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    Summary
    EudraCT Number:2021-001840-83
    Sponsor's Protocol Code Number:SAGA
    National Competent Authority:Netherlands - Competent Authority
    Clinical Trial Type:EEA CTA
    Trial Status:Ongoing
    Date on which this record was first entered in the EudraCT database:2021-07-07
    Trial results
    Index
    A. PROTOCOL INFORMATION
    B. SPONSOR INFORMATION
    C. APPLICANT IDENTIFICATION
    D. IMP IDENTIFICATION
    D.8 INFORMATION ON PLACEBO
    E. GENERAL INFORMATION ON THE TRIAL
    F. POPULATION OF TRIAL SUBJECTS
    G. INVESTIGATOR NETWORKS TO BE INVOLVED IN THE TRIAL
    N. REVIEW BY THE COMPETENT AUTHORITY OR ETHICS COMMITTEE IN THE COUNTRY CONCERNED
    P. END OF TRIAL
    Expand All   Collapse All
    A. Protocol Information
    A.1Member State ConcernedNetherlands - Competent Authority
    A.2EudraCT number2021-001840-83
    A.3Full title of the trial
    Short-course aminoglycosides as adjunctive treatment in adults with sepsis
    A.3.1Title of the trial for lay people, in easily understood, i.e. non-technical, language
    Aminoglycosides for sepsis
    A.3.2Name or abbreviated title of the trial where available
    SAGA
    A.4.1Sponsor's protocol code numberSAGA
    A.7Trial is part of a Paediatric Investigation Plan No
    A.8EMA Decision number of Paediatric Investigation Plan
    B. Sponsor Information
    B.Sponsor: 1
    B.1.1Name of SponsorUniversity Medical Center Utrecht
    B.1.3.4CountryNetherlands
    B.3.1 and B.3.2Status of the sponsorNon-Commercial
    B.4 Source(s) of Monetary or Material Support for the clinical trial:
    B.4.1Name of organisation providing supportUniversity Medical Center Utrecht
    B.4.2CountryNetherlands
    B.4.1Name of organisation providing supportZonMw
    B.4.2CountryNetherlands
    B.5 Contact point designated by the sponsor for further information on the trial
    B.5.1Name of organisationUniversity Medical Center Utrecht
    B.5.2Functional name of contact pointSAGA investigators
    B.5.3 Address:
    B.5.3.1Street AddressHeidelberglaan 100
    B.5.3.2Town/ cityUtrecht
    B.5.3.3Post code3584CX
    B.5.3.4CountryNetherlands
    B.5.6E-mailSagastudie@umcutrecht.nl
    D. IMP Identification
    D.IMP: 1
    D.1.2 and D.1.3IMP RoleTest
    D.2 Status of the IMP to be used in the clinical trial
    D.2.1IMP to be used in the trial has a marketing authorisation Yes
    D.2.1.1.1Trade name Gentamicin
    D.2.1.2Country which granted the Marketing AuthorisationNetherlands
    D.2.5The IMP has been designated in this indication as an orphan drug in the Community No
    D.2.5.1Orphan drug designation number
    D.3 Description of the IMP
    D.3.1Product nameGentamicin
    D.3.4Pharmaceutical form Infusion
    D.3.4.1Specific paediatric formulation No
    D.3.7Routes of administration for this IMPIntravenous use
    D.3.11 The IMP contains an:
    D.3.11.1Active substance of chemical origin Yes
    D.3.11.2Active substance of biological/ biotechnological origin (other than Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    The IMP is a:
    D.3.11.3Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    D.3.11.3.1Somatic cell therapy medicinal product No
    D.3.11.3.2Gene therapy medical product No
    D.3.11.3.3Tissue Engineered Product No
    D.3.11.3.4Combination ATIMP (i.e. one involving a medical device) No
    D.3.11.3.5Committee on Advanced therapies (CAT) has issued a classification for this product No
    D.3.11.4Combination product that includes a device, but does not involve an Advanced Therapy No
    D.3.11.5Radiopharmaceutical medicinal product No
    D.3.11.6Immunological medicinal product (such as vaccine, allergen, immune serum) No
    D.3.11.7Plasma derived medicinal product No
    D.3.11.8Extractive medicinal product No
    D.3.11.9Recombinant medicinal product No
    D.3.11.10Medicinal product containing genetically modified organisms No
    D.3.11.11Herbal medicinal product No
    D.3.11.12Homeopathic medicinal product No
    D.3.11.13Another type of medicinal product No
    D.IMP: 2
    D.1.2 and D.1.3IMP RoleTest
    D.2 Status of the IMP to be used in the clinical trial
