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    The EU Clinical Trials Register currently displays   43801   clinical trials with a EudraCT protocol, of which   7272   are clinical trials conducted with subjects less than 18 years old.   The register also displays information on   18700   older paediatric trials (in scope of Article 45 of the Paediatric Regulation (EC) No 1901/2006).

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    EudraCT Number:2012-001571-36
    Sponsor's Protocol Code Number:GS-US-322-0207
    National Competent Authority:Italy - Italian Medicines Agency
    Clinical Trial Type:EEA CTA
    Trial Status:Prematurely Ended
    Date on which this record was first entered in the EudraCT database:2013-02-28
    Trial results View results
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    A. Protocol Information
    A.1Member State ConcernedItaly - Italian Medicines Agency
    A.2EudraCT number2012-001571-36
    A.3Full title of the trial
    A Phase 2, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Multi-Center Study to Assess the Efficacy and Safety of GS-6624 in Subjects with Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (RAINIER)
    A.3.1Title of the trial for lay people, in easily understood, i.e. non-technical, language
    A study to evaluate if a new drug is effective in preventing the progression of lung fibrosis
    A.3.2Name or abbreviated title of the trial where available
    A.4.1Sponsor's protocol code numberGS-US-322-0207
    A.7Trial is part of a Paediatric Investigation Plan No
    A.8EMA Decision number of Paediatric Investigation Plan
    B. Sponsor Information
    B.Sponsor: 1
    B.1.1Name of SponsorGilead Sciences, Inc.
    B.1.3.4CountryUnited States
    B.3.1 and B.3.2Status of the sponsorCommercial
    B.4 Source(s) of Monetary or Material Support for the clinical trial:
    B.4.1Name of organisation providing supportGilead Sciences Inc.
    B.4.2CountryUnited States
    B.5 Contact point designated by the sponsor for further information on the trial
    B.5.1Name of organisationGilead Sciences Inc.
    B.5.2Functional name of contact pointMedical Monitor
    B.5.3 Address:
    B.5.3.1Street Address333 Lakeside Drive
    B.5.3.2Town/ cityFoster City, CA
    B.5.3.3Post code94404
    B.5.3.4CountryUnited States
    B.5.4Telephone number+16505224707
    B.5.5Fax number+18664541397
    D. IMP Identification
    D.IMP: 1
    D.1.2 and D.1.3IMP RoleTest
    D.2 Status of the IMP to be used in the clinical trial
    D.2.1IMP to be used in the trial has a marketing authorisation No
    D.2.5The IMP has been designated in this indication as an orphan drug in the Community No
    D.2.5.1Orphan drug designation number
    D.3 Description of the IMP
    D.3.2Product code GS-6624
    D.3.4Pharmaceutical form Solution for injection
    D.3.4.1Specific paediatric formulation No
    D.3.7Routes of administration for this IMPSubcutaneous use
    D.3.8 to D.3.10 IMP Identification Details (Active Substances)
    D.3.8INN - Proposed INNSimtuzumab
    D.3.9.1CAS number 1318075-13-6
    D.3.9.2Current sponsor codeGS-6624
    D.3.9.3Other descriptive nameGS-6624
    D.3.9.4EV Substance CodeSUB33243
    D.3.10 Strength
    D.3.10.1Concentration unit mg/ml milligram(s)/millilitre
    D.3.10.2Concentration typeequal
    D.3.10.3Concentration number125
    D.3.11 The IMP contains an:
    D.3.11.1Active substance of chemical origin No
    D.3.11.2Active substance of biological/ biotechnological origin (other than Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) Yes
    The IMP is a:
    D.3.11.3Advanced Therapy IMP (ATIMP) No
    D. cell therapy medicinal product No
    D. therapy medical product No
    D. Engineered Product No
    D. ATIMP (i.e. one involving a medical device) No
    D. on Advanced therapies (CAT) has issued a classification for this product No
    D.3.11.4Combination product that includes a device, but does not involve an Advanced Therapy No
    D.3.11.5Radiopharmaceutical medicinal product No
    D.3.11.6Immunological medicinal product (such as vaccine, allergen, immune serum) No
    D.3.11.7Plasma derived medicinal product No
    D.3.11.8Extractive medicinal product No
    D.3.11.9Recombinant medicinal product No
    D.3.11.10Medicinal product containing genetically modified organisms No
    D.3.11.11Herbal medicinal product No
    D.3.11.12Homeopathic medicinal product No
