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    The EU Clinical Trials Register currently displays   42869   clinical trials with a EudraCT protocol, of which   7063   are clinical trials conducted with subjects less than 18 years old.
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    EudraCT Number:2018-002610-12
    Sponsor's Protocol Code Number:CAIN457ADE11C
    National Competent Authority:Germany - PEI
    Clinical Trial Type:EEA CTA
    Trial Status:Completed
    Date on which this record was first entered in the EudraCT database:2018-08-23
    Trial results View results
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    A. Protocol Information
    A.1Member State ConcernedGermany - PEI
    A.2EudraCT number2018-002610-12
    A.3Full title of the trial
    A randomized, parallel-group, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter phase 2 trial to investigate the safety and efficacy of secukinumab (AIN457) in patients with giant cell arteritis (TitAIN)
    A.3.1Title of the trial for lay people, in easily understood, i.e. non-technical, language
    Study in patients with giant cell arteritis to assess efficacy of secukinumab compared to placebo
    A.3.2Name or abbreviated title of the trial where available
    A.4.1Sponsor's protocol code numberCAIN457ADE11C
    A.7Trial is part of a Paediatric Investigation Plan No
    A.8EMA Decision number of Paediatric Investigation Plan
    B. Sponsor Information
    B.Sponsor: 1
    B.1.1Name of SponsorNovartis Pharma GmbH
    B.3.1 and B.3.2Status of the sponsorCommercial
    B.4 Source(s) of Monetary or Material Support for the clinical trial:
    B.4.1Name of organisation providing supportNovartis Pharma GmbH
    B.5 Contact point designated by the sponsor for further information on the trial
    B.5.1Name of organisationNovartis Pharma GmbH
    B.5.2Functional name of contact pointMedizinischer Infoservice (MCC)
    B.5.3 Address:
    B.5.3.1Street AddressRoonstr. 25
    B.5.3.2Town/ cityNürnberg
    B.5.3.3Post code90429
    B.5.4Telephone number004991127312100
    B.5.5Fax number004991127312160
    D. IMP Identification
    D.IMP: 1
    D.1.2 and D.1.3IMP RoleTest
    D.2 Status of the IMP to be used in the clinical trial
    D.2.1IMP to be used in the trial has a marketing authorisation Yes
    D. name Cosentyx
    D. of the Marketing Authorisation holderNovartis Europharm Limited
    D.2.1.2Country which granted the Marketing AuthorisationEuropean Union
    D.2.5The IMP has been designated in this indication as an orphan drug in the Community No
    D.2.5.1Orphan drug designation number
    D.3 Description of the IMP
    D.3.1Product nameSecukinumab
    D.3.2Product code AIN457
    D.3.4Pharmaceutical form Solution for injection in pre-filled syringe
    D.3.4.1Specific paediatric formulation No
    D.3.7Routes of administration for this IMPSubcutaneous use
    D.3.8 to D.3.10 IMP Identification Details (Active Substances)
    D.3.8INN - Proposed INNSECUKINUMAB
    D.3.9.1CAS number 1229022-83-6
    D.3.9.2Current sponsor codeAIN457
    D.3.9.3Other descriptive nameSECUKINUMAB
    D.3.9.4EV Substance CodeSUB33242
    D.3.10 Strength
    D.3.10.1Concentration unit mg milligram(s)
    D.3.10.2Concentration typeequal
    D.3.10.3Concentration number150
    D.3.11 The IMP contains an:
    D.3.11.1Active substance of chemical origin No
    D.3.11.2Active substance of biological/ biotechnological origin (other than Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) Yes
    The IMP is a:
    D.3.11.3Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    D. cell therapy medicinal product No
    D. therapy medical product No
    D. Engineered Product No
    D. ATIMP (i.e. one involving a medical device) No
    D. on Advanced therapies (CAT) has issued a classification for this product No
    D.3.11.4Combination product that includes a device, but does not involve an Advanced Therapy No
    D.3.11.5Radiopharmaceutical medicinal product No
    D.3.11.6Immunological medicinal product (such as vaccine, allergen, immune serum) No
    D.3.11.7Plasma derived medicinal product No
    D.3.11.8Extractive medicinal product No
    D.3.11.9Recombinant medicinal product Yes
    D.3.11.10Medicinal product containing genetically modified organisms No
    D.3.11.11Herbal medicinal product No
    D.3.11.12Homeopathic medicinal product No
    D.3.11.13Another type of medicinal product No
    D.8 Information on Placebo
    D.8 Placebo: 1
    D.8.1Is a Placebo used in this Trial?Yes
    D.8.3Pharmaceutical form of the placeboSolution for injection in pre-filled syringe
    D.8.4Route of administration of the placeboSubcutaneous use
    E. General Information on the Trial
    E.1 Medical condition or disease under investigation
    E.1.1Medical condition(s) being investigated
    Giant Cell Arteritis
    E.1.1.1Medical condition in easily understood language
    Giant Cell Arteritis
    E.1.1.2Therapeutic area Body processes [G] - Immune system processes [G12]
    MedDRA Classification
    E.1.2 Medical condition or disease under investigation
    E.1.2Version 23.1
    E.1.2Level PT
    E.1.2Classification code 10018250
    E.1.2Term Giant cell arteritis
    E.1.2System Organ Class 10047065 - Vascular disorders
    E.1.3Condition being studied is a rare disease No
    E.2 Objective of the trial
    E.2.1Main objective of the trial
    To demonstrate the efficacy of secukinumab compared to placebo, in combination with a 26-week prednisolone taper regimen, based on the proportion of patients with GCA who have sustained remission until week 28.