    D.2.1IMP to be used in the trial has a marketing authorisation Yes
    D.2.1.1.1Trade name Tobramycin
    D.2.1.2Country which granted the Marketing AuthorisationNetherlands
    D.2.5The IMP has been designated in this indication as an orphan drug in the Community No
    D.2.5.1Orphan drug designation number
    D.3 Description of the IMP
    D.3.1Product nameTobramycin
    D.3.4Pharmaceutical form Infusion
    D.3.4.1Specific paediatric formulation No
    D.3.7Routes of administration for this IMPIntravenous use
    D.3.11 The IMP contains an:
    D.3.11.1Active substance of chemical origin Yes
    D.3.11.2Active substance of biological/ biotechnological origin (other than Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    The IMP is a:
    D.3.11.3Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    D.3.11.3.1Somatic cell therapy medicinal product No
    D.3.11.3.2Gene therapy medical product No
    D.3.11.3.3Tissue Engineered Product No
    D.3.11.3.4Combination ATIMP (i.e. one involving a medical device) No
    D.3.11.3.5Committee on Advanced therapies (CAT) has issued a classification for this product No
    D.3.11.4Combination product that includes a device, but does not involve an Advanced Therapy No
    D.3.11.5Radiopharmaceutical medicinal product No
    D.3.11.6Immunological medicinal product (such as vaccine, allergen, immune serum) No
    D.3.11.7Plasma derived medicinal product No
    D.3.11.8Extractive medicinal product No
    D.3.11.9Recombinant medicinal product No
    D.3.11.10Medicinal product containing genetically modified organisms No
    D.3.11.11Herbal medicinal product No
    D.3.11.12Homeopathic medicinal product No
    D.3.11.13Another type of medicinal product No
    D.IMP: 3
    D.1.2 and D.1.3IMP RoleTest
    D.2 Status of the IMP to be used in the clinical trial
    D.2.1IMP to be used in the trial has a marketing authorisation Yes
    D.2.1.1.1Trade name Cefuroxime
    D.2.1.2Country which granted the Marketing AuthorisationNetherlands
    D.2.5The IMP has been designated in this indication as an orphan drug in the Community No
    D.2.5.1Orphan drug designation number
    D.3 Description of the IMP
    D.3.1Product nameCefuroxime
    D.3.4Pharmaceutical form Infusion
    D.3.4.1Specific paediatric formulation No
    D.3.7Routes of administration for this IMPIntravenous use
    D.3.11 The IMP contains an:
    D.3.11.1Active substance of chemical origin Yes
    D.3.11.2Active substance of biological/ biotechnological origin (other than Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    The IMP is a:
    D.3.11.3Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    D.3.11.3.1Somatic cell therapy medicinal product No
    D.3.11.3.2Gene therapy medical product No
    D.3.11.3.3Tissue Engineered Product No
    D.3.11.3.4Combination ATIMP (i.e. one involving a medical device) No
    D.3.11.3.5Committee on Advanced therapies (CAT) has issued a classification for this product No
    D.3.11.4Combination product that includes a device, but does not involve an Advanced Therapy No
    D.3.11.5Radiopharmaceutical medicinal product No
    D.3.11.6Immunological medicinal product (such as vaccine, allergen, immune serum) No
    D.3.11.7Plasma derived medicinal product No
    D.3.11.8Extractive medicinal product No
    D.3.11.9Recombinant medicinal product No
    D.3.11.10Medicinal product containing genetically modified organisms No
    D.3.11.11Herbal medicinal product No
    D.3.11.12Homeopathic medicinal product No
    D.3.11.13Another type of medicinal product No
    D.IMP: 4
    D.1.2 and D.1.3IMP RoleComparator
    D.2 Status of the IMP to be used in the clinical trial
    D.2.1IMP to be used in the trial has a marketing authorisation Yes
    D.2.1.1.1Trade name Ceftriaxone
    D.2.1.2Country which granted the Marketing AuthorisationNetherlands
    D.2.5The IMP has been designated in this indication as an orphan drug in the Community No
    D.2.5.1Orphan drug designation number
    D.3 Description of the IMP
    D.3.1Product nameCeftriaxone
    D.3.4Pharmaceutical form Infusion
    D.3.4.1Specific paediatric formulation No
    D.3.7Routes of administration for this IMPIntravenous use
