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The European Union Clinical Trials Register allows you to search for protocol and results information on:
  • interventional clinical trials that are conducted in the European Union (EU) and the European Economic Area (EEA);
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    The EU Clinical Trials Register currently displays   41449   clinical trials with a EudraCT protocol, of which   6808   are clinical trials conducted with subjects less than 18 years old.
    The register also displays information on   18700   older paediatric trials (in scope of Article 45 of the Paediatric Regulation (EC) No 1901/2006).


    Phase 1 trials conducted solely in adults and that are not part of an agreed PIP are not public in the EU CTR (refer to European Guidance 2008/C 168/02   Art. 3 par. 2 and   Commission Guideline 2012/C 302/03,   Art. 5) .
     
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    Summary
    EudraCT Number:2020-004413-13
    Sponsor's Protocol Code Number:DIRECT
    National Competent Authority:Netherlands - Competent Authority
    Clinical Trial Type:EEA CTA
    Trial Status:Ongoing
    Date on which this record was first entered in the EudraCT database:2021-04-02
    Trial results
    Index
    A. PROTOCOL INFORMATION
    B. SPONSOR INFORMATION
    C. APPLICANT IDENTIFICATION
    D. IMP IDENTIFICATION
    D.8 INFORMATION ON PLACEBO
    E. GENERAL INFORMATION ON THE TRIAL
    F. POPULATION OF TRIAL SUBJECTS
    G. INVESTIGATOR NETWORKS TO BE INVOLVED IN THE TRIAL
    N. REVIEW BY THE COMPETENT AUTHORITY OR ETHICS COMMITTEE IN THE COUNTRY CONCERNED
    P. END OF TRIAL
    Expand All   Collapse All
    A. Protocol Information
    A.1Member State ConcernedNetherlands - Competent Authority
    A.2EudraCT number2020-004413-13
    A.3Full title of the trial
    Dual-immunotherapy and short-course medium-dose radiotherapy, followed by surgery for tumor microenvironment modification in early stage NSCLC
    A.3.1Title of the trial for lay people, in easily understood, i.e. non-technical, language
    Does adding double immunotherapy and radiotherapy result in a better anti-tumor efficacy in patients to be operated on for lung cancer?
    A.3.2Name or abbreviated title of the trial where available
    DIRECT
    A.4.1Sponsor's protocol code numberDIRECT
    A.7Trial is part of a Paediatric Investigation Plan No
    A.8EMA Decision number of Paediatric Investigation Plan
    B. Sponsor Information
    B.Sponsor: 1
    B.1.1Name of SponsorAmsterdam UMC, VU University Medical Center
    B.1.3.4CountryNetherlands
    B.3.1 and B.3.2Status of the sponsorNon-Commercial
    B.4 Source(s) of Monetary or Material Support for the clinical trial:
    B.4.1Name of organisation providing supportAstraZeneca
    B.4.2CountryNetherlands
    B.5 Contact point designated by the sponsor for further information on the trial
    B.5.1Name of organisationAmsterdam UMC, VU University Medical Center
    B.5.2Functional name of contact pointIdris Bahce
    B.5.3 Address:
    B.5.3.1Street AddressDe Boelelaan 1117
    B.5.3.2Town/ cityAmsterdam
    B.5.3.3Post code1081HV
    B.5.3.4CountryNetherlands
    B.5.4Telephone number+31204444782
    B.5.5Fax number+31204444328
    B.5.6E-maili.bahce@amsterdamumc.nl
    D. IMP Identification
    D.IMP: 1
    D.1.2 and D.1.3IMP RoleComparator
    D.2 Status of the IMP to be used in the clinical trial
    D.2.1IMP to be used in the trial has a marketing authorisation Yes
    D.2.1.1.1Trade name Durvalumab
    D.2.1.1.2Name of the Marketing Authorisation holderAstraZeneca
    D.2.1.2Country which granted the Marketing AuthorisationNetherlands
    D.2.5The IMP has been designated in this indication as an orphan drug in the Community No
    D.2.5.1Orphan drug designation number
    D.3 Description of the IMP
    D.3.4Pharmaceutical form Concentrate and solvent for concentrate for solution for infusion
    D.3.4.1Specific paediatric formulation No
    D.3.7Routes of administration for this IMPIntravenous use
    D.3.11 The IMP contains an:
    D.3.11.1Active substance of chemical origin Yes
    D.3.11.2Active substance of biological/ biotechnological origin (other than Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) Yes
    The IMP is a:
    D.3.11.3Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    D.3.11.3.1Somatic cell therapy medicinal product No
    D.3.11.3.2Gene therapy medical product No
    D.3.11.3.3Tissue Engineered Product No
    D.3.11.3.4Combination ATIMP (i.e. one involving a medical device) No
    D.3.11.3.5Committee on Advanced therapies (CAT) has issued a classification for this product No
    D.3.11.4Combination product that includes a device, but does not involve an Advanced Therapy No
    D.3.11.5Radiopharmaceutical medicinal product No
    D.3.11.6Immunological medicinal product (such as vaccine, allergen, immune serum) Yes
