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    The EU Clinical Trials Register currently displays   43839   clinical trials with a EudraCT protocol, of which   7280   are clinical trials conducted with subjects less than 18 years old.   The register also displays information on   18700   older paediatric trials (in scope of Article 45 of the Paediatric Regulation (EC) No 1901/2006).

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    Summary
    EudraCT Number:2020-001911-26
    Sponsor's Protocol Code Number:MK-7902-014(E7080-G000-320)
    National Competent Authority:Denmark - DHMA
    Clinical Trial Type:EEA CTA
    Trial Status:Trial now transitioned
    Date on which this record was first entered in the EudraCT database:2021-04-28
    Trial results
    Index
    A. PROTOCOL INFORMATION
    B. SPONSOR INFORMATION
    C. APPLICANT IDENTIFICATION
    D. IMP IDENTIFICATION
    D.8 INFORMATION ON PLACEBO
    E. GENERAL INFORMATION ON THE TRIAL
    F. POPULATION OF TRIAL SUBJECTS
    G. INVESTIGATOR NETWORKS TO BE INVOLVED IN THE TRIAL
    N. REVIEW BY THE COMPETENT AUTHORITY OR ETHICS COMMITTEE IN THE COUNTRY CONCERNED
    P. END OF TRIAL
    Expand All   Collapse All
    A. Protocol Information
    A.1Member State ConcernedDenmark - DHMA
    A.2EudraCT number2020-001911-26
    A.3Full title of the trial
    A Phase 3, Randomized Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of Pembrolizumab (MK-3475) + Lenvatinib (E7080/MK-7902) + Chemotherapy Compared with Standard of Care as First-line Intervention in Participants with Metastatic Esophageal Carcinoma
    A.3.1Title of the trial for lay people, in easily understood, i.e. non-technical, language
    A Phase 3, Randomized Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of Pembrolizumab (MK-3475) + Lenvatinib (E7080/MK-7902) + Chemotherapy Compared with Standard of Care as First-line Intervention in Participants with Metastatic Esophageal Carcinoma
    A.4.1Sponsor's protocol code numberMK-7902-014(E7080-G000-320)
    A.5.4Other Identifiers
    Name:INDNumber:140284
    A.7Trial is part of a Paediatric Investigation Plan No
    A.8EMA Decision number of Paediatric Investigation Plan
    B. Sponsor Information
    B.Sponsor: 1
    B.1.1Name of SponsorMerck Sharp & Dohme LLC
    B.1.3.4CountryUnited States
    B.3.1 and B.3.2Status of the sponsorCommercial
    B.4 Source(s) of Monetary or Material Support for the clinical trial:
    B.4.1Name of organisation providing supportMerck Sharp & Dohme LLC
    B.4.2CountryUnited States
    B.4.1Name of organisation providing supportEisai Limited
    B.4.2CountryUnited Kingdom
    B.5 Contact point designated by the sponsor for further information on the trial
    B.5.1Name of organisation
    B.5.2Functional name of contact point
    D. IMP Identification
    D.IMP: 1
    D.1.2 and D.1.3IMP RoleTest
    D.2 Status of the IMP to be used in the clinical trial
    D.2.1IMP to be used in the trial has a marketing authorisation Yes
    D.2.1.1.1Trade name KEYTRUDA (pembrolizumab, MK-3475)
    D.2.1.1.2Name of the Marketing Authorisation holderMerck Sharp & Dohme B.V.
    D.2.1.2Country which granted the Marketing AuthorisationEuropean Union
    D.2.5The IMP has been designated in this indication as an orphan drug in the Community No
    D.2.5.1Orphan drug designation number
    D.3 Description of the IMP
    D.3.4Pharmaceutical form Solution for infusion
    D.3.4.1Specific paediatric formulation No
    D.3.7Routes of administration for this IMPIntravenous use
    D.3.8 to D.3.10 IMP Identification Details (Active Substances)
    D.3.8INN - Proposed INNPembrolizumab
    D.3.9.1CAS number 1374853-91-4
    D.3.9.2Current sponsor codeMK-3475
    D.3.9.4EV Substance CodeSUB167136
    D.3.10 Strength
    D.3.10.1Concentration unit mg/ml milligram(s)/millilitre
    D.3.10.2Concentration typeequal
    D.3.10.3Concentration number25
    D.3.11 The IMP contains an:
    D.3.11.1Active substance of chemical origin No
    D.3.11.2Active substance of biological/ biotechnological origin (other than Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) Yes
    The IMP is a:
    D.3.11.3Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    D.3.11.3.1Somatic cell therapy medicinal product No
    D.3.11.3.2Gene therapy medical product No
    D.3.11.3.3Tissue Engineered Product No
    D.3.11.3.4Combination ATIMP (i.e. one involving a medical device) No
    D.3.11.3.5Committee on Advanced therapies (CAT) has issued a classification for this product No
    D.3.11.4Combination product that includes a device, but does not involve an Advanced Therapy No
    D.3.11.5Radiopharmaceutical medicinal product No
    D.3.11.6Immunological medicinal product (such as vaccine, allergen, immune serum) Yes
