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    EudraCT Number:2019-004023-20
    Sponsor's Protocol Code Number:MK-3475-992
    National Competent Authority:Czechia - SUKL
    Clinical Trial Type:EEA CTA
    Trial Status:Ongoing
    Date on which this record was first entered in the EudraCT database:2020-01-31
    Trial results
    Expand All   Collapse All
    A. Protocol Information
    A.1Member State ConcernedCzechia - SUKL
    A.2EudraCT number2019-004023-20
    A.3Full title of the trial
    A Phase 3, Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Clinical Trial to Study the Efficacy and Safety of Pembrolizumab (MK-3475) in Combination With Chemoradiotherapy (CRT) versus CRT Alone in Participants with Muscle-invasive Bladder Cancer (MIBC) (KEYNOTE-992)
    Randomizované, dvojitě zaslepené, placebem kontrolované klinické hodnocení fáze 3, jehož cílem je zkoumat účinnost a bezpečnost přípravku pembrolizumab (MK-3475) v kombinaci s chemoradioterapií (CRT) ve srovnání se samotnou CRT u účastníků s karcinomem močového měchýře prorůstajícího do svaloviny (MIBC) (KEYNOTE-992)
    A.3.1Title of the trial for lay people, in easily understood, i.e. non-technical, language
    Chemoradiotherapy +/- pembrolizumab in participants with MIBC
    Chemoradioterapie s nebo bez pembrolizumabu u účastníků s karcinomem močového měchýře prorůstajícího do svaloviny (MIBC)
    A.4.1Sponsor's protocol code numberMK-3475-992
    A.5.4Other Identifiers
    A.7Trial is part of a Paediatric Investigation Plan No
    A.8EMA Decision number of Paediatric Investigation Plan
    B. Sponsor Information
    B.Sponsor: 1
    B.1.1Name of SponsorMerck Sharp & Dohme LLC
    B.1.3.4CountryUnited States
    B.3.1 and B.3.2Status of the sponsorCommercial
    B.4 Source(s) of Monetary or Material Support for the clinical trial:
    B.4.1Name of organisation providing supportMerck Sharp & Dohme LLC
    B.4.2CountryUnited States
    B.5 Contact point designated by the sponsor for further information on the trial
    B.5.1Name of organisationMerck Sharp & Dohme LLC
    B.5.2Functional name of contact pointGlobal Clinical Trial Operations
    B.5.3 Address:
    B.5.3.1Street Address126 East Lincoln Avenue P.O.Box 2000
    B.5.3.2Town/ cityRahway, New Jersey
    B.5.3.3Post code07065
    B.5.3.4CountryUnited States
    B.5.4Telephone number17325945269
    D. IMP Identification
    D.IMP: 1
    D.1.2 and D.1.3IMP RoleTest
    D.2 Status of the IMP to be used in the clinical trial
    D.2.1IMP to be used in the trial has a marketing authorisation Yes
    D. name KEYTRUDA (pembrolizumab, MK-3475)
    D. of the Marketing Authorisation holderMerck Sharp & Dohme B.V.
    D.2.1.2Country which granted the Marketing AuthorisationEuropean Union
    D.2.5The IMP has been designated in this indication as an orphan drug in the Community No
    D.2.5.1Orphan drug designation number
    D.3 Description of the IMP
    D.3.4Pharmaceutical form Solution for infusion
    D.3.4.1Specific paediatric formulation No
    D.3.7Routes of administration for this IMPIntravenous use
    D.3.8 to D.3.10 IMP Identification Details (Active Substances)
    D.3.9.1CAS number 1374853-91-4
    D.3.9.2Current sponsor codeMK-3475
    D.3.9.4EV Substance CodeSUB167136
    D.3.10 Strength
    D.3.10.1Concentration unit mg/ml milligram(s)/millilitre
    D.3.10.2Concentration typeequal
    D.3.10.3Concentration number25
    D.3.11 The IMP contains an:
    D.3.11.1Active substance of chemical origin No
    D.3.11.2Active substance of biological/ biotechnological origin (other than Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) Yes
    The IMP is a:
    D.3.11.3Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    D. cell therapy medicinal product No
    D. therapy medical product No
    D. Engineered Product No
    D. ATIMP (i.e. one involving a medical device) No
    D. on Advanced therapies (CAT) has issued a classification for this product No
    D.3.11.4Combination product that includes a device, but does not involve an Advanced Therapy No
    D.3.11.5Radiopharmaceutical medicinal product No
    D.3.11.6Immunological medicinal product (such as vaccine, allergen, immune serum) Yes
    D.3.11.7Plasma derived medicinal product No
    D.3.11.8Extractive medicinal product No
    D.3.11.9Recombinant medicinal product Yes
    D.3.11.10Medicinal product containing genetically modified organisms No
    D.3.11.11Herbal medicinal product No
    D.3.11.12Homeopathic medicinal product No
    D.3.11.13Another type of medicinal product No
    D.8 Information on Placebo
    D.8 Placebo: 1
    D.8.1Is a Placebo used in this Trial?Yes
    D.8.3Pharmaceutical form of the placeboSolution for infusion
    D.8.4Route of administration of the placeboIntravenous use
    E. General Information on the Trial
    E.1 Medical condition or disease under investigation
    E.1.1Medical condition(s) being investigated
    Muscle Invasive Bladder Cancer
    E.1.1.1Medical condition in easily understood language
    Patients with Muscle Invasive Bladder Cancer
    E.1.1.2Therapeutic area Diseases [C] - Cancer [C04]
    MedDRA Classification
    E.1.2 Medical condition or disease under investigation
    E.1.2Version 20.0
    E.1.2Level PT
    E.1.2Classification code 10005003
    E.1.2Term Bladder cancer
    E.1.2System Organ Class 10029104 - Neoplasms benign, malignant and unspecified (incl cysts and polyps)
    E.1.2 Medical condition or disease under investigation
    E.1.2Version 21.1
    E.1.2Level LLT
    E.1.2Classification code 10022877
    E.1.2Term Invasive bladder cancer
    E.1.2System Organ Class 10029104 - Neoplasms benign, malignant and unspecified (incl cysts and polyps)
    E.1.3Condition being studied is a rare disease No
    E.2 Objective of the trial
    E.2.1Main objective of the trial
    1. To compare bladder intact event-free survival in participants from Arm A (pembrolizumab + chemoradiotherapy) and Arm B (placebo + chemoradiotherapy), based on cystoscopy, biopsy with central pathology review (if applicable), urine cytology and radiographic assessment by blinded independent central review
    E.2.2Secondary objectives of the trial
    1. To compare overall survival between Arm A (pembrolizumab + chemoradiotherapy) and Arm B (placebo + chemoradiotherapy).
    2. To evaluate rate of metastasis-free survival.
    3. To evaluate time to occurrence of non–muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC).
    4. To evaluate the safety and tolerability of pembrolizumab + chemoradiotherapy.
    5. To evaluate changes from baseline in health-related quality of life and time to deterioration, using 2 general instruments (European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer [EORTC] QoL questionnaire-Core 30 [QLQ-C30], and [EQ-5D-5L]) and one disease-specific instrument (Bladder Cancer Index [BCI]).
    6. To evaluate time to cystectomy.

    E.2.3Trial contains a sub-study No
    E.3Principal inclusion criteria
    1. Has a histologically confirmed initial diagnosis of MIBC with predominant urothelial histology (histology and presence of muscle invasion to be confirmed by BICR) obtained via a diagnostic or maximal TURBT performed within 90 days before enrollment (signing of ICF).
    2. Has clinically non-metastatic bladder cancer (N0M0) determined by imaging (CT of the chest and CTU/MRU of abdomen and pelvis), assessed by the site and verified by BICR.
    3. Has provided tumor specimen to the central vendor to determine PD-L1 status before randomization.
    4. Has planned and is eligible to receive CRT and one of the protocol-specified radiosensitizing chemotherapy regimens.
    5. Has an ECOG performance status of 0, 1, or 2 assessed within 14 days before randomization.
    6. Demonstrates adequate organ function. All screening laboratory tests should be performed within 14 days before randomization.
    7. Is male or female, at least 18 years of age, at the time of signing the informed consent.
    8. Male participants are eligible to participate if they agree to the following during the intervention period and for at least 90 days after the last CRT treatment.