    D.3.11.7Plasma derived medicinal product No
    D.3.11.8Extractive medicinal product No
    D.3.11.9Recombinant medicinal product No
    D.3.11.10Medicinal product containing genetically modified organisms No
    D.3.11.11Herbal medicinal product No
    D.3.11.12Homeopathic medicinal product No
    D.3.11.13Another type of medicinal product No
    D.IMP: 2
    D.1.2 and D.1.3IMP RoleComparator
    D.2 Status of the IMP to be used in the clinical trial
    D.2.1IMP to be used in the trial has a marketing authorisation Yes
    D.2.1.1.1Trade name tremelimumab
    D.2.1.1.2Name of the Marketing Authorisation holderAstraZeneca
    D.2.1.2Country which granted the Marketing AuthorisationNetherlands
    D.2.5The IMP has been designated in this indication as an orphan drug in the Community No
    D.2.5.1Orphan drug designation number
    D.3 Description of the IMP
    D.3.4Pharmaceutical form
    D.3.4.1Specific paediatric formulation No
    D.3.7Routes of administration for this IMPIntravenous use
    D.3.11 The IMP contains an:
    D.3.11.1Active substance of chemical origin Yes
    D.3.11.2Active substance of biological/ biotechnological origin (other than Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) Yes
    The IMP is a:
    D.3.11.3Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    D.3.11.3.1Somatic cell therapy medicinal product No
    D.3.11.3.2Gene therapy medical product No
    D.3.11.3.3Tissue Engineered Product No
    D.3.11.3.4Combination ATIMP (i.e. one involving a medical device) No
    D.3.11.3.5Committee on Advanced therapies (CAT) has issued a classification for this product No
    D.3.11.4Combination product that includes a device, but does not involve an Advanced Therapy No
    D.3.11.5Radiopharmaceutical medicinal product No
    D.3.11.6Immunological medicinal product (such as vaccine, allergen, immune serum) Yes
    D.3.11.7Plasma derived medicinal product No
    D.3.11.8Extractive medicinal product No
    D.3.11.9Recombinant medicinal product No
    D.3.11.10Medicinal product containing genetically modified organisms No
    D.3.11.11Herbal medicinal product No
    D.3.11.12Homeopathic medicinal product No
    D.3.11.13Another type of medicinal product No
    D.8 Information on Placebo
    E. General Information on the Trial
    E.1 Medical condition or disease under investigation
    E.1.1Medical condition(s) being investigated
    early stage non-small cell lung cancer
    E.1.1.1Medical condition in easily understood language
    lung cancer which is confined to the chest in 1 lung and which has not spread to the rest of the body
    E.1.1.2Therapeutic area Diseases [C] - Cancer [C04]
    MedDRA Classification
    E.1.2 Medical condition or disease under investigation
    E.1.2Version 21.1
    E.1.2Level PT
    E.1.2Classification code 10061873
    E.1.2Term Non-small cell lung cancer
    E.1.2System Organ Class 10029104 - Neoplasms benign, malignant and unspecified (incl cysts and polyps)
    E.1.2 Medical condition or disease under investigation
    E.1.2Version 21.1
    E.1.2Level PT
    E.1.2Classification code 10029519
    E.1.2Term Non-small cell lung cancer stage III
    E.1.2System Organ Class 10029104 - Neoplasms benign, malignant and unspecified (incl cysts and polyps)
    E.1.3Condition being studied is a rare disease No
    E.2 Objective of the trial
    E.2.1Main objective of the trial
    • to assess the pathologic response to durva-treme and mRT
    • to assess the safety of combining durva-treme and mRT
    E.2.2Secondary objectives of the trial
    • to assess tumor immune infiltration after durva-treme and mRT,
    • to assess radiologic response to durva-treme and mRT
    • to assess 18F-FDG PET metabolic response to durva-treme and mRT
    • to assess clinical outcomes
    E.2.3Trial contains a sub-study No
    E.3Principal inclusion criteria
    1. Histologically confirmed NSCLC
    2. T1-3N0, here T3 tumors are based on size, but not based in invasion into the thoracic wall, mediastinum, vertebra or diaphragm or ipsilateral lung nodules
    3. Willing and able to provide written informed consent for the trial
    4. Above 18 years of age on day of signing informed consent
    5. Have measurable disease based on RECIST 1.1. [18]
    6. Have a ECOG performance status of 0-1, and are considered operable based on pulmonary function test and/or exercise testing
    7. Demonstrate adequate organ function, as deemed acceptable by the treating physician in the context of immunotherapy:
    a. Leukocytes ≥ 3,000/mm3
    b. Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1000/mm3
    c. Platelet count ≥ 75,000/mm3
    d. Hemoglobin ≥ 6 mmol/L (9.7 g/dL)
    e. Creatinine ≤ 1.5 x ULN or creatinine clearance (CrCl) ≥40 mL/min (if using the Cockcroft-Gault formula below):
    i. Female CrCl = [(140 - age) x weight x 0.85]/(0.85 x creat in mmol/L)