    D.3.11.7Plasma derived medicinal product No
    D.3.11.8Extractive medicinal product No
    D.3.11.9Recombinant medicinal product Yes
    D.3.11.10Medicinal product containing genetically modified organisms No
    D.3.11.11Herbal medicinal product No
    D.3.11.12Homeopathic medicinal product No
    D.3.11.13Another type of medicinal product No
    D.IMP: 2
    D.1.2 and D.1.3IMP RoleTest
    D.2 Status of the IMP to be used in the clinical trial
    D.2.1IMP to be used in the trial has a marketing authorisation No
    D.2.5The IMP has been designated in this indication as an orphan drug in the Community No
    D.2.5.1Orphan drug designation number
    D.3 Description of the IMP
    D.3.1Product nameLenvatinib
    D.3.2Product code E7080
    D.3.4Pharmaceutical form Capsule, hard
    D.3.4.1Specific paediatric formulation No
    D.3.7Routes of administration for this IMPOral use
    D.3.8 to D.3.10 IMP Identification Details (Active Substances)
    D.3.8INN - Proposed INNLENVATINIB MESILATE
    D.3.9.1CAS number 857890-39-2
    D.3.9.2Current sponsor codeMK-7902
    D.3.9.3Other descriptive nameLENVATINIB MESILATE
    D.3.9.4EV Substance CodeSUB72971
    D.3.10 Strength
    D.3.10.1Concentration unit mg milligram(s)
    D.3.10.2Concentration typeequal
    D.3.10.3Concentration number1
    D.3.11 The IMP contains an:
    D.3.11.1Active substance of chemical origin Yes
    D.3.11.2Active substance of biological/ biotechnological origin (other than Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    The IMP is a:
    D.3.11.3Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    D.3.11.3.1Somatic cell therapy medicinal product No
    D.3.11.3.2Gene therapy medical product No
    D.3.11.3.3Tissue Engineered Product No
    D.3.11.3.4Combination ATIMP (i.e. one involving a medical device) No
    D.3.11.3.5Committee on Advanced therapies (CAT) has issued a classification for this product No
    D.3.11.4Combination product that includes a device, but does not involve an Advanced Therapy No
    D.3.11.5Radiopharmaceutical medicinal product No
    D.3.11.6Immunological medicinal product (such as vaccine, allergen, immune serum) No
    D.3.11.7Plasma derived medicinal product No
    D.3.11.8Extractive medicinal product No
    D.3.11.9Recombinant medicinal product No
    D.3.11.10Medicinal product containing genetically modified organisms No
    D.3.11.11Herbal medicinal product No
    D.3.11.12Homeopathic medicinal product No
    D.3.11.13Another type of medicinal product No
    D.IMP: 3
    D.1.2 and D.1.3IMP RoleTest
    D.2 Status of the IMP to be used in the clinical trial
    D.2.1IMP to be used in the trial has a marketing authorisation No
    D.2.5The IMP has been designated in this indication as an orphan drug in the Community No
    D.2.5.1Orphan drug designation number
    D.3 Description of the IMP
    D.3.1Product nameLenvatinib
    D.3.2Product code E7080
    D.3.4Pharmaceutical form Capsule, hard
    D.3.4.1Specific paediatric formulation No
    D.3.7Routes of administration for this IMPOral use
    D.3.8 to D.3.10 IMP Identification Details (Active Substances)
    D.3.8INN - Proposed INNLENVATINIB MESILATE
    D.3.9.1CAS number 857890-39-2
    D.3.9.2Current sponsor codeMK-7902
    D.3.9.3Other descriptive nameLENVATINIB MESILATE
    D.3.9.4EV Substance CodeSUB72971
    D.3.10 Strength
    D.3.10.1Concentration unit mg milligram(s)
    D.3.10.2Concentration typeequal
    D.3.10.3Concentration number4
    D.3.11 The IMP contains an:
    D.3.11.1Active substance of chemical origin Yes
    D.3.11.2Active substance of biological/ biotechnological origin (other than Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    The IMP is a:
    D.3.11.3Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    D.3.11.3.1Somatic cell therapy medicinal product No
    D.3.11.3.2Gene therapy medical product No
    D.3.11.3.3Tissue Engineered Product No
    D.3.11.3.4Combination ATIMP (i.e. one involving a medical device) No
    D.3.11.3.5Committee on Advanced therapies (CAT) has issued a classification for this product No
    D.3.11.4Combination product that includes a device, but does not involve an Advanced Therapy No
    D.3.11.5Radiopharmaceutical medicinal product No
    D.3.11.6Immunological medicinal product (such as vaccine, allergen, immune serum) No
    D.3.11.7Plasma derived medicinal product No
    D.3.11.8Extractive medicinal product No
    D.3.11.9Recombinant medicinal product No
    D.3.11.10Medicinal product containing genetically modified organisms No
    D.3.11.11Herbal medicinal product No
    D.3.11.12Homeopathic medicinal product No
    D.3.11.13Another type of medicinal product No
    D.IMP: 4
    D.1.2 and D.1.3IMP RoleTest