    D.3.11.13Another type of medicinal product No
    D.8 Information on Placebo
    D.8 Placebo: 1
    D.8.1Is a Placebo used in this Trial?Yes
    D.8.3Pharmaceutical form of the placeboSolution for injection
    D.8.4Route of administration of the placeboSubcutaneous use
    E. General Information on the Trial
    E.1 Medical condition or disease under investigation
    E.1.1Medical condition(s) being investigated
    Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis
    E.1.1.1Medical condition in easily understood language
    lung fibrosis of unknown cause
    E.1.1.2Therapeutic area Diseases [C] - Respiratory Tract Diseases [C08]
    MedDRA Classification
    E.1.2 Medical condition or disease under investigation
    E.1.2Version 14.1
    E.1.2Level PT
    E.1.2Classification code 10021240
    E.1.2Term Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis
    E.1.2System Organ Class 10038738 - Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disorders
    E.1.3Condition being studied is a rare disease No
    E.2 Objective of the trial
    E.2.1Main objective of the trial
    The primary objective of this study is:
    • To determine the effect of GS-6624 on progression free survival
    (PFS) as determined by either a categorical decline in forced
    vital capacity (FVC) or all-cause mortality
    E.2.2Secondary objectives of the trial
    • Effects of GS-6624 on all-cause mortality
    • Predictive effects of baseline serum lysyl oxidase like 2
    (sLOXL2) levels
    • Effects of GS-6624 on change in lung function
    • Effects of GS-6624 on adjudicated acute exacerbations
    • Effects of GS-6624 on adjudicated respiratory hospitalizations
    • Effects of GS-6624 on 6-minute walk distance (6MWD)
    • Effects of GS-6624 on quality of life
    • The safety and tolerability of GS-6624
    Exploratory objectives include evaluation of:
    • Effect of GS-6624 on degree of fibrosis on high resolution
    computed tomography (HRCT) scans
    • Effect of GS-6624 on sLOXL2 levels compared to placebo
    • Prognostic effect of baseline sLOXL2 on primary and
    secondary objectives (among placebo treated subjects only)
    • Predictive effect of baseline sLOXL2 on the secondary
    objectives and subsequent sLOXL2 levels
    E.2.3Trial contains a sub-study No
    E.3Principal inclusion criteria
    1. Male or female subjects from 45 to 85 years of age
    2. Diagnosis of definite IPF according to American Thoracic Society/European Respiratory Society (ATS/ERS) Consensus Statement, using HRCT or surgical lung biopsy (SLB) (both to be confirmed by a central service); the diagnosis must be made within 3 years prior to screening
    3. 6MWD ≥ 50 meters (164 feet): use of ≤ 6 L/min supplemental O2 is required for all subjects
    4. Able to maintain oxygen saturation of ≥ 89% while breathing room air at rest
    5. Able to perform complete breath hold for diffusing lung capacity for carbon monoxide (DLCO) measurement
    6. Negative serum pregnancy test at screening and negative urine pregnancy test at randomization for female subjects of childbearing potential
    7. Willingness of female subjects of childbearing potential to undergo urine pregnancy tests every 28 days
    8. Females of childbearing potential must agree to use highly effective methods of contraception from the screening visit throughout the study period and for 30 days following the last dose of IMP. Please refer to Section 8.11.2 for protocol recommended methods of contraception; females of childbearing potential must have negative serum β-hCG at screening.
    9. Non-vasectomized male subjects must agree to use a highly effective method of contraception if sexually active and refrain from sperm donation from Day 1 throughout the study period
    until 90 days following the last dose of investigational medicinal product (IMP)
    10. Lactating females must agree to discontinue nursing before enrolling in the study and for the duration of the study while receiving IMP
    11. Competency to understand the information given in the Institutional Review Board (IRB) or Independent Ethics Committee (IEC) approved Informed Consent Form (ICF); subjects must sign the ICF prior to the initiation of any study procedures/assessments, unless it is performed as standard of
    care for this disease
    E.4Principal exclusion criteria
    Subjects meeting any of the exclusion criteria will not be permitted to participate.