    ii. Male CrCl = [(140 - age) x weight x 1.00]/(0.81 x creat in mmol/L)
    f. Total Bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x ULN (except subjects with Gilbert Syndrome)
    g. AST and ALT ≤ 2.5 times the upper limit of normal
    h. Subjects must have adequate lung function to permit surgical resection determined by pre-enrollment pulmonary function tests to include DLCO
    8. Body weight >30 kg
    9. Must have a life expectancy of at least 12 weeks
    E.4Principal exclusion criteria
    1. Prior surgery and/or radiotherapy on the ipsilateral thorax
    2. Patients deemed inoperable
    3. Subjects with a condition requiring systemic treatment with either corticosteroids (> 10 mg daily prednisone equivalent) or other immunosuppressive medications within 14 days of day 0. Inhaled or topical steroids, and adrenal replacement steroid >10 mg daily prednisone equivalent, are permitted in the absence of active autoimmune disease.
    4. Additional malignancy that is progressing or requires active treatment. Exceptions include basal cell carcinoma of the skin, squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, or in situ cervical cancer that has undergone potentially curative therapy.
    5. Active or prior documented autoimmune or inflammatory disorders (including inflammatory bowel disease [e.g., colitis or Crohn's disease], diverticulitis [with the exception of diverticulosis], systemic lupus erythematosus, Sarcoidosis syndrome, or Wegener syndrome [granulomatosis with polyangiitis, Graves' disease, rheumatoid arthritis, hypophysitis, uveitis, etc.]). The following are exceptions to this criterion:
    • Patients with vitiligo or alopecia
    • Patients with hypothyroidism (e.g., following Hashimoto syndrome) stable on hormone replacement
    • Any chronic skin condition that does not require systemic therapy
    • Patients without active disease in the last 5 years may be included but only after consultation with the study physician
    • Patients with celiac disease controlled by diet alone
    6. Uncontrolled intercurrent illness, including but not limited to symptomatic congestive heart failure, uncontrolled hypertension, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, interstitial lung disease, serious chronic gastrointestinal conditions associated with diarrhea, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirement, substantially increase risk of incurring AEs or compromise the ability of the patient to give written informed consent
    7. Active infection requiring systemic therapy.
    8. A history of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) (HIV 1/2 antibodies).
    9. Active infection including tuberculosis (clinical evaluation that includes clinical history, physical examination and radiographic findings, and TB testing in line with local practice), hepatitis B (known positive HBV surface antigen (HBsAg) result), hepatitis C, Patients with a past or resolved HBV infection (defined as the presence of hepatitis B core antibody [anti-HBc] and absence of HBsAg) are eligible. Patients positive for hepatitis C (HCV) antibody are eligible only if polymerase chain reaction is negative for HCV RNA.
    10. Psychiatric or substance abuse disorders that would interfere with cooperation with the requirements of the trial.
    11. Has received prior therapy with an anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1 including durvalumab, anti-PD-L2, anti-CTLA-4 antibody, or any other antibody or drug specifically targeting T-cell co-stimulation or immune checkpoint pathways.
    12. Patient is pregnant or breastfeeding, or expecting to conceive within the projected duration of the trial, starting with the pre-screening or screening visit through 23 weeks after the last dose of trial treatment.
    E.5 End points
    E.5.1Primary end point(s)
    • To assess major pathological response rates in resected tumor-specimens.
    • Safety defined as the percentage of patients with adverse events. Safety will be assessed throughout the study. The following possible immune related adverse events will be registered throughout the study: hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, adrenal insufficiency, hypophysitis, skin reactions, myositis, nephritis, pyrexia, pancreatitis, diabetes, increased transaminases, colitis, diarrhea, nausea, pleural effusion, dyspnea, pneumonia, pneumonitis. Other adverse events deemed related to the study medication will also be registered. The causal association will be determined by the investigators. The severity of adverse events will be graded using the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (NCI CTCAE) version 5.0. The following post-operative complications will be registered: air leakage >5 days, infection, fistula formation. Any complication leading to delay or canceling of surgery will be noted.