    D.3.11 The IMP contains an:
    D.3.11.1Active substance of chemical origin Yes
    D.3.11.2Active substance of biological/ biotechnological origin (other than Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    The IMP is a:
    D.3.11.3Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    D.3.11.3.1Somatic cell therapy medicinal product No
    D.3.11.3.2Gene therapy medical product No
    D.3.11.3.3Tissue Engineered Product No
    D.3.11.3.4Combination ATIMP (i.e. one involving a medical device) No
    D.3.11.3.5Committee on Advanced therapies (CAT) has issued a classification for this product No
    D.3.11.4Combination product that includes a device, but does not involve an Advanced Therapy No
    D.3.11.5Radiopharmaceutical medicinal product No
    D.3.11.6Immunological medicinal product (such as vaccine, allergen, immune serum) No
    D.3.11.7Plasma derived medicinal product No
    D.3.11.8Extractive medicinal product No
    D.3.11.9Recombinant medicinal product No
    D.3.11.10Medicinal product containing genetically modified organisms No
    D.3.11.11Herbal medicinal product No
    D.3.11.12Homeopathic medicinal product No
    D.3.11.13Another type of medicinal product No
    D.8 Information on Placebo
    E. General Information on the Trial
    E.1 Medical condition or disease under investigation
    E.1.1Medical condition(s) being investigated
    Patients admitted with sepsis of unknown origin, suspected urinary origin or suspected abdominal origin
    E.1.1.1Medical condition in easily understood language
    Patients admitted with sepsis of unknown origin, suspected urinary origin or suspected abdominal origin
    E.1.1.2Therapeutic area Diseases [C] - Bacterial Infections and Mycoses [C01]
    MedDRA Classification
    E.1.3Condition being studied is a rare disease No
    E.2 Objective of the trial
    E.2.1Main objective of the trial
    To determine the impact of a treatment strategy consisting of cefuroxime + aminoglycoside as first-choice therapy compared to a strategy of ceftriaxone or cefuroxime monotherapy as first-choice therapy on 30-day all-cause mortality in patients with community-onset sepsis of unknown origin, suspected urinary origin, or suspected abdominal origin.
    E.2.2Secondary objectives of the trial
    Secondary outcomes include duration of IC and hospital admission, quality of life, nephrotoxicity, ototoxicity and costs. In a cost-effectiveness analysis we will determine the costs per quality-adjusted life year gained.
    E.2.3Trial contains a sub-study Yes
    E.2.3.1Full title, date and version of each sub-study and their related objectives
    Active Follow-up Subset (integrated in the mainstudy protocol):
    To determine the effect of cefuroxime + aminoglycoside as first-choice therapy compared to ceftriaxone or cefuroxime monotherapy as first-choice therapy in this population on:
    • Quality of life.
    • 1 year mortality
    • Duration of absenteeism
    • Health care cost per quality-adjusted life year
    • Societal costs per quality-adjusted life year
    • Nephrotoxicity according to the The Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) criteria.
    • Recovery of renal function in patients with acute renal failure.
    • Subjective hearing loss.

    Pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamics (integrated in the mainstudy protocol):
    • To define the association between attained PK/PD index of empirical sepsis treatment with cefuroxime, ceftriaxone, gentamicin and/or tobramycin in the first 48 hours of treatment and 30-day mortality and other clinical outcomes such as renal toxicity and length of hospital stay in patients with community-acquired sepsis
    • To define population pharmacokinetic characteristics of cefuroxime, ceftriaxone, gentamicin and tobramycin in patients with community-acquired sepsis, including risk factors for not reaching the PK/PD target, in order to design future trials on optimized empirical antibiotic dosing in sepsis
    • To assess and compare attained PK/PD indices of patients sepsis empirically treated with cefuroxime plus aminoglycoside versus ceftriaxone or cefuroxime monotherapy .