    Related to other medical conditions or diagnoses:
    1. Pregnant or breastfeeding
    2. Clinically significant respiratory diseases other than IPF, including asbestosis, other pneumoconiosis or hypersensitivity pneumonitis
    3. Obstructive lung disease determined by Pulmonary Function Test (PFTs) or HRCT as follows:
    • Evidence of reactive airway disease by absolute increase in forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) of > 12% following bronchodilator challenge
    • FEV1/FVC ratio < age adjusted lower limit of normal (LLN) OR
    • Residual volume (RV) > 120% by plethysmography or significant emphysema on HRCT defined as more emphysema than fibrosis interpreted by a central radiology service
    4. Hemoglobin corrected, not volume corrected, DLCO <25% of predicted normal
    5. Surgical lung biopsy (SLB) showing, pneumoconiosis, hypersensitivity pneumonitis nonspecific pneumonia or other idiopathic interstitial lung disease
    6. Any collagen vascular disease
    7. History of aortic aneurysm ≥ 3.5cm in diameter
    8. History of cerebrovascular accident (stroke) within the preceding 26 weeks
    9. Clinically significant heart disease defined as a myocardial infarction documented by an ST elevation (STEMI) on electrocardiogram (ECG) within 6 months prior to screening, percutaneous coronary intervention or coronary artery bypass surgery within 6 months prior to screening, unstable angina
    pectoris, congestive heart failure (NYHA class III/IV or known left ventricular ejection fraction < 25%), right heart failure, significant right ventricular hypertrophy, or uncontrolled arrhythmia
    10. Require pharmaceutical treatment for pulmonary hypertension
    11. Hospitalization for acute respiratory illness < 26 weeks prior to screening
    12. Aspiration pneumonia < 26 weeks prior to screening
    13. Active or recent (< 4 weeks prior to enrollment) respiratory bacterial, viral, fungal, or other infection (defined as exhibiting ongoing signs/symptoms related to the infection and without improvement)
    14. History of cancer, precancerous state (eg, familial polyposis, BRCA1, BRCA2), other than non-melanomatous skin cancer, within 5 years prior to screening, or active work-up for suspected lung cancer
    15. History of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis C, or hepatitis B
    16. Co-morbid condition or illness limiting life expectancy to < 2 years at time of screening
    17. Major surgery, as defined by the investigator, < 30 days prior to screening or scheduled elective surgery during the expected duration of the study
    18. History or evidence of a clinically significant disorder, condition, or disease that, in the opinion of the investigator and the Gilead medical monitor, would pose a risk to subject safety or interfere with the study evaluations, procedures, or completion
    19. Current excessive (as determined by the investigator) consumption of alcohol or use of illegal drugs Related to physiologic or organ specific abnormalities:
    20. Use of supplemental O2 > 6L/min during activity
    21. Inadequate organ function reflected by any of the following:
    • Platelets < 100 x 109/L
    • Hemoglobin < 11.0 g/dL
    • Absolute Neutrophil Count (ANC) < 1.5 x 109/L
    • PT/INR and PTT > 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN)
    • AST/ALT > 3 x ULN
    • Total bilirubin > 1.5 x ULN
    • Serum creatinine > 2.0 mg/dL
    Related to treatment for IPF or investigational drugs:
    22. Treatment with immunosuppressive, cytotoxic, or antifibrotic drugs including pirfenidone, colchicine, cyclosporine A, TNF-α antagonists, tyrosine kinase inhibitor, interferon-gamma,
    cyclophosphamide, or azathioprine < 28 days prior to randomization are not permitted
    • N-acetylcysteine is permitted provided the subject has been on stable dose for > 12 weeks prior to screening
    • Once a subject meets the FVC criteria for PFS, the subject may at the investigators discretion be prescribed any drug that is approved for treatment of IPF in the subject’s country of
    residence, including pirfenidone
    23. Chronic use (> 28 days) of moderate or high dose oral corticosteroids (equivalent of > 10 mg of prednisone per day); short courses of higher corticosteroid doses within 1-6 months prior to randomization are permitted but limited to ≤ 28 days
    24. Participation in an investigational drug or device trial < 30 days prior to screening or within 5 times the half-life of the investigational agent in the other clinical study, if known
    25. Treatment with GS-6624 in another clinical study
    26. Listed as active on a lung transplant waiting list
    E.5 End points
    E.5.1Primary end point(s)
    The primary endpoint is:
    • PFS among intent-to-treat (ITT) subjects. PFS is defined as time between randomization and all-cause mortality or a categorical decrease in FVC % predicted (≥ 10% relative decrease in FVC and a ≥ 5% absolute decrease in FVC).