    D.2 Status of the IMP to be used in the clinical trial
    D.2.1IMP to be used in the trial has a marketing authorisation No
    D.2.5The IMP has been designated in this indication as an orphan drug in the Community No
    D.2.5.1Orphan drug designation number
    D.3 Description of the IMP
    D.3.1Product nameLenvatinib
    D.3.2Product code E7080
    D.3.4Pharmaceutical form Capsule, hard
    D.3.4.1Specific paediatric formulation No
    D.3.7Routes of administration for this IMPOral use
    D.3.8 to D.3.10 IMP Identification Details (Active Substances)
    D.3.8INN - Proposed INNLENVATINIB MESILATE
    D.3.9.1CAS number 857890-39-2
    D.3.9.2Current sponsor codeMK-7902
    D.3.9.3Other descriptive nameLENVATINIB MESILATE
    D.3.9.4EV Substance CodeSUB72971
    D.3.10 Strength
    D.3.10.1Concentration unit mg milligram(s)
    D.3.10.2Concentration typeequal
    D.3.10.3Concentration number10
    D.3.11 The IMP contains an:
    D.3.11.1Active substance of chemical origin Yes
    D.3.11.2Active substance of biological/ biotechnological origin (other than Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    The IMP is a:
    D.3.11.3Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    D.3.11.3.1Somatic cell therapy medicinal product No
    D.3.11.3.2Gene therapy medical product No
    D.3.11.3.3Tissue Engineered Product No
    D.3.11.3.4Combination ATIMP (i.e. one involving a medical device) No
    D.3.11.3.5Committee on Advanced therapies (CAT) has issued a classification for this product No
    D.3.11.4Combination product that includes a device, but does not involve an Advanced Therapy No
    D.3.11.5Radiopharmaceutical medicinal product No
    D.3.11.6Immunological medicinal product (such as vaccine, allergen, immune serum) No
    D.3.11.7Plasma derived medicinal product No
    D.3.11.8Extractive medicinal product No
    D.3.11.9Recombinant medicinal product No
    D.3.11.10Medicinal product containing genetically modified organisms No
    D.3.11.11Herbal medicinal product No
    D.3.11.12Homeopathic medicinal product No
    D.3.11.13Another type of medicinal product No
    D.IMP: 5
    D.1.2 and D.1.3IMP RoleTest
    D.2 Status of the IMP to be used in the clinical trial
    D.2.1IMP to be used in the trial has a marketing authorisation Yes
    D.2.1.1.1Trade name Cisplatin "Ebewe"
    D.2.1.1.2Name of the Marketing Authorisation holderEbewe Pharma Ges.m.b.H. Nfg. KG
    D.2.1.2Country which granted the Marketing AuthorisationAustria
    D.2.5The IMP has been designated in this indication as an orphan drug in the Community No
    D.2.5.1Orphan drug designation number
    D.3 Description of the IMP
    D.3.4Pharmaceutical form Concentrate for solution for infusion
    D.3.4.1Specific paediatric formulation No
    D.3.7Routes of administration for this IMPIntravenous use
    D.3.8 to D.3.10 IMP Identification Details (Active Substances)
    D.3.8INN - Proposed INNCisplatin
    D.3.9.1CAS number 15663-27-1
    D.3.9.3Other descriptive nameCisplatin
    D.3.9.4EV Substance CodeSUB07483MIG
    D.3.10 Strength
    D.3.10.1Concentration unit mg/ml milligram(s)/millilitre
    D.3.10.2Concentration typeequal
    D.3.10.3Concentration number1
    D.3.11 The IMP contains an:
    D.3.11.1Active substance of chemical origin Yes
    D.3.11.2Active substance of biological/ biotechnological origin (other than Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    The IMP is a:
    D.3.11.3Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    D.3.11.3.1Somatic cell therapy medicinal product No
    D.3.11.3.2Gene therapy medical product No
    D.3.11.3.3Tissue Engineered Product No
    D.3.11.3.4Combination ATIMP (i.e. one involving a medical device) No
    D.3.11.3.5Committee on Advanced therapies (CAT) has issued a classification for this product No
    D.3.11.4Combination product that includes a device, but does not involve an Advanced Therapy No
    D.3.11.5Radiopharmaceutical medicinal product No
    D.3.11.6Immunological medicinal product (such as vaccine, allergen, immune serum) No
    D.3.11.7Plasma derived medicinal product No
    D.3.11.8Extractive medicinal product No
    D.3.11.9Recombinant medicinal product No
    D.3.11.10Medicinal product containing genetically modified organisms No
    D.3.11.11Herbal medicinal product No
    D.3.11.12Homeopathic medicinal product No
    D.3.11.13Another type of medicinal product No
    D.IMP: 6
    D.1.2 and D.1.3IMP RoleTest
    D.2 Status of the IMP to be used in the clinical trial
    D.2.1IMP to be used in the trial has a marketing authorisation Yes
    D.2.1.1.1Trade name Fluorouracil "Pfizer"
    D.2.1.1.2Name of the Marketing Authorisation holderPfizer ApS
    D.2.1.2Country which granted the Marketing AuthorisationDenmark
