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The European Union Clinical Trials Register   allows you to search for protocol and results information on:
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    The EU Clinical Trials Register currently displays   43245   clinical trials with a EudraCT protocol, of which   7156   are clinical trials conducted with subjects less than 18 years old.   The register also displays information on   18700   older paediatric trials (in scope of Article 45 of the Paediatric Regulation (EC) No 1901/2006).

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    EudraCT Number:2020-004529-22
    Sponsor's Protocol Code Number:D3465C00001
    National Competent Authority:Bulgarian Drug Agency
    Clinical Trial Type:EEA CTA
    Trial Status:Ongoing
    Date on which this record was first entered in the EudraCT database:2021-07-23
    Trial results
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    A. Protocol Information
    A.1Member State ConcernedBulgarian Drug Agency
    A.2EudraCT number2020-004529-22
    A.3Full title of the trial
    A Multicenter, Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled, Phase 3 Study Evaluating the Efficacy and Safety of Subcutaneous Anifrolumab in Adult Patients with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
    A.3.1Title of the trial for lay people, in easily understood, i.e. non-technical, language
    Subcutaneous Anifrolumab in Adult Patients with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
    A.3.2Name or abbreviated title of the trial where available
    Tulip SC
    A.4.1Sponsor's protocol code numberD3465C00001
    A.7Trial is part of a Paediatric Investigation Plan No
    A.8EMA Decision number of Paediatric Investigation Plan
    B. Sponsor Information
    B.Sponsor: 1
    B.1.1Name of SponsorAstraZeneca
    B.3.1 and B.3.2Status of the sponsorCommercial
    B.4 Source(s) of Monetary or Material Support for the clinical trial:
    B.4.1Name of organisation providing supportAstraZeneca
    B.5 Contact point designated by the sponsor for further information on the trial
    B.5.1Name of organisationAstraZeneca
    B.5.2Functional name of contact pointInformation Center
    B.5.3 Address:
    B.5.3.1Street AddressNA
    B.5.3.2Town/ cityNA
    B.5.3.3Post codeNA
    B.5.3.4CountryUnited States
    D. IMP Identification
    D.IMP: 1
    D.1.2 and D.1.3IMP RoleTest
    D.2 Status of the IMP to be used in the clinical trial
    D.2.1IMP to be used in the trial has a marketing authorisation No
    D.2.5The IMP has been designated in this indication as an orphan drug in the Community No
    D.2.5.1Orphan drug designation number
    D.3 Description of the IMP
    D.3.1Product nameAnifrolumab
    D.3.2Product code MEDI-546
    D.3.4Pharmaceutical form Solution for injection in pre-filled syringe
    D.3.4.1Specific paediatric formulation No
    D.3.7Routes of administration for this IMPSubcutaneous use
    D.3.8 to D.3.10 IMP Identification Details (Active Substances)
    D.3.8INN - Proposed INNANIFROLUMAB
    D.3.9.1CAS number 1326232-46
    D.3.9.2Current sponsor codeMEDI-546
    D.3.9.3Other descriptive nameANIFROLUMAB
    D.3.10 Strength
    D.3.10.1Concentration unit mg/ml milligram(s)/millilitre
    D.3.10.2Concentration typeequal
    D.3.10.3Concentration number150
    D.3.11 The IMP contains an:
    D.3.11.1Active substance of chemical origin No
    D.3.11.2Active substance of biological/ biotechnological origin (other than Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) Yes
    The IMP is a:
    D.3.11.3Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    D. cell therapy medicinal product No
    D. therapy medical product No
    D. Engineered Product No
    D. ATIMP (i.e. one involving a medical device) No
    D. on Advanced therapies (CAT) has issued a classification for this product No
    D.3.11.4Combination product that includes a device, but does not involve an Advanced Therapy Yes
    D.3.11.5Radiopharmaceutical medicinal product No
    D.3.11.6Immunological medicinal product (such as vaccine, allergen, immune serum) No
    D.3.11.7Plasma derived medicinal product No
    D.3.11.8Extractive medicinal product No
    D.3.11.9Recombinant medicinal product Yes
    D.3.11.10Medicinal product containing genetically modified organisms No
    D.3.11.11Herbal medicinal product No
    D.3.11.12Homeopathic medicinal product No
    D.3.11.13Another type of medicinal product No
    D.8 Information on Placebo
    D.8 Placebo: 1
    D.8.1Is a Placebo used in this Trial?Yes
    D.8.3Pharmaceutical form of the placeboSolution for injection in pre-filled syringe
    D.8.4Route of administration of the placeboSubcutaneous use
    E. General Information on the Trial
    E.1 Medical condition or disease under investigation
    E.1.1Medical condition(s) being investigated
    Moderate-to-severe Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE)
    E.1.1.1Medical condition in easily understood language
    Systemic Lupus Erythematosus is a disease in which the body's own immune system attacks its own cells and tissues, leading to inflammation and damage.
