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    Summary
    EudraCT Number:2018-003481-13
    Sponsor's Protocol Code Number:NEAT44
    National Competent Authority:UK - MHRA
    Clinical Trial Type:EEA CTA
    Trial Status:GB - no longer in EU/EEA
    Date on which this record was first entered in the EudraCT database:2018-11-12
    Trial results
    Index
    A. PROTOCOL INFORMATION
    B. SPONSOR INFORMATION
    C. APPLICANT IDENTIFICATION
    D. IMP IDENTIFICATION
    D.8 INFORMATION ON PLACEBO
    E. GENERAL INFORMATION ON THE TRIAL
    F. POPULATION OF TRIAL SUBJECTS
    G. INVESTIGATOR NETWORKS TO BE INVOLVED IN THE TRIAL
    N. REVIEW BY THE COMPETENT AUTHORITY OR ETHICS COMMITTEE IN THE COUNTRY CONCERNED
    P. END OF TRIAL
    Expand All   Collapse All
    A. Protocol Information
    A.1Member State ConcernedUK - MHRA
    A.2EudraCT number2018-003481-13
    A.3Full title of the trial
    An Open-Label, Multi-Centre, Randomised Study to Investigate Integrase Inhibitor Versus Boosted Protease Inhibitor Antiretroviral Therapy for Patients with Advanced HIV Disease. The Late Presenter Treatment Optimisation Study (LAPTOP).
    A.3.1Title of the trial for lay people, in easily understood, i.e. non-technical, language
    An Open-Label, Multi-Centre, Randomised Study to Investigate Integrase Inhibitor Versus Boosted Protease Inhibitor Antiretroviral Therapy for Patients with Advanced HIV Disease -The Late Presenter Treatment Optimisation Study (LAPTOP)-
    A.3.2Name or abbreviated title of the trial where available
    LAPTOP - Late Presenter Treatment Optimisation Study
    A.4.1Sponsor's protocol code numberNEAT44
    A.5.2US NCT (ClinicalTrials.gov registry) numberNCT03696160
    A.7Trial is part of a Paediatric Investigation Plan No
    A.8EMA Decision number of Paediatric Investigation Plan
    B. Sponsor Information
    B.Sponsor: 1
    B.1.1Name of SponsorNEAT ID Foundation
    B.1.3.4CountryBelgium
    B.3.1 and B.3.2Status of the sponsorNon-Commercial
    B.4 Source(s) of Monetary or Material Support for the clinical trial:
    B.4.1Name of organisation providing supportGilead Sciences Inc
    B.4.2CountryUnited States
    B.4.1Name of organisation providing supportJanssen Pharmaceutica NV
    B.4.2CountryBelgium
    B.5 Contact point designated by the sponsor for further information on the trial
    B.5.1Name of organisationResearch Organisation (KC) Ltd
    B.5.2Functional name of contact pointCarl Fletcher
    B.5.3 Address:
    B.5.3.1Street AddressThe Stanley Building, 7 Pancras Square
    B.5.3.2Town/ cityLondon
    B.5.3.3Post codeN1C 4AG
    B.5.3.4CountryUnited Kingdom
    B.5.6E-mailLAPTOP@rokcservices.com
    D. IMP Identification
    D.IMP: 1
    D.1.2 and D.1.3IMP RoleTest
    D.2 Status of the IMP to be used in the clinical trial
    D.2.1IMP to be used in the trial has a marketing authorisation Yes
    D.2.1.1.1Trade name Biktarvy
    D.2.1.1.2Name of the Marketing Authorisation holderGilead Sciences International Ltd
    D.2.1.2Country which granted the Marketing AuthorisationUnited Kingdom
    D.2.5The IMP has been designated in this indication as an orphan drug in the Community No
    D.2.5.1Orphan drug designation number
    D.3 Description of the IMP
    D.3.1Product nameBiktarvy
    D.3.4Pharmaceutical form Film-coated tablet
    D.3.4.1Specific paediatric formulation No
    D.3.7Routes of administration for this IMPOral use
    D.3.8 to D.3.10 IMP Identification Details (Active Substances)
    D.3.8INN - Proposed INNBictegravir
    D.3.9.1CAS number 1611493-60-7
    D.3.9.4EV Substance CodeAS1
    D.3.10 Strength
    D.3.10.1Concentration unit mg milligram(s)
    D.3.10.2Concentration typeequal
    D.3.10.3Concentration number50
    D.3.8 to D.3.10 IMP Identification Details (Active Substances)
    D.3.8INN - Proposed INNEmtricitabine
    D.3.9.1CAS number 143491-54-7
    D.3.9.4EV Substance CodeAS2
    D.3.10 Strength
    D.3.10.1Concentration unit mg milligram(s)
    D.3.10.2Concentration typeequal
    D.3.10.3Concentration number200
    D.3.8 to D.3.10 IMP Identification Details (Active Substances)
    D.3.8INN - Proposed INNTenofovir alafenamide
    D.3.9.1CAS number 383365-04-6
    D.3.9.4EV Substance CodeAS3
    D.3.10 Strength
    D.3.10.1Concentration unit mg milligram(s)
    D.3.10.2Concentration typeequal
    D.3.10.3Concentration number25
    D.3.11 The IMP contains an:
    D.3.11.1Active substance of chemical origin Yes
    D.3.11.2Active substance of biological/ biotechnological origin (other than Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    The IMP is a:
    D.3.11.3Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    D.3.11.3.1Somatic cell therapy medicinal product No
    D.3.11.3.2Gene therapy medical product No
    D.3.11.3.3Tissue Engineered Product No
    D.3.11.3.4Combination ATIMP (i.e. one involving a medical device) No
    D.3.11.3.5Committee on Advanced therapies (CAT) has issued a classification for this product No
    D.3.11.4Combination product that includes a device, but does not involve an Advanced Therapy No
    D.3.11.5Radiopharmaceutical medicinal product No
    D.3.11.6Immunological medicinal product (such as vaccine, allergen, immune serum) No
    D.3.11.7Plasma derived medicinal product No
    D.3.11.8Extractive medicinal product No
    D.3.11.9Recombinant medicinal product No