    D.2.5The IMP has been designated in this indication as an orphan drug in the Community No
    D.2.5.1Orphan drug designation number
    D.3 Description of the IMP
    D.3.4Pharmaceutical form Solution for injection
    D.3.4.1Specific paediatric formulation No
    D.3.7Routes of administration for this IMPIntravenous use
    D.3.8 to D.3.10 IMP Identification Details (Active Substances)
    D.3.8INN - Proposed INNFLUOROURACIL
    D.3.9.1CAS number 51-21-8
    D.3.9.3Other descriptive nameFLUOROURACIL
    D.3.9.4EV Substance CodeSUB07721MIG
    D.3.10 Strength
    D.3.10.1Concentration unit mg/ml milligram(s)/millilitre
    D.3.10.2Concentration typeequal
    D.3.10.3Concentration number50
    D.3.11 The IMP contains an:
    D.3.11.1Active substance of chemical origin Yes
    D.3.11.2Active substance of biological/ biotechnological origin (other than Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    The IMP is a:
    D.3.11.3Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    D.3.11.3.1Somatic cell therapy medicinal product No
    D.3.11.3.2Gene therapy medical product No
    D.3.11.3.3Tissue Engineered Product No
    D.3.11.3.4Combination ATIMP (i.e. one involving a medical device) No
    D.3.11.3.5Committee on Advanced therapies (CAT) has issued a classification for this product No
    D.3.11.4Combination product that includes a device, but does not involve an Advanced Therapy No
    D.3.11.5Radiopharmaceutical medicinal product No
    D.3.11.6Immunological medicinal product (such as vaccine, allergen, immune serum) No
    D.3.11.7Plasma derived medicinal product No
    D.3.11.8Extractive medicinal product No
    D.3.11.9Recombinant medicinal product No
    D.3.11.10Medicinal product containing genetically modified organisms No
    D.3.11.11Herbal medicinal product No
    D.3.11.12Homeopathic medicinal product No
    D.3.11.13Another type of medicinal product No
    D.IMP: 7
    D.1.2 and D.1.3IMP RoleTest
    D.2 Status of the IMP to be used in the clinical trial
    D.2.1IMP to be used in the trial has a marketing authorisation Yes
    D.2.1.1.1Trade name Calciumfolinat "Fresenius Kabi"
    D.2.1.1.2Name of the Marketing Authorisation holderFresenius Kabi Deutschland GmbH
    D.2.1.2Country which granted the Marketing AuthorisationGermany
    D.2.5The IMP has been designated in this indication as an orphan drug in the Community No
    D.2.5.1Orphan drug designation number
    D.3 Description of the IMP
    D.3.4Pharmaceutical form Solution for injection
    D.3.4.1Specific paediatric formulation No
    D.3.7Routes of administration for this IMPIntravenous use
    D.3.8 to D.3.10 IMP Identification Details (Active Substances)
    D.3.8INN - Proposed INNCALCIUM FOLINATE PENTAHYDRATE
    D.3.9.1CAS number 6035-45-6
    D.3.9.3Other descriptive nameCALCIUM FOLINATE PENTAHYDRATE
    D.3.9.4EV Substance CodeSUB76309
    D.3.10 Strength
    D.3.10.1Concentration unit mg/ml milligram(s)/millilitre
    D.3.10.2Concentration typeequal
    D.3.10.3Concentration number10
    D.3.11 The IMP contains an:
    D.3.11.1Active substance of chemical origin Yes
    D.3.11.2Active substance of biological/ biotechnological origin (other than Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    The IMP is a:
    D.3.11.3Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    D.3.11.3.1Somatic cell therapy medicinal product No
    D.3.11.3.2Gene therapy medical product No
    D.3.11.3.3Tissue Engineered Product No
    D.3.11.3.4Combination ATIMP (i.e. one involving a medical device) No
    D.3.11.3.5Committee on Advanced therapies (CAT) has issued a classification for this product No
    D.3.11.4Combination product that includes a device, but does not involve an Advanced Therapy No
    D.3.11.5Radiopharmaceutical medicinal product No
    D.3.11.6Immunological medicinal product (such as vaccine, allergen, immune serum) No
    D.3.11.7Plasma derived medicinal product No
    D.3.11.8Extractive medicinal product No
    D.3.11.9Recombinant medicinal product No
    D.3.11.10Medicinal product containing genetically modified organisms No
    D.3.11.11Herbal medicinal product No
    D.3.11.12Homeopathic medicinal product No
    D.3.11.13Another type of medicinal product No
    D.IMP: 8
    D.1.2 and D.1.3IMP RoleTest
    D.2 Status of the IMP to be used in the clinical trial
    D.2.1IMP to be used in the trial has a marketing authorisation Yes
    D.2.1.1.1Trade name Oxaliplatin ”Fresenius Kabi”
    D.2.1.1.2Name of the Marketing Authorisation holderFresenius Kabi AB
    D.2.1.2Country which granted the Marketing AuthorisationSweden
    D.2.5The IMP has been designated in this indication as an orphan drug in the Community No
    D.2.5.1Orphan drug designation number