    • To assess and compare attained PK/PD indices of patients empirically treated with gentamicin versus tobramycin.
    • To assess if there is a difference in outcomes calculating PK/PD indices based on bacterial ecological cutoff minimally inhibitory concentration (ECOFF) versus MIC based on broth microdilution (BMD).



    E.3Principal inclusion criteria
    1) Age >= 18 years
    2) Presenting to the ER
    3) Suspicion of bacterial infection of unknown origin, primary suspected urinary origin or primary suspected abdominal origin.
    a. The working diagnosis set by the ER physician must state one of these three origin or ‘sepsis’ without mentioning a suspected focus
    b. If there is no working diagnosis noted, the differential diagnosis should be assessed. If the differential diagnosis consist of urinary or abdominal infections only, a patient can participated in the study.
    c. If the differential diagnosis is unclear, very wide (for example: Infection dd urinary tract infection dd pneumonia dd erysipelas dd abdominal focus) or clear, but mentions other origins besides urinary or abdominal, the local PI must be consulted (preferably within 3 days after admission). The PI determines whether patient should be included, depending on how likely a specific differential diagnosis is. If unclear, or very likely urological or abdominal, the patient can be included.
    4) National Early Warning Score (NEWS) or Modified Early Warning Score (MEWS) ≥ 5.
    5) Requiring intravenous antibiotic treatment and hospitalization.
    E.4Principal exclusion criteria
    A potential subject who meets any of the following criteria will be excluded from participation in this study:
    1) Working diagnosis at the ER of pneumonia.
    2) Chemotherapy induced neutropenia as this is considered a separate entity in the guidelines.
    3) Pre-existing renal failure defined as a GFR < 30, due to a relative contra-indication for aminoglycosides.
    4) Allergy for cephalosporins or aminoglycosides, known prior to the start of treatment.
    5) Indication for empirical coverage of ESBL-producing gram-negative bacteria according to the Dutch sepsis guidelines, i.e. known colonization or infection with ESBL-producing gram-negative bacteria in the prior year.
    E.5 End points
    E.5.1Primary end point(s)
    30-day all-cause mortality defined as mortality within 30 calendar days of the day of initial presentation to the ER, starting at day 0.
    E.5.1.1Timepoint(s) of evaluation of this end point
    After day 30
    E.5.2Secondary end point(s)
    • Duration of intravenous antibiotic treatment in calendar days and hours
    • Time to switch to oral treatment in calendar days and hours
    • Duration of hospitalization in calendar days
    • ICU admission, length of ICU stay, mechanical ventilation
    • ICU admission in patients who are not directly admitted to the ICU
    • Complications during hospital admission possibly related to the disease or treatment (see Table 4)
    • Nephrotoxicity requiring dialysis
    • Hospital re-admission within 30 days of initial hospitalization
    • Failure of treatment defined as switch of antibiotic treatment because patient is not improving clinically under current policy or because cultures have shown a pathogen that is not covert by the current antibiotic treatment.