    E.1.1.2Therapeutic area Diseases [C] - Immune System Diseases [C20]
    MedDRA Classification
    E.1.2 Medical condition or disease under investigation
    E.1.2Version 21.1
    E.1.2Level PT
    E.1.2Classification code 10042945
    E.1.2Term Systemic lupus erythematosus
    E.1.2System Organ Class 10028395 - Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders
    E.1.3Condition being studied is a rare disease No
    E.2 Objective of the trial
    E.2.1Main objective of the trial
    To compare efficacy of anifrolumab with placebo on overall disease activity in patients with SLE.
    E.2.2Secondary objectives of the trial
    To compare the efficacy of anifrolumab with placebo on the onset of a sustained reduction in disease activity.
    To compare the efficacy of anifrolumab with placebo on improvement in overall disease activity and low (or reduced) oral corticosteroids (OCS) use.
    To compare the efficacy of anifrolumab with placebo on the onset of first flare.
    To compare the efficacy of anifrolumab with placebo on early reduction in overall disease activity.
    E.2.3Trial contains a sub-study No
    E.3Principal inclusion criteria
    1.Patients who have a diagnosis of pediatric or adult SLE according to the ACR 1997 revised criteria for ≥ 24 weeks prior to signing the ICF
    2.To be eligible a patient must have SLEDAI-2K ≥ 6 points and “Clinical” SLEDAI-2K score ≥4 points at screening
    - If a patient’s clinical disease activity is predominantly due to arthritis, the patient must have at least 3 tender and 3 swollen joints
    - If a patient’s clinical disease activity is predominantly due to mucocutaneous activity, rash must be present with or without alopecia, mucosal ulcers
    3.BILAG2004 with at least 1 of the following:
    a.BILAG2004 level A disease in ≥ 1 organ system
    b.BILAG2004 level B disease in ≥ 2 organ systems
    4.Physician’s Global Assessment (PGA) score ≥ 1.0 on a 0 to 3 VAS at Screening
    5.Antinuclear antibody, and/or Anti-dsDNA and/oranti-Smith positive at Screening,
    6.Must be on stable background standard therapy with therapy with immunosuppressants and glucocorticoids alone or in combination
    7.Contraception Requirements
    Male patients:
    All males (sterilized or non-sterilized) who are sexually active must use condom (with spermicide where commercially available for contraception) from Day 1 until at least 12 weeks after receipt of the final dose of IP. It is strongly recommended that the female partner of a male patient also use an effective method of contraception from Table 5 (other than a barrier method) throughout this period.
    Male patients must not donate sperm during the course of the study and for 12 weeks after the last dose of the IP.
    Female patients:
    Negative serum β-human chorionic gonadotropin (β-hCG) test at screening (females of childbearing potential only).
    Women of child-bearing potential must have a negative urine pregnancy test at randomization (Day 1), prior to administration of IP.