    • Refrain from donating sperm
    PLUS either:
    • Be abstinent from heterosexual intercourse as their preferred and usual lifestyle (abstinent on a long term and persistent basis) and agree to remain abstinent
    • Must agree to use contraception unless confirmed to be azoospermic (vasectomized or secondary to medical cause) as detailed below:
    ◦ Agree to use a male condom plus partner use of an additional contraceptive method when having penile-vaginal intercourse with a WOCBP who is not currently pregnant.
    9. A female participant is eligible to participate if she is not pregnant or breastfeeding, and at least one of the following conditions applies:
    - Is not a WOCBP
    - Is a WOCBP and using a contraceptive method that is highly effective (with a failure rate of <1% per year), with low user dependency, or be abstinent from heterosexual intercourse as their preferred and usual lifestyle (abstinent on a long term and persistent basis), during the intervention period and for at least the time needed to eliminate each study intervention after the last dose of study intervention and agrees not to donate eggs (ova, oocytes) to others or freeze/store for her own use for the purpose of reproduction during this period. The length of time required to continue contraception for each study intervention is as follows:
    -MK-3475 (120days)
    -CRT (180days)
    The investigator should evaluate the potential for contraceptive method failure (ie, noncompliance, recently initiated) in relationship to the first dose of study intervention.
    - A WOCBP must have a negative highly sensitive pregnancy test (urine or serum, as required by local regulations) within 24 hours before the first dose of study intervention.
    - If a urine test cannot be confirmed as negative (eg, an ambiguous result), a serum pregnancy test is required. In such cases, the participant must be excluded from participation if the serum pregnancy result is positive.
    - Abstains from breastfeeding during the study intervention period and for at least 120 days (5 half-lives) after study intervention
    - The investigator is responsible for review of medical history, menstrual history, and recent sexual activity to decrease the risk for inclusion of a woman with an early undetected pregnancy.
    - Contraceptive use by women should be consistent with local regulations regarding the methods of contraception for those participating in clinical studies. If the contraception requirements in the local label for any of the study interventions is more stringent than the requirements above, the local label requirements are to be followed.
    10. The participant (or legally acceptable representative if applicable) has provided documented informed consent/assent for the study. The participant may also provide consent/assent for FBR. However, the participant may participate in the main study without participating in future biomedical research.
    E.4Principal exclusion criteria
    1. Has the presence of diffuse CIS (multiple foci (4 or greater) of CIS) throughout the bladder.
    2. Has the presence of UC at any site outside of the urinary bladder in the previous 2 years except for Ta/T1/CIS of the upper tract if the patient has undergone a complete nephroureterectomy.
    3. Has the presence of any small cell or neuroendocrine component in the tumor tissue sample.
    4. Has a known additional malignancy that is progressing or has required active therapy within the past 3 years.
    5. Has the presence of bilateral hydronephrosis during the Screening period.
    6. Has limited bladder function with frequency of small amounts of urine (< 30 mL), urinary incontinence, or requires self-catheterization or a permanent indwelling catheter.
    7. Has received prior pelvic/local radiation therapy or any antineoplastic treatment for MIBC.
    8. Has received prior therapy with an anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, or anti-PD-L2 agent or with an agent directed to another stimulatory or co-inhibitory T-cell receptor (eg, CTLA-4, OX- 40, CD137).
    9. Has received a live vaccine within 30 days before the first dose of study drug. Examples of live vaccines include, but are not limited to, the following: measles, mumps, rubella, varicella/zoster (chicken pox), yellow fever, rabies, BCG, and typhoid vaccine. Seasonal influenza vaccines for injection are generally killed virus vaccines and are allowed; however, intranasal influenza vaccines (eg, FluMist®) are live attenuated vaccines and are not allowed.
    10. Is currently participating in or has participated in a study of an investigational agent or has used an investigational device within 4 weeks before the first dose of study intervention.
    11. Has known severe hypersensitivity (≥Grade 3) to pembrolizumab and/or the selected chemotherapy regimen, and/or any of their excipients and excipients of pembrolizumab.
    12. Has a diagnosis of immunodeficiency or is receiving chronic systemic steroid therapy (in dosing exceeding 10 mg daily of prednisone equivalent) or any other form of immunosuppressive therapy within 7 days before the first dose of study drug.
