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    Summary
    EudraCT Number:2021-002360-51
    Sponsor's Protocol Code Number:M21NSC
    National Competent Authority:Netherlands - Competent Authority
    Clinical Trial Type:EEA CTA
    Trial Status:Ongoing
    Date on which this record was first entered in the EudraCT database:2021-11-22
    Trial results
    Index
    A. PROTOCOL INFORMATION
    B. SPONSOR INFORMATION
    C. APPLICANT IDENTIFICATION
    D. IMP IDENTIFICATION
    D.8 INFORMATION ON PLACEBO
    E. GENERAL INFORMATION ON THE TRIAL
    F. POPULATION OF TRIAL SUBJECTS
    G. INVESTIGATOR NETWORKS TO BE INVOLVED IN THE TRIAL
    N. REVIEW BY THE COMPETENT AUTHORITY OR ETHICS COMMITTEE IN THE COUNTRY CONCERNED
    P. END OF TRIAL
    Expand All   Collapse All
    A. Protocol Information
    A.1Member State ConcernedNetherlands - Competent Authority
    A.2EudraCT number2021-002360-51
    A.3Full title of the trial
    Prospective, randomized, neoadjuvant phase II study with combination immuno-oncology in primary clear cell renal cell cancer at risk for recurrence or distant metastases (NESCIO-trial; M21NSC; CA209-6DJ)
    A.3.1Title of the trial for lay people, in easily understood, i.e. non-technical, language
    Study in kidney cancer patients with at least the kidney tumor present and sometimes enlarged lymph nodes in the vicinity of the affected kidney, in which the subjects first receive an immunotherapy treatment, which may consist of either nivolumab alone, or the combination of nivolumab and ipilimumab, or the combination of nivolumab and relatlimab, after which the kidney tumor (and possibly enlarged lymph nodes) is removed.
    A.4.1Sponsor's protocol code numberM21NSC
    A.7Trial is part of a Paediatric Investigation Plan No
    A.8EMA Decision number of Paediatric Investigation Plan
    B. Sponsor Information
    B.Sponsor: 1
    B.1.1Name of SponsorAntoni van Leeuwenhoek ziekenhuis
    B.1.3.4CountryNetherlands
    B.3.1 and B.3.2Status of the sponsorNon-Commercial
    B.4 Source(s) of Monetary or Material Support for the clinical trial:
    B.4.1Name of organisation providing supportBristol-Myers Squibb
    B.4.2CountryNetherlands
    B.5 Contact point designated by the sponsor for further information on the trial
    B.5.1Name of organisationAntoni van Leeuwenhoek
    B.5.2Functional name of contact pointJohn Haanen
    B.5.3 Address:
    B.5.3.1Street AddressPlesmanlaan 121
    B.5.3.2Town/ cityAmsterdam
    B.5.3.3Post code1066CX
    B.5.3.4CountryNetherlands
    B.5.4Telephone number+31205129111
    B.5.5Fax number+31205122572
    B.5.6E-mailj.haanen@nki.nl
    D. IMP Identification
    D.IMP: 1
    D.1.2 and D.1.3IMP RoleTest
    D.2 Status of the IMP to be used in the clinical trial
    D.2.1IMP to be used in the trial has a marketing authorisation Yes
    D.2.1.1.1Trade name Opdivo
    D.2.1.1.2Name of the Marketing Authorisation holderBristol-Myers Squibb Pharma EEIG
    D.2.1.2Country which granted the Marketing AuthorisationNetherlands
    D.2.5The IMP has been designated in this indication as an orphan drug in the Community No
    D.2.5.1Orphan drug designation number
    D.3 Description of the IMP
    D.3.1Product namenivolumab
    D.3.4Pharmaceutical form Solution for injection/infusion
    D.3.4.1Specific paediatric formulation No
    D.3.7Routes of administration for this IMPIntravenous use
    D.3.8 to D.3.10 IMP Identification Details (Active Substances)
    D.3.8INN - Proposed INNNivolumab
    D.3.9.3Other descriptive namenivolumab
    D.3.9.4EV Substance CodeSUB122750
    D.3.10 Strength
    D.3.10.1Concentration unit mg/ml milligram(s)/millilitre
    D.3.10.2Concentration typeequal
    D.3.10.3Concentration number1
    D.3.11 The IMP contains an:
    D.3.11.1Active substance of chemical origin No
    D.3.11.2Active substance of biological/ biotechnological origin (other than Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) Yes
    The IMP is a:
    D.3.11.3Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    D.3.11.3.1Somatic cell therapy medicinal product No
    D.3.11.3.2Gene therapy medical product No
    D.3.11.3.3Tissue Engineered Product No
    D.3.11.3.4Combination ATIMP (i.e. one involving a medical device) No
    D.3.11.3.5Committee on Advanced therapies (CAT) has issued a classification for this product No
    D.3.11.4Combination product that includes a device, but does not involve an Advanced Therapy No
    D.3.11.5Radiopharmaceutical medicinal product No