    Females of childbearing potential must use 2 effective methods of avoiding pregnancy, only one of which is a barrier method, from Screening until 12 weeks after the final dose of IP, unless the patient is surgically sterile (eg, bilateral oophorectomy or complete hysterectomy), has a sterile male partner, is at least 1 year postmenopausal, or practices sustained abstinence consistent with the patient’s customary lifestyle. Postmenopausal is defined as at least 1 year since last menses and the patient has an elevated follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) level greater than the central laboratory value of post-menopausal at screening
    E.4Principal exclusion criteria
    1.Active severe or unstable neuropsychiatric SLE
    2.Active severe SLE-driven renal disease
    3.Known history of a primary immunodeficiency, splenectomy, or any underlying condition that predisposes the patient to infection, or a positive result for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection confirmed by central laboratory at Screening.
    4.Any severe case herpes zoster infection at any time prior to Week 0 (Day 1),
    5.Opportunistic infection requiring hospitalization or IV antimicrobial treatment within 3 years of randomization.
    6.History of cancer, apart from:
    a. Squamous or basal cell carcinoma of the skin treated with documented success of curative therapy ≥ 3 months prior to Week 0 (Day 1)
    b. Cervical cancer in situ treated with apparent success with curative therapy ≥ 1 year prior to Week 0 (Day 1)
    7.Any history of severe COVID-19 infection or any confirmed or probable COVID-19 infection within 3 months prior to randomization
    8.Lactating or pregnant females or females who intend to become pregnant or begin
    breastfeeding anytime from initiation of Screening until the end of the 12-week safety follow-up period following last dose of IP
    E.5 End points
    E.5.1Primary end point(s)
    Proportion of patients British Isles Lupus Assessment Group-based Composite Lupus Assessment (BICLA) response, a composite binary response defined by meeting all of the following criteria:
    -Reduction of all baseline British Isles Lupus Assessment Group (BILAG)-2004 A to B/C/D and baseline BILAG-2004 B to C/D, and no
    BILAG-2004 worsening in other organ systems, as defined by ≥ 1 new
    BILAG-2004 A or ≥ 2 new BILAG-2004
    -No worsening from baseline in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Disease Activity Index 2000 (SLEDAI-2K), where worsening is defined as an increase from baseline of > 0 points in SLEDAI-2K
    -No worsening from baseline in patients' lupus disease activity, where worsening is defined by an increase ≥ 0.30 points on a 3 point Physician's Global Assessment (PGA) visual analogue scale (VAS)
    -No discontinuation of investigational product (IP)
    -No use of restricted medications beyond the protocol allowed threshold before assessment
    E.5.1.1Timepoint(s) of evaluation of this end point
    Week 52
    E.5.2Secondary end point(s)
    1.The time from first dose of study treatment to first BICLA response sustained through week 52
    2.Proportion of patients who are BICLA responders at Week 52, and have maintained low (or reduced) OCS use Week 52
    3.Time to flare through Week 52 where flare is defined as either 1 or more new BILAG-2004 A or 2 or more new BILAG 2004 B items compared to the previous visit.