    E.5.1.1Timepoint(s) of evaluation of this end point
    during the study and finally after finishing inclusion and follow up of the study
    E.5.2Secondary end point(s)
    • to assess tumor immune infiltration in 4 categories as described below (section 5.3.4) after durva-treme and mRT,
    • to assess radiological response to durva-treme and mRT using RECIST v1.1 criteria
    • to assess 18F-FDG PET metabolic response to durva-treme and mRT as described below (section 5.2.4)
    • to assess clinical outcomes
    - Disease free survival (DFS) rate at 1 year, i.e. time to local or distant recurrence measured from the date of surgery
    - Overall survival (OS) at 1 year, measured from the day of surgery
    E.5.2.1Timepoint(s) of evaluation of this end point
    during the study and finally after finishing inclusion and follow up of the study
    E.6 and E.7 Scope of the trial
    E.6Scope of the trial
    E.6.1Diagnosis No
    E.6.2Prophylaxis No
    E.6.3Therapy Yes
    E.6.4Safety Yes
    E.6.5Efficacy Yes
    E.6.6Pharmacokinetic No
    E.6.7Pharmacodynamic No
    E.6.8Bioequivalence No
    E.6.9Dose response No
    E.6.10Pharmacogenetic No
    E.6.11Pharmacogenomic No
    E.6.12Pharmacoeconomic No
    E.6.13Others No
    E.7Trial type and phase
    E.7.1Human pharmacology (Phase I) No
    E.7.1.1First administration to humans No
    E.7.1.2Bioequivalence study No
    E.7.1.3Other No
    E.7.1.3.1Other trial type description
    E.7.2Therapeutic exploratory (Phase II) Yes
    E.7.3Therapeutic confirmatory (Phase III) Yes
    E.7.4Therapeutic use (Phase IV) No
    E.8 Design of the trial
    E.8.1Controlled No
    E.8.1.1Randomised No
    E.8.1.2Open Yes
    E.8.1.3Single blind No
    E.8.1.4Double blind No
    E.8.1.5Parallel group No
    E.8.1.6Cross over No
    E.8.1.7Other No
    E.8.2 Comparator of controlled trial
    E.8.2.1Other medicinal product(s) No
    E.8.2.2Placebo No
    E.8.2.3Other No
    E.8.2.4Number of treatment arms in the trial1
    E.8.3 The trial involves single site in the Member State concerned Yes
    E.8.4 The trial involves multiple sites in the Member State concerned No
    E.8.5The trial involves multiple Member States No
    E.8.6 Trial involving sites outside the EEA
    E.8.6.1Trial being conducted both within and outside the EEA No
    E.8.6.2Trial being conducted completely outside of the EEA No
    E.8.7Trial has a data monitoring committee No
    E.8.8 Definition of the end of the trial and justification where it is not the last visit of the last subject undergoing the trial
    LVLS
    E.8.9 Initial estimate of the duration of the trial
    E.8.9.1In the Member State concerned years3
    E.8.9.1In the Member State concerned months
    E.8.9.1In the Member State concerned days
    F. Population of Trial Subjects
    F.1 Age Range
    F.1.1Trial has subjects under 18 No
    F.1.1.1In Utero No
    F.1.1.2Preterm newborn infants (up to gestational age < 37 weeks) No
    F.1.1.3Newborns (0-27 days) No
    F.1.1.4Infants and toddlers (28 days-23 months) No
    F.1.1.5Children (2-11years) No
    F.1.1.6Adolescents (12-17 years) No
    F.1.2Adults (18-64 years) Yes
    F.1.2.1Number of subjects for this age range: 24
    F.1.3Elderly (>=65 years) Yes
    F.1.3.1Number of subjects for this age range: 24
    F.2 Gender
    F.2.1Female Yes
    F.2.2Male Yes
    F.3 Group of trial subjects
    F.3.1Healthy volunteers No
    F.3.2Patients Yes
    F.3.3Specific vulnerable populations No
    F.3.3.1Women of childbearing potential not using contraception No
    F.3.3.2Women of child-bearing potential using contraception No
    F.3.3.3Pregnant women No
    F.3.3.4Nursing women No
    F.3.3.5Emergency situation No
    F.3.3.6Subjects incapable of giving consent personally No
    F.3.3.7Others No
    F.4 Planned number of subjects to be included
    F.4.1In the member state24
    F.5 Plans for treatment or care after the subject has ended the participation in the trial (if it is different from the expected normal treatment of that condition)
    NA
    G. Investigator Networks to be involved in the Trial
    N. Review by the Competent Authority or Ethics Committee in the country concerned
    N.Competent Authority Decision Authorised
    N.Date of Competent Authority Decision2021-05-18
    N.Ethics Committee Opinion of the trial applicationFavourable
    N.Ethics Committee Opinion: Reason(s) for unfavourable opinion
    N.Date of Ethics Committee Opinion2021-03-26
    P. End of Trial
    P.End of Trial StatusOngoing
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