    D.3.11.10Medicinal product containing genetically modified organisms No
    D.3.11.11Herbal medicinal product No
    D.3.11.12Homeopathic medicinal product No
    D.3.11.13Another type of medicinal product No
    D.IMP: 2
    D.1.2 and D.1.3IMP RoleComparator
    D.2 Status of the IMP to be used in the clinical trial
    D.2.1IMP to be used in the trial has a marketing authorisation Yes
    D.2.1.1.1Trade name Symtuza
    D.2.1.1.2Name of the Marketing Authorisation holderJanssen-Cilag International NV
    D.2.1.2Country which granted the Marketing AuthorisationBelgium
    D.2.5The IMP has been designated in this indication as an orphan drug in the Community No
    D.2.5.1Orphan drug designation number
    D.3 Description of the IMP
    D.3.1Product nameSymtuza
    D.3.4Pharmaceutical form Film-coated tablet
    D.3.4.1Specific paediatric formulation No
    D.3.7Routes of administration for this IMPOral use
    D.3.8 to D.3.10 IMP Identification Details (Active Substances)
    D.3.8INN - Proposed INNDarunavir ethanolate
    D.3.9.1CAS number 635728-49-3
    D.3.9.4EV Substance CodeAS4
    D.3.10 Strength
    D.3.10.1Concentration unit mg milligram(s)
    D.3.10.2Concentration typeequal
    D.3.10.3Concentration number800
    D.3.8 to D.3.10 IMP Identification Details (Active Substances)
    D.3.8INN - Proposed INNCobicistat
    D.3.9.1CAS number 1004316-88-4
    D.3.9.4EV Substance CodeAS5
    D.3.10 Strength
    D.3.10.1Concentration unit mg milligram(s)
    D.3.10.2Concentration typeequal
    D.3.10.3Concentration number150
    D.3.8 to D.3.10 IMP Identification Details (Active Substances)
    D.3.8INN - Proposed INNEmtricitabine
    D.3.9.1CAS number 143491-54-7
    D.3.9.4EV Substance CodeAS6
    D.3.10 Strength
    D.3.10.1Concentration unit mg milligram(s)
    D.3.10.2Concentration typeequal
    D.3.10.3Concentration number200
    D.3.8 to D.3.10 IMP Identification Details (Active Substances)
    D.3.8INN - Proposed INNTenofovir alafenamide fumarate
    D.3.9.1CAS number 1392275-56-7
    D.3.9.4EV Substance CodeAS7
    D.3.10 Strength
    D.3.10.1Concentration unit mg milligram(s)
    D.3.10.2Concentration typeequal
    D.3.10.3Concentration number10
    D.3.11 The IMP contains an:
    D.3.11.1Active substance of chemical origin Yes
    D.3.11.2Active substance of biological/ biotechnological origin (other than Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    The IMP is a:
    D.3.11.3Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    D.3.11.3.1Somatic cell therapy medicinal product No
    D.3.11.3.2Gene therapy medical product No
    D.3.11.3.3Tissue Engineered Product No
    D.3.11.3.4Combination ATIMP (i.e. one involving a medical device) No
    D.3.11.3.5Committee on Advanced therapies (CAT) has issued a classification for this product No
    D.3.11.4Combination product that includes a device, but does not involve an Advanced Therapy No
    D.3.11.5Radiopharmaceutical medicinal product No
    D.3.11.6Immunological medicinal product (such as vaccine, allergen, immune serum) No
    D.3.11.7Plasma derived medicinal product No
    D.3.11.8Extractive medicinal product No
    D.3.11.9Recombinant medicinal product No
    D.3.11.10Medicinal product containing genetically modified organisms No
    D.3.11.11Herbal medicinal product No
    D.3.11.12Homeopathic medicinal product No
    D.3.11.13Another type of medicinal product No
    D.8 Information on Placebo
    D.8 Placebo: 1
    D.8.1Is a Placebo used in this Trial?Yes
    E. General Information on the Trial
    E.1 Medical condition or disease under investigation
    E.1.1Medical condition(s) being investigated
    Patients who present late on during their acquisition of the HIV-1 (Human Immunodeficiency Virus)
    E.1.1.1Medical condition in easily understood language
    A virus that damages patient's immune system causing the patient difficulty to fight off infections and diseases.
    E.1.1.2Therapeutic area Diseases [C] - Virus Diseases [C02]
    MedDRA Classification
    E.1.2 Medical condition or disease under investigation
    E.1.2Version 20.0
    E.1.2Level LLT
    E.1.2Classification code 10020192
    E.1.2Term HIV-1
    E.1.2System Organ Class 100000004862
    E.1.3Condition being studied is a rare disease No
    E.2 Objective of the trial
    E.2.1Main objective of the trial
    To demonstrate an Integrase Inhibitor containing regimen is no better than a boosted Protease Inhibitor regimen in patients with advanced HIV infection. If the integrase inhibitor regimen is proved to be no better then, we would like to demonstrate whether the Integrase inhibitor regime is superior to the Protease Inhibitor containing regimen.
    E.2.2Secondary objectives of the trial
    1. To investigate the incidence of the following clinical events; immunological and virological response, tolerability, resistance development, discontinuation of therapy due to tolerability, quality of life and Immune Reconstitution Inflammatory Syndrome (IRIS).
    2. To assess whether virological response is better predicted by next generation deep sequencing rather than the standard population sequencing currently performed.
    E.2.3Trial contains a sub-study No
    E.3Principal inclusion criteria
    1. The ability to understand and sign a written informed consent form (ICF) and must be willing to comply with all study requirements.