    4.Proportion of patients who are BICLA responders at Week 16
    E.5.2.1Timepoint(s) of evaluation of this end point
    1. through week 52
    2. at week 52
    3. through week 52
    4. at week 16
    E.6 and E.7 Scope of the trial
    E.6Scope of the trial
    E.6.1Diagnosis No
    E.6.2Prophylaxis No
    E.6.3Therapy Yes
    E.6.4Safety Yes
    E.6.5Efficacy Yes
    E.6.6Pharmacokinetic Yes
    E.6.7Pharmacodynamic Yes
    E.6.8Bioequivalence No
    E.6.9Dose response No
    E.6.10Pharmacogenetic Yes
    E.6.11Pharmacogenomic No
    E.6.12Pharmacoeconomic No
    E.6.13Others Yes
    E.6.13.1Other scope of the trial description
    E.7Trial type and phase
    E.7.1Human pharmacology (Phase I) No
    E.7.1.1First administration to humans No
    E.7.1.2Bioequivalence study No
    E.7.1.3Other No
    E. trial type description
    E.7.2Therapeutic exploratory (Phase II) No
    E.7.3Therapeutic confirmatory (Phase III) Yes
    E.7.4Therapeutic use (Phase IV) No
    E.8 Design of the trial
    E.8.1Controlled Yes
    E.8.1.1Randomised Yes
    E.8.1.2Open No
    E.8.1.3Single blind No
    E.8.1.4Double blind Yes
    E.8.1.5Parallel group Yes
    E.8.1.6Cross over No
    E.8.1.7Other No
    E.8.2 Comparator of controlled trial
    E.8.2.1Other medicinal product(s) No
    E.8.2.2Placebo Yes
    E.8.2.3Other No
    E.8.2.4Number of treatment arms in the trial2
    E.8.3 The trial involves single site in the Member State concerned No
    E.8.4 The trial involves multiple sites in the Member State concerned Yes
    E.8.4.1Number of sites anticipated in Member State concerned10
    E.8.5The trial involves multiple Member States Yes
    E.8.5.1Number of sites anticipated in the EEA26
    E.8.6 Trial involving sites outside the EEA
    E.8.6.1Trial being conducted both within and outside the EEA Yes
    E.8.6.2Trial being conducted completely outside of the EEA No
    E.8.6.3If E.8.6.1 or E.8.6.2 are Yes, specify the regions in which trial sites are planned
    United States
    Russian Federation
    United Kingdom
    E.8.7Trial has a data monitoring committee Yes
    E.8.8 Definition of the end of the trial and justification where it is not the last visit of the last subject undergoing the trial
    The end of the study is defined as the date of the last scheduled procedure shown in the SoA for the last patient in the study globally.
    E.8.9 Initial estimate of the duration of the trial
    E.8.9.1In the Member State concerned years2
    E.8.9.1In the Member State concerned months8
    E.8.9.1In the Member State concerned days
    E.8.9.2In all countries concerned by the trial years3
    F. Population of Trial Subjects
    F.1 Age Range
    F.1.1Trial has subjects under 18 No
    F.1.1.1In Utero No
    F.1.1.2Preterm newborn infants (up to gestational age < 37 weeks) No
    F.1.1.3Newborns (0-27 days) No
    F.1.1.4Infants and toddlers (28 days-23 months) No
    F.1.1.5Children (2-11years) No
    F.1.1.6Adolescents (12-17 years) No
    F.1.2Adults (18-64 years) Yes
    F.1.2.1Number of subjects for this age range: 324
    F.1.3Elderly (>=65 years) Yes
    F.1.3.1Number of subjects for this age range: 36
    F.2 Gender
    F.2.1Female Yes
    F.2.2Male Yes
    F.3 Group of trial subjects
    F.3.1Healthy volunteers No
    F.3.2Patients Yes
    F.3.3Specific vulnerable populations Yes
    F.3.3.1Women of childbearing potential not using contraception No
    F.3.3.2Women of child-bearing potential using contraception Yes
    F.3.3.3Pregnant women No
    F.3.3.4Nursing women No
    F.3.3.5Emergency situation No
    F.3.3.6Subjects incapable of giving consent personally No
    F.3.3.7Others No
    F.4 Planned number of subjects to be included
    F.4.1In the member state8
    F.4.2 For a multinational trial
    F.4.2.1In the EEA 80
    F.4.2.2In the whole clinical trial 360
    F.5 Plans for treatment or care after the subject has ended the participation in the trial (if it is different from the expected normal treatment of that condition)
    Patients are to be treated with standard therapy after they have concluded study treatment. There are no provisions for administration of IP following Week 52 End of Treatment (EOT) visit.
    G. Investigator Networks to be involved in the Trial
    N. Review by the Competent Authority or Ethics Committee in the country concerned
    N.Competent Authority Decision Authorised
    N.Date of Competent Authority Decision2021-09-07
    N.Ethics Committee Opinion of the trial applicationFavourable
    N.Ethics Committee Opinion: Reason(s) for unfavourable opinion
    N.Date of Ethics Committee Opinion2021-09-10
    P. End of Trial
    P.End of Trial StatusOngoing
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