    E.2.2Secondary objectives of the trial
    To evaluate the efficacy of secukinumab in combination with a 26-week prednisolone taper regimen vs. placebo in patients with GCA measured by:
    • Remission rate at Week 12
    • Time to first flare after remission
    • Cumulative corticosteroid dose up to Week 28 and 52
    • Patients in sustained remission up to Week 52
    • Proportion of patients on prednisolone dose ≤ 5mg/day at Week 19/28/52
    • Changes from baseline in disease activity and quality of life measures at Week 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 28, 36, 44 and 52 for the following:
    - Physician’s global assessment (PhGA) visual analog scale (VAS)
    - Patient reported outcomes (PROs): Patient global assessment (PGA) VAS; Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy Fatigue (FACIT-Fatigue); Short form 36 (SF36); EuroQoL 5D (EQ-5D)
    Laboratory parameters (Baseline vs. Week 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 28, 32, 36, 40, 44, 48, 52): CRP; ESR
    To evaluate the safety/tolerability and immunogenicity of secukinumab
    E.2.3Trial contains a sub-study No
    E.3Principal inclusion criteria
    Patients eligible for inclusion in this study must meet all of the following criteria:
    1. Signed informed consent must be obtained prior to participation in the study.
    2. Patient must be able to understand and communicate with the investigator and comply with the requirements of the study.
    3. Male or non-pregnant, non-lactating female patients at least 50 years of age.
    4. Diagnosis of GCA classified according to the following criteria:
    • Age at onset of disease ≥ 50 years.
    • History of ESR ≥ 30 mm/hr or CRP ≥ 10 mg/L.
    • Unequivocal cranial symptoms of GCA (new-onset localized headache, scalp or temporal artery tenderness, ischemia-related vision loss, or otherwise unexplained mouth or jaw pain upon mastication) AND/OR symptoms of polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) defined as shoulder and/or hip girdle pain associated with inflammatory morning stiffness.
    • Temporal artery biopsy revealing features of GCA AND/OR evidence of large-vessel vasculitis by angiography or cross-sectional imaging study such as magnetic resonance angiography (MRA), computed tomography angiography (CTA), positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET CT), or ultrasound.
    5. Patients with new onset GCA or relapsing GCA:
    •Definition new onset: diagnosis of GCA within 6 weeks of Baseline Visit.
    •Definition relapsing GCA: diagnosis of GCA (in accordance with inclusion criterion no. 4) > 6 weeks before Baseline Visit and in the meantime achieved remission (absence of signs and symptoms attributable to GCA and normalization of ESR (< 30 mm/hr) and CRP (< 10.0 mg/L) included) including previous treatment with ≥ 25 mg/day prednisolone equivalent for ≥ 2 weeks.
    6. Active disease as defined by the presence of signs and symptoms of GCA (cranial or PMR) and elevated ESR ≥ 30 mm/hr, or CRP ≥ 10 mg/L, attributed to active GCA within 6 weeks of Baseline.
    7. Prednisolone dose of 25-60 mg/day at Baseline.
    8. Patients taking methotrexate (MTX) ≤ 25 mg/week are allowed to continue their medication provided they have taken it for at least 3 months and are on a stable dose for at least 4 weeks prior to randomization and if they are on a stable folic acid treatment before randomization.

    Other protocol-defined inclusion criteria may apply.
    E.4Principal exclusion criteria
    Patients who fulfill any of the following criteria are not eligible for inclusion:
    1. Pregnant or nursing (lactating) women where pregnancy is defined as the state of a female after conception and until the termination of gestation, confirmed by a positive human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) laboratory test.
    2. Women of childbearing potential, defined as all women physiologically capable of becoming pregnant, unless they are using effective methods of contraception during dosing of study treatment and for a minimum of 20 weeks after the last dose of secukinumab.