    E.5.2.1Timepoint(s) of evaluation of this end point
    After day 30
    E.6 and E.7 Scope of the trial
    E.6Scope of the trial
    E.6.1Diagnosis No
    E.6.2Prophylaxis No
    E.6.3Therapy Yes
    E.6.4Safety Yes
    E.6.5Efficacy Yes
    E.6.6Pharmacokinetic Yes
    E.6.7Pharmacodynamic Yes
    E.6.8Bioequivalence No
    E.6.9Dose response No
    E.6.10Pharmacogenetic No
    E.6.11Pharmacogenomic No
    E.6.12Pharmacoeconomic No
    E.6.13Others No
    E.7Trial type and phase
    E.7.1Human pharmacology (Phase I) No
    E.7.1.1First administration to humans No
    E.7.1.2Bioequivalence study No
    E.7.1.3Other No
    E.7.1.3.1Other trial type description
    E.7.2Therapeutic exploratory (Phase II) No
    E.7.3Therapeutic confirmatory (Phase III) No
    E.7.4Therapeutic use (Phase IV) Yes
    E.8 Design of the trial
    E.8.1Controlled Yes
    E.8.1.1Randomised No
    E.8.1.2Open Yes
    E.8.1.3Single blind No
    E.8.1.4Double blind No
    E.8.1.5Parallel group No
    E.8.1.6Cross over Yes
    E.8.1.7Other Yes
    E.8.1.7.1Other trial design description
    Cluster-randomized cross-over trial
    E.8.2 Comparator of controlled trial
    E.8.2.1Other medicinal product(s) No
    E.8.2.2Placebo No
    E.8.2.3Other Yes
    E.8.2.3.1Comparator description
    Ceftriaxone
    E.8.2.4Number of treatment arms in the trial2
    E.8.3 The trial involves single site in the Member State concerned No
    E.8.4 The trial involves multiple sites in the Member State concerned Yes
    E.8.4.1Number of sites anticipated in Member State concerned10
    E.8.5The trial involves multiple Member States No
    E.8.6 Trial involving sites outside the EEA
    E.8.6.1Trial being conducted both within and outside the EEA No
    E.8.6.2Trial being conducted completely outside of the EEA No
    E.8.7Trial has a data monitoring committee Yes
    E.8.8 Definition of the end of the trial and justification where it is not the last visit of the last subject undergoing the trial
    LVLS
    E.8.9 Initial estimate of the duration of the trial
    E.8.9.1In the Member State concerned years3
    E.8.9.1In the Member State concerned months
    E.8.9.1In the Member State concerned days
    F. Population of Trial Subjects
    F.1 Age Range
    F.1.1Trial has subjects under 18 No
    F.1.1.1In Utero No
    F.1.1.2Preterm newborn infants (up to gestational age < 37 weeks) No
    F.1.1.3Newborns (0-27 days) No
    F.1.1.4Infants and toddlers (28 days-23 months) No
    F.1.1.5Children (2-11years) No
    F.1.1.6Adolescents (12-17 years) No
    F.1.2Adults (18-64 years) Yes
    F.1.2.1Number of subjects for this age range: 3140
    F.1.3Elderly (>=65 years) Yes
    F.1.3.1Number of subjects for this age range: 3140
    F.2 Gender
    F.2.1Female Yes
    F.2.2Male Yes
    F.3 Group of trial subjects
    F.3.1Healthy volunteers No
    F.3.2Patients Yes
    F.3.3Specific vulnerable populations Yes
    F.3.3.1Women of childbearing potential not using contraception For clinical trials recorded in the database before the 10th March 2011 this question read: "Women of childbearing potential" and did not include the words "not using contraception". An answer of yes could have included women of child bearing potential whether or not they would be using contraception. The answer should therefore be understood in that context. This trial was recorded in the database on 2021-07-07. Yes
    F.3.3.2Women of child-bearing potential using contraception Yes
    F.3.3.3Pregnant women Yes
    F.3.3.4Nursing women Yes
    F.3.3.5Emergency situation Yes
    F.3.3.6Subjects incapable of giving consent personally Yes
    F.3.3.6.1Details of subjects incapable of giving consent
    Only for the mainstudy will incapacitated patients be included, because this resembles the real life practice the most.
    in the substudy, incapacitated patients will not be asked to participate in the study.
    F.3.3.7Others No
    F.4 Planned number of subjects to be included
    F.4.1In the member state3140
    F.5 Plans for treatment or care after the subject has ended the participation in the trial (if it is different from the expected normal treatment of that condition)
    None
    G. Investigator Networks to be involved in the Trial
    N. Review by the Competent Authority or Ethics Committee in the country concerned
    N.Competent Authority Decision Authorised
    N.Date of Competent Authority Decision2022-04-26
    N.Ethics Committee Opinion of the trial applicationFavourable
    N.Ethics Committee Opinion: Reason(s) for unfavourable opinion
    N.Date of Ethics Committee Opinion2022-03-24
    P. End of Trial
    P.End of Trial StatusOngoing
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