    13. Has an active autoimmune disease that has required systemic treatment in the past 2 years (ie, with use of disease modifying agents, corticosteroids or immunosuppressive drugs). Replacement therapy (eg, thyroxine, insulin, or physiologic corticosteroid replacement
    therapy for adrenal or pituitary insufficiency) is not considered a form of systemic treatment and is allowed.
    14. Has a history of (non-infectious) pneumonitis that required steroids or has current pneumonitis.
    15. Has an active infection requiring systemic therapy.
    16. Has a known history of HIV infection. No HIV testing is required unless mandated by local health authority.
    17. Has a known history of Hepatitis B (defined as HBsAg reactive) or known active Hepatitis C virus (defined as HCV RNA [qualitative] is detected) infection.
    18. Has a known history of active tuberculosis (TB; Bacillus tuberculosis). No TB testing is required unless mandated by local health authority.
    19. Has a history or current evidence of any condition, therapy, or laboratory abnormality, or other circumstance that might confound the results of the study, interfere with the participant's participation for the full duration of the study, such that it is not in the best interest of the participant to participate, in the opinion of the treating investigator.
    20. Has a known psychiatric or substance abuse disorder that would interfere with the participant’s ability to cooperate with the requirements of the study.
    21. Has had an allogenic tissue/solid organ transplant.
    E.5 End points
    E.5.1Primary end point(s)
    1. Bladder Intact Event-Free Survival
    E.5.1.1Timepoint(s) of evaluation of this end point
    1. Up to approximately 71 months
    E.5.2Secondary end point(s)
    1. Overall Survival (OS)
    2. Metastasis-Free Survival (MFS)
    3. Time to Occurrence of Non–Muscle-Invasive Bladder Cancer (NMIBC)
    4. Number of Participants Who Experienced One or More Adverse Events (AEs)
    5. Number of Participants Who Discontinued Study Intervention Due to an Adverse Event (AE)
    6. Change from Baseline in the Global Health Status/Quality of Life (Items 29 and 30) Combined Score on the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire-Core 30 (EORTC QLQ-C30)
    7. Change from Baseline in Physical Functioning (Items 1-5) Combined Score on the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire-Core 30 (EORTC QLQ-C30)
    8. Change from Baseline in Urinary, Bowel, and Sexual Domains of the Bladder Cancer Index (BCI)
    9. Change from Baseline in the Visual Analog Score (VAS) of the European Quality of Life (EuroQoL)-5 Dimensions, 5-level Questionnaire (EQ-5D-5L)
    10. Time to Deterioration (TTD) in the Global Health Status/Quality of Life (Items 29 and 30) Combined Score on the EORTC QLQ-C30.