    2. Male or non-pregnant, non-lactating females.

    3. Age ≥ 18 years.

    4. Has documented, untreated HIV-1 infection with either:

    a) AIDS with any CD4 cell count (AIDS-defining conditions are listed within Appendix 3).

    Or

    b) Severe bacterial infection (BI)† and must have a CD4 cell count < 200/µl within 28 days prior to study entry.

    Or

    c) Any symptoms or no symptoms and must have a CD4 cell count < 100/µL within 28 days prior to study entry and must have an entry HIV viral load > 1000 copies/mL.

    Or

    d) Currently receiving treatment for OI‡. i. Subjects with other serious OIs, including other AIDS-defining and AIDS-related OIs for which appropriate therapy other than ART exists are eligible, but Investigator approval must be obtained. ii. Current OI treatment can have been discontinued prior to the start of ART.

    5. Have an entry HIV viral load > 1000 copies/mL

    6. Have the ability to take oral medications.

    7. If female and of childbearing potential, is using effective birth control methods (see Appendix 7) and is willing to continue practising these birth control methods during the trial and for at least 30 days after the last dose of study medication. Note: Non-childbearing potential is defined as either post-menopausal (12 months of spontaneous amenorrhoea and ≥45 years) or physically incapable of becoming pregnant with documented tubal ligation, hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy.

    E.4Principal exclusion criteria
    1. Any therapeutic ARV which commenced less than 2 weeks prior to screening and which study entry was taken for more than 48 hours.

    2. Systemic cancer chemotherapy within 30 days prior to study entry, or current treatment for cancer (with the exception of Kaposi’s sarcoma) or lymphoma.

