3Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    D. cell therapy medicinal product No
    D. therapy medical product No
    D. Engineered Product No
    D. ATIMP (i.e. one involving a medical device) No
    D. on Advanced therapies (CAT) has issued a classification for this product No
    D.3.11.4Combination product that includes a device, but does not involve an Advanced Therapy No
    D.3.11.5Radiopharmaceutical medicinal product No
    D.3.11.6Immunological medicinal product (such as vaccine, allergen, immune serum) No
    D.3.11.7Plasma derived medicinal product No
    D.3.11.8Extractive medicinal product No
    D.3.11.9Recombinant medicinal product No
    D.3.11.10Medicinal product containing genetically modified organisms No
    D.3.11.11Herbal medicinal product No
    D.3.11.12Homeopathic medicinal product No
    D.3.11.13Another type of medicinal product No
    D.8 Information on Placebo
    D.8 Placebo: 1
    D.8.1Is a Placebo used in this Trial?Yes
    D.8.3Pharmaceutical form of the placeboFilm-coated tablet
    D.8.4Route of administration of the placeboOral use
    E. General Information on the Trial
    E.1 Medical condition or disease under investigation
    E.1.1Medical condition(s) being investigated
    Ankylosing spondylitis (AS)
    E.1.1.1Medical condition in easily understood language
    Type of chronic inflammatory arthritis involving the spine and/or sacroiliac joints.
    E.1.1.2Therapeutic area Diseases [C] - Immune System Diseases [C20]
    MedDRA Classification
    E.1.2 Medical condition or disease under investigation
    E.1.2Version 20.0
    E.1.2Level PT
    E.1.2Classification code 10002556
    E.1.2Term Ankylosing spondylitis
    E.1.2System Organ Class 10028395 - Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders
    E.1.3Condition being studied is a rare disease No
    E.2 Objective of the trial
    E.2.1Main objective of the trial
    • To compare the efficacy of tofacitinib 5 mg BID versus placebo on the ASAS20 response rate at Week 16 in subjects with active AS that have had an inadequate response to previous treatment.
    E.2.2Secondary objectives of the trial
    • To compare the safety and tolerability of tofacitinib 5 mg BID versus placebo in subjects with active AS that have had an inadequate response to previous treatment.
    • To compare the efficacy of tofacitinib 5 mg BID versus placebo at all time points in subjects with active AS that have had an inadequate response to previous treatment
    • To measure the effect of tofacitinib 5 mg BID on the quality of life and functional well-being at all collected time points.
    E.2.3Trial contains a sub-study No
    E.3Principal inclusion criteria
    1. Evidence of a personally signed and dated informed consent document indicating that the subject (or a legally acceptable representative) has been informed of all pertinent aspects of the study.
    2. Willing and able to comply with scheduled visits, treatment plan, laboratory tests, and other study procedures.
    3. Subject is at least 18 years old (20 years old for subjects in Taiwan) at the screening visit.
    4. The subject has a diagnosis of AS based on the Modified New York Criteria for Ankylosing Spondylitis (1984).
    5. The subject must have a radiograph of the SI joints (AP Pelvis) documenting diagnosis of AS. Previous radiographs (up to 2 years old) can be used if they are accepted by the central reader. Otherwise, a new radiograph will be obtained at the Screening visit.
    6. Subject has active AS Screening and Baseline (Day 1) visits defined as:
    • BASDAI score of ≥4; and
    • Back pain score (BASDAI Question 2) of ≥4.
    7. Subject has active disease despite nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) therapy or is intolerant to NSAIDs
    8. Subjects who are designated as TNFi-IR must have received at least 1, but not more than 2 approved TNF inhibiting biologic agent that was administered in accordance with its labeling recommendations and was inadequately effective after the minimum treatment times listed below and/or not tolerated after one or more doses.
    • At least 3 months of adalimumab treatment;
    • At least 3 months of etanercept treatment;
    • At least 4 infusions of infliximab;
    • At least 3 injections of golimumab;
    • At least 3 months of certolizumab treatment.
    Intolerance is defined as having experienced a treatment-related AE (eg, infusion/injection reactions, infections, laboratory test changes, etc)
    9. Subjects may be receiving the following csDMARDs at the time of the screening visit. These medications should be continued throughout the entire study and doses should remain unchanged. Any other DMARDs require discussion prior to enrollment with the sponsor for washout timeframe.