    D.3.11.6Immunological medicinal product (such as vaccine, allergen, immune serum) No
    D.3.11.7Plasma derived medicinal product No
    D.3.11.8Extractive medicinal product No
    D.3.11.9Recombinant medicinal product Yes
    D.3.11.10Medicinal product containing genetically modified organisms No
    D.3.11.11Herbal medicinal product No
    D.3.11.12Homeopathic medicinal product No
    D.3.11.13Another type of medicinal product No
    D.IMP: 2
    D.1.2 and D.1.3IMP RoleTest
    D.2 Status of the IMP to be used in the clinical trial
    D.2.1IMP to be used in the trial has a marketing authorisation Yes
    D.2.1.1.1Trade name Yervoy
    D.2.1.1.2Name of the Marketing Authorisation holderBristol-Myers Squibb Pharma EEIG
    D.2.1.2Country which granted the Marketing AuthorisationNetherlands
    D.2.5The IMP has been designated in this indication as an orphan drug in the Community No
    D.2.5.1Orphan drug designation number
    D.3 Description of the IMP
    D.3.1Product nameipilimumab
    D.3.4Pharmaceutical form Concentrate for solution for infusion
    D.3.4.1Specific paediatric formulation No
    D.3.7Routes of administration for this IMPIntravenous use
    D.3.8 to D.3.10 IMP Identification Details (Active Substances)
    D.3.8INN - Proposed INNIpilimumab
    D.3.9.2Current sponsor codeYervoy
    D.3.9.4EV Substance CodeSUB29397
    D.3.10 Strength
    D.3.10.1Concentration unit mg/ml milligram(s)/millilitre
    D.3.10.2Concentration typeequal
    D.3.10.3Concentration number1
    D.3.11 The IMP contains an:
    D.3.11.1Active substance of chemical origin No
    D.3.11.2Active substance of biological/ biotechnological origin (other than Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) Yes
    The IMP is a:
    D.3.11.3Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    D.3.11.3.1Somatic cell therapy medicinal product No
    D.3.11.3.2Gene therapy medical product No
    D.3.11.3.3Tissue Engineered Product No
    D.3.11.3.4Combination ATIMP (i.e. one involving a medical device) No
    D.3.11.3.5Committee on Advanced therapies (CAT) has issued a classification for this product No
    D.3.11.4Combination product that includes a device, but does not involve an Advanced Therapy No
    D.3.11.5Radiopharmaceutical medicinal product No
    D.3.11.6Immunological medicinal product (such as vaccine, allergen, immune serum) No
    D.3.11.7Plasma derived medicinal product No
    D.3.11.8Extractive medicinal product No
    D.3.11.9Recombinant medicinal product No
    D.3.11.10Medicinal product containing genetically modified organisms No
    D.3.11.11Herbal medicinal product No
    D.3.11.12Homeopathic medicinal product No
    D.3.11.13Another type of medicinal product No
    D.IMP: 3
    D.1.2 and D.1.3IMP RoleTest
    D.2 Status of the IMP to be used in the clinical trial
    D.2.1IMP to be used in the trial has a marketing authorisation No
    D.2.5The IMP has been designated in this indication as an orphan drug in the Community No
    D.2.5.1Orphan drug designation number
    D.3 Description of the IMP
    D.3.1Product namerelatlimab
    D.3.4Pharmaceutical form Solution for injection
    D.3.4.1Specific paediatric formulation No
    D.3.7Routes of administration for this IMPIntravenous use
    D.3.8 to D.3.10 IMP Identification Details (Active Substances)
    D.3.8INN - Proposed INNRELATLIMAB
    D.3.9.2Current sponsor codeBMS-986016
    D.3.9.4EV Substance CodeSUB191011
    D.3.10 Strength
    D.3.10.1Concentration unit mg/ml milligram(s)/millilitre
    D.3.10.2Concentration typeequal
    D.3.10.3Concentration number1
    D.3.11 The IMP contains an:
    D.3.11.1Active substance of chemical origin No
    D.3.11.2Active substance of biological/ biotechnological origin (other than Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) Yes
    The IMP is a:
    D.3.11.3Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    D.3.11.3.1Somatic cell therapy medicinal product No
    D.3.11.3.2Gene therapy medical product No
    D.3.11.3.3Tissue Engineered Product No
    D.3.11.3.4Combination ATIMP (i.e. one involving a medical device) No
    D.3.11.3.5Committee on Advanced therapies (CAT) has issued a classification for this product No
    D.3.11.4Combination product that includes a device, but does not involve an Advanced Therapy No
    D.3.11.5Radiopharmaceutical medicinal product No
    D.3.11.6Immunological medicinal product (such as vaccine, allergen, immune serum) No
    D.3.11.7Plasma derived medicinal product No
    D.3.11.8Extractive medicinal product No