    3. Current or anticipated use of contraindicated medications (see Summary of Product Characteristics (SmPC) for Symtuza® and IB for B/F/TAF) or anticipated systemic chemotherapy during study enrolment (administration of any contraindicated medication must be discontinued at least 30 days prior to the baseline visit and for the duration of the study).

    4. Known resistance to the components of study medications (see section 6.1.3 for more details).

    5. History or symptoms of advanced renal and/or hepatic impairment. Such as, kidney failure requiring dialysis; eGFR <30 mL/min; hepatic transaminases (AST and ALT) > 5 x upper limit of normal (ULN); or, platelet count <50,000.

    6. Current drug or alcohol use that, in the opinion of the Investigator, would cause interference with the study.

    7. Cryptococcal meningitis or active TB or current or expected treatment requiring Rifampicin or Rifabutin (patients with expected latent TB will have a TB test (IGRAs e.g. ELISPOT, QuantiFERON etc.) at their screening visit).

    8. History or presence of allergy to the study drugs or their components, or drugs of their class.

    9. Using any concomitant therapy disallowed as per the reference safety information (RSI) and product labelling for the study drugs.

    10. Any investigational drug within 30 days prior to the study drug administration.

    11. Patients with severe (Child Pugh class C) hepatic impairment.

    12. Women who are pregnant, breastfeeding or plan to become pregnant or breastfeed during the study.

    E.5 End points
    E.5.1Primary end point(s)
    Time to failure, as the first occurrence of any of the following components:

    1. Virological reasons:
    a) Virological failure, defined as insufficient virological response (specifically HIV-1 RNA reduction < 1 log 10 copies/mL at week 12; or viral load > 50 HIV-1 RNA copies/mL at week 48); or viral rebound, defined as rebound > 1 log 10 copies/mL of any post baseline HIV-1 RNA nadir > 400 copies/mL; or defined as rebound in HIV-1 RNA to >200 copies/mL after having achieved HIV-1 RNA <50 copies/mL, which is subsequently confirmed at the following scheduled or unscheduled visit.

    2. Clinical reasons:
    a) Death related to HIV, AIDS, OI/severe BI or complications of therapy including IRIS
    b) Any new or recurrent AIDS defining event
    c) Any new serious non-AIDS defining event documented by the endpoint review committee (including severe BI, liver cirrhosis, renal failure, cardiovascular event, and non-AIDS related malignant disease)
    d) Clinically relevant AEs of any grade which require treatment interruption of INI or boosted PI therapy within the first 48 weeks after randomisation (discontinuation of BIC or boosted DRV followed by continuation with another INI or PI, respectively, is not considered as a strategy failure or endpoint)
    E.5.1.1Timepoint(s) of evaluation of this end point
    This end point is a composite end point and is dependent on whether the patients experience virological failure.
    E.5.2Secondary end point(s)
    Proportion of patients with HIV-RNA viral load < 50 copies/mL at week 24, 36, 48

    HIV-1 drug resistance at confirmed virological failure (genotype)

    Time to reach CD4 count > 200/µL (first measurement)

    Proportion of patients with CD4 cell count < 200 µL and < 350µL at week 4, 8, 12, 24, 36, 48

    CD4/CD8 ratio at week 4, 8, 12, 24, 36, 48

    Incidence of IRIS in the two arms through week 48

    Incidence and duration of hospitalisation, rate of relapse of specific OI/BI through week 48

    Safety and tolerability, measured by Grade 2, 3 and 4 signs and symptoms and laboratory toxicities through week 48

    ART and OI/BI treatment changes and dose modifications due to toxicities and DDI with ART, and IRIS through week 48

    Health care resource use, including total inpatient days and emergency room visits through week 48

    QOL and functional status outcomes, including overall self-reported QOL and functional status compared in the two groups at week 48