    D.3 Description of the IMP
    D.3.4Pharmaceutical form Concentrate for solution for infusion
    D.3.4.1Specific paediatric formulation No
    D.3.7Routes of administration for this IMPIntravenous use
    D.3.8 to D.3.10 IMP Identification Details (Active Substances)
    D.3.8INN - Proposed INNOXALIPLATIN
    D.3.9.1CAS number 61825-94-3
    D.3.9.3Other descriptive nameOXALIPLATIN
    D.3.9.4EV Substance CodeSUB09490MIG
    D.3.10 Strength
    D.3.10.1Concentration unit mg/ml milligram(s)/millilitre
    D.3.10.2Concentration typeequal
    D.3.10.3Concentration number5
    D.3.11 The IMP contains an:
    D.3.11.1Active substance of chemical origin Yes
    D.3.11.2Active substance of biological/ biotechnological origin (other than Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    The IMP is a:
    D.3.11.3Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    D.3.11.3.1Somatic cell therapy medicinal product No
    D.3.11.3.2Gene therapy medical product No
    D.3.11.3.3Tissue Engineered Product No
    D.3.11.3.4Combination ATIMP (i.e. one involving a medical device) No
    D.3.11.3.5Committee on Advanced therapies (CAT) has issued a classification for this product No
    D.3.11.4Combination product that includes a device, but does not involve an Advanced Therapy No
    D.3.11.5Radiopharmaceutical medicinal product No
    D.3.11.6Immunological medicinal product (such as vaccine, allergen, immune serum) No
    D.3.11.7Plasma derived medicinal product No
    D.3.11.8Extractive medicinal product No
    D.3.11.9Recombinant medicinal product No
    D.3.11.10Medicinal product containing genetically modified organisms No
    D.3.11.11Herbal medicinal product No
    D.3.11.12Homeopathic medicinal product No
    D.3.11.13Another type of medicinal product No
    D.8 Information on Placebo
    E. General Information on the Trial
    E.1 Medical condition or disease under investigation
    E.1.1Medical condition(s) being investigated
    Metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus
    E.1.1.1Medical condition in easily understood language
    Males and females with metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus who are eligible for 1L treatment
    E.1.1.2Therapeutic area Diseases [C] - Cancer [C04]
    MedDRA Classification
    E.1.2 Medical condition or disease under investigation
    E.1.2Version 21.0
    E.1.2Level LLT
    E.1.2Classification code 10041824
    E.1.2Term Squamous cell carcinoma of esophagus
    E.1.2System Organ Class 100000004864
    E.1.3Condition being studied is a rare disease No
    E.2 Objective of the trial
    E.2.1Main objective of the trial
    1. Part 1 (FP and TP Safety Run-in): To evaluate the safety and tolerability of treatment with lenvatinib + pembrolizumab in combination with FP and TP.
    2. Part 2 (Main Study): To compare overall survival (OS) between treatment arms.
    3. Part 2 (Main Study): To compare progression-free survival (PFS) per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors version 1.1 (RECIST 1.1), as determined by blinded independent central review (BICR), between treatment arms.
    E.2.2Secondary objectives of the trial
    1. Part 2 (Main Study): To compare objective response rate (ORR) per RECIST 1.1 by BICR between treatment arms.
    2. Part 2 (Main Study): To compare duration of response (DOR) per RECIST 1.1 by BICR between treatment arms.
    3. Part 2 (Main Study): To compare OS, PFS, ORR, DOR per RECIST 1.1 by BICR between treatment arms in participants with programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) combined positive score (CPS) ≥10.
    4. Part 2 (Main Study): To evaluate the safety and tolerability of lenvatinib + pembrolizumab + chemotherapy versus pembrolizumab + chemotherapy.
    5. Part 2 (Main Study): To compare lenvatinib + pembrolizumab + chemotherapy versus pembrolizumab + chemotherapy with respect to mean change from baseline, and time to deterioration (TTD) in health related quality of life (HRQoL) using European Organization for the Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Quality of Life Questionnaire Core 30 (QLQ-C30) and Quality of Life Questionnaire Oesophageal module (QLQ-OES18).
    E.2.3Trial contains a sub-study No
    E.3Principal inclusion criteria
    1. The participant must have a histologically or cytologically confirmed diagnosis of metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus.
    2. The participant must have measurable disease per RECIST 1.1 as determined by the local site investigator/radiology assessment. A lesion(s) situated in a previously irradiated area can be considered a target lesion(s) if progression has been demonstrated and the lesion(s) is considered measurable per RECIST 1.1 criteria.