    E.5.1.1Timepoint(s) of evaluation of this end point
    Following randomization (Day 0), abbreviated study visits will occur at Weeks 2, 6, 14, 18,
    26, 30, 38, 42, 50, 54, 62, 66, 74, 78, 82, 94, 106, 118, 130, 142, 154, 166, and 178. The
    interval for abbreviated study visits will be increased to every 12 weeks if a subject meets the
    FVC component of the PFS endpoint and chooses to remain in the study to receive blinded
    study drug.
    Following randomization (Day 0), Full Study visits will occur at Weeks 10, 22, 34, 46, 58,
    and 70. Full study visits will be discontinued when a subject meets a PFS event.
    E.5.2Secondary end point(s)
    Key secondary endpoints are:
    • All cause mortality among ITT subjects
    • PFS among subjects with “high” sLOXL2 at baseline
    • All-cause mortality among subjects with “high” sLOXL2 at baseline
    Other secondary endpoints are:
    • Adjudicated acute exacerbations
    • Adjudicated respiratory hospitalizations
    • Change in FVC % predicted
    • Change in DLCO % predicted
    • Absolute change in 6MWD
    • Change in SGRQ score
    • Change in TDI score
    • Change in CPI score
    The exploratory endpoints are:
    • Change in HRCT findings since baseline
    • Change in sLOXL2 levels
    • Determine whether baseline sLOXL2 levels are prognostic for disease progression (evaluated in placebo arm)
    • Evaluate the predictive effects of baseline sLOXL2 levels on various clinical endpoints outlined as secondary objectives
    E.5.2.1Timepoint(s) of evaluation of this end point
    Following randomization (Day 0), abbreviated study visits will occur at Weeks 2, 6, 14, 18,
    26, 30, 38, 42, 50, 54, 62, 66, 74, 78, 82, 94, 106, 118, 130, 142, 154, 166, and 178. The
    interval for abbreviated study visits will be increased to every 12 weeks if a subject meets the
    FVC component of the PFS endpoint and chooses to remain in the study to receive blinded
    study drug.
    Following randomization (Day 0), Full Study visits will occur at Weeks 10, 22, 34, 46, 58,
    and 70. Full study visits will be discontinued when a subject meets a PFS event.