    D.3.11.9Recombinant medicinal product Yes
    D.3.11.10Medicinal product containing genetically modified organisms No
    D.3.11.11Herbal medicinal product No
    D.3.11.12Homeopathic medicinal product No
    D.3.11.13Another type of medicinal product No
    D.8 Information on Placebo
    E. General Information on the Trial
    E.1 Medical condition or disease under investigation
    E.1.1Medical condition(s) being investigated
    primary clear cell renal cell cancer at risk for recurrence or distant metastases
    E.1.1.1Medical condition in easily understood language
    heldercellig niercelkanker met hoog risico op terugkerende ziekte of afstandsmetastasen
    E.1.1.2Therapeutic area Diseases [C] - Cancer [C04]
    MedDRA Classification
    E.1.2 Medical condition or disease under investigation
    E.1.2Version 20.0
    E.1.2Level SOC
    E.1.2Classification code 10029104
    E.1.2Term Neoplasms benign, malignant and unspecified (incl cysts and polyps)
    E.1.2System Organ Class 10029104 - Neoplasms benign, malignant and unspecified (incl cysts and polyps)
    E.1.2 Medical condition or disease under investigation
    E.1.2Version 20.0
    E.1.2Level HLGT
    E.1.2Classification code 10038364
    E.1.2Term Renal and urinary tract neoplasms malignant and unspecified
    E.1.2System Organ Class 10029104 - Neoplasms benign, malignant and unspecified (incl cysts and polyps)
    E.1.3Condition being studied is a rare disease No
    E.2 Objective of the trial
    E.2.1Main objective of the trial
    The primary objective is to investigate the rate of pathological responses following different neoadjuvant immunotherapy combinations in high-risk
    non-metastatic clear cell RCC in an adaptive trial design. And to study the safety and feasibility of neoadjuvant IO approach in high-risk nonmetastatic
    clear cell renal cell cancer patients. To investigate the objective response rate according to RECIST 1.1
    To assess EFS, RFS, rate of metastasis and local recurrence rate at 5 years after start of treatment and to investigate surgical morbidity according
    to Clavien Dindo classification.
    E.2.2Secondary objectives of the trial
    Secondary objectives:
    1. To describe the safety and feasibility of neoadjuvant IO approach in high-risk non- metastatic clear cell renal cell cancer patients
    2. To investigate the objective response rate according to RECIST 1.1
    3. To assess EFS, RFS, rate of metastasis and local recurrence rate at 5 years after start of treatment
    4. To investigate surgical morbidity according to Clavien Dindo classification
    E.2.3Trial contains a sub-study No
    E.3Principal inclusion criteria
    • Adults at least 18 years of age
    • World Health Organization (WHO) Performance Status 0 or 1
    • Histologically confirmed resectable stage III clear cell RCC (measurable according to RECIST 1.1), that can be biopsied, and no history of distant metastases
    • TNM grading:
    1. cT1b-cT2a grade 4 cN0 cM0
    2. cT2b grade 3 cN0 cM0
    3. cT3a grade 3-4 cN0 cM0
    4. cT3b-cT4 any grade cN0 cM0
    5. cT any cN1 (fully resectable) cM0

    • No other malignancies, except adequately treated and a cancer-related life-expectancy of more than 5 years
    • Patient willing to undergo triple tumor biopsies and extra blood withdrawal during screening and in case of relapse
    • No prior immunotherapy targeting CTLA-4, PD-1 or PD-L1, or LAG-3
    • No immunosuppressive medications within 6 months prior study inclusion
    • Screening laboratory values must meet the following criteria: WBC ≥ 2.0x109/L, Neutrophils ≥1.5x109/L, Platelets ≥100 x109/L, Hemoglobin ≥5.5 mmol/L, Creatinine ≤1.5x ULN, AST ≤ 1.5 x ULN, ALT ≤ 1.5 x ULN, Bilirubin ≤1.5 X ULN, normal CK and Troponin T, normal LDH
    • Women of childbearing potential must use appropriate method(s) of contraception. They should use an adequate method to avoid pregnancy for 23 weeks (30 days plus the time required for nivolumab to undergo five half-lives) after the last dose of investigational drug
    • Women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test (minimum sensitivity 25 IU/L or equivalent units of HCG) within 24 hours prior to the start of study treatment
    • Women who are not of childbearing potential (i.e., who are postmenopausal), or surgically sterile as well as azoospermic men do not require contraception
    • Patient is capable of understanding and complying with the protocol requirements and has signed the Informed Consent document.