    3. Participants are at least 18 years of age on the day of signing the informed consent.
    4. Male participants are eligible to participate if they agree to the following during the intervention period and for at least 7 days after the last dose of lenvatinib or 90 days after the last dose of chemotherapy, whichever comes last:
    • Be abstinent from heterosexual intercourse as their preferred and usual lifestyle (abstinent on a long term and persistent basis) and agree to remain abstinent
    OR
    • Must agree to use contraception unless confirmed to be azoospermic (vasectomized or secondary to medical cause) as detailed below:
    - Agree to use a male condom plus partner use of an additional contraceptive method when having penile-vaginal intercourse with a WOCBP who is not currently pregnant.
    - Please note that 7 days after lenvatinib is stopped, if the participant is on pembrolizumab only and is greater than 90 days post chemotherapy, no male contraception measures are needed.
    • Refrain from donating sperm during the chemotherapy treatment period and for at least 90 days after the last dose of chemotherapy.
    5. A female participant is eligible to participate if she is not pregnant or breastfeeding, and at least one of the following conditions applies:
    • Is not a WOCBP
    OR
    • Is a WOCBP and using a contraceptive method that is highly effective (with a failure rate of <1% per year), with low user dependency, or be abstinent from heterosexual intercourse as their preferred and usual lifestyle (abstinent on a long term and persistent basis), during the intervention period and for at least 120 days after the last dose of pembrolizumab, 30 days after the last dose of lenvatinib, or 180 days after the last dose of chemotherapy, whichever occurs last, and agrees not to donate eggs (ova, oocytes) to others or freeze/store for her own use for the purpose of reproduction during this period. The investigator should evaluate the potential for contraceptive method failure (ie, noncompliance, recently initiated) in relationship to the first dose of study intervention.
    • A WOCBP must have a negative highly sensitive pregnancy test within 72 hours (serum) or 24 hours (urine) (as required by local regulations) before the starting study intervention.
    • If a urine test cannot be confirmed as negative (eg, an ambiguous result), a serum pregnancy test is required. In such cases, the participant must be excluded from participation if the serum pregnancy result is positive.
    • The investigator is responsible for review of medical history, menstrual history, and recent sexual activity to decrease the risk for inclusion of a woman with an early undetected pregnancy.
    6. The participant (or legally acceptable representative) has provided documented informed consent/assent for the study.
    7. Has an ECOG performance score of 0 to 1 assessed 0 to 3 days before randomization.
    8. Has submitted a tumor tissue sample that meet the acceptance criteria for PD-L1 analysis before randomization. In addition, the PD-L1 CPS result must be determined by the central laboratory before randomization. Newly obtained biopsies are preferred to archived tissue.
    9. Has adequately controlled BP with or without antihypertensive medications, defined as BP ≤150/90 mm Hg with no change in antihypertensive medications within 1 week prior to randomization.
    10. Has adequate organ function. Specimens must be collected within 7 days prior to the start of study intervention.
    E.4Principal exclusion criteria
    1. Has had previous therapy for locally advanced unresectable or metastatic esophageal cancer. Participants may have received prior neoadjuvant or adjuvant therapy under specific circumstances.
    2. Has locally advanced esophageal carcinoma.
    3. Has metastatic adenocarcinoma of the esophagus.
    4. Has direct invasion into adjacent organs such as the aorta or trachea (T4b disease).
    5. Has radiographic evidence of > 90 degree encasement of a major blood vessel, or of intratumoral cavitation.
    6. Has perforation risks or significant GI bleeding.
    7. Has active hemoptysis (bright red blood of at least 0.5 teaspoon) within 3 weeks prior to the first dose of study drug or tumor bleeding within 2 weeks prior to the first dose of study intervention.
    8. Has uncontrollable pleural effusion, pericardial effusion, or ascites requiring frequent drainage or medical intervention (clinically significant recurrence requiring an additional intervention within 2 weeks of randomization).
    9. Has GI obstruction, poor oral intake, or difficulty in taking oral medication. Participants with existing esophageal stent are not eligible. Also, participants with known gastrointestinal malabsorption or any other condition that may affect the absorption of lenvatinib.
    10. Has had major surgery, open biopsy, or significant traumatic injury within 3 weeks prior to the first dose of study interventions, or anticipation of the need for major surgery during the course of study intervention.
    11. Has received prior therapy with an anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, or anti PD-L2 agent or with an agent directed to another stimulatory or co-inhibitory T-cell receptor (eg, CTLA-4, OX-40, CD137) or has previously participated in a pembrolizumab clinical study.
    12. Has received prior therapy with anti-VEGF TKI or anti-VEGF mAb.
    13. Is currently receiving brivudine, sorivudine analogs, or other inhibitors of the enzyme dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase.
    14. Has received prior radiotherapy within 2 weeks of start of study intervention or have had a history of radiation pneumonitis.
    15. Has received a live or live attenuated vaccine within 30 days prior to the first dose of study intervention.
    16. Is currently participating in or has participated in a study of an investigational agent or has used an investigational device within 4 weeks prior to the first dose of study intervention.
    17. Has urine protein ≥1 g/24 hours.
    18. Has inadequate cardiac function assessed as: QTcF value >470 msec for males and >480 msec for females (mean of 3 measurements corrected for HR using Fridericia's formula).