    • Methotrexate (MTX): Maximum dose of 20 mg/week. Minimum duration of therapy 4 months and dose stable for 4 weeks prior to first dose of investigational product. Subjects on MTX should be on an adequate and stable dose of folate supplementation per local standards/regulatory approval (eg, not less than 5 mg weekly based on folic acid, unless such doses would violate the local label guidelines or standard of care) for at least 4 weeks prior to the first dose of investigational product. Subject must not have had previous serious toxicity while on MTX and not be expected to require evaluation for possible methotrexate toxicity (eg, require a liver biopsy for methotrexate toxicity) during the study;
    • Sulfasalazine (Azulfidine®, Salazpyrin®): Maximum dose of 3 gm/day. Minimum duration of therapy 2 months and dose stable for 4 weeks prior to first dose of investigational product.
    10. Subjects who are already taking oral corticosteroids (not injectables) may participate in the study:
    • Oral corticosteroids: Subjects who are already receiving oral corticosteroids must be on a stable dose of ≤10 mg/day of prednisone or equivalent for 4 weeks prior to the first dose of investigational product;
    • Injected (eg, intraarticular, intramuscular, epidural or intravenous) corticosteroids must be discontinued 4 weeks prior to the first dose of investigational product;
    • Topical and intra-rectal corticosteroids will be allowed during the study.
    11. Subject has discontinued all disallowed concomitant medication for the required time prior to the first dose of investigational product.
    12. Subjects who are receiving any investigational or marketed treatment for AS, arthritis or back pain not mentioned elsewhere must have that treatment discontinued for 4 weeks or 5 half-lives, whichever is longer.
    13. Subjects receiving non-prohibited concomitant medications for any reason must be willing to stay on a stable regimen (doses and frequency) as defined in the protocol.
    14. No evidence of active or latent or inadequately treated infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis (TB)
    15. Women of childbearing potential must test negative for pregnancy prior to enrollment in this study.
    16. Female subjects of non-childbearing potential must meet at least 1 of the following criteria:
    • Achieved post-menopausal status, defined as follows: cessation of regular menses for at least 12 consecutive months with no alternative pathological or physiological cause; status may be confirmed with/and have a central laboratory confirmation of serum follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) level confirming the postmenopausal state;
    • Have undergone a documented hysterectomy and/or bilateral oophorectomy;
    • Have medically confirmed ovarian failure.
    All other female subjects (including female subjects with tubal ligations) are considered to be of childbearing potential.
    E.4Principal exclusion criteria
    1. Investigator site staff members directly involved in the conduct of the study and their family members, site staff members otherwise supervised by the investigator, or subjects who are Pfizer employees, including their family members, directly involved in the conduct of the study.
    2. Participation in other studies involving investigational drug(s) within 4 weeks prior to study entry and/or during study participation (excluding noninterventional follow-up during the screening period).
    3. Other acute or chronic medical or psychiatric condition including recent (within the past year) or active suicidal ideation or behavior or laboratory abnormality that may increase the risk associated with study participation or investigational product administration or may interfere with the interpretation of study results and, in the judgment of the investigator, would make the subject inappropriate for entry into this study.
    4. History of known or suspected complete ankylosis of the spine. This can be determined/confirmed at the time of the SI radiograph by the central reader.
    5. Subjects receiving any other conventional synthetic or biological DMARDs (other than those allowed), thalidomide (including previous use) and other prohibited concomitant medications.
    6. Subjects that have been exposed to biological DMARDs other than TNF inhibitors.
    7. Blood dyscrasias at screening or within 3 months prior to the first dose of investigational product including confirmed:
    • Hemoglobin <10 g/dL;
    • Absolute white blood cell count (WBC) <3.0 x 10^9/L (<3000 mm3);
    • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) <1.5 x 10^9/L (<1500 mm3);
    • Absolute lymphocyte count <1.0 x 10^9/L (<1000/mm3);
    • Platelet count <100 x 10^9/L (<100,000/mm3).
    8. Estimated Creatinine Clearance <40 mL/min based on Cockcroft Gault equation at Screening visit.
    9. Total bilirubin, AST or ALT more than 1.5 times the upper limit of normal (ULN) at screening visit.
    One re-testing of a laboratory-acceptable specimen (eg, appropriately labeled, within stability parameters, not hemolyzed, appropriate type (tube and reagent) and volume) is allowed of any above parameters if the abnormal lab(s) was an uncharacteristic result(s). Documentation in the source of the typical results to allow a repeat lab is required.
    Re-test must be completed within the screening period.
    10. History of any other autoimmune rheumatic disease.
    11. History of an infected joint prosthesis at any time, with the prosthesis still in situ.
    12. History of any lymphoproliferative disorder, such as Epstein Barr Virus related lymphoproliferative disease (EBV-LPD), history of lymphoma, leukemia, or signs and symptoms suggestive of current lymphatic disease.