    E.4Principal exclusion criteria
    • Distantly metastasized RCC
    • Brain metastases (based on symptoms)
    • Non-clear cell RCC
    • No measurable lesion according to RECIST 1.1
    • Subjects with any active autoimmune disease or a documented history of autoimmune disease, or history of syndrome that required systemic steroids or immunosuppressive medications, except for subjects with vitiligo or resolved childhood asthma/atopy
    • Prior CTLA-4 or PD-1/PD-L1 or LAG-3 targeting immunotherapy
    • Radiotherapy prior or post-surgery
    • Patients will be excluded if they test positive for hepatitis B virus surface antigen (HBV sAg) or hepatitis C virus ribonucleic acid (HCV antibody), indicating acute or chronic infection; if treated and being at least one year free from HCV patients are allowed to participate
    • Patients will be excluded if they have known history of testing positive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or known acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)
    • Allergies and Adverse Drug Reactions (like mastocytosis)
    • History of severe hypersensitivity reaction to any monoclonal antibody
    • Underlying medical conditions that, in the Investigator's opinion, will make the administration of study drug(s) hazardous or obscure the interpretation of toxicity or adverse events;
    • Pregnant or nursing
    • Concurrent medical condition requiring the use of immunosuppressive medications, or immunosuppressive doses of systemic or absorbable topical corticosteroids;
    • Use of other investigational drugs before study drug administration 30 days and 5 half-times before study inclusion


    Relatlimab-specific exclusion criteria
    • Participants with history of myocarditis, regardless of etiology.
    • Troponin T (TnT) > 2 × institutional ULN. Participants with TnT levels between > 1 to 2 × ULN will be permitted if a repeat levels within 24 hours are ≤ 1 ULN. If TnT levels are between >1 to 2 × ULN within 24 hours, the participant may undergo a cardiac consultation and be considered for treatment, following cardiologist recommendation. When repeat levels within 24 hours are not available, a repeat test should be conducted as soon as possible. If TnT repeat levels beyond 24 hours are < 2 × ULN, the participant may undergo a cardiac consultation and be considered for treatment, following cardiologist recommendation. Notification of the decision to enroll the participant following cardiologist recommendation has to be made to the BMS Medical Monitor or designee.
    • Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) assessment with documented LVEF < 50% by either transthoracic echocardiogram (TTE) or multigated acquisition (MUGA) scan (TTE preferred test) within 6 months prior to start of study treatment.

    E.5 End points
    E.5.1Primary end point(s)
    Pathologic response rate, defined as the proportion of patients demonstrating a complete pathologic or partial pathologic response, according to central revision (pathology of NKI )

    E.5.1.1Timepoint(s) of evaluation of this end point
    6 weeks after start
    E.5.2Secondary end point(s)
    - Safety, as measured by the frequency of immune-related adverse events leading to postponing of surgery for > 2 weeks
    - Objective response rate, defined as the proportion of patients demonstrating a complete or partial response according to RECIST 1.1, at week 6
    - Recurrence Free Survival (RFS), defined as the time from randomization to recurrence or death from any cause, whichever occurs first. Subjects last known to be alive, who have not experienced recurrence, will be censored
    - Event-free survival (EFS), defined as the time from randomization to recurrence, distant metastasis, or death from any cause, whichever occurs first. Subjects who are event-free at the end of follow-up will be censored
    - Rate of distant metastases, defined as the proportion of patients starting treatment who experience distant metastases during follow-up
    - Rate of local recurrences, defined as the proportion of patients starting treatment who experience a local recurrence during follow-up
    - Surgical morbidity following neoadjuvant immunotherapy (according Clavien Dindo classification)