    19. Has an LVEF below the institutional (or local laboratory) normal range, as determined by MUGA or ECHO.
    20. Has a diagnosis of immunodeficiency or is receiving chronic systemic steroid therapy (in dosing exceeding 10 mg daily of prednisone equivalent) or any other form of immunosuppressive therapy within 7 days prior the first dose of study intervention, or has a history of organ transplant, including allogeneic stem cell transplant.
    21. Has a known additional malignancy that is progressing or has required active treatment within the past 3 years.
    22. Has known active CNS metastases and/or carcinomatous meningitis.
    23. Has severe hypersensitivity (≥Grade 3) to treatment with an mAb or known sensitivity or intolerance to any component of lenvatinib, pembrolizumab, study chemotherapy agents and/or to any excipients, murine proteins, or platinum containing products.
    24. Has an active autoimmune disease that has required systemic treatment in past 2 years (ie, with use of disease modifying agents, corticosteroids or immunosuppressive drugs).
    25. Has a history of (noninfectious) pneumonitis/interstitial lung disease that required steroids or has current pneumonitis/interstitial lung disease.
    26. Has an active infection requiring systemic therapy.
    27. Has poorly controlled diarrhea.
    28. Has clinically significant cardiovascular disease within 12 months from first dose of study intervention.
    29. Has a history or current evidence of any condition (eg, but not limited to, known deficiency of the enzyme DPD, etc.), therapy, or laboratory abnormality that might confound the results of the study, interfere with the participant’s participation for the full duration of the study, or is not in the best interest of the participant to participate, in the opinion of the investigator.
    30. Has peripheral neuropathy ≥Grade 2 (for participants with mFOLFOX6 backbone).
    31. Has a known history of HIV infection.
    32. Has a known history of Hepatitis B or known active Hepatitis C virus infection.
    33. Has a known psychiatric or substance abuse disorder that would interfere with the participant’s ability to cooperate with the requirements of the study.
    34. Has weight loss of >20% within the last 3 months.
    E.5 End points
    E.5.1Primary end point(s)
    1. Part 1 (5-Fluorouracil [5-FU] plus cisplatin [FP] and paclitaxel plus cisplatin [TP] Safety Run-in): Number of Participants With Dose Limiting Toxicities (DLTs)
    2. Part 1 (FP and TP Safety Run-in): Number of Participants With Adverse Events (AEs)
    3. Part 1 (FP and TP Safety Run-in): Number of Participants who Discontinued Study Treatment Due to an AE
    4. Part 2 (Main Study): Overall Survival (OS) in all Participants
    5. Part 2 (Main Study): Progression-free Survival (PFS) per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors Version 1.1 (RECIST 1.1) as Assessed by Blinded Independent Central Review (BICR) in all Participants
    E.5.1.1Timepoint(s) of evaluation of this end point
    1. Up to ~21 days
    2. Up to ~55 months
    3. Up to ~55 months
    4. Up to ~49 months
    5. Up to ~41 months
    E.5.2Secondary end point(s)
    1. Part 2 (Main Study): Objective Response Rate (ORR) per RECIST 1.1 as Assessed by BICR in all Participants
    2. Part 2 (Main Study): Duration of Response (DOR) per RECIST 1.1 as Assessed by BICR in all Participants
    3. Part 2 (Main Study): OS in Participants With Programmed Cell Death-Ligand 1 (PD-L1) Combined Positive Score (CPS) ≥10
    4. Part 2 (Main Study): PFS per RECIST 1.1 as Assessed by BICR in Participants With PD-L1 CPS ≥10
    5. Part 2 (Main Study): ORR per RECIST 1.1 as Assessed by BICR in Participants With PD-L1 CPS ≥10
    6. Part 2 (Main Study): DOR per RECIST 1.1 as Assessed by BICR in Participants With PD-L1 CPS ≥10
    7. Part 2 (Main Study): Number of Participants With AEs
    8. Part 2 (Main Study): Number of Participants who Discontinued Study Treatment Due to an AE
    9. Part 2 (Main Study): Change From Baseline in Health-related Quality of life (HRQoL) Score Using European Organization for the Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Quality of Life Questionnaire-Core 30 (QLQ-C30)
    10. Part 2 (Main Study): Change From Baseline in HRQoL Score Using EORTC Quality of Life Questionnaire-Oesophageal Module (QLQ-OES18)
    11. Part 2 (Main Study): Time to Deterioration (TTD) in HRQoL Score Using EORTC QLQ-C30
    12. Part 2 (Main Study): TTD in HRQoL Score Using EORTC QLQ-OES18
    E.5.2.1Timepoint(s) of evaluation of this end point
    1. Up to ~34 months
    2. Up to ~34 months
    3. Up to ~49 months
    4. Up to ~41 months
    5. Up to ~34 months