    3. Previous exposure to secukinumab or other biologic drug directly targeting IL-17 or IL-17 receptor.
    4. Patients treated with any cell-depleting therapies including but not limited to anti-CD20 or investigational agents (e.g. anti-CD3, anti-CD4, anti-CD5 or anti-CD19).
    5. Patients who have previously been treated with any biologic agent including but not limited to tocilizumab, sirukumab, abatacept, or tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα) inhibitors (infliximab, adalimumab, etanercept, certolizumab, golimumab).
    6. Patients who have previously been treated with tofacitinib or baricitinib.
    7. Patients treated with i.v. immunoglobulins or plasmapheresis within 8 weeks prior to Baseline.
    8. Patients treated with cyclophosphamide, tacrolimus or everolimus within 6 months prior to Baseline.
    9. Patients treated with hydroxychloroquine, cyclosporine A, azathioprine, sulfasalazine or mycophenolate mofetil within 4 weeks of Baseline.
    10. Patients treated with leflunomide within 8 weeks of Baseline unless a cholestyramine washout has been performed in which case the patient must be treated within 4 weeks of Baseline.
    11. Patients treated with an alkylating agent except for cyclophosphamide as mentioned above.
    12. Patients requiring systemic chronic glucocorticoid therapy for any other reason than GCA.
    13. Chronic systemic glucocorticoid therapy over the last 4 years or longer; or inability, in the opinion of the investigator, to withdraw glucocorticoid therapy through protocol-defined taper regimen due to suspected or established adrenal insufficiency.
    14. Patients requiring chronic (i.e. not occasional “prn”) high potency opioid analgesics for pain management.
    15. Patients treated with any investigational agent within 4 weeks or within 5 half-lives of the drug (whichever is longer) prior to Baseline.
    16. Contraindication or hypersensitivity to secukinumab.
    17. Active ongoing inflammatory diseases other than GCA that might confound the evaluation of the benefit of secukinumab therapy.
    18. Active ongoing inflammatory diseases or underlying metabolic, hematologic, renal, hepatic, pulmonary, neurologic, endocrine, cardiac, infectious or gastrointestinal conditions, which in the opinion of the investigator immunocomprises the patient and/or places the patient at unacceptable risk for participation in an immunomodulatory therapy.
    19. Significant medical problems or diseases, including but not limited to the following: uncontrolled hypertension (≥ 160/95 mmHg), congestive heart failure (New York Heart Association (NYHA) status of class III or IV) and uncontrolled diabetes.
    20. History of clinically significant liver disease or liver injury as indicated by abnormal liver function tests (LFTs) such as aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP) or serum bilirubin.
    21. History of renal trauma, glomerulonephritis, or patients with one kidney only, or a serum creatinine level exceeding 1.8 mg/dL (159.12 μmol/L).
    22. Screening total white blood cell (WBC) count < 3000/μL, or platelets < 100 000/μL or neutrophils < 1500/μL or hemoglobin < 8.3 g/dL (83 g/L).
    23. Active systemic infections during the last 2 weeks (exception: common cold) prior to randomization.
    24. Major ischemic event, unrelated to GCA, within 12 weeks of screening.
    25. Any major infection requiring oral antibiotic treatment within 2 weeks prior to Baseline.
    26. Major surgery within 8 weeks prior to screening or planned major surgery within 12 months after randomization.
    27. History of ongoing, chronic or recurrent infectious disease or evidence of tuberculosis infection as defined by either a positive purified protein derivative (PPD) skin test (the size of induration will be measured after 48-72 hours, and a positive result is defined as an induration of ≥ 5mm or according to local practice/guidelines), or a positive QuantiFERON TB-Plus test. Patients with a positive test may participate in the study if further work up (according to local practice/guidelines) establishes conclusively that the patient has no evidence of active tuberculosis. If presence of latent tuberculosis is established then treatment according to local country guidelines must be initiated prior to randomization.
    28. Known infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B or hepatitis C.

    Other protocol-defined exclusion criteria may apply.
    E.5 End points
    E.5.1Primary end point(s)
    Proportion of GCA patients in sustained remission at Week 28.