    E.5.2.1Timepoint(s) of evaluation of this end point
    at weeks 6 after start of neo-adjuvant treatmentand 5 years after the start of treatment
    E.6 and E.7 Scope of the trial
    E.6Scope of the trial
    E.6.1Diagnosis No
    E.6.2Prophylaxis No
    E.6.3Therapy Yes
    E.6.4Safety Yes
    E.6.5Efficacy Yes
    E.6.6Pharmacokinetic No
    E.6.7Pharmacodynamic No
    E.6.8Bioequivalence No
    E.6.9Dose response No
    E.6.10Pharmacogenetic No
    E.6.11Pharmacogenomic No
    E.6.12Pharmacoeconomic No
    E.6.13Others No
    E.7Trial type and phase
    E.7.1Human pharmacology (Phase I) No
    E.7.1.1First administration to humans No
    E.7.1.2Bioequivalence study No
    E.7.1.3Other No
    E.7.1.3.1Other trial type description
    E.7.2Therapeutic exploratory (Phase II) Yes
    E.7.3Therapeutic confirmatory (Phase III) No
    E.7.4Therapeutic use (Phase IV) No
    E.8 Design of the trial
    E.8.1Controlled Yes
    E.8.1.1Randomised Yes
    E.8.1.2Open Yes
    E.8.1.3Single blind No
    E.8.1.4Double blind No
    E.8.1.5Parallel group No
    E.8.1.6Cross over No
    E.8.1.7Other No
    E.8.2 Comparator of controlled trial
    E.8.2.1Other medicinal product(s) Yes
    E.8.2.2Placebo No
    E.8.2.3Other No
    E.8.2.4Number of treatment arms in the trial3
    E.8.3 The trial involves single site in the Member State concerned Yes
    E.8.4 The trial involves multiple sites in the Member State concerned No
    E.8.5The trial involves multiple Member States Yes
    E.8.5.1Number of sites anticipated in the EEA1
    E.8.6 Trial involving sites outside the EEA
    E.8.6.1Trial being conducted both within and outside the EEA Yes
    E.8.6.2Trial being conducted completely outside of the EEA No
    E.8.6.3If E.8.6.1 or E.8.6.2 are Yes, specify the regions in which trial sites are planned
    Netherlands
    United Kingdom
    E.8.7Trial has a data monitoring committee Yes
    E.8.8 Definition of the end of the trial and justification where it is not the last visit of the last subject undergoing the trial
    LVLS
    E.8.9 Initial estimate of the duration of the trial
    E.8.9.1In the Member State concerned years5
    E.8.9.1In the Member State concerned months
    E.8.9.1In the Member State concerned days
    E.8.9.2In all countries concerned by the trial years5
    F. Population of Trial Subjects
    F.1 Age Range
    F.1.1Trial has subjects under 18 No
    F.1.1.1In Utero No
    F.1.1.2Preterm newborn infants (up to gestational age < 37 weeks) No
    F.1.1.3Newborns (0-27 days) No
    F.1.1.4Infants and toddlers (28 days-23 months) No
    F.1.1.5Children (2-11years) No
    F.1.1.6Adolescents (12-17 years) No
    F.1.2Adults (18-64 years) Yes
    F.1.2.1Number of subjects for this age range: 5
    F.1.3Elderly (>=65 years) No
    F.1.3.1Number of subjects for this age range: 64
    F.2 Gender
    F.2.1Female Yes
    F.2.2Male Yes
    F.3 Group of trial subjects
    F.3.1Healthy volunteers No
    F.3.2Patients Yes
    F.3.3Specific vulnerable populations Yes
    F.3.3.1Women of childbearing potential not using contraception No
    F.3.3.2Women of child-bearing potential using contraception Yes
    F.3.3.3Pregnant women No
    F.3.3.4Nursing women No
    F.3.3.5Emergency situation No
    F.3.3.6Subjects incapable of giving consent personally No
    F.3.3.7Others No
    F.4 Planned number of subjects to be included
    F.4.1In the member state46
    F.4.2 For a multinational trial
    F.4.2.1In the EEA 23
    F.4.2.2In the whole clinical trial 69
    F.5 Plans for treatment or care after the subject has ended the participation in the trial (if it is different from the expected normal treatment of that condition)
    After the trial patients will be treated according to standard available
    treatment.
    G. Investigator Networks to be involved in the Trial
    N. Review by the Competent Authority or Ethics Committee in the country concerned
    N.Competent Authority Decision Authorised
    N.Date of Competent Authority Decision2021-11-25
    N.Ethics Committee Opinion of the trial applicationFavourable
    N.Ethics Committee Opinion: Reason(s) for unfavourable opinion
    N.Date of Ethics Committee Opinion2021-11-16
    P. End of Trial
    P.End of Trial StatusOngoing
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