    6. Up to ~34 months
    7. Up to ~49 months
    8. Up to ~48 months
    9. Baseline and ~24 months
    10. Baseline and ~24 months
    11. Up to ~ 24 months
    12. Up to ~ 24 months
    E.6 and E.7 Scope of the trial
    E.6Scope of the trial
    E.6.1Diagnosis No
    E.6.2Prophylaxis No
    E.6.3Therapy No
    E.6.4Safety Yes
    E.6.5Efficacy Yes
    E.6.6Pharmacokinetic Yes
    E.6.7Pharmacodynamic Yes
    E.6.8Bioequivalence No
    E.6.9Dose response No
    E.6.10Pharmacogenetic No
    E.6.11Pharmacogenomic No
    E.6.12Pharmacoeconomic No
    E.6.13Others No
    E.7Trial type and phase
    E.7.1Human pharmacology (Phase I) No
    E.7.1.1First administration to humans No
    E.7.1.2Bioequivalence study No
    E.7.1.3Other No
    E.7.1.3.1Other trial type description
    E.7.2Therapeutic exploratory (Phase II) No
    E.7.3Therapeutic confirmatory (Phase III) Yes
    E.7.4Therapeutic use (Phase IV) No
    E.8 Design of the trial
    E.8.1Controlled Yes
    E.8.1.1Randomised Yes
    E.8.1.2Open Yes
    E.8.1.3Single blind No
    E.8.1.4Double blind No
    E.8.1.5Parallel group Yes
    E.8.1.6Cross over No
    E.8.1.7Other No
    E.8.2 Comparator of controlled trial
    E.8.2.1Other medicinal product(s) Yes
    E.8.2.2Placebo No
    E.8.2.3Other No
    E.8.2.4Number of treatment arms in the trial2
    E.8.3 The trial involves single site in the Member State concerned No
    E.8.4 The trial involves multiple sites in the Member State concerned Yes
    E.8.4.1Number of sites anticipated in Member State concerned2
    E.8.5The trial involves multiple Member States Yes
    E.8.5.1Number of sites anticipated in the EEA80
    E.8.6 Trial involving sites outside the EEA
    E.8.6.1Trial being conducted both within and outside the EEA Yes
    E.8.6.2Trial being conducted completely outside of the EEA No
    E.8.6.3If E.8.6.1 or E.8.6.2 are Yes, specify the regions in which trial sites are planned
    Argentina
    Canada
    Chile
    China
    Costa Rica
    Guatemala
    Japan
    United States
    Russian Federation
    Turkey
    Ukraine
    Denmark
    France
    Germany
    Hungary
    Italy
    Spain
    Hong Kong
    Korea, Republic of
    Taiwan
    United Kingdom
    Romania
    E.8.7Trial has a data monitoring committee Yes
    E.8.8 Definition of the end of the trial and justification where it is not the last visit of the last subject undergoing the trial
    LVLS
    E.8.9 Initial estimate of the duration of the trial
    E.8.9.1In the Member State concerned years5
    E.8.9.1In the Member State concerned months0
    E.8.9.1In the Member State concerned days0
    E.8.9.2In all countries concerned by the trial years5
    E.8.9.2In all countries concerned by the trial months0
    E.8.9.2In all countries concerned by the trial days0
    F. Population of Trial Subjects
    F.1 Age Range
    F.1.1Trial has subjects under 18 No
    F.1.1.1In Utero No
    F.1.1.2Preterm newborn infants (up to gestational age < 37 weeks) No
    F.1.1.3Newborns (0-27 days) No
    F.1.1.4Infants and toddlers (28 days-23 months) No
    F.1.1.5Children (2-11years) No
    F.1.1.6Adolescents (12-17 years) No
    F.1.2Adults (18-64 years) Yes
    F.1.2.1Number of subjects for this age range: 512
    F.1.3Elderly (>=65 years) Yes
    F.1.3.1Number of subjects for this age range: 350
    F.2 Gender
    F.2.1Female Yes
    F.2.2Male Yes
    F.3 Group of trial subjects
    F.3.1Healthy volunteers No
    F.3.2Patients Yes
    F.3.3Specific vulnerable populations Yes
    F.3.3.1Women of childbearing potential not using contraception No
    F.3.3.2Women of child-bearing potential using contraception Yes
    F.3.3.3Pregnant women No
    F.3.3.4Nursing women No
    F.3.3.5Emergency situation No
    F.3.3.6Subjects incapable of giving consent personally No
    F.3.3.7Others No
    F.4 Planned number of subjects to be included
    F.4.1In the member state8
    F.4.2 For a multinational trial
    F.4.2.1In the EEA 400
    F.4.2.2In the whole clinical trial 862
    F.5 Plans for treatment or care after the subject has ended the participation in the trial (if it is different from the expected normal treatment of that condition)
    None
    G. Investigator Networks to be involved in the Trial
    N. Review by the Competent Authority or Ethics Committee in the country concerned
    N.Competent Authority Decision Authorised
    N.Date of Competent Authority Decision2021-05-31
    N.Ethics Committee Opinion of the trial applicationFavourable
    N.Ethics Committee Opinion: Reason(s) for unfavourable opinion
    N.Date of Ethics Committee Opinion2021-07-17
    P. End of Trial
    P.End of Trial StatusTrial now transitioned
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