    11. Time to Deterioration (TTD) in Physical Functioning (Items 1-5) Combined Score on the EORTC QLQ-C30.
    12. Time to Deterioration (TTD) in Urinary, Bowel, and Sexual Domains of the Bladder Cancer Index (BCI)
    13. TTD in the VAS of the EQ-5D-5L.
    14. Time to Cystectomy
    E.5.2.1Timepoint(s) of evaluation of this end point
    1. Up to approximately 83 months.
    2. Up to approximately 83 months.
    3. Up to approximately 83 months.
    4. Up to approximately 83 months.
    5. Up to approximately 1 year.
    6. Baseline and up to approximately 83 months.
    7. Baseline and up to approximately 83 months.
    8. Baseline and up to approximately 83 months.
    9. Baseline and up to approximately 83 months.
    10. Up to approximately 83 months.
    11. Up to approximately 83 months.
    12. Up to approximately 83 months.
    13. Up to approximately 83 months.
    14. Up to approximately 83 months.
    E.6 and E.7 Scope of the trial
    E.6Scope of the trial
    E.6.1Diagnosis No
    E.6.2Prophylaxis No
    E.6.3Therapy Yes
    E.6.4Safety Yes
    E.6.5Efficacy Yes
    E.6.6Pharmacokinetic No
    E.6.7Pharmacodynamic No
    E.6.8Bioequivalence No
    E.6.9Dose response No
    E.6.10Pharmacogenetic No
    E.6.11Pharmacogenomic Yes
    E.6.12Pharmacoeconomic No
    E.6.13Others No
    E.7Trial type and phase
    E.7.1Human pharmacology (Phase I) No
    E.7.1.1First administration to humans No
    E.7.1.2Bioequivalence study No
    E.7.1.3Other No
    E. trial type description
    E.7.2Therapeutic exploratory (Phase II) No
    E.7.3Therapeutic confirmatory (Phase III) Yes
    E.7.4Therapeutic use (Phase IV) No
    E.8 Design of the trial
    E.8.1Controlled Yes
    E.8.1.1Randomised Yes
    E.8.1.2Open No
    E.8.1.3Single blind No
    E.8.1.4Double blind Yes
    E.8.1.5Parallel group Yes
    E.8.1.6Cross over No
    E.8.1.7Other No
    E.8.2 Comparator of controlled trial
    E.8.2.1Other medicinal product(s) No
    E.8.2.2Placebo Yes
    E.8.2.3Other No
    E.8.2.4Number of treatment arms in the trial2
    E.8.3 The trial involves single site in the Member State concerned No
    E.8.4 The trial involves multiple sites in the Member State concerned Yes
    E.8.4.1Number of sites anticipated in Member State concerned3
    E.8.5The trial involves multiple Member States Yes
    E.8.5.1Number of sites anticipated in the EEA68
    E.8.6 Trial involving sites outside the EEA
    E.8.6.1Trial being conducted both within and outside the EEA Yes
    E.8.6.2Trial being conducted completely outside of the EEA No
    E.8.6.3If E.8.6.1 or E.8.6.2 are Yes, specify the regions in which trial sites are planned
    Korea, Republic of
    Puerto Rico
    United Kingdom
    United States
    E.8.7Trial has a data monitoring committee Yes
    E.8.8 Definition of the end of the trial and justification where it is not the last visit of the last subject undergoing the trial
    The overall study ends when the last participant completes the last study-related telephone-call or visit, withdraws from the study, or is lost to follow-up
    E.8.9 Initial estimate of the duration of the trial
    E.8.9.1In the Member State concerned years6
    E.8.9.1In the Member State concerned months11
    E.8.9.1In the Member State concerned days0
    E.8.9.2In all countries concerned by the trial years6
    E.8.9.2In all countries concerned by the trial months11
    E.8.9.2In all countries concerned by the trial days0
    F. Population of Trial Subjects
    F.1 Age Range
    F.1.1Trial has subjects under 18 No
    F.1.1.1In Utero No
    F.1.1.2Preterm newborn infants (up to gestational age < 37 weeks) No
    F.1.1.3Newborns (0-27 days) No
    F.1.1.4Infants and toddlers (28 days-23 months) No
    F.1.1.5Children (2-11years) No
    F.1.1.6Adolescents (12-17 years) No
    F.1.2Adults (18-64 years) Yes
    F.1.2.1Number of subjects for this age range: 159
    F.1.3Elderly (>=65 years) Yes
    F.1.3.1Number of subjects for this age range: 477
    F.2 Gender
    F.2.1Female Yes
    F.2.2Male Yes
    F.3 Group of trial subjects
    F.3.1Healthy volunteers No
    F.3.2Patients Yes
    F.3.3Specific vulnerable populations Yes
    F.3.3.1Women of childbearing potential not using contraception No
    F.3.3.2Women of child-bearing potential using contraception Yes
    F.3.3.3Pregnant women No
    F.3.3.4Nursing women No
    F.3.3.5Emergency situation No
    F.3.3.6Subjects incapable of giving consent personally No
    F.3.3.7Others No
    F.4 Planned number of subjects to be included
    F.4.1In the member state12
    F.4.2 For a multinational trial
    F.4.2.1In the EEA 238
    F.4.2.2In the whole clinical trial 636
    F.5 Plans for treatment or care after the subject has ended the participation in the trial (if it is different from the expected normal treatment of that condition)
    G. Investigator Networks to be involved in the Trial
    N. Review by the Competent Authority or Ethics Committee in the country concerned
    N.Competent Authority Decision Authorised
    N.Date of Competent Authority Decision2020-03-23
    N.Ethics Committee Opinion of the trial applicationFavourable
    N.Ethics Committee Opinion: Reason(s) for unfavourable opinion
    N.Date of Ethics Committee Opinion2020-01-08
    P. End of Trial
    P.End of Trial StatusOngoing
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