    13. History of recurrent (more than one episode) herpes zoster or disseminated/multi-dermatomal (a single episode) herpes zoster or disseminated (a single episode) herpes simplex.
    14. History of infection requiring hospitalization, parenteral antimicrobial therapy, or as otherwise judged clinically significant by the investigator, within the 3 months prior to the first dose of investigational product.
    15. History of infection requiring antimicrobial therapy within 2 weeks prior to the first dose of investigational product.
    16. Any prior treatment with non-B cell specific lymphocyte depleting agents/therapies (eg, alemtuzamab, efalizumab), alkylating agents (eg, cyclophosphamide or chlorambucil), or total lymphoid irradiation.
    17. Any subject who has been vaccinated with live or attenuated vaccines within the 6 weeks prior to the first dose of investigational product or is to be vaccinated with these vaccines at any time during treatment or within 6 weeks after last dose of investigational product.
    18. A subject with any condition possibly affecting oral drug absorption, eg, gastrectomy, clinically significant diabetic gastroenteropathy, or certain types of bariatric surgery such as gastric bypass. Procedures such as gastric banding, that simply divide the stomach into separate chambers, are NOT exclusionary.
    19. A subject that is considered at risk for GI perforation by the investigator or Sponsor.
    20. History of alcohol or drug abuse unless in full remission for greater than 6 months prior to first dose of investigational product. Subjects currently using marijuana.
    21. Screening 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) that demonstrates clinically relevant abnormalities which may affect subject safety (eg, pattern of acute myocardial infarction, acute ischemia or serious arrhythmia) or interpretation of study results (eg, continuously paced ventricular rhythm or complete left bundle branch block).
    22. A subject with a known immunodeficiency disorder or a first degree relative with a hereditary immunodeficiency.
    Please see section 4.2 of protocol for further exclusion criteria
    E.5 End points
    E.5.1Primary end point(s)
    • ASAS20 response at 16 weeks.
    E.5.1.1Timepoint(s) of evaluation of this end point
    16 weeks
    E.5.2Secondary end point(s)
    • Incidence and severity of Adverse Events (AE).
    • Clinical laboratory tests, vital signs, physical examination and 12-lead ECG parameters.
    • ASAS40 response at all time points.
    • ASAS20 response at all other time points.
    • ASAS 5/6 response at all time points.
    • Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Score using C-Reactive Protein (ASDASCRP) at all time points.
    • hsCRP.
    • ASDAS clinically important improvement, ASDAS major improvement and ASDAS inactive disease at all time points.
    • Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index (BASDAI) at all time points.
    • BASDAI50 response at all time points
    • Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Functional Index (BASFI) at all time points.
    • Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Metrology Index (BASMI) at all time points.
    • Maastricht Ankylosing Spondylitis Enthesitis Score (MASES) at all time points collected.
    • Extra-articular Involvement (Specific Medical History and peripheral articular involvement [as assessed by swollen joint count]) at all time points collected.
    • Spinal mobility at all time points collected.
    • ASAS partial remission criteria at all time points.
    • Short-Form-36 Health Survey (SF-36) Version 2, Acute at all time points collected.
    • EuroQol EQ-5D Health State Profile (EQ-5D) and Your own health state today (EQ-VAS), at all time points collected.
    • Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Fatigue (FACIT-F) at all time points.
    • Ankylosing Spondylitis Quality of Life (ASQoL) at all time points collected.
    • Work Productivity and Activity Impairment (WPAI) Questionnaire: Spondyloarthritis at all time points collected
    • AS HealthCare Resource Utilization Questionnaire (AS-HCRU) at all time points collected.