    E.5.1.1Timepoint(s) of evaluation of this end point
    Week 28
    E.5.2Secondary end point(s)
    - Efficacy
    • Remission rate at Week 12
    • Time to first flare after remission
    • Cumulative corticosteroid dose up to Week 28 and 52
    • Patients in sustained remission up to Week 52
    • Proportion of patients on prednisolone dose ≤ 5mg/day at Week 19/28/52
    • Changes from baseline in disease activity and quality of life measures at Week 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 28, 36, 44 and 52 for the following:
    - Physician’s global assessment (PhGA) visual analog scale (VAS)
    - Patient reported outcomes (PROs): Patient global assessment (PGA) VAS; Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy Fatigue (FACIT-Fatigue); Short form 36 (SF36); EuroQoL 5D (EQ-5D)
    - Laboratory parameters (Baseline vs. Week 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 28, 32, 36, 40, 44, 48, 52): CRP; ESR
    - Safety/tolerability and immunogenicity of secukinumab

    E.5.2.1Timepoint(s) of evaluation of this end point
    Week 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 28, 32, 36, 40, 44, 48, 52
    E.6 and E.7 Scope of the trial
    E.6Scope of the trial
    E.6.1Diagnosis No
    E.6.2Prophylaxis No
    E.6.3Therapy Yes
    E.6.4Safety Yes
    E.6.5Efficacy Yes
    E.6.6Pharmacokinetic No
    E.6.7Pharmacodynamic No
    E.6.8Bioequivalence No
    E.6.9Dose response No
    E.6.10Pharmacogenetic No
    E.6.11Pharmacogenomic No
    E.6.12Pharmacoeconomic No
    E.6.13Others No
    E.7Trial type and phase
    E.7.1Human pharmacology (Phase I) No
    E.7.1.1First administration to humans No
    E.7.1.2Bioequivalence study No
    E.7.1.3Other No
    E. trial type description
    E.7.2Therapeutic exploratory (Phase II) Yes
    E.7.3Therapeutic confirmatory (Phase III) No
    E.7.4Therapeutic use (Phase IV) No
    E.8 Design of the trial
    E.8.1Controlled Yes
    E.8.1.1Randomised Yes
    E.8.1.2Open No
    E.8.1.3Single blind No
    E.8.1.4Double blind Yes
    E.8.1.5Parallel group Yes
    E.8.1.6Cross over No
    E.8.1.7Other No
    E.8.2 Comparator of controlled trial
    E.8.2.1Other medicinal product(s) No
    E.8.2.2Placebo Yes
    E.8.2.3Other No
    E.8.2.4Number of treatment arms in the trial2
    E.8.3 The trial involves single site in the Member State concerned No
    E.8.4 The trial involves multiple sites in the Member State concerned Yes
    E.8.4.1Number of sites anticipated in Member State concerned15
    E.8.5The trial involves multiple Member States No
    E.8.6 Trial involving sites outside the EEA
    E.8.6.1Trial being conducted both within and outside the EEA No
    E.8.6.2Trial being conducted completely outside of the EEA No
    E.8.7Trial has a data monitoring committee No
    E.8.8 Definition of the end of the trial and justification where it is not the last visit of the last subject undergoing the trial
    E.8.9 Initial estimate of the duration of the trial
    E.8.9.1In the Member State concerned years2
    E.8.9.1In the Member State concerned months5
    E.8.9.1In the Member State concerned days6
    F. Population of Trial Subjects
    F.1 Age Range
    F.1.1Trial has subjects under 18 No
    F.1.1.1In Utero No
    F.1.1.2Preterm newborn infants (up to gestational age < 37 weeks) No
    F.1.1.3Newborns (0-27 days) No
    F.1.1.4Infants and toddlers (28 days-23 months) No
    F.1.1.5Children (2-11years) No
    F.1.1.6Adolescents (12-17 years) No
    F.1.2Adults (18-64 years) Yes
    F.1.2.1Number of subjects for this age range: 25
    F.1.3Elderly (>=65 years) Yes
    F.1.3.1Number of subjects for this age range: 25
    F.2 Gender
    F.2.1Female Yes
    F.2.2Male Yes
    F.3 Group of trial subjects
    F.3.1Healthy volunteers No
    F.3.2Patients Yes
    F.3.3Specific vulnerable populations No
    F.3.3.1Women of childbearing potential not using contraception No
    F.3.3.2Women of child-bearing potential using contraception No
    F.3.3.3Pregnant women No
    F.3.3.4Nursing women No
    F.3.3.5Emergency situation No
    F.3.3.6Subjects incapable of giving consent personally No
    F.3.3.7Others No
    F.4 Planned number of subjects to be included
    F.4.1In the member state50
    F.5 Plans for treatment or care after the subject has ended the participation in the trial (if it is different from the expected normal treatment of that condition)
    Subjects who have ended the participation in the trial will be treated according to the physician´s discretion.
    G. Investigator Networks to be involved in the Trial
    N. Review by the Competent Authority or Ethics Committee in the country concerned
    N.Competent Authority Decision Authorised
    N.Date of Competent Authority Decision2018-10-23
    N.Ethics Committee Opinion of the trial applicationFavourable
    N.Ethics Committee Opinion: Reason(s) for unfavourable opinion
    N.Date of Ethics Committee Opinion2018-12-06
    P. End of Trial
    P.End of Trial StatusCompleted
    P.Date of the global end of the trial2021-06-08
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