    E.6 and E.7 Scope of the trial
    E.6Scope of the trial
    E.6.1Diagnosis No
    E.6.2Prophylaxis No
    E.6.3Therapy No
    E.6.4Safety Yes
    E.6.5Efficacy Yes
    E.6.6Pharmacokinetic No
    E.6.7Pharmacodynamic No
    E.6.8Bioequivalence No
    E.6.9Dose response No
    E.6.10Pharmacogenetic No
    E.6.11Pharmacogenomic No
    E.6.12Pharmacoeconomic No
    E.6.13Others No
    E.7Trial type and phase
    E.7.1Human pharmacology (Phase I) No
    E.7.1.1First administration to humans No
    E.7.1.2Bioequivalence study No
    E.7.1.3Other No
    E. trial type description
    E.7.2Therapeutic exploratory (Phase II) Yes
    E.7.3Therapeutic confirmatory (Phase III) No
    E.7.4Therapeutic use (Phase IV) No
    E.8 Design of the trial
    E.8.1Controlled Yes
    E.8.1.1Randomised Yes
    E.8.1.2Open No
    E.8.1.3Single blind No
    E.8.1.4Double blind Yes
    E.8.1.5Parallel group No
    E.8.1.6Cross over No
    E.8.1.7Other Information not present in EudraCT
    E.8.2 Comparator of controlled trial
    E.8.2.1Other medicinal product(s) No
    E.8.2.2Placebo Yes
    E.8.2.3Other Information not present in EudraCT
    E.8.2.4Number of treatment arms in the trial2
    E.8.3 The trial involves single site in the Member State concerned No
    E.8.4 The trial involves multiple sites in the Member State concerned Yes
    E.8.4.1Number of sites anticipated in Member State concerned8
    E.8.5The trial involves multiple Member States Yes
    E.8.5.1Number of sites anticipated in the EEA60
    E.8.6 Trial involving sites outside the EEA
    E.8.6.1Trial being conducted both within and outside the EEA Yes
    E.8.6.2Trial being conducted completely outside of the EEA No
    E.8.6.3If E.8.6.1 or E.8.6.2 are Yes, specify the regions in which trial sites are planned
    Korea, Republic of
    United States
    E.8.7Trial has a data monitoring committee Yes
    E.8.8 Definition of the end of the trial and justification where it is not the last visit of the last subject undergoing the trial
    Last patient, last visit.
    E.8.9 Initial estimate of the duration of the trial
    E.8.9.1In the Member State concerned years4
    E.8.9.1In the Member State concerned months3
    E.8.9.1In the Member State concerned days0
    E.8.9.2In all countries concerned by the trial years4
    E.8.9.2In all countries concerned by the trial months6
    E.8.9.2In all countries concerned by the trial days0
    F. Population of Trial Subjects
    F.1 Age Range
    F.1.1Trial has subjects under 18 No
    F.1.1.1In Utero No
    F.1.1.2Preterm newborn infants (up to gestational age < 37 weeks) No
    F.1.1.3Newborns (0-27 days) No
    F.1.1.4Infants and toddlers (28 days-23 months) No
    F.1.1.5Children (2-11years) No
    F.1.1.6Adolescents (12-17 years) No
    F.1.2Adults (18-64 years) Yes
    F.1.2.1Number of subjects for this age range: 50
    F.1.3Elderly (>=65 years) Yes
    F.1.3.1Number of subjects for this age range: 150
    F.2 Gender
    F.2.1Female Yes
    F.2.2Male Yes
    F.3 Group of trial subjects
    F.3.1Healthy volunteers No
    F.3.2Patients Yes
    F.3.3Specific vulnerable populations Yes
    F.3.3.1Women of childbearing potential not using contraception No
    F.3.3.2Women of child-bearing potential using contraception Yes
    F.3.3.3Pregnant women No
    F.3.3.4Nursing women No
    F.3.3.5Emergency situation No
    F.3.3.6Subjects incapable of giving consent personally No
    F.3.3.7Others No
    F.4 Planned number of subjects to be included
    F.4.1In the member state40
    F.4.2 For a multinational trial
    F.4.2.1In the EEA 200
    F.4.2.2In the whole clinical trial 500
    F.5 Plans for treatment or care after the subject has ended the participation in the trial (if it is different from the expected normal treatment of that condition)
    G. Investigator Networks to be involved in the Trial
    N. Review by the Competent Authority or Ethics Committee in the country concerned
    N.Competent Authority Decision Authorised
    N.Date of Competent Authority Decision2013-04-26
    N.Ethics Committee Opinion of the trial applicationFavourable
    N.Ethics Committee Opinion: Reason(s) for unfavourable opinion
    N.Date of Ethics Committee Opinion2013-03-26
    P. End of Trial
    P.End of Trial StatusPrematurely Ended
    P.Date of the global end of the trial2016-01-04
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    The status and protocol content of GB trials is no longer updated since 1 January 2021. For the UK, as of 31 January 2021, EU Law applies only to the territory of Northern Ireland (NI) to the extent foreseen in the Protocol on Ireland/NI. Legal notice
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