    E.5.2.1Timepoint(s) of evaluation of this end point
    At all timepoints. Please refer to the protocol for additional details
    E.6 and E.7 Scope of the trial
    E.6Scope of the trial
    E.6.1Diagnosis No
    E.6.2Prophylaxis No
    E.6.3Therapy No
    E.6.4Safety Yes
    E.6.5Efficacy Yes
    E.6.6Pharmacokinetic Yes
    E.6.7Pharmacodynamic No
    E.6.8Bioequivalence No
    E.6.9Dose response No
    E.6.10Pharmacogenetic No
    E.6.11Pharmacogenomic No
    E.6.12Pharmacoeconomic No
    E.6.13Others No
    E.7Trial type and phase
    E.7.1Human pharmacology (Phase I) No
    E.7.1.1First administration to humans No
    E.7.1.2Bioequivalence study No
    E.7.1.3Other No
    E. trial type description
    E.7.2Therapeutic exploratory (Phase II) No
    E.7.3Therapeutic confirmatory (Phase III) Yes
    E.7.4Therapeutic use (Phase IV) No
    E.8 Design of the trial
    E.8.1Controlled Yes
    E.8.1.1Randomised Yes
    E.8.1.2Open No
    E.8.1.3Single blind No
    E.8.1.4Double blind Yes
    E.8.1.5Parallel group No
    E.8.1.6Cross over No
    E.8.1.7Other Yes
    E. trial design description
    Open label treatment phase from Week 16 - 48
    E.8.2 Comparator of controlled trial
    E.8.2.1Other medicinal product(s) No
    E.8.2.2Placebo Yes
    E.8.2.3Other No
    E.8.2.4Number of treatment arms in the trial2
    E.8.3 The trial involves single site in the Member State concerned No
    E.8.4 The trial involves multiple sites in the Member State concerned Yes
    E.8.4.1Number of sites anticipated in Member State concerned2
    E.8.5The trial involves multiple Member States Yes
    E.8.5.1Number of sites anticipated in the EEA51
    E.8.6 Trial involving sites outside the EEA
    E.8.6.1Trial being conducted both within and outside the EEA Yes
    E.8.6.2Trial being conducted completely outside of the EEA No
    E.8.6.3If E.8.6.1 or E.8.6.2 are Yes, specify the regions in which trial sites are planned
    Czech Republic
    Korea, Republic of
    Russian Federation
    United Kingdom
    United States
    E.8.7Trial has a data monitoring committee Yes
    E.8.8 Definition of the end of the trial and justification where it is not the last visit of the last subject undergoing the trial
    End of trial in a Member State of the EU is defined as the time at which it is deemed that a sufficient number of subjects have been recruited and completed the study as stated in the regulatory application (ie, clinical trial application [CTA]) and ethics application in the Member State. Poor recruitment (recruiting less than the anticipated number in the CTA) by a Member State is not a reason for premature termination but is considered a normal conclusion to the study in that Member State.
    E.8.9 Initial estimate of the duration of the trial
    E.8.9.1In the Member State concerned years1
    E.8.9.1In the Member State concerned months8
    E.8.9.1In the Member State concerned days14
    E.8.9.2In all countries concerned by the trial years2
    E.8.9.2In all countries concerned by the trial months2
    E.8.9.2In all countries concerned by the trial days14
    F. Population of Trial Subjects
    F.1 Age Range
    F.1.1Trial has subjects under 18 No
    F.1.1.1In Utero No
    F.1.1.2Preterm newborn infants (up to gestational age < 37 weeks) No
    F.1.1.3Newborns (0-27 days) No
    F.1.1.4Infants and toddlers (28 days-23 months) No
    F.1.1.5Children (2-11years) No
    F.1.1.6Adolescents (12-17 years) No
    F.1.2Adults (18-64 years) Yes
    F.1.2.1Number of subjects for this age range: 228
    F.1.3Elderly (>=65 years) Yes
    F.1.3.1Number of subjects for this age range: 12
    F.2 Gender
    F.2.1Female Yes
    F.2.2Male Yes
    F.3 Group of trial subjects
    F.3.1Healthy volunteers No
    F.3.2Patients Yes
    F.3.3Specific vulnerable populations Yes
    F.3.3.1Women of childbearing potential not using contraception No
    F.3.3.2Women of child-bearing potential using contraception Yes
    F.3.3.3Pregnant women No
    F.3.3.4Nursing women No
    F.3.3.5Emergency situation No
    F.3.3.6Subjects incapable of giving consent personally No
    F.3.3.7Others No
    F.4 Planned number of subjects to be included
    F.4.1In the member state4
    F.4.2 For a multinational trial
    F.4.2.1In the EEA 140
    F.4.2.2In the whole clinical trial 240
    F.5 Plans for treatment or care after the subject has ended the participation in the trial (if it is different from the expected normal treatment of that condition)
    The study drug, tofacitinib (CP-690,550) and the study defined medical care will only be given to the subjects during the study, unless subjects experience adverse events which require appropriate follow-up. Subjects may be treated for their ankylosing spondylitis in accordance with local medical practice once their participation in
    this study has ended.
    G. Investigator Networks to be involved in the Trial
    N. Review by the Competent Authority or Ethics Committee in the country concerned
    N.Competent Authority Decision Authorised
    N.Date of Competent Authority Decision2018-10-18
    N.Ethics Committee Opinion of the trial applicationFavourable
    N.Ethics Committee Opinion: Reason(s) for unfavourable opinion
    N.Date of Ethics Committee Opinion2018-06-19
    P. End of Trial
    P.End of Trial StatusPrematurely Ended
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