    Discontinuation or modification of study medication due to insufficient virological response or resistance mutation development before week 48
    E.5.2.1Timepoint(s) of evaluation of this end point
    Each timepoint is listed above
    E.6 and E.7 Scope of the trial
    E.6Scope of the trial
    E.6.1Diagnosis No
    E.6.2Prophylaxis No
    E.6.3Therapy No
    E.6.4Safety No
    E.6.5Efficacy Yes
    E.6.6Pharmacokinetic No
    E.6.7Pharmacodynamic No
    E.6.8Bioequivalence No
    E.6.9Dose response No
    E.6.10Pharmacogenetic No
    E.6.11Pharmacogenomic No
    E.6.12Pharmacoeconomic No
    E.6.13Others No
    E.7Trial type and phase
    E.7.1Human pharmacology (Phase I) No
    E.7.1.1First administration to humans No
    E.7.1.2Bioequivalence study No
    E.7.1.3Other No
    E.7.1.3.1Other trial type description
    E.7.2Therapeutic exploratory (Phase II) No
    E.7.3Therapeutic confirmatory (Phase III) Yes
    E.7.4Therapeutic use (Phase IV) No
    E.8 Design of the trial
    E.8.1Controlled Yes
    E.8.1.1Randomised Yes
    E.8.1.2Open Yes
    E.8.1.3Single blind No
    E.8.1.4Double blind No
    E.8.1.5Parallel group No
    E.8.1.6Cross over No
    E.8.1.7Other No
    E.8.2 Comparator of controlled trial
    E.8.2.1Other medicinal product(s) Yes
    E.8.2.2Placebo No
    E.8.2.3Other No
    E.8.2.4Number of treatment arms in the trial2
    E.8.3 The trial involves single site in the Member State concerned No
    E.8.4 The trial involves multiple sites in the Member State concerned Yes
    E.8.4.1Number of sites anticipated in Member State concerned15
    E.8.5The trial involves multiple Member States Yes
    E.8.5.1Number of sites anticipated in the EEA45
    E.8.6 Trial involving sites outside the EEA
    E.8.6.1Trial being conducted both within and outside the EEA No
    E.8.6.2Trial being conducted completely outside of the EEA No
    E.8.7Trial has a data monitoring committee Yes
    E.8.8 Definition of the end of the trial and justification where it is not the last visit of the last subject undergoing the trial
    LVLS
    E.8.9 Initial estimate of the duration of the trial
    E.8.9.1In the Member State concerned years2
    E.8.9.1In the Member State concerned months0
    E.8.9.1In the Member State concerned days1
    E.8.9.2In all countries concerned by the trial years2
    E.8.9.2In all countries concerned by the trial months2
    E.8.9.2In all countries concerned by the trial days1
    F. Population of Trial Subjects
    F.1 Age Range
    F.1.1Trial has subjects under 18 No
    F.1.1Number of subjects for this age range: 0
    F.1.1.1In Utero No
    F.1.1.1.1Number of subjects for this age range: 0
    F.1.1.2Preterm newborn infants (up to gestational age < 37 weeks) No
    F.1.1.2.1Number of subjects for this age range: 0
    F.1.1.3Newborns (0-27 days) No
    F.1.1.3.1Number of subjects for this age range: 0
    F.1.1.4Infants and toddlers (28 days-23 months) No
    F.1.1.4.1Number of subjects for this age range: 0
    F.1.1.5Children (2-11years) No
    F.1.1.5.1Number of subjects for this age range: 0
    F.1.1.6Adolescents (12-17 years) No
    F.1.1.6.1Number of subjects for this age range: 0
    F.1.2Adults (18-64 years) Yes
    F.1.2.1Number of subjects for this age range: 330
    F.1.3Elderly (>=65 years) Yes
    F.1.3.1Number of subjects for this age range: 110
    F.2 Gender
    F.2.1Female Yes
    F.2.2Male Yes
    F.3 Group of trial subjects
    F.3.1Healthy volunteers No
    F.3.2Patients Yes
    F.3.3Specific vulnerable populations No
    F.3.3.1Women of childbearing potential not using contraception No
    F.3.3.2Women of child-bearing potential using contraception No
    F.3.3.3Pregnant women No
    F.3.3.4Nursing women No
    F.3.3.5Emergency situation No
    F.3.3.6Subjects incapable of giving consent personally No
    F.3.3.7Others No
    F.4 Planned number of subjects to be included
    F.4.1In the member state120
    F.4.2 For a multinational trial
    F.4.2.1In the EEA 440
    F.4.2.2In the whole clinical trial 440
    F.5 Plans for treatment or care after the subject has ended the participation in the trial (if it is different from the expected normal treatment of that condition)
    No post trial medication will be provided to participants. Following their last treatment visit at Week 48 participants will receive treatment as per local standard of care.
    G. Investigator Networks to be involved in the Trial
    G.4 Investigator Network to be involved in the Trial: 1
    N. Review by the Competent Authority or Ethics Committee in the country concerned
    N.Competent Authority Decision Authorised
    N.Date of Competent Authority Decision2019-01-03
    N.Ethics Committee Opinion of the trial applicationFavourable
    N.Ethics Committee Opinion: Reason(s) for unfavourable opinion
    N.Date of Ethics Committee Opinion2019-01-15
    P. End of Trial
    P.End of Trial StatusGB - no longer